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An Tir IL dated 2012-04-17 (Jump to Submissions)

To Anthony Black Lion, Oddr Lions Blood, and the venerable College of heralds in An Tir and the known world, I send greetings from Viktor Black Talbot. We had a reasonably good turn out this month with 17 items appearing in this letter.

Commentary for this letter will be due by May 25th.

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Unto the An Tir College of Heralds,

I would like to thank you all for the commentary you provided for the February and March Internal Letters.

I would also like to thank Elizabeth Sable Chime for stepping in while my modern responsibilities became interesting, and writing the recent (and lengthy) external letter. Congratulations also are due to Viktor Black Talbot, now formally invested and titled as a herald and an armiger at Their Majesties' Court this past weekend in Rivers Bend, as well as to Tóki Sinister Gauntlet, recently appointed Gorges Pursuivant for the Barony of Aquaterra.

Æstel Herald has announced the end of his term, and I would like to add my voice, encouraging interested parties to answer his call. It is an invaluable position in our College -- and comes with books!

The next Lions Blood meetings will be:

- Sunday, 27 May, noon at my house, discussing the contents of this letter

- Sunday, 10 Jun, noon at my house, discussing the contents of next month's letter

Looking forward to your comments, I remain,

Oddr Lions Blood

FROM BLACK TALBOT

Greetings from Viktor Black Talbot.

Welcome to the second letter I have had the honor and privilege to put together. It has been an exciting time learning about the many facets involved in entering the submissions as well as observing the proceeding commentary that follows. It is interesting to see how the process flows as a submission travels from the submitter, to kingdom, to laurel, and back. I look forward to participating in some of these discussions as time rolls forward.

I would like to remind everyone to please not send submissions stapled together as it can be a bloody mess when we separate the packets. Use paperclips if you must, but avoid staples as they are not always caught before the packets are run through the top-load scanner and can scratch the surface. These issues have the potential to ruin your submission and we do not like doing forms over for this reason. So, please remind your clients to use paperclips rather than staples.

In Service,

Viktor Black Talbot

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is excerpted from the February 2012 Cover Letter:

From Pelican: Byname Presumption

In the September 2011 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, we asked for commentary on a proposal to clarify what bynames would be considered presumptuous. The Rules explicitly allow the registration of given names that are identical to titles when those names are found in period and they are used in a context that is not a claim to rank.

Effective immediately, a byname that is potentially a claim to rank is likewise allowed when it meets the following criteria. First, it must be attested as a period byname or constructed from an attested given name element. Bynames that are constructed following patterns of types of bynames are likely to be considered inappropriate claims. For example, you could not use the pattern of "family names based on titles" to construct the unattested Italian family name Viscontessi. Second, it must have been used by people who had no particular claim to rank. Bynames that were only used by people holding a rank we protect will generally be considered to make that claim. So, Fitzroy became a surname and did not imply any close relationship with a king. Likewise, Visconti became a regular family name and does not imply that you are close kin to a viscount. Finally, the byname itself must not a direct claim to a rank that we protect. So Visconte would not be allowed, but Visconti would, and Master would not be allowed, but Masters would.

We note that under the proposed rules, submitters may make claims to ranks that they have permanently attained; if this proposal is adopted, this ruling should be understood to mean that no submitter could register a byname that is a direct claim to rank that they have not permanently attained.

A byname that meets all three of these criteria (is not a direct claim to rank, is used by people who have no particular rank, and is attested to period) would be registerable, while a byname that does not would generally be considered to create the appearance of a presumption of rank.

The combination of bynames would be considered in the same way: adding a locative element after a byname like Visconti would not necessarily be presumptuous, as Visconti da Firenze or Visconti di Firenze is not a claim to be the viscount of Florence (that'd be Visconte di Firenze).

From Pelican: Some Name Resources (a Series): Making Sense out of Languages

The idea of a language as a single entity that is more or less the same across an entire country is a post-period idea. Instead, in the Middle Ages, the dialect spoken in an area gradually changed as one moved from north to south or east to west, so that the kind of French spoken in Paris slowly faded until it became the kind of Occitan spoken in Marseilles. Even within what today we call French, a variety of dialects were spoken. Getting everyone to speak the language of the capital was a project that continued until well after the end of our period.

