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An Tir IL dated 2011-01-10 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Anthony Black Lion, Elizabeth Lions Blood, and the esteemed heralds from An Tir and elsewhere to whom this missive comes, Rhieinwylyd Boar sends greetings! I apologize for the lateness of this letter, and offer my most heartfelt thanks to Lions Blood for her asssistance in finalizing it and thus allowing me to complete my 12th Night sewing in a (somewhat) timely fashion. :)

Commentary on this letter is due Feb 8, 2011.

LIONS BLOOD MEETINGS

December 2010 Lettter - January 22at the home of Rhieinwylydd Boar, 1218 NE Conroy Place in Corvallis, OR. We have a very large letter to process, so we will be starting *early* ~ roughly 10 AM. Pizzas will be ordered for lunch by me (Lions Blood) and we will hopefully be partaking of my prize in a recent competition: chocolate mint cheesecake with my arms on it! I also want to do significant work on the April letter as far as kicking around some ideas and generally having fun with heraldry. (Note: Boar has cats and a dog. Take appropriate allergic precautions as necessary.)

January 2011 Letter - TBD.

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings to the College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood,

It was so great to see many of you at 12th Night! I hope you all enjoyed the event and made it safely back home. Congratulations are due to Gwenlliana Clutterbooke, Demi-Lion Herald, for being placed on the rolls of the Order of the Goutte de Sang :)

A reminder that my term is up in September of this year - I am not renewing my warrant. I love my job very, very much, but I want others to have the opportunity to do it and have the same amazing experience. There was a recent post to the An Tir Heralds e-mail list that outlined the job responsibilities; my thanks to all those who responded with positive thoughts.

Another reminder - if you live in Tir Righ, I do not get your submissions! There is a separate process for that. Please contact Silver Yale if you have questions.

Again, a huge thank you to those who comment on my letter and who have signed up to comment recently. I really cannot express how important commenters are to the job of Lions Blood. It is impossible to make informed decisions without the input of the College. Thank you, thank you, thank you :)

In service to the College of Heralds,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

 

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is excerpted from the November 2010 Laurel Letter.

From Laurel: Deadline Reminder

We would like to remind all interested parties that the deadline for applications for the position of Laurel, Pelican, and Wreath Sovereign of Arms is March 1, 2011. All interested parties should see the August 2010 Cover Letter for details on how to apply.

We would also like to remind everyone that Laurel is accepting applications for a replacement Ragged Staff Herald. Details are also on the August 2010 Cover Letter.

From Laurel - Submissions Delays and You

With the advent of the new, shorter commentary period and the LoARs being released on a shorter schedule, we were curious as to how long it takes a submission to move through the process from start to finish.

Investigations of this month's LoAR found several submissions which had been received at kingdom after July 1, 2010. In one case, the submission was received in mid August. Since this letter has been released on 12/31/2010, this means that these submissions have spent less than six months in submission before the Laurel decision was published.

While these submissions are unusually fast, they indicate that submissions received near the monthly cut-off in kingdoms with short in-kingdom processing times can traverse the complete process in under six months.

This is an amazing development. We would like to thank all submissions heralds, all commenters at all levels, and Laurel-level staff and proofreaders for their hard work and assistance in getting to this point.

We hope to keep to this schedule, and do everything we can to ensure that submissions are processed quickly, but with careful consideration.

From Pelican: Some Name Resources (a series)

Names in some languages spoken in Asia (Japanese, Arabic) are quite well documented by Society scholars, making names in those languages relatively easy to construct. Other Asian cultures are less well documented, making the lives of submitters and heralds quite difficult. This section will help you to figure out how to document an Asian name, first by pointing you toward some sources for documenting names, then explaining some of the standards used by the College of Arms and how to meet them for those other languages.

Before you get started on a difficult project, take a look at what others have done. I start with the Academy of Saint Gabriel library (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/), which has sections on "Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Names," "Central Asian Names," "Ancient Iranian Names," "Mongol Names," "Indian Names," "Chinese Names," and "Japanese Names." The one important print source I use for Asian names is Solveig Throndardottir's Name Construction in Medieval Japan, which can be bought from Potboiler Press (http://potboilerpress.com/). It has large numbers of historical names of various sorts; in another month, I'll discuss how to use it most efficiently.

