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An Tir IL dated 2010-11-07 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Anthony Black Lion, Elizabeth Lions Blood, and the esteemed heralds from An Tir and elsewhere to whom this missive comes, Rhieinwylyd Boar sends greetings! Below please find the November Internal Letter.

Special thanks to Aodh Deoradhán, who sent in a big pile of submissions for this letter and also emailed me all the documentation to copy/paste; my wrists are very appreciative!

Commentary on this letter is due December 17, 2010.

LIONS BLOOD MEETINGS

October IL: Saturday, November 20 at Santa Clara Church of Christ, 175 Santa Clara Ave, in Eugene.

November IL: Saturday, December 18 at the home of Elizabeth Lions Blood in Coeur du Val (probably - details TBD).

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood!

I want to first take the opportunity to thank everyone who applied for Sinister Gauntlet. It warms my heart to have so many candidates, and I will be making my decision in the next week or two. Thank you all for your support!

Also thank you to everyone who comments on the letter, because you make my job very very very easy.

I would like to remind the populace, so please pass this along to your branches - any event I am at, I am more than happy to accept your submission with your money so you can save yourself the postage. [Boar adds - this goes for me, too.] If you would like to host a heraldry day in your branch, my deputy and I would be thrilled to travel to your branch and assist with the creation of submissions. We recently were in the Shire of Corvaria for such an event and had a great time with the books and the people. We like doing this! Please don't hesitate to ask us to come visit.

Those who haven't yet made time to come to a meeting, we'd love to have you either in November at the Adiantum Social Day or in December at my house (or at a place to be determined). We have a great time doing work and having fun at the same time, and take the opportunity to just hang out with each other too.

I love this job, because you all make it easy. Thank you :)

In service to the An Tir College of Heralds,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is excerpted from the July 2010 Laurel Letter.

From Laurel: Bids for KWHSS 2012

For those considering bidding on the 2012 Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium, the deadline to have your bid entered into OSCAR is March 31, 2011. This will give the College of Arms time for consideration so that we can announce the bid's award at this year's KWHSS in Atlantia, as is our preferred practice.

Please remember that bids posted to OSCAR are publicly readable. Because of this, all personal information, such as legal names, addresses, phone numbers, and email, should not be included in these bids without signed, written permission. Such information as is necessary should be posted as a comment after the bid is finalized, so that only the College of Arms can read it. Please send a courtesy copy of the full bid to Laurel at laurel@heraldry.sca.org.

As a reminder, there is a KWHSS domain and web hosting space available on the SCA's servers; you need not register your own.

Please see http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/kwhs/ or contact Laurel if you have any questions.

From Wreath: Documented Exceptions, Armory Documentation, and Core Style (Oh my!)

This month two submissions were discussed which violated sections of the Rules for Submission, part VIII, Compatible Armorial Style; both requested consideration under RfS VIII.6. Documented Exceptions as Regional Style and provided documentation towards such consideration. Both submissions generated a significant amount of commentary, much of it focused on whether or not the documentation provided was sufficient to grant the Regional Style exception. As expectations regarding the standards for documentation for armory in general have varied (and at times been self-contradictory) and what little written policy that has existed has been vague, the time has come to clarify these standards further.

The number of examples required for the registration of documented exceptions under general and regional style has varied widely. One oft-quoted precedent from November 1993 cites "at least a dozen" examples for a general exception, but the addition of the regional style rules in 1995 left the required level of support unclear. The February 2001 registration of Gules, a bear passant sable was registered under the General Exceptions category, with "over eight unrelated examples of Gules a [complex charge] sable in several different geographical areas, plus other similar examples of black charges on red fields." In January 2009, four examples allowed the registration of a brown complex charge on a blue field as a German regional exception. The necessary number of examples needs to be clarified.

Over the last eighteen years, the Society and the College of Arms have expanded both their interests and the knowledge of period practices. While our heraldic rules allegedly have a goal of encouraging "core" heraldic style, a significant number of people in the Society have an interest in creating armory which is both period and does not neatly fit into that "core", 1400s English, style of heraldry, whether that period is a geographical location (Hungary, Germany, Iberia, Japan, etc.) or a distinct heraldic time period (English Tudor-era). If our goal is study and education regarding period heraldry, as Corpora enjoins us to do, we should not be putting burdensome restrictions on people who wish to register period armory, whether it is "core" style or other period heraldic styles. The College of Arms, while urging Laurel towards period armory, seems inclined towards onerous restrictions on documented exceptions. To register exceptions, they call for excessive examples, go out of their way to dismiss examples, try to require documentation beyond that which the RfS requires (such as documenting the exact combination of multiple style violations), or requiring each submitter to redo the entirety of the work that others have done to document specific common regional styles every time they are submitted. At the same time, single examples are often used as reasons why submissions should not be registered or should conflict with other items. These standards are inconsistent internally and with our ostensible goal of education in period heraldry and historical heraldic usage.

At this time, we are clarifying the standards for armory documentation and for regional style exceptions, whether arguing for or against a particular heraldic practice, to the following:

  • For the exact practice, three independent examples will be sufficient.
  • For multiple practices in the same armory (as in Juliana de Luna's submission on this month's An Tir Letter of Intent, which violates both the complexity limit and the layer limit), three independent examples, all of which have the combination of all submitted practices will be sufficient, or six independent examples of each practice. If no example of the combination can be found, six independent examples of each practice should be sufficient to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt that the practices might have been used together.
  • For similar practices, six independent examples will be sufficient.

"Independent examples" means that multiple examples from a single heraldic line (i.e., examples from a single family) will be counted as a single example.

An 'exact' practice does not have to include the submitted charge in the exact same situation, but should have charges of the same complexity. "A single black primary charge with a complex outline on a red background" is the type of pattern we would call an exact match. These patterns should share the tincture and level of complexity of the design, as well as the type and outline of the charge. A submission that is an exact match for the early pattern would only be a similar match for the patterns "a red complex-outline primary charge on a black background"(the tinctures match, but are swapped) or "multiple black complex primary charges on a red background".

This does not change standards for documenting charges new to SCA heraldry: a single example of the charge used in a period heraldic jurisdiction remains sufficient.