For purposes of registration, we have to define lines between languages, even if it wasn't always that clear-cut in period. Thus, we don't distinguish between the kind of Castilian (Spanish) spoken in Leon from that spoken in Aragon, even though linguists treat them as different during the Middle Ages. However, we do distinguish between Catalan and Occitan, two different languages spoken in eastern Spain and southern France. Likewise, we don't distinguish between the kind of Italian spoken in Tuscany from the kind of Italian spoken in Venice or in southern Italy. Thus, a registerable name may combine elements from Venice, from Tuscany, and from southern Italy without penalty.

For authenticity requests, on the other hand, we pay attention to those differences between regional forms. An authentic name should include elements from relatively close locations, because regional differences in name usage are often quite different. A name submission that requests authenticity for Venice should not depend on documentation from southern Italy (or at least the submitter should anticipate that the form of the name will be changed from the documented form).

From Wreath: Redefining Sustained Charges

Da'ud ibn Auda, in September 1994, re-stated a precedent from Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme set in July 1992 in the following manner:

Regarding the "significance" of the halberd, as Green Crown noted, a charge consisting mostly of a long skinny handle will always have difficulty matching the visual weight of other charges, but here the sizes of the charges are about the same as would be expected if they were in fess a bear and a halberd. That seems to be a reasonable rule of thumb for determining sustained (and qualifying for a CD), as opposed to maintained (and not qualifying for a CD), charges.

On the September 2011 Cover Letter, the College of Arms was asked to discuss our current standards governing sustained and maintained charges. The original ruling that gave rise to our use of sustained states:

Either sustaining or supporting will be used when a "held" charge is of comparable size to the beast holding it; maintaining will continue to be used when the held charge is of negligible heraldic difference. [Brayden Avenel Durrant, A-Calontir, July 1992 LoAR]

However, current practice has expanded the definition of "comparable size" to where we are now comparing the longest dimension of each charge, and if they are equal, declare the two charges to be co-primary. As a similar discussion started on the September 2008 Cover Letter stated, "Current practice has reached the point of reducto ad absurdum: extremely skinny charges, such as a spear, are being granted equivalent weight to a large creature such as a dragon segreant, merely because the long dimension of the two is equivalent. Were the same charges not touching, the spear would unmistakably be a secondary."

The terms sustained and maintained were largely co-opted by the Society for use in our blazon. In period blazons, the majority of held charges use some variant of the term holding; while most of the held items do not appear to have been considered significant enough for use as cadency steps, it is possible that some were.

As the current distinction between sustained and maintained has become unwieldy, we are hereby returning to focusing on visual weight. This standard does not rely upon rulers or other precise measurements: just as with secondary and primary charges, when the visual weight difference makes the appropriate charge group unclear, the item will be returned for redraw.

Most charges held by animate charges are maintained, and therefore will continue to not contribute to difference. Only rarely will a held charge have sufficient visual weight to be considered significant.

There are three possible cases:

  • Touching charges with the same visual weight will be considered equal charges and part of the same charge group (co-primaries, co-secondaries, etc). Such arrangements will be blazoned with their placement first. For example, in fess an X sustained by a Y.

  • Touching charges where the held charge is obviously less than half of the visual weight of the holding charge will be considered maintained charges, and not count for difference. Such arrangements will be blazoned as in recent practice, with the holding charge first and using the term maintaining. For example, a X maintaining a Y.

  • Touching charges where the held charge is more than half of the visual weight of the holding charge, yet clearly not equal, may be considered either maintained charges or, rarely, sustained secondary charges. If the holding charge is a primary charge, and the held charge would easily be considered a secondary charge if it were not held by the primary charge, then the held charge will be considered a sustained secondary charge. Such arrangements will be blazoned with the primary charge first. For example, an X sustaining a Y. However, if the holding charge is not a primary charge, the held charge will be considered a maintained charge and not count for difference.

Held charges that blur the distinction between a secondary charge and a primary charge will be registered as a secondary charge until the September 2012 Laurel meetings. After that date, any charges that blur the distinction between a secondary charge and a primary charge, or between a maintained charge and a secondary charge, will be returned for redraw.