One of the first tricks is figuring out what language(s) you're dealing with. In India, for example, there were (and are) dozens of languages spoken. I often depend on online scholarship to answer these questions. Two useful sources are Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org), which has surprisingly extensive articles on the history of individual languages, and Ethnologue (http://www.ethnologue.com/), which is an online version of the standard reference on the modern distribution of the languages of the world (But don't forget: Wikipedia is not acceptable as the sole documentation for a name or name element). Between them, you can generally figure out what language(s) you might find in an area. This is important, because if you propose to mix names elements from two different times and/or languages, you need to be able to address whether they are compatible with one another. Even in a single time and place, there can be multiple languages represented; for example, Japanese names use both Japanese and Chinese readings of kanji, though generally not in a single name.

To register a personal name from a non-European culture, you need to present evidence that the culture in question had contact with Europe and Europeans before 1600. But before you get too concerned about presenting that evidence, take a look through LoARs to see if we've registered other names from that culture. If we've registered a name from that culture recently, don't worry too much about proving that contact again. However, there are many cultures that have not been shown to be registerable. A discussion of the kinds of evidence one might present is given in the January 2003 Cover Letter, dealing with Tibetan names. Note that second-hand contact (contact with a group of people who had contact with Europe) is not sufficient. In the case of India, we often look to the late-period Portuguese coastal possessions as evidence for contact. History books are generally necessary to argue for these points, as websites created by private individuals often include poorly sourced information and cannot be trusted.

You must then present evidence that the names are properly constructed and were used before 1600. For the first part, modern books of names and surnames may help, but they rarely help for the second. With the rise of Google Books and other internet sources, searching to see if a modern name was used before 1600 is often pretty simple. However, that very simplicity means that we are far less likely to give benefit of the doubt to a name element that appears only as a modern name.

Finally, you must present evidence that the name as a whole is appropriately constructed. We require all names to consist of at least two elements: a given name (or something that functions like one) and a byname (or something that functions like one). That can be difficult for some poorly documented Asian languages, but presenting names that seem to follow the pattern is the best way. If you can't find appropriate patterns for bynames, one solution is to construct a Lingua Anglica form of a byname. The use of the Lingua Anglica allowance was discussed at great length in the January 2009 Cover Letter.

For Asian names, locative bynames are often a good candidate. Remember that the Lingua Anglica allowance requires the use of the standard modern English form of the name. For this reason, of Bangalore or of Beijing are egisterable under this allowance, while of Bengalooru or of Daidu are not (although these other names have also been used for those cities).

LAUREL REGISTERED THE FOLLOWING ITEMS IN NOVEMBER 2010

Alicia le Wilfulle. Device change. Vert, a chevron sable fimbriated and cotised argent.

Alicia has permission to conflict with the device of Maelen of Kynges Lea, Vert, on a chevron cotised argent three fir trees palewise proper.

There is a step from period practice for the use of fimbriation and cotising in the same tincture in the same armory [Siobhan nic Eoin, October 1997, A-Meridies], but that is the only step.

Her previous device, Argent, two swords inverted in saltire sable fretted with a mascle and on a chief vert two escallops argent, is retained as a badge.

Amalric Blackhart. Device change. Argent goutty de sang, an antelope rampant sable ducally gorged and chained Or, a chief sable.

The antelope was blazoned on the Letter of Intent as an agacella, but we have been unable to corroborate the Encyclopedia Britannica citation provided by the submitter using period sources. Batonvert provided evidence that the term was used at some point for the gazelle. It is possible that the term was current in 1894 when the ninth edition of the Encyclopedia was published. In the interests of reproducibility, we have blazoned the monster as an antelope.

The submitter is a duke and thereby entitled to the ducal coronet.

His previous device, Argent, goutty de sang, a stag rampant and a chief sable, is retained as a badge.

Appledore, Shire of. Badge. Checky sable and argent, an apple slipped and leaved within a bordure gules.

Please instruct the submitter that apples as depicted in period would be nearly round. Apples drawn in the modern, flat-sided trapezoidal style seen in this submission will henceforth be considered a step from period practice.

Astriðr Einarsdottir. Name and device. Azure, a peacock and on a chief wavy argent three pomegranates slipped and leaved gules.

Submitted as Astrid Einarsdottir, the submitter requested authenticity for 9th-10th century Iceland. The Old Norse form of the later Astrid was Astriðr. With that change, the name is appropriate for Iceland in her desired period. We have made that change to meet her request for authenticity.

Azizah bint Rustam. Name.

Bork Thorkelsson. Name and device. Vert, a fess between four tankards Or.