From Wreath: Detailing and Identifiability

A submission this month, that of Adria Kerrick, from Ealdormere, used a sable fox with a very small argent tail tip on a field which is lozengy purpure and argent. Commeters were unanimous that the fox was identifiable, even though the white tail tip was nearly entirely on an argent lozenge. Precedent, which has been consistent for quite some time, says this is not allowed:

A fox proper has an argent tail tip, and thus cannot be depicted on an argent field, by precedent:

This device is returned for lack of contrast: the tail of a fox proper has a white tip, which is argent on argent. [Kynwric Gwent, 05-2008, R-Meridies]

This device must, therefore, be returned. [Ingunn Halldorsdottir, March 2009, R-Æthelmearc]

This is one of those nit-picky details which gives heralds such a bad name. We decided to do some research, and it seems that period heralds were perfectly able to deal with no-contrast defining tinctures:

Harwick W. Arch. "Vigil Rabers Neustifter Wappenbuch", plate 27, has a lion head with an argent ear on an argent field. Plate 63 has Gules, a cock vert, beaked and footed Or, combed and wattled gules under the name Cristoff Gumpeler, which has the gules defining characteristics of a cock the same tincture as the field on which they lie. Plate 103 has the same armory, under the name Mayrhofen, except the cock is sable, and is shown with one leg raised. Siebmacher, plate 65, has a bird with an Or beak on an Or field and, plate 72, has a cock argent beaked and wattled gules on a gules field. There is also, plate 89, Or, a demi-lion rampant contourny sable crowned Or pierced through the head by a sword proper and plate 114, which has Argent, a ram passant contourny sable horned argent atop a trimount argent.

The precedent, therefore, is overturned. As long as the charge maintains its identifiability, minor details, even minor details which are identifying characteristics, may have no contrast with the underlying tinctures.

From Pelican: Counting Temporal Disparity and Steps from Period Practice

This month, a submission raised the issue of how we count temporal disparity when one or more name elements are dated to a period of time rather than to a precise date. The only fair way to do it is to judge in the favor of the submitter. Therefore, in general, when we can only date a name element to within a range of dates, we will treat the date of the element for the purposes of counting temporal compatibility in the manner which is most favorable to the submitter. In some cases, this will mean that elements that are probably very far apart can be registered together. But if we cannot be certain that the elements are more than 300 years apart, the submitter must be given the benefit of the doubt.

 

The following is excerpted from the August 2010 Laurel Letter.

From The Sovereigns: Call for Applications

Laurel Principal Sovereign of Arms

The Laurel Principal Sovereign of Arms (Laurel) is the principal heraldic officer of the Society and the head of the College of Arms. Laurel is responsible for fostering the study and practice of heraldry, supervising the processing of submissions, and overseeing the heraldic activities of the Known World.

Laurel is an unpaid position, currently requiring approximately 20 hours a week. The position requires considerable tact and patience, armory and onomastic knowledge, supervisory ability, the ability to work within tight deadlines and coordinate closely with Wreath, Pelican and other staff to produce a Laurel Letter of Acceptance and Return monthly, computer literacy and word processing skills, reliable e-mail and telephone access, and time and ability to travel.

Resumes must be sent in both hard copy to Laurel Resume, SCA Inc., Box 360789, Milpitas CA 95036 and electronically to bids@heraldry.sca.org. The electronic applications will be posted on OSCAR with addresses, other contact information, and legal names stripped from them. Resumes must be received by March 1, 2011. The present Laurel's warrant expires in June 2011.

Wreath Sovereign of Arms

The Wreath Sovereign of Arms is an educational deputy of the Laurel Principal Sovereign of Arms, responsible for the consideration of and decisions concerning armory submitted for registration by the College of Arms.

Wreath is an unpaid position, currently requiring approximately 20 hours a week. Some knowledge of period heraldry is useful; knowledge of SCA heraldry is essential. The position requires considerable tact and patience, research and reasoning ability, a clear understanding of the Rules for Submission and past Laurel rulings, the ability to write clearly and succinctly, the ability to work within tight deadlines and coordinate closely with Pelican, Laurel and other staff to produce a Laurel Letter of Acceptance and Return monthly, computer literacy and word processing skills, reliable e-mail and telephone access, and time and ability to travel. Given the current structure of the office, a high-speed internet connection is useful but it is not required.

Resumes must be sent in both hard copy to Laurel Resume, SCA Inc., Box 360789, Milpitas CA 95036 and electronically to bids@heraldry.sca.org. The electronic applications will be posted on OSCAR with addresses, other contact information, and legal names stripped from them. Resumes must be received by March 1, 2011. The present Wreath's warrant expires with the present Laurel's warrant in June 2011.

Pelican Sovereign of Arms

The Pelican Sovereign of Arms is an educational deputy of the Laurel Principal Sovereign of Arms, responsible for the consideration of and decisions concerning names submitted for registration by the College of Arms.

Pelican is an unpaid position, currently requiring approximately 20 hours a week. The position requires considerable tact and patience, onomastic knowledge, research and reasoning ability, a clear understanding of the Rules for Submission and past Laurel rulings, the ability to write clearly and succinctly, the ability to work within tight deadlines and coordinate closely with Wreath, Laurel and other staff to produce a Laurel Letter of Acceptance and Return monthly, computer literacy and word processing skills, reliable e-mail and telephone access, and time and ability to travel. Access to a good research library is desirable but not required. Given the current structure of the office, a high-speed internet connection is useful but it is not required.

While the current Pelican intends to apply for her warrant to be renewed (having just stepped up in June of 2010), all applications are welcome. Resumes must be sent in both hard copy to Laurel Resume, SCA Inc., Box 360789, Milpitas CA 95036 and electronically to bids@heraldry.sca.org. The electronic applications will be posted on OSCAR with addresses and other contact information stripped from them. Resumes must be received by March 1, 2011. The present Pelican's warrant expires with the present Laurel's warrant in June 2011.

From Laurel: New Ragged Staff Wanted

Ragged Staff is the file clerk for the Laurel office. Ragged Staff receives all submission paperwork from each kingdom's submissions herald (both paper and electronic), sends electronic copies to Pelican and Wreath, and files the paper copies. Ragged Staff also manages inactive files both to ensure that they are available as necessary as well as to determine which can be scanned and archived.

Shauna Ragged Staff has given notice that she wishes to retire after the current tenure is over, subject to some limitations: she wants to finish the current file pull that is in process, and she is willing to keep the job for a few months until the new Laurel team is in place and shakes things down. We are, therefore, looking for a replacement.

Ragged Staff is an unpaid Laurel staff position. The job requires approximately 20 hours of work per week, computer literacy, an attention to detail, administrative expertise, and ability to handle multiple independent processes on separate schedules. Reliable high speed internet access is required, for uploading scans. The job requires the ability to store a large number of file cabinets, currently around 20, plus some other administrative paperwork.