Since we still desire to distinguish between maintained charges, which do not count for difference, and those charges which do count as either secondary or equal charges, we will continue to use the term maintained for maintained charges, but will allow more variation in blazon terms such as holding instead of sustaining for co-primary charges as long as the blazon remains clear.

Laurel registered the following items in February 2012:

Alan ap Neel. Badge. (Fieldless) On a dragon's head couped gules, a pheon argent.

Eilaf Spiallbuðason. Name.

Submitted as Eilaf Spjalboðason, the name was changed at kingdom to Eilaf Spiælbodhason to match the documentation they could find. The submitter requested authenticity for the Danelaw, Viking England. The given name Eilaf is found as an Anglo-Norse form in the Domesday book, dated to 1066, and as such is authentic for the submitter's desired time and place.

The byname as submitted uses the standardized Old Norse spellings, which are a modern scholarly construction suitable for places like Iceland in the Viking era. The spelling Spiælbodhason that kingdom used is an Old Swedish form, which is later than the Viking period. The Nordiskt runnamslexikon gives Spiallbuði as the standardized Old East Norse form. This is the language used in the Danelaw during the Viking period, though no evidence that the name itself was used in the Danelaw could be found. However, this is enough evidence to allow it to be considered possibly authentic for the Danelaw. The patronymic byname derived from this name is Spiallbuðason; we have made that change in order to meet his request for authenticity.

Elianor la Bergiere. Name change from Cordelia Talbot (see RETURNS for device).

Capitalization in French descriptive bynames is irregular in period; we find bynames with no capitalization, with capitalization of the descriptive element only, and with capitalization of both elements. Therefore the submitted capitalization is registerable, even though the attested forms of this byname have both elements in lowercase.

The submitter's previous name, Cordelia Talbot, is released.

Elianor la Bergiere. Badge. (Fieldless) A tree blasted and eradicated sable the trunk surmounted by a talbot passant argent.

Some commenters expressed concern over the use of an overall charge in a fieldless badge. By long-standing precedent, as long as both charges maintain their identifiability, overall charges on fieldless badges are allowable. The two charges here are both readily identified, and thus this badge is registerable.

Elianor la Bergiere. Badge. (Fieldless) An arrow fesswise reversed surmounted by a stringless hunting horn argent.

Harold of Pleasure. Reblazon of device. Gules, in fess a goblet Or sustained by a dexter gauntlet fesswise proper.

Reblazoned in June 2004 as Gules, a dexter gauntlet fesswise proper sustaining a goblet Or, as noted on that letter these are co-primary charges.

Liutgard of Luxeuil. Name change from Elaine de Montgris and badge. (Fieldless) A heart gules attired of a stag's antlers Or.

The byname is the lingua Anglica form of a Latin byname.

The submitter's previous name, Elaine de Montgris, is retained as an alternate name.

This badge is not in conflict with the badge of Fredrich der Rothirsch, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter as (Fieldless) A heart attired of a stag's antlers gules. There is one CD for fieldlessness, and another CD for changing the tincture of the antlers, which in both cases are significant enough to count as secondary charges.

Lucrezia Helena Zancani. Name change from Juliana Celestria.

The submitter's previous name, Juliana Celestria, is released.

Maude la Savante. Reblazon of device. Per pale gules and sable, a Greek sphinx sejant erect guardant argent and in chief a pine cone stem to base Or.

Reblazoned in April 2006 as Per pale gules and sable, a winged sphinx sejant erect guardant argent and in chief a pinecone, stem to base Or, we are clarifying the type of sphinx.

Mona da Vinci. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A wyvern displayed argent breathing flames gules sustaining an arrow fesswise reversed sable.

Blazoned when registered in January 2010 as (Fieldless) In pale a wyvern displayed argent breathing flames gules sustaining an arrow fesswise reversed sable, we are clarifying the relative sizes of the charges.

Onóra inghean Chormaic. Device change. Argent, a phoenix purpure and on a chief azure three lilies Or.

This device is not in conflict with the device of Sion of Nant-y-Derwyddon, Argent, a phoenix purpure, rising from flames of fire proper, a chief azure. There is one CD for adding the tertiary charge group, and by long-standing precedent another CD for changing the tincture of the phoenix's flames which represent half the charge.