This name is clear of conflict with the registered Bjorn Þorkelson; the bynames are identical, so difference must come from the given names. Similar pairs with distinct groups of consonants, such as Alfred/Eldred and Gerald/Gerard, have previously been ruled sufficiently different to not conflict. Therefore, these given names are also different enough to be clear of conflict.

This device is clear of the device of Thomas von Langenfeld, Vert, a fess between three roundels Or and a Cornish chough proper, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter. There are CDs for the change of both type and arrangement of the secondary charges.

Bronwen Elgars. Badge. (Fieldless) On a goutte d'Or an ermine spot sable.

Cecille de Beumund. Device change. Sable semy of quatrefoils argent.

Nice device!

Her previous device, Azure, on a fess between three swallows volant argent three roses proper, is released.

Cecille de Beumund. Acceptance of badge transfer from Iago ab Adam and Cecille de Beumund. (Fieldless) A griffin passant argent winged Or.

Diamante da Magenta. Name and device. Argent, in pale three mullets barry and per pale sable and Or.

Diamante da Magenta. Badge. (Fieldless) A mullet barry and per pale sable and Or.

This mullet is not a solid tincture. Therefore, Eleanor Leonard's blanket permission to conflict with (Tinctureless) A mullet of four points distilling a goutte applies.

Eoghan Ó Briain. Name and device. Or, a duck rising wings displayed azure and a base wavy barry wavy azure and Or.

Commenters provided multiple period examples of birds in the same slightly trian aspect posture as the bird on the submitted emblazon. This posture is, therefore, registerable.

Fergus of Karlisle. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Gabriel Luvedey. Name and device. Per pale and per chevron azure and argent, a rose and a bordure dovetailed counterchanged.

The point of the per chevron line of division in this emblazon barely rises above the per fess line. Please inform the submitter that, while the per chevron line of division just meets SCA standards, in period, a per chevron line of division would rise to nearly the top of the field. It should not at all resemble the bottom quarter of a per saltire line of division.

Hawise le Wollemongere. Badge. (Fieldless) A lamb couchant argent.

This badge is clear of the badge of Clan Chlurain, Per fess gules and Or, a sheep passant argent, maintaining under its sinister foreleg a tub sable, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter. There is a CD for the difference between a fielded and fieldless design and a CD for the change of posture from passant to couchant.

Hawise le Wollemongere. Change of badge to device. Vert, a lamb couchant argent and a ford proper.

Iago ab Adam and Cecille de Beumund. Joint badge transfer to Cecille de Beumund. (Fieldless) A griffin passant argent winged Or.

Isobel Black. Name and device. Argent, a bend sinister cotised sable, overall a septfoil purpure seeded Or.

Jorunn Aslaksdotter. Name.

This is a lovely 14th century Norwegian name! It is quite plausible for later times as well.

Katerina des Monteignes. Name.

This is clear of conflict with the registered Katherine of the Mountains. The bynames are substantially different in appearance. They are closer in sound, but the difference in syllabic stress and the differences in the final syllable are sufficient to clear the conflict.

Katryne MacKim. Device. Argent goutty de larmes, a raven sable and a chief invected azure.

Kora of Karlisle. Name.

This name combines Russian and Elizabethan English, which by precedent is a step from period practice.

The submitter may wish to know that Cora of Karlisle would be a completely English name from late period.

Mairghread inghean Dubhghaill mhic Cainnich. Name and device. Azure, a Bowen cross and on a chief embattled argent a roundel between a decrescent and an increscent azure.

Morgan Trueheart. Name and device. Argent, an evergreen tree couped proper between in chief two Latin crosses gules, a bordure azure.

Submitted as Morgan the Truehearted, the examples that were provided did not match this form; instead they document the byname Trueheart. A similar byname was ruled unregisterable in February of 2010:

Tender-Hearted was submitted as a descriptive nickname. We have long declined to register English bynames formed from adjectival past participles, barring evidence for their usage:

While the LoI documented the word "distract" to very late period, no evidence was presented, nor could any of the commenters find any, to demonstrate that epithetical nicknames were constructed in this way from a fairly abstract past participle. Without such evidence, we are unable to register this. [Deirdre the Distracted, LoAR 04/1994, Ansteorra-R]

Submitted as Elisabeth the Brown-Eyed, English bynames were not formed from adjectival past participles. [Elisabeth Browneye, LoAR 09/1994, East-A]

No new evidence was provided for the use of abstract adjectival past participle bynames in English, so they continue to be unregisterable. [Elizabeth Tender Herte, LoAR 02/2010, Atlantia-R]

No new evidence has been presented to overturn this precedent. We have therefore changed the byname to the documented Trueheart.