Interested parties may contact the incumbent, Shauna of Carrick Point, at ragged-staff@heraldry.sca.org for a more complete list of what the job currently entails. Applications for the job should be sent to Laurel at laurel@heraldry.sca.org

 

Laurel registered the following items in July 2010

Alys Wolfden. Name and device. Purpure, a wolf's head couped and in chief three roses argent barbed vert and seeded gules.

Questions were raised about the appropriateness of the spelling Wolfden, as the source cited, "Faire Names for English Folk," normalizes names. An examination of the source material indicates that the original form is Wolfde, which may represent Wolfden or some other spelling. Luckily, commenters were able to find the submitted spelling dated to the time of Edward III (1327-1377) in The Place-Names of Warwickshire. Therefore, it may be registered as submitted.

Arion the Wanderer. Badge. Gules, a trident head within an orle Or.

{A,}žuolas Radmantaitis. Name and device. Per fess wavy argent and sable, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the line of division with deeper, more easily visible waves.

Christiana Elizabeth Constable. Name.

The submitter requested that her name be made authentic for northern England in the 1550s. This name meets that request.

Daene Wulfes sunu. Name and device. Azure, on a plate a wolf courant sable, in chief a flanged mace fesswise Or.

Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill. Name.

Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill. Blanket permission to conflict with name.

Ellias Silver. Name.

Ellias was documented as the submitter's legal name. Commenters were also able to find that spelling in late sixteenth century England, at the same time as the byname.

Hawise le Wollemongere. Name.

The submitter requested authenticity for fourteenth century English. This name meets that request nicely.

Idonia Shirwod. Name.

Nice 14th century English name!

Isabel of Oxeneford. Name.

Nice 14th century English name!

Juliana de Luna. Badge. Sable, on a chevron Or between three gryphon's heads erased argent a crescent between two escallops azure and on a chief argent three torteaux each charged with a fleur-de-lys Or.

This badge has a complexity count of twelve, far greater than our rule of thumb allows, and also uses quarternary charges (charges lying entirely on tertiary charges) on the chief, which violates our limit on the number of layers allowed. The submitter has requested that it be considered under RfS VIII.6.b, Regional Style, with the region in question being Tudor England, specifically arms granted by Sir Thomas Wriothsley while Garter King of Arms. There was some question of whether a regional style could apply to a given time period - it can, and these are a fine example of Tudor style during Wriothsley's tenure. The submitter has documented that both complexity counts of twelve and quarternary charges (e.g., charges placed entirely on tertiary charges) were not uncommon in the armory of that time and place. Some examples of both practices in the same armory have been presented in the submission and by commenters. We also found the arms of John Fox, "Gu chev Erm betw 3 lion's heads erased Or on chf barry nebuly of 4 Purp and Arg pale Az ch with Pelican Or vulning herself Gu all in border Arg ch with 8 roundels Az." on page 421 of DBA II. We would interpret that as Gules, a chevron ermine between three lion's heads erased Or, on a chief barry nebuly purpure and argent a pale azure charged with a pelican vulning itself gules, overall a border argent hurty, which has quarternary charges not on a roundel and a complexity of 13 (gules, ermine, Or, purpure, argent, azure, chevron, lion head, chief, pale, pelican, bordure, roundel). In keeping with the revised standards for armory documentation presented on this month's Cover Letter, the submitter has proven her case for the documented exception.

Katherine atte Morhouse. Name change from holding name Katharine of Lions Gate.

Laurence of Damascus. Badge. Gules ermined Or, an enfield rampant Or and a bordure Or ermined gules.

There were calls from some commenters to return the enfield to being a step from period practice, since the origins of the charge are uncertain and the Garter who said the enfield was typical of late-period Tudor imagination has said he is unable to find the monster in a reference he thought it was in. We will not do this. Section VII.5 of the Rules for Submissions says that "new monsters may be formed for Society use on the analogy of period monsters, so long as all components remain sufficiently identifiable in the compound monster...Monsters described in period sources or created in a manner that follow period practice will not be considered a step from period practice." The monster can be created in a manner that even a past Garter believes follows period practice. Barring overturning that part of the Rules for Submissions, the use of an enfield in Society heraldry will not be considered a step from period practice.

There's no point blazoning this creature as "having the head of a fox, the chest of a greyhound, the body of a lion, the hindquarters and tail of a wolf, and forelegs like an eagle's talons" if there is a word we can use to describe it, even if that word is post-period. We will continue to use the blazon term enfield to describe this monster.

Lindis de Aquisgrano. Name and device. Per bend sable and azure, on a bend argent three birds migrant bendwise sinister sable, a bordure potenty argent.

The submitter requested authenticity for 9th century Germany. The name Lindis is found in Morlet, but is not clearly dated to as early as the 9th century. The entire name does appear to be authentic for around 1000 AD.

Niall Duncan MacFarlane. Name change from Niall Dolphin (see RETURNS for device).

As documented, this name is two steps from period practice. The lingual mix of the Gaelic Niall and Scots elements is a step from period practice. Additionally, the name has two given names; having double given names in Scots is a step from period practice, while having double given names in Gaelic is simply not allowed.

Luckily, commenters were able to find an example of Niall as a sixteenth-century Anglicized Irish name (in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents"), as well as post-1650 examples of the same spelling in Scots contexts in Black. This is sufficient to give the submitter the benefit of the doubt regarding the use of the name in sixteenth century Scots. This removes one step from period practice and will allow the registration of this name.

His old name is retained as an alternate name.

Sebastian von Aterdorff. Name.

This appeared on the letter of intent as Sebastian van Aterdorff, but was originally submitted as Sebastian von Aterdorff. Commenters were able to demonstrate that the byname was plausible for either High German or Low German, so that either form is registerable. We have therefore returned it to the submitted form.

Summits, Principality of the. Order name Order of Joy of the Summits.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Spear d'Argent.

Submitted as Order of the Silver Spear, this order name conflicts with Silversparre Herald, registered to the Kingdom of Drachenwald. Precedent allows the use of French color terms in otherwise English heraldic titles, following the pattern of Rouge Crosse and Eaglevert. Extending this pattern to order names is a reasonable extension.

The heraldic descriptions found in order names, heraldic titles, and house/tavern names all use the same sorts of terms. In 1457 Paris, we can find houses described as hostel du Lion d'argent and l'Escu d'argent. Thus, the form object d'Argent is a period construction meaning "the silver object." Similar constructions can be found in English heraldic titles, as in Leon d'Or pursuivant. The submitter authorized the change of the color term to the French d'Argent to allow the registration of the order name.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Black Sleeve.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Blue Glove.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Spear d'Or.