Her previous device, Argent, a wooden cradle proper, on a chief azure three lilies Or, is retained as a badge.

Peter von Setzingen. Reblazon of device. Azure, an owl contourny perched upon and sustaining a sword fesswise reversed Or.

Blazoned when registered in June 2010 as Azure, in pale an owl contourny sustaining a sword fesswise reversed Or, we are clarifying the relative sizes of the charges.

Symmonne Deccarrete de Villette. Badge. (Fieldless) A domestic cat statant regardant azure.

The Letter of Intent had the additional phrase tail sufflexed in the blazon. There is one similar case in precedent:

[Tail reflexed to base.] The submitter wishes her device's blazon to specify the exact placement of the cat's tail. ... While I sympathize with the submitter's wish to have her emblazon rendered as she prefers, this can't be done at the expense of correct blazonry. The posture of the tail is heraldically insignificant; moreover, the proposed reblazon doesn't use standard heraldic terms. Reflexed to base is not to be found in Parker, Franklyn & Tanner, Woodward, or any of our normal texts; nor is it found in the OED. As Lord Crescent noted, it seems pointless to "clarify" a blazon with an ambiguous phrase. This seems to be a problem more easily solved by communication with the artists than by torturous reblazon. [Leah Kasmira of Natterhelm, R-Outlands, March 1993 LoAR]

The same holds true here. The term sufflexed is not found in any of our standard heraldic texts, the exact positioning of the tail is heraldically insignificant, and the phrase is ambiguous. We have not registered tail sufflexed in blazon since 1990, and see no need to revive the practice.

Tir Rígh, Principality of. Order name Order of the Raven of Tir Rígh.

The submitter has permission to conflict with Order of the Raven, registered to the Barony of Raven's Fort.

Laurel returned the following items in February 2012:

Elianor la Bergiere. Device change. Per chevron embattled per pale vert and sable and argent, two talbots passant respectant argent and a tree blasted and eradicated sable.

This device is returned for a redraw, for violating the guidelines set forth on the May 2011 Cover Letter for a properly drawn per chevron field division; the field division here is too low. We would have reblazoned this as a Per pall inverted field, as it is evenly divided in thirds, but we have no evidence for a per pall or per pall inverted field where only some of the lines of division are complex. Please advise the submitter to either redraw it as a per pall inverted field with all of the lines using the same complex line of division, or raise the per chevron line higher on the field. Please see the May 2011 Cover Letter for further discussion and details of how to properly draw per chevron lines of division.

Tokharik{a-} Jñ{a-}ti. Name.

This item was withdrawn by the submitter.

This name had been pended to discuss whether the Tocharians had enough contact with Europe to allow the registration of such names. Green Staff said:

We have some evidence that the Byzantines were aware of the historical antecedents of the Tocharians, through reading the ancient Greek geographers and their contact with the Kushan empire. We know that the Tocharians might reasonably have traveled to Europe, since their neighbors the Sogdians did travel to Byzantium (as well as China), and we have evidence of Byzantine coins in western China during the appropriate time period.

This evidence is sufficient to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt and register a Tocharian name. We note that Tocharian culture is peripheral at best to the activities of the SCA.

This name was pended from the September 2011 Letter of Acceptances and Returns.

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

The following items have been forwarded to Laurel and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in June 2012:

Andrew Crowe. New badge. (Fieldless) On a crow displayed head to sinister per bend gules and sable, a fret argent.

Aquaterra, Barony of. New order name. Order of the Wild Man.

Aquaterra, Barony of. New badge. Argent, in fess a bear's jambe erased palewise sustained by a wild man gules, all within a bordure nebuly sable.

Arabella Hawkyns. New name.

Beak Bell of Dumfries Resub device. Ermine, a winged frog tergiant vert, on a chief sable three mushrooms argent marked sable.

Bellanette de Villaverde. New Name.

Bellanette de Villaverde. New device. Per pale argent and purpure, a pomegranate fruit leaved of acanthus leaves in saltire counterchanged seeded Or.

Bole Haxson. New Name.