While we have recently extended the protection for red crosses on white fields to include Latinate crosses, since there are two crosses in this submission, and they are Latinate, we will accept this device.

Piers Lakewood. Device. Quarterly sable and vert, a quill pen bendwise sinister between two scrolls argent.

Please instruct the submitter that a quill pen should have a single, smooth rib down the center, not branchings like a leaf, and should have fewer barbs so that the user has enough space for their hand.

Suvia filia Heriberti. Device (see RETURNS for badge). Azure semy of bees argent, a chief wavy barry wavy vert and argent.

Tir Rígh, Principality of. Order name Ordre de l'Etoile d'Argent.

This does not conflict with the American military decoration the Silver Star. While we protect mundane items in all forms in which they are commonly known, we do not protect them in all possible forms. The French Wikipedia site lists the medal as la Silver Star, and it is protected in that form.

Tyra Fulksdotther. Name and device. Argent, a chevron purpure between three square weaver's tablets azure.

Submitted as Tyra Fulksdottir, the name was changed by kingdom to Tyra Fulkasdottir to match the documentation they could find. Unfortunately, this did not fix an additional problem: dottir is an Old Norse form, not suitable for use with the later Swedish Fulke. Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn s.n. Folke dates Folksdotther to 1470; Fulke is found at the same time. Therefore, we have changed her name to Fulksdotther in order make the byname completely Swedish in order to register it and to make it closer to her originally submitted form.

This name mixes Danish and Swedish, which is a step from period practice.

Please instruct the submitter to draw larger holes in the weaver's tablets.

Viktor Stepanov Zabolotskoi. Name change from Stepan Zabolotskoi and device. Azure, two cattails in saltire within a serpent involved in annulo Or.

This name is a claim to be the son of Stepan Zabolotskoi; as he is the owner of that name, he needs no permission to make that claim.

His previous name, Stepan Zabolotskoi, is retained as an alternate name.

William de Logan. Name and device. Argent, a chevron cotised sable between three trefoils azure.

Nice 13th century English name!

 

LAUREL RETURNED THE FOLLOWING ITEMS FOR FURTHER WORK IN NOVEMBER 2010

Fergus of Karlisle. Device. Sable, in fess a grenade between two rabbits combatant all within a bordure argent.

This device is returned for conflict with the device of Miranda the Seamstress, Sable, three needles in pile points conjoined within a bordure argent. These devices are not clear under section X.2 of the Rules for Submissions, since Fergus' design has more than two types of charge on the field. Under X.4, there is a single CD for the change of type of the primary charge group, but there is not a second CD for arrangement, since rabbits and a grenade cannot be arranged in pile.

Please instruct the submitter that, on resubmission, some internal detailing should be used, so that the charges can be more readily identified.

Suvia filia Heriberti. Badge. (Fieldless) A griffin statant drinking from a goblet azure.

In this badge, the goblet is a maintained charge. This badge is, therefore, returned for conflict with the badge of Richard de Montbrai, (Fieldless) A griffin passant azure. There is a single CD for comparing fieldless badges, but none for the maintained goblet or the slight change in posture.

 

 

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS WILL BE ADDED AT A FUTURE DATE

 

1: Fortune verch Thomas - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for Welsh.
• Language (Welsh) most important.
• Culture (Welsh) most important.

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

All elements from "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)" by Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn, available at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh16.html.

1: Fortune verch Thomas - New Device

Vert, a brock passant and in chief three dogwood blossoms argent

2: Gaius Octavius Lunaris - Resub Device

Per bend sinister wavy purpure and argent, a bend sinister wavy counterchanged between a tyger salient argent and a rose purpure barbed, slipped and leaved vert, a bordure counterchanged

3: Karie Wen ferch Morgan - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound (as close to 'Ceridwen ferch Morgan' as possible) most important.
• Meaning (fair Ceri, daughter of Morgan) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

<Karie> is found in "Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/welshfem16/welshWomen16.html). This name appears in the given names section of the document under the header "Ceri" which appears with a frequency of 1.

<Wen> is a nickname meaning 'white, fair'; this name is found in "Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names", also by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, in the section under 'Personal Nicknames' (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh16.html).