Submitted as Order of the Golden Spear, this order name conflicts with the Golden Spur a mundane Papal order. Precedent allows the use of French color terms in otherwise English heraldic titles, following the pattern of Rouge Crosse and Eaglevert. Extending this pattern to order names is a reasonable extension. Following the example of the Toison d'Or (Order of the Golden Fleece) and the English heraldic title Leon d'Or pursuivant, the submitter authorized the change of the color term to the French d'Or to allow the registration of the order name.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Order name Order of the Golden Lute.

William Brannan. Name.

This submission was an appeal of a return for conflict with William Brennan, Supreme Court Justice of the United States of America, based on the following precedent which says that American Supreme Court Justices are automatically important enough to protect:

William de Duglas. Name. Conflict with William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Judge from 1939 through 1974. He was the longest serving justice, and holds the record for most opinions written. He is the Justice who first wrote about a constitutional right to privacy, which is a central part of Roe v Wade (and many other cases). As such, he is an major shaper of current thought in the American legal system. In this capacity, he is important enough to protect. [William de Duglas, 02/2007, R-Æthelmearc]

This precedent is hereby overturned. Supreme Court Justices, while important and significant to Americans, are mostly unknown to the rest of the world. They are not sovereign rulers. Most of their names are not recognized by a significant number of Society members. They were not alive during our 'period'. The names are, nearly always, ordinary. The only reason we would protect them is if the impact of their work or life is still influential in modern society or if their work sharply shaped the course of world history, science, or the arts. Here, too, they fail the test: while they are influential in modern American society, their work does not shape the course of world history.

Additionally, they are mostly known for their work rather than their names: many of us know of the court case Roe v. Wade, but most non-lawyers would not know that the opinion was written by Harry Blackmun. This is in line with other precedent:

Regarding John Douglas (1844-1900), eighth Marquis of Queensberry, The boxing rules noted by Kraken are sufficiently recognizable to the common SCA member that their name is worthy of protection. However, it is important to note that is these rules are known as the Marquis of Queensberry rules, not the John Douglas rules. If you asked people who were familiar with these rules which Marquis of Queensberry created these rules, very few would be able to identify that it was the eighth Marquis of Queensberry or that his name was John Douglas. This is an indication that it is these rules, and so the title Marquis of Queensberry, that are notable. As a result, we would protect the title Marquis of Queensberry. However, lacking evidence that John Douglas, eighth Marquis of Queensberry, is generally recognizable on his own to members of the SCA, he is not important enough to protect. [John de Duglas, 02/2004, A-Æthelmearc]

William Conyan. Name and device. Per bend sable and gules, a coney's head erased and a chief argent.

Please instruct the submitter to draw the chief thicker.

Wynn Constantine. Name change from Wyn the Waywarde and badge. (Fieldless) A comet bendwise sinister vert.

His previous name, Wyn the Waywarde, is retained as an alternate name.

 

Laurel returned the following items for further work in July 2010

Niall Duncan MacFarlane. Device (see ACCEPTANCES for name). Sable, a patriarchal cross gules fimbriated argent.

Our standard for whether a charge may be fimbriated or voided is whether a photoreduced outline of the charge placed within the full sized outline produces a shape that can be blazoned as either voided or fimbriated. The submitted cross fails that test. Crosses patriarchal may not be fimbriated and the submission must be returned

 

Laurel registered the following items in August 2010

Alvar Guerrero. Name and device. Gules, on a chevron between three bulls courant argent a cross flory sable.

Appearing on the Letter of Intent as Alvar Guerrero, the name was submitted as Álvar Guerrero. While accents are rare before 1600, they do appear intermittently. As the accent is appropriate in modern orthography, it can be registered as a late-period spelling.

Conflict was called against the device of Emelyne le Tresor, Gules, a chevron argent semy of key crosses sable between three fleurs-de-lys argent. We have received a release for Emelyne's name and device, which appears elsewhere in this letter. Therefore, this device can be registered.

Andrew Williams. Name (see PENDS for device).

This name does not conflict with the singer Andy Williams. While he has been prominent in the past, only a few commenters mentioned him. Thus, he does not rise to the level of importance to require protection.

Basil Dragonstrike. Reblazon of device. Checky of nine and bendy Or and sable.

The submitter requested a reblazon of this device, formerly blazoned as Bendy Or and sable, a cross quarter-pierced counterchanged, on the grounds that the blazon does not accurately reproduce the emblazon. We agree with the submitter, but are blazoning the device in line with period and SCA practice, rather than with his suggested blazon. We would only blazon each pane of the checky individually if each was a separate marshalled coat of arms.

Brendan Strongbow. Name and device. Or, on a bend sinister gules between two drawn bows with arrows nocked sable flighted gules, a spear Or.

Brendan was justified in the Letter of Intent as the name of a saint. Commenters were able to find an example of it as a man's given name in sixteenth century England.

Please instruct the submitter to draw larger and more visible tips and fletching on the arrows. Heraldic arrows are deliberately exaggerated so that they are recognizable.

Brendan Strongbow. Badge. Or, a drawn bow with arrow nocked sable flighted gules.

This device is clear of the device of Robyn the Sharpe, Or, a crossbow palewise inverted sable. There is a CD for the orientation and at least a CD between a crossbow and a bow with arrow nocked. Precedent says there is one between a crossbow and a bow:

[a bow vs a crossbow] given the enormous difference in shape between the two objects, we are willing to allow substantial difference of charge... (Giovanni dell'Arco, 11/96 p. 1)

Since there is still large visual difference between an arrow and the stock of a crossbow, we are extending this to bows with arrow nocked.

Please instruct the submitter to draw larger and more visible tips and fletching on the arrows. Heraldic arrows are deliberately exaggerated so that they are recognizable.

Dezzriane Draganova doch'. Name.

Appearing on the letter of intent as Dezzriane Dragon'ova doch', a timely correction returned it to the submitted Dezzriane Dragan'ova doch'.

The byname Dragan'ova doch' is not grammatically correct. The man's name from which this is derived is documented as Dragan and Dragan'. The patronymic byname derived from the first is Draganova and from the second is Draganeva. In the latter case, note that the soft sound (') is dropped. The former seems to be the smaller change from the submitted form, so we have made that change.

Dezzriane is the submitter's legal name; the use of the legal name allowance is a step from period practice when the name was not used in period.

Ellias Silver. Device. Pily bendy sinister sable and argent.

Grímólfr Griótgarðsson. Name and device. Sable, a stag's head erased contourny and in base a Thor's hammer argent, a bordure compony vert and argent.

Submitted as Grimólfr Griótgarðsson, the given name appears in the sources cited as Grímólfr. We have added the accent to the submitted form.

Hjálmtýr Úlfvaldsson. Name and device. Per chevron argent and sable, on a chevron gules between two ravens and a wolf's head cabossed counterchanged three crescents argent.