Bole Haxson. New device. Argent a bull's skull azure.

Briana von der Ostwache. - New badge. (Fieldless) On an escallop inverted sable a fleur-de-lys argent.

Caelia of the Blackforest. - Resub name.

Cynethryth of the Cimbri. - Resub name.

Eadgyth de Chelched. - New name.

Eadgyth de Chelched. - New device. Or, a lily of the valley vert flowered argent between flaunches gules.

Eiríkr mac Brénainn. - New name.

Eiríkr mac Brénainn. - New device. Per bend argent goutty de sang and sable and in chief a cloud sable.

Elric Norþmon. - New name.

Elric Norþmon. - New device. Sable, a shark and a chief invected argent.

Eoin Mac an tSaoir. - Resub device. Per fess vert and argent, an open book argent and a cross formy fitchy gules.

Hafr-Tóki. - New alternate name.

Hafr-Tóki and Oddr mjĒ«ksiglandi. - New joint badge. (Fieldless) In fess a comet Or sustained by a goat rampant pean.

John de Percy. - New badge. (Fieldless) In pale a crossbow bendwise sinister nocked with a bolt sustained by a wolf's jambe erased bendwise Or.

Karl von der Ostwache. - Resub badge. (Fieldless) In pale a beacon argent enflamed gules issuant from a tower per fess argent and sable all masoned counterchanged.

Katla skytja. - New name.

Lianor Pereira do Valle. - New name.

Lianor Pereira do Valle. - New device. Per chevron ployé inverted gules and sable, a chevron ployé inverted argent between a sunflower Or seeded sable and two arrows in chevron inverted Or.

Ljotr Tormodsson. - New name.

Máel Brigte ingen Aimirgin. - New badge. (Fieldless) A brazier gules.

Marcos Amador de Villaverde. - New name.

Marcos Amador de Villaverde. - New device. Or, three oak leaves in pall vert between and conjoined to in pall inverted a stem and two clusters of three acorns proper.

Marcos Amador de Villaverde and Bellanette de Villaverde. - New joint badge. Per pale argent and purpure, an acorn counterchanged.

Maulore la Mandeta. - New name.

Myrick the Bear. - New name.

Myrick the Bear. - New device. Per saltire azure and argent, a bear's pawprint counterchanged.

Padraig Blair. - New name.

Roderick Greatwood. - New name.

Roderick Greatwood. - New device. Per pale purpure and Or, a kraken counterchanged.

Roderick Greatwood. - New badge. (Fieldless) a kraken per pale Or and purpure.

Rosamund of the Misty Meadows. - New badge. (Fieldless) A herson's head couped argent gorged of a coronet sable pearled Or, maintaining in its beak an eel sable.

Sofia de Toledo. - New name.

Summits, Principality of the. - New order name. Impresa di Schermidori

Summits, Principality of the. - New order name. Order of the Silver Chamfron

Summits, Principality of the. - New order name. Vanguard of the White Gryphon

Summits, Principality of the. - New order name. Order of the Lark and Mountain

Thora Husewyf. - New name.

Ulfrhrafn of the Cimbri. - Resub device. Per bend sinister sable and Or, an arrow bendwise sinister inverted gules between a wolf's head erased argent and a raven close contourney sable.

The following items have been returned for further work:

Caelia of the Blackforest. - Resub device. Sable, a Russian firebird displayed countourney Or marked gules, perched upon, entwined of, and maintaining a jessamine fesswise countourney purpure the flower enflamed proper.

This resubmission was a recolor of the original, and did not address the style issues which were the reasons for the original return. Indeed, the changes presented by this resubmission only served to introduce additional issues. We suggest the submitter consult with the College before resubmitting.

Cynethryth of the Cimbri. - Resub device. Argent, a dragon contourney purpure, wings addorsed perched upon and maintaining a lily azure, stemmed vert, nowed of the dragon's tail.

Commenters raised concerns about the identifiability of the dragon. The stylized nowing of the stem and tail also raised concerns about blazonability. Either of these would have been reasonable questions for Wreath. The lily's trine aspect, however, was more problematic, and coupled with the other style issues are sufficient cause to return for a redraw. We suggest the submitter consult with the College before resubmission.