<ferch> is a connector intended to mean 'daughter'.

<Morgan> is found in "Some 16th & 17th C Welsh Masculine Names" by Sara L. Friedemann with a frequency of 3 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh/welsh.html).

4: Kseniia Nikolaeva doch' - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for Russian.
• Language (Russian) most important.
• Culture (Russian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Kseniia - http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/kp.html

Nikolai (base of patronymic) - http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/n.html

Name construction - http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/zgrammar.html

4: Kseniia Nikolaeva doch' - New Device

Or, a double-headed eagle displayed azure, maintaining in dexter claw a scroll bendwise sinister and in sinister claw a feather, a bordure gules

5: Martin von München - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Teutonic German, 14th Century) most important.
• Culture (Teutonic German, 14th Century) most important.

The submitter's branch is Lyonsmarche.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Given name from Hans Bahlow's Mittelhochdeutsches Namenbuch nach schlesischen Quellen (Middle High German Name Book from Silesian Sources) found at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm

Regional style Surname, Munich was formed in 1148 as documented by the Munich City Charter, http://www.stmf.bayern.de/ueber_uns/ausstellung_foyer/muenchner_pfenning/ is the official history of Munich from the German Government

München is German for Munich

6: Nicolai Raben von Tachov - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (German) most important.
• Meaning (Raven) most important.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Mist.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form and attached documentation [Lions Blood notes: Please do not just write 'please see attached' on the documentation section of the form, especially if someone has taken the time to summarize your documentation for you.]:

Nicolai

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/bahlow "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia" which dates Nicolai to 1347.

Raben

Brechenmacher, s.n. Raben, Raven (from Hraban), s. Rab 1353 Eberh. Raben "aus Franken".

von

http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/womenssurnames.html

Tachov

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0019_0_19505.html

[Lions Blood notes: The submitter appears to prefer the Czech/Bohemian spelling 'Tachov' but the German spelling seems to be 'Tachou'.]

6: Nicolai Raben von Tachov - New Device

Per bend sinister sable and vert, a raven migrant and a stag rampant argent

7: Nyvein Dyfnawal - New Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• No major changes.
• Sound (Given name beginning with 'N', surname beginning with 'D') most important.
• Culture (from British Isles) most important.

The submitter's branch is Saint Bunstable.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Given Name: Nyvein is found on the heraldry.sca.org website in the article "Names of Women of the Brythonic North in the 5-7th Centuries: Nyfain" by Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn (Heather Rose Jones) at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brythonic/nyfain.html. Nyvein is the Medieval Welsh standardized form.

Surname: Dyfnawal is found in Morgan and Morgan (T.J. Morgan and Prys Morgan's Welsh Surnames) under the heading "Dyfnwal, Dyfinawal" on pages 87-88. The entry states that the name was in use during the medieval period.

8: Sophia Francesca Bruno - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound (spelling) most important.

The submitter's branch is Druim Doineann.

The following is copied from the documentation section of the form:

Sophia: http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/16thCvenice.html. "Names from 16th Century Venice" by Juliana de Luna (Julia Smith).

Francesca: http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/italian.html.

Bruno is my modern last name. Please see attached license.

8: Sophia Francesca Bruno - New Device

Gules, a bear sejant erect maintaining a mullet and on a chief Or an arm erased gules

9: Summits, Principality of the - New Heraldic Title

Silver Lark Pursuivant

• No major changes.

The Principality's name was registered November 1992.

The Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. silver, shows the header spelling is dated in an adjectival usage to 1480.

The MED, s.n. lark(e n., lists the following: .c1440(?a1400) Morte Arth.(1) (Thrn) 2674: Of larkes, of lynkwhyttez, þat lufflyche songen. The spelling 'lark' is dated to 1582 in "The First Part of the Elementary" by Richard Mulcaster, retrieved from the Lexicon of Early Modern English (http://leme.library.utoronto.ca/search/results.cfm - enter 'lark' in the search box and limit between 1450 and 1650).

This order name follows the pattern of 'color + object' which is demonstrated in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

10: Summits, Principality of the - New Heraldic Title

Juste Veue Pursuivant

• No major changes.

The Principality's name was registered November 1992.

This heraldic title follows the pattern of 'desirable trait' which is demonstrated in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

This desirable trait translated in English is "Fair Sight". The meaning of 'fair' we are going for is lawful/just.