Some commenters wondered whether the name Hjálmtýr consisted of a prefix added to the name of the god Týr. However, this reveals confusion over the format of Cleasby and Vigfusson's dictionary (the source of the documentation for the given name). In this dictionary, the themes in compound words are separated by dashes to clarify meanings. As Hjálm-týr is in the middle of a list of other given names using the theme Hjálm as a protheme, there is no reason to think it anything other than a given name. The fact that this name could be constructed from documented themes found in other names makes it even less likely that this is anything other than a normal given name.

Kaðlín in stórráða. Name.

Magdalena Arts. Name and device. Or, on a pall nowy azure a mullet of four points Or.

Commenters could not find the vernacular byname Arts, but did find the Latin form Phisicus in the 13th century. The typical medieval form of the word is arsatere. However, Noir Licorne found Arts as a late sixteenth century and early seventeenth century surname. Therefore, this can be registered.

The Letter of Intent asked us to clarify if there is a CD between a pall and a pall nowy. We consider a cross and a cross nowy to have a CD between them. We are extending this to other ordinaries throughout. Therefore, there is a CD between a pall and a pall nowy.

Nowing does not appear to have been a period practice for ordinaries other than fesses. Therefore, unless evidence of period practice is provided, nowing an ordinary other than a fess is a step from period practice.

This device is clear of the device of Thomas Wilkinson, Or, on a pall azure a trefoil knot Or. There is a CD for nowing the pall and a CD for the change of type only of the tertiary charge.

It is also clear of the device of Beorstan Hunigbin, Or, on a pall vert a mullet of three greater and three lesser points Or. There are CDs for changing the tincture of the pall and for nowing the pall.

Malie Rennick. Name.

The submitter expressed interest in an Irish name. While this is a lovely late-period English name, we cannot confirm that these elements were used in Ireland.

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn. Badge. Sable, an elephant statant maintaining on its back a tower, on a bordure argent the words 'aut age aut tace' sable.

Please inform the submitter that the word 'tace', on the bordure in base, would likely have been inverted in period, so the words appear to be arranged in a continuous strip.

 

Laurel returned the following items for further work in August 2010

Adiantum, Barony of. Order name Order of Courtesy of Adiantum.

This submission included a letter of permission to conflict with the Legion of Courtesy of Caid. Unfortunately, this order name also conflicts with the Queen's Order of Courtesy of the East, the Princess' Award of Courtesy of Atlantia, the Queen's Order of Courtesy of Drachenwald and the Princess' Order of Courtesy (both of Drachenwald).

Some commenters argued that the words Queen's and Princess' should contribute to difference and make these names clear. However, these elements are part of the designator, and designators do not contribute to difference. This is in part because designators were not always used in the same form either in period or in Society usage. To rule otherwise would require that we require kingdoms to never use terms like "the Venerable Order of the X" as well as to never describe an order as "the Crown's/Kingdom's/Queen's/King's Order" (as each of these would be a different order). We decline to make that change to precedent.

 

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

The following items have been forwarded to Laurel and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in January 2011

Adiantum, Barony of - New Badge

Sable, two bear's heads erased and conjoined at the neck within a bordure rayonny Or

Algar MacBlane - New Device

Per fess argent and gules, two rams' heads erased respectant and a bell counterchanged

Basil Dragonstrike - New Badge

Or, a bordure sable

Chiara Calandra - New Device

Vert, a labyrinth and on a chief Or three clews of yarn vert

Gilia Maddalena Sofia del Fortuna - New Name and New Device

Gules, a bridge of one span argent setting over a natural river flowing argent between two rocky shores proper

Godwyn Reynard - New Name and New Device

Per pale argent and gules, two foxes rampant respectant addorsed counterchanged

Isabelle Saint-Michael - New Name and New Device

Azure, on a chevron between three fleurs-de-lys argent three escarbuncles azure

Játvarðr Þorvarðarson - New Name

Juliana Robertsone - New Name and New Device

Per chevron inverted vert and sable, a winged lion Or and a thistle argent

Katherine Redbow - New Name and New Device

Argent, a bow reversed drawn with a bird blunt gules

Leuric Godwin - New Name and New Device

Per pale vert and azure, in chief on a sun Or a rat contourny rampant sable

Submitted as Laric, no documentation was provided to support this spelling. Commenters found the similar-sounding Leuric, so we have made this change in order to forward it to Laurel.

Michael Kelly of the Silver Oak - New Name and New Device

Per chevron sable and vert, on a pall inverted argent between two oak leaves in chevron inverted argent and a sun Or three feathers shafts to center sable

Nerienda Sylvester - New Name

Submitted as Silvester, this byname could not be documented without two steps from period practice from Nerienda. We changed the spelling to remove the steps from period practice.

Norman of Eoforwic - New Name

see RETURNS for device

Olivia Dougall - New Device Change

Quarterly purpure and vert, three dragonflies in pall tails to center argent

Richenda du Jardin - New Alternate Name and New Badge

Ricca Speziali

Per pale bendy sinister azure, Or and argent and bendy Or, argent and azure, a bordure compony argent, azure and Or

Tir Rígh, Principality of - Resub Order Name

Order of the Silver Sparkes

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Heraldic Title

Lynx Herald

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Appeal of Kingdom of Return of Badge

Azure, a candle argent enflamed in a flat candlestick Or and in chief a mullet of eight points argent

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Badge

(Fieldless) A lily azure within and conjoined to a mascle argent

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Badge

(Fieldless) A spear azure within and conjoined to a mascle argent

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Badge

(Fieldless) A mullet within and conjoined to an annulet azure

Tvorimir Danilov - New Badge

(Fieldless) In bend a hawk's foot argent sustaining a plate

Ulfr Hauksson - New Name and New Device

Per pale sable and argent, two maple leaves and a chief embattled counterchanged

Yzabela de Carlat - New Name

 

Lions Blood has returned the following items for further work

Norman of Eoforwic - New Device

Argent, a pomme

The device is returned for a conflict with Japan, Argent, a torteaux. There is a single CD for the change in tincture to the roundel.

Corvaria, Shire of - New Badge

(Fieldless) A crow azure

This is returned for conflict with Reginleif Ragnarsdottir (device, Jan. 2000, Ansteorra), Or chape gules, a raven azure. There is a single CD for fielded vs. fieldless.

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Heraldic Title

White Raven Herald

This is returned for direct conflict with House Whiteraven registered in September of 1988 (via Calontir).