Ljotr Tormodsson. - New device. Per pale azure and argent, a snowflake counterchanged and on a chief gules two bull's heads caboshed argent.

Snowflakes are unregisterable per the July 2002 LOAR. On resubmission, we recommend making the chief somewhat larger.

Maulore la Mandeta. - New device. Per bend sinister Or and azure, a lion rampant paly Or and azure charged on the hindquarters with a fleur-de-lys gules, a bordure engrailed gules.

The lion was very nicely drawn, and the paly nature quite period. However, the fact that the paly lion shared a tincture with the field is reason for return on the basis of poor contrast. On resubmission, we recommend choosing tinctures not in common with the field. We also suggest thickening the bordure and reducing the number of engrails, and increasing their size. At the size and number in this submission, they were largely unidentifiable.

Robert of Berwick. - New name.

Sadly, this conflicts with Robert of Berwyk (Dec 2008, Middle).

The following items have been pended:

Aleassandra Le Fevre. - New name. Change from holding name.

1: Beak Bell of Dumfries - New Badge

mushroom in silver / a mushroom argent

Submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

Submitter's name was registered in November of 2011 (via An Tir).

Submitter checked the box indicating a fieldless background.

2: Eobhan Dunbar - New Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.

Submitter's branch is Dragon's Mist.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

<Eobhan> is documented to 1520 in 'Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness,' vol. XII, published 1886. See p. 212 (http://books.google.com/books?id=GZDRnxhDmUkC) also gives the genitive form, <Eobhain>, on p. 383, applied to a woman born "about the year 1650."

If <Eobhan> is not registerable, I will accept <Eoghan> (dated between 957-1590 in Mari's Annals, http://medievalscotland.org./kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Eogan.shtml)

<Dunbar> is documented to 1425 in the Scottish Lowlands via St. Gabriel Report 2974 (source: Black, 'The Surnames of Scotland', s.n. Dunbar)

2: Eobhan Dunbar - New Device

Vert, on a chevron throughout argent five pheons inverted sable, in base a serpent involved in annulo, head to base, argent.

.

3: Isabeau of Kaldor Ness - Resub Name Change From Holding Name

Isabeau d'Orange

Old Item: (Holding Name) Isabeau of Kaldor Ness, to be released.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Meaning (Isabeau from Orange (city in Provence, France) - in french) most important.

Submitter's branch is KaldorNess.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form;

Isabeau is found in Dauzat (p.337, s.n. Isabelle) with "Isabeau de Baviere femme de Charles VI" (Isabeau de Baviere, wife of Charles VI.)

d'Orange - from the city of Orange

[Black Talbot]:

Original submission (Isabeau la petite) was returned by Laurel in Septemeber 2011 for further work due to a conflict with Ysabeau Petit.

4: Kattera Giese - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 15th Century German.
• Language (15th Century German) most important.

Submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The following was quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Kattera - www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/nurnberg1407.html - German names from Nurnburg 1497 by Sarah L. Uckelman (SCA Aryanhwy merch Catmael) Last updated 03march06 - 2 recorded in areas surrounding Nurnberg

Giese - p154 (Giese) Hans Bahlow, Translated and Revised by Edda Gentry 2nd Edition, Dictionary of German Names.

4: Kattera Giese - New Device

Sable, a bear passant, regardent argent, and in dexter chief a compass star or.

5: Madhu Dugdhapheni - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Meaning (Not Specified) most important.

Submitter's branch is Porte de l'Eau.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Madhu-Listed as a common Sanskirt word used as a name on Page 65 of A Dissertation on the Proper Names of Panjabis, with Special Reference to the Proper Names of Villagers in the Eastern Panjab by Captain R.C. Temple. (The name Madhu means sweet or honey) Dugdhapheni- The Monier-Williams standard of Sanskrit to English dictionary on page 483 defines Dugdha as the milky juice of a plant and refines further the meaning when adding the post adjunct word - phena as the froth of milk or cream: together, the two words are then defined as a kind of small shrub. See online Sanskrit Monier-Williams under http://www.ibiblio.org/scripedia/ebooks/mw/0500/mw_0516.html

Many Ayurvedic medicinal volumes document Dugdhapheni as the Sanskrit word for Dandelion. See http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/dandelion.html for an example of such.