The spelling 'juste' is found in the Anglo-Norman Dictionary, s.n. juste(3) (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-201-D963D265-69CA183E-272B64B2-BAD81A7E?session=S3305871294283897): a. 1 just, righteous: Deus justes e fort Camb Ps 9.VII.11; A chascun des quatre ad sessante marz donez. La fu li justes sancs venduz e achatez View TextBecket 5134.

The spelling 'veue' is found in the same source, s.n. vewe(1) (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-101-D422BBDD-2BFFECE7-6928D407-2445B478?session=S33058712942838977) s. 1 (faculty of) sight, vision: En veue, en oie, e en guster Lum Lais ANTS 13069.

Assistance with the correct grammar is requested and appreciated :)

11: Summits, Principality of the - New Heraldic Title

Plume d'Or Pursuivant

• No major changes.

The Principality's name was registered November 1992.

This heraldic title follows the pattern of 'color + object' which is demonstrated in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

The color pattern "d'Or" is dated several times s.v. Gold(en) Fleece in the aforementioned author's article "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/), including "Ordre de la Thoison d'Or".

'Plume' can be found in the Anglo-Norman Dictionary, s.n. plume, in the following entry: s. 1 (coll.) feathers: si la plume chet de la penne Orn Dames 249; les poucins volent quant il ont plume e sont enpennez Ancren2 180.16; 2 feather bed: Ne dormiras pas en plume mole Set Dorm ANTS 1405. (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-101-0FDEA657-C1CC18A3-9BE1CA63-F7CF4B2F?session=S3305871294283897)

12: Summits, Principality of the - New Heraldic Title

Silver Mountain Pursuivant

• No major changes.

The Principality's name was registered November 1992.

This heraldic title follows the pattern of 'color + object' which is demonstrated in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

The Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. silver, shows the header spelling is dated in an adjectival usage to 1480.

The MED, s.n. mountain(e, lists the following: .?a1400(a1338) Mannyng Chron.Pt.2 (Petyt 511) p.160: Isaak had a spie þat warned him..To tak þe mountayn hie. The switch between /y/ and /i/ is unremarkable for late-period England. (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED28803)

13: Summits, Principality of the - New Heraldic Title

Regne le sagés Pursuivant

• No major changes.

The Principality's name was registered November 1992.

This heraldic title follows the pattern of 'motto' which is demonstrated in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

This motto translated in English is "Let Wisdom Reign".

The spelling 'regne' is found in the Anglo-Norman Dictionary, s.n. regne (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-101-E1BFD11C-85CC0B97-AF8B639D-BB59BA5C?session=S3305871294283897): s. reign: en le sime an de son regne King's Bench i.cxvi.

The spelling 'sagés' is found in the same source, s.n. sagés (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-101-55C96A99-64DCF4D9-19344FE8-283BDC21?session=S3305871294283897) s. wisdom: E pur ceo vot (=J.C.) al cumencement Del sime age [nestre] veireiment K'est de sagés (ed. des ages) perfecciun Lum Lais ANTS 4483.

Assistance with the correct grammar is requested and appreciated :)

14: Tófa Eiríksdottir - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Old Norse) most important.

The submitter's branch is Briaroak.

The following is summarized from the documentation section of the form:

Tófa - found in "Viking Names Found in Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html)

Eirikr - found in the same article as above

Eiriksdottir - patronymic formed as per name structures found in article "A Simple Guide to Creating Old Norse Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/sg-viking.html)

15: Vestina Antonia Aurelia - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (closest to "Vesta") most important.

The submitter's branch is Myrtleholt.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Vestina - "Saint Vestina of Scillium" Saints.SQPN.com. 19 June 2010. Web. downloaded Dec 11, 2010. http://saints.sqpn.com/saint-vestina-of-scillium

Antonia - female form of "Antony", in English Christian Names, 3rd Edition, 1988 page 28, name of a Roman gens.

Aurelia - English Christian Names, 3rd Edition, 1988 - sub "Aurelia" page 37.

15: Vestina Antonia Aurelia - New Device

Argent, a sinister fist sable and on a chief gules a crescent Or

Thus ends the January 2011 Internal Letter of Intent.

I remain,

yours in service,

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn

Boar Pursuivant

An Tir OSCAR counts: 9 New Names, 5 New Heraldic Titles, 5 New Devices. This gives 19 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Device. This is a total of 1 resubmission on this letter, for a total of 20 actions.

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