Tir Rígh, Principality of - New Heraldic Title

Silver Quail Herald

This is returned for aural conflict with Silver Quill Pursuivant registered June 1976 to Atenveldt.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Adeliza a Donyng - Resub Device

Or, an oak tree truncated vert within a double tressure purpure

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. The submitter's name was registered in June 2009 via An Tir.

Her previous submission, Or, an oak tree couped vert within a double tressure purpure, which is visually identical to this, was returned by Laurel in October 2009:

This device is returned for conflict with the device of Orlando dei Medici, Or, a crequier vert. There is a single CD for the addition of the double tressure. We do not grant a CD between a crequier and the default oak tree, because oak trees appear in canting armory, emblazoned in a stylized form like the crequier, in multiple period sources.

A letter of permission to conflict with Orlando was received by Lions Blood several months ago, but the submitter was unaware that her forms actually needed to be resent. It has now been connected to the correct submission.

2: An Tir, Kingdom of - Resub Heraldic Title

Sable Chime Pursuivant

• No major changes.
• Sound (spelling) most important.

The Kingdom's name was registered in December 1981 via the West.

Current Laurel precedent bars registration of heraldic tinctures in order and award names and heraldic titles. However, An Tir has four registered heraldic titles that use the pattern 'Sable X': Sable Loat Pursuivant (April 1981 via Laurel), Sable Minotaur Pursuivant (January 1987 via An Tir), Sable Mountain Pursuivant (August 1987 via Laurel), and Sable Sable Pursuivant (May 1986 via An Tir). There is a very wide array of things that fall between 'mountain' and 'animal/beast', and we believe that 'chime' can fall reasonably within the pattern of our already registered items.

The MED, s.n. sable (adj) dates this spelling to roughly 1439: (?a1439) Lydg. FP (Bod 263) 6.115: Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable..I do..blowe. The OED dates it earlier (1352) s.n. sable (n2, adj): 1352 Wynnere & Wastoure 157 The thirde banere one bent as of blee whitte With sexe galeys I see of sable with inn.

The OED s.n. chime (n1) dates this specific spelling to 1562: 1562 J. HEYWOOD Prov. & Epigr. (1867) 112 Should that clocke haue a chime?

This heraldic title follows a pattern of 'color + charge'; we feel that a chime, as defined in period by the OED as a cymbal as early as 1300, is a reasonable heraldic charge.

Permission to register this heraldic title was received via e-mail from Tiernan and Miranda, King and Queen of An Tir.

3: An Tir, Kingdom of - New Badge

Checky Or and argent, a tai-chi sable and gules and a bordure sable

This name was registered in December of 1981 via the West. The field treatment 'checky Or and argent' was first registered in December of 1981 and is grandfathered to An Tir.

Permission to register this badge was received via e-mail from Tiernan and Miranda, King and Queen of An Tir.

4: Aodh Deoradhán - New Name

Odd mjǫksiglandi

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.
• Meaning (Odd the far-travelling) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. His current name was registered in July of 1997 via An Tir. If his name name passes, he would like to retain his old name as an alternate.

He will accept all changes and cares most about meaning ('Odd the far-travelling'); the desired gender of his name is male; and he requests that his name be changed to be authentic for 10th c. Icelandic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

<Odd>:  Geirr Bassi 13, sn Oddr.  A masculine given name of reasonable frequency.

 <mjǫksiglandi>:  Geirr Bassi 26, sn mjǫksiglandi.  Shows translation of "much-sailing, far-travelling".  I interpret this as a weak adjective form.

 <inn + adj>:  Geirr Bassi 18 et seq.  Shows the use of <inn + adj> as a nickname construction pattern.  In particular, specifies that the form of the adjective be the weak (ie, -i if masculine, -a if feminine, with some exceptions).  It also states: "The weak endings may be used without the article, but the strong adjective always appears without it."

 There is a question regarding whether a strong-adjective declension of <mjǫksiglandi> would be more appropriate in conjunction with <Odd>. 

4: Aodh Deoradhán - New Badge

(Fieldless) a comet bendwise sinister inverted Or.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. His current name was registered in July of 1997 via An Tir.

5: Aodh Deoradhán - New Badge

(Fieldless) a trumpet inverted Or.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. His current name was registered in July of 1997 via An Tir.

6: Aodh Deoradhán - New Exchange of Device and Badge

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. His name was registered in July of 1997 via An Tir; his current arms were registered in October of 1997 via An Tir; the badge referenced was registered in February of 2009 (via An Tir). The text of the letter is as follows:

22 October 2010

 To whom it may concern:

 I, [mundane name redacted], registered with the SCA College of Arms under the name, Aodh Deoradhán, request that my currently-registered badge, Per bend sinister dovetailed sable and vert, take the place of my arms.

 I request my existing arms, Per bend sinister dovetailed sable and vert, a comet bendwise sinister and a trumpet bendwise sinister inverted Or, be retained as a badge.

 Sincerely,

Aodh Deoradhán

Barony of Aquaterra

[contact info redacted]

7: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Green Bear

• No changes.

Order of the Green Bear

The branch name was registered in August 2002 via An Tir.

They will not accept any changes. The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form

We do not anticipate changes. Please contact if changes are required.

<Color> + <Charge> as a pattern for Order names:  Pelican's letter, "Patterns of Order Names", http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html>

Therefore, since heraldic objects may be found in any heraldic tincture, the ordinary color name for any heraldic tincture may be used as part of an order name when combined with a heraldic charge [et seq].

 <Green>:  As the heraldic tincture, vert. Also from the Middle English Dictionary sn grene (adj), 1 (a) Green, of the colour of grass

 <Bear>:  Exists as a charge in the SCA Armorial.  Also from the Middle English Dictionary sn ber(e) (n), 1 (a) A bear

7: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Badge

Or, a bear sejant erect affronty and a bordure nebuly vert.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Green Bear

8: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Falcon's Talon

• No changes.

The branch name was registered in August 2002 via An Tir.

They will not accept any changes. The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form

We do not anticipate changes. Please contact if changes are required.

<Charge> as a pattern for Order names:  Pelican's letter, "Patterns of Order Names", http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

[…] one of the following meta-patterns is chosen for the name of the order […] <br />

Orders named for heraldic charges … [et seq].

 <Falcon>:  From the Middle English Dictionary sn faucoun (n), 1 (a) The peregrine falcon, esp. the female of the species as used in falconry; also, any of various other hawks so used.  […]2 (a) A sculptured or heraldic representation of a falcon.

The citation for 2(a) in particular lists as blazon:  Unum lectum rubeum cum faucons albis. [(1415) Reg. Chichele in Cant. Yk. S. 42 (Lamb 69) 54]; Unam peciam argenti coopertam habentem in summitate ejus unam fawcon. [(1435) Will York in Sur. Soc. 30 52].