In a dissertation on the Proper Names of Panjabis, with Special Reference to the Proper Names of Villagers in the Eastern Panjab by Captain R.C. Temple, on page 64 it is said "That almost every word in the language, even Ka? (who?), was used to designate human beings. Open Monier-Williams' Sanskrit Dictionary almost at random, and it will be found that opposite nearly ever word, either in itsordinary shape or as part of a compound, is recorded, 'Name of so-and-so', 'Name of a man, of a king, of a prince' and so on."

Therefore, following the customary tradition of using any word as a name, the Sanskrit name Dugdhapheni is used as the last name.

5: Madhu Dugdhapheni - New Device

Per Chevron inverted Or and Sable, in base a goutte d'Or

6: Radmund of Midloe Grange - New Device

Azure, a cross potent argent, a bordure counter-company argent and azure.

Submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

Submitter's name was registered in September of 2011 (via An Tir).

7: Rowland Greene - New Name

• Sound (Not specified) most important.

Submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Rowland"--English male given name dating 1569-1600. Names found in Cam, Glouscestershire, marriege registers 1569-1600 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann) www.heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html

Withycombes's "Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names", 3rd ed, p.256 (s.n. Roland) cites Rowland as a given name in 1529.

"Greene"--English Surname dating to 1539; "surnames in Chesham: D-H, 1538-1600/1" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada http

7: Rowland Greene - New Badge

Per pale sable and argent, three roundels one-and-two counter-changed.

[Black Talbot]: Submitter did not include the 'w' in the Society name on the form, but all of the information is listed exactly as the name form and the form indicates that the name is being submitted with the badge.

Submitter checked the box indicating a fieldless background on the badge submission.

8: Rowland Greene - New Device

Per pale sable and argent, in fess two groups of three roundels each one-and-two counter-changed.

Submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

[Black Talbot]: Submitter did not include the 'w' in the Society name on the form, but all of the information is listed exactly as the name form and the form indicates that the name is being submitted with the badge.

9: Thora Husewyf - New Device

Azure, a bull rampant argent holding a lute or.

Submitter's branch is the Canton of Akornebir.

Submitter's name has not yet been registered and was submitted for commentary on the February 2012 IL.

10: Tymme Lytefelow - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (Not specified) most important.

Submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Reaney and Wilson sub Timms, etc. show William filius Tymme in 1285, Alicia Timme in 1327 and William Tymmes in 1332.

Reaney and Wilson, sub Light, Lyte, is Richard atte Lyte, 1317.

sub Lightfellow, Robert Lyghtfelow, 1393.

Finally, sub Lillyman ct al we find Gilbert and William Lyteman, 1305, as well as Richard Liteman, 1275.

10: Tymme Lytefelow - New Device

Per bend sinister azure and argent a comet bendwise argent and a lighthouse azure counterchanged.

11: Tymme Lytefelow - New Badge

Fieldless a dromedary rampant sable.

Submitter's branch is Wyewood.

12: Ysabella Greene - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound (Not specified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Ysabella" -- French feminine given name dating to mid-14th C.; "Feminine Names From Aosta, 1337 and 1351" by Aryanwhy merch Catmael [http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/aostafem.html]

"Greene" -- English surname dating to 1539; "Surnames in Chesham: D-H, 1538-1600/1" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada [http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Chesham/surnames-2.html]

The name parts are less than 300 years apart and so are temporally compatible. English-French name combinations are registerable without being an SFPP.

12: Ysabella Greene - New Device

Per pale argent and azure on a roundel two frogs sejant respectant counterchanged.

13: Ysabella Greene - New Badge

Per pale azure and argent, two frogs sejant respectant counterchanged.

Submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

Submitter did not indicate whether this should be a fieldless background or not, but it appears to be fieldless in the rendering.

Thus concludes the April letter.

In Service,

Viktor Kladivo

Black Talbot Herald

An Tir OSCAR counts: 6 New Names, 8 New Devices, 4 New Badges. This gives 18 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name Change. This is a total of 1 resubmission on this letter, for a total of 19 actions.

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