 <Talon>:  From the Middle English Dictionary sn taloun (n), 2 (a) A claw or toenail of a bird, dragon, etc.; also, a representation of a bird's talon in a painting […]; (b) the posterior claw of a hawk.

8: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Badge

(Fieldless) in pale a falcon's jambe couped sustaining in its talons a sun Or eclipsed azure.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Falcon's Talon

9: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Blue Kraken

• No changes.

Aquaterra, Barony of

Order of the Blue Kraken

The branch name was registered in August 2002 via An Tir.

They will not accept any changes. The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form

We do not anticipate changes. Please contact if changes are required.

<Color> + <Charge> as a pattern for Order names:  Pelican's letter, "Patterns of Order Names", http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html 

Therefore, since heraldic objects may be found in any heraldic tincture, the ordinary color name for any heraldic tincture may be used as part of an order name when combined with a heraldic charge [et seq].

 <Blue>:  As the heraldic tincture, azure. Also from the Middle English Dictionary sn bleu (adj), 1 (a) Blue; esp., sky-blue, azure

 <Kraken> Exists as a charge in the SCA Armorial, recently accepted in armorial submissions, cognate with the octopus, itself an extant charge.  The charges are distinct inasmuch as they imply a different default posture (~ vs inverted). 

9: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Badge

Or, a kraken and a bordure nebuly azure.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Blue Kraken

10: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Red Boar

• No changes.

The branch name was registered in August 2002 via An Tir.

They will not accept any changes. The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form

We do not anticipate changes. Please contact if changes are required.

<Color> + <Charge> as a pattern for Order names:  Pelican's letter, "Patterns of Order Names", http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Therefore, since heraldic objects may be found in any heraldic tincture, the ordinary color name for any heraldic tincture may be used as part of an order name when combined with a heraldic charge [et seq].

 <Red>:  As the heraldic tincture, gules. Also from the Middle English Dictionary sn red (adj), 1 (a)(b) ~colour, red color; also, red dye, red ink, red pigment, or red paint

 <Boar>:  Exists as a charge in the SCA Armorial.  Also from the Middle English Dictionary sn bor (n), 1 (a) An uncastrated male swine

10: Aquaterra, Barony of - New Badge

Argent, a boar statant to sinister and a bordure nebuly gules.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Red Boar

11: Brian of Blatha an Oir - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Client requests authenticity for 1250, Middle 13th century.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Blatha an Oir. He will accept all changes, cares most about sound, and desires a male name. He asks that his name be made authentic for '1250, middle 13th century.'

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Brian is my modern name.

"of Blatha an Oir" is from the name of my barony.

No documentation proving 'Brian' to be the submitter's legal name was included.

11: Brian of Blatha an Oir - New Device

Argent, a tower azure, on a base wavy sable three needles in pile Or.

The following letter was included with this submission:

To the honorable Heralds of the SCA

I, [mundane name redacted], known as Leiðólfr Kvígsson in the SCA do give my permission to [submitter's mundane name redacted] known in the SCA as Brian of Blatha an Oir to conflict with my registered badge for use on his device.

If there are any questions I may be reached at [phone and email redacted.]

Signed,

[legal name signature]

12: Carlos Luis Lancero - Resub Badge

Per pale azure and argent, a chevron sable cotised Or.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire. His name was registered in August of 1981 via Meridies.

His previous badge submission, Per pale azure and argent, a chevron sable fimbriated Or, was returned by Lions Blood in June 2008:

This submission is returned for conflict with Andri de Chartres (reg. 10/1999 via Ansteorra), Per chevron argent and Or, a chevron sable. It is believed that if the fimbriation was separated from the chevron and thus made this "Per pale azure and argent, a chevron sable cotised Or", it would be clear of conflict.

 

13: Corvaria, Shire of - Resub Badge

Azure crow three triangles conjoined in annuolo point outward Or

The branch name was registered in March 1995 via An Tir.

Their previous submission, (Fieldless) a crow azure was returned by Lions Blood in November 2010 for conflict with Reginleif Ragnarsdottir (device, Jan. 2000, Ansteorra), Or chape gules, a raven azure, given a single CD for fielded vs. fieldless.

14: Dezzrianne Dragan'ova doch' - Resub Device

Sable, a sun Or eclipsed sable between four crescents in cross points outward argent, all within a bordure Or.

The submitter's branch is Myrgan Wood. Her name was registered in August 2010 via An Tir.

Her previous device, Sable, a sun Or eclipsed sable between four crescents in cross points outward argent, was returned by Lions Blood 5/29/2010:

The device is returned for multiple conflict: Ursula die Taube (April 1998 via the Outlands): Sable, a sun in glory Or between five crescents in annulo points outward argent and Kourost Bernard of the East Woods (December 2000 via the West): Sable, a sun Or eclipsed sable. Between this armory and Ursula's there is a single CD via X.4.i for adding the tertiary eclipsing on the sun. Between this armory and Kourost's, there is a single CD by X.4.b for adding the crescents. We also note that the eclipsing is not drawn correctly; the sun's rays should all touch each other and they should be the only thing showing on the eclipsed sun. There should be none of the disc itself visible.

 

15: Eoin Mac an t-saoir - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Client requests authenticity for Gaelic.
• Sound most important.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The form lists the submitter's 'Society Name' as Eoin Mac an t-saoir and the name being submitted as 'Eoin MacIntyre.' The form is marked as a new submission and neither name was found on the OandA, in An Tir OSCAR, or in 'big' OSCAR.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. He will accept all changes, cares most about meaning, sound, spelling, and language/culture (no specifications for any), and asks that his name be made authentic for 'Gaelic' language.

The following is summarized from the documentation section of the form.

Eoin

MacIntyre / Mac an t-saoir

  • Black s.n. MACINTYRE p. 519; <M'Yintir> 1490, <McYnter> 1504, <Makintare> 1506, <M'Kintier> 1513, <Makintyr> 1590, <Mcinteir> 1592, <M'Intheir> 1623, <Mc anteir> 1649
  • Woulfe s.n.MacIntyre, Mac An tSaoir,p. 123. Also see p. 318. Forms listed include MacAntire, MacEntire, MacEnteer, MacInteer, MacIntyre, MacAteer, MacAtear, MacCateer, MacTeer, MacTier, Minteer, Mateer.
  • Reaney & Wilson s.n. Macintyre, MacEntire, McAteer, McTear p. 292 list <Mac in tsair> 1268, <M'tyr> 1372, <Makintare> 1506.

Printouts from the cited webpages were included with the submission.

15: Eoin Mac an t-saoir - New Device

Per fess vert and argent, an open book argent and a Latin cross gules

16: Kallik Lycias - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt. He will accept only minor changes, cares most about sound and language/culture, and desires a male name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Time: 7th Century Byzantine

Location: South Anatolian region (Turkey) city Myra

Reference from LGPN search gives 36 citations for 'Kallik'

17: Karin Georgsdotter - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.

The submitter's branch is not given. Her previous name submission, Karyn Gerogsdottir, was returned by Lions Blood in June 2009 for lack of documentation.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

<Karin> is found in _New Sweden Settlers, 1638-1664_ by Dr. Peter Stebbins Craig (http://www.genealogia.fi/emi/emi3d41be.htm), 'Karin' is listed as a feminine given name three times.

<Georg> is the given name of Swedish poet Georg Stiernhielm who lived between 1598 and 1675; his most famous works are 'Hercules' and 'The Muses are Singing in Swedish.' (http://www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=223489)

The byname construction 'father's name + dotter' for Swedish names is demonstrated in the listings for 'Karin' in the same article on Swedish settlers.

Printouts from the cited websites were included with the submission. (Boar sez: I could not get the history.com page to load, but the poet in question is also on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Stiernhielm)

18: Leo le Firse - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra. He will not accept MAJOR changes, cares most about sound, and desires a male name.

The following is quoated from the documentation section of the form:

Withcombe (English Christian Names) sn. Leo cites examples: Leon (1213-15) and Leo (1273) so it's valid as an English name.

Reaney & Wilson sn. Fear gives Roger le Fere (1327) and says it may come from either ME fere 'companion, comrade' or ME fere, feer 'fierce, bold, proud'.

The online MED (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/lookup.html) sn f rs (adj) [search on fers] gives these bynames: (1240) Simon le Fiers. (1276-7) Simon le Fyrse. (1285) Hugo le Firse.

The examples in the MED showing the word 'fierce' in sentences include many difference spelling but also include the modern spelling so you can probably argue for this spelling if you want (though I kind of like 'le Fyrse').

18: Leo le Firse - New Device

Per bend gules and Or, a Lion rampant counterchanged.

19: Madrun Gwehyddes - Resub Device

Argent, 2 chevronels couped, couched and braced between 4 mascles in cross gules within a bordure counter-compony argent and sable.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2009 via An Tir. The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire. The submitter's previous device, Argent, a millrind between four mascles in cross gules within a bordure counter-compony argent and sable, was returned by Laurel in October 2009:

This device is returned because the primary charge, blazoned as a millrind on the LoI, is not recognizable. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Almost none of the commenters were able to identify this as a millrind. Nor does it match any dated period example they could find: the millrinds of medieval armory seem to have curved limbs, not the straight, angular limbs of this depiction.

Additionally, this device is returned because the depiction of counter-compony not drawn correctly. While properly drawn counter-compony is allowed to share a tincture with the field, there still needs to be a solid line dividing the bordure from the field.

20: Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn - New Badge

Purpure semy-de-lys, a talbot couchant Or.

The submitter's name was registered in November 2001 via the Middle. Her branch is Coeur du Val.

21: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of the Heart of the Summits

• No major changes.
• Meaning (order of the heart from the place called the Summits) most important.

The branch name was registered in November 1992. They will not accept MAJOR changes and care most about meaning ("order of the heart from the place called the Summits").

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

This order name follows the pattern of "Heraldic Charge"as laid out in the article 'Medieval Secular Order Names' by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/). The pattern "Heraldic Charge + Placename" does not appear in the article, but we believe the addition of the branch name is necessary to clear conflict with "Order of the Hart," registered to the Barony of Highland Foorde in November of 2002. The Principality has a letter of permission to conflict signed by the current Baron and Baroness of Highland Foorde.

The Lexicon of Early Modern English has the spelling 'heart' dated as early as 1550 in "Principals of Italian Grammar" by William Thomas: Accorare, to grieue inwardly, or to goe to the heart; Core the heart; Cordoglio, thought or heauinesse at the heart; and Cuor and cuore, the heart. [http://leme.library.utoronto.ca/search/ - enter 'heart' in the search box and limit between 1450 and 1650]

As a heraldic charge, Parker dates its use to the 13th and 16th centuries: Argent, a chief sable in fesse a human heart gules --Edmund SCAMLER, Bp. of Peterborough, 1561; Bp. of Norwich, 1585-94; Gules, a body-heart, between two wings displayed or--Henry de WENGHAM, Bishop of London, 1259-62.

The following letter was included with this submission:

We, [modern names redacted], known in the SCA as Siegfried Sebastian Faust and Francesca Angelo give the Principality of the Summits permission for their Order name "Order of the Heart of the Summits" to be similar to, but not identical to, Our order name, "Order of the Hart." We understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once the Principality of the Summits' order name is registered. Signed 10/19/10 [legal signatures].

Printouts from the Lexicon of Early Modern English are included. Permission to register this Order was granted via e-mail and in Principality Moot by Gabriel and Sumayya, Prince and Princess of the Summits.

22: Tomyris di Cavallino - New Name Change

Old Item: Tamiras Nomadikos, to be released.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Language most important.
• Culture (15th/16th c. Italy (florence)) most important.

The name Bébínn ingen Áeda was registered as an alternate name in March 2006 via An Tir.

The name Tamiras Nomadikos was registered in September 2007 via An Tir and is in the OandA as the submitter's primary name.

The name Bebhin Morgan was registered in November of 1993 via An Tir and changed to the submitter's alternate name in September 2007.

The submitter's branch is Madrone. She will accept all changes, cares most about spelling and language/culture (15th-16th c. Italy/Florence), and desires a female name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

(Note: there was some confusion in previous submissions about my Primary and Alternate names. I wish to use Tomyris di Cavallion as my rpimary name, retain Bebhin ingen Aoidh as an alternate name, and release Bebhin Morgan and Tamrias Nomadikos. Thanks!)

Academy of St. Gabriel Report 3006: "We also know, as you discovered, that <Tomyris> was used by a late 15th C. Northern Italian woman."

Academy of St. Gabriel article - Names in 15th c. Florence and her dominions; the Condado (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/): "Literal patronymics are formed by adding 'di' in front of the father's name."

Academy of St. Gabriel article - A listing of all names given as Patronymics (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/patroalpha.html): Cavallino.

Printouts of the St. Gabriel articles are included with the submission.

22: Tomyris di Cavallino - New Badge

Three crosses flory Or

Thus ends the November 2010 Internal Letter of Intent.

I remain,

yours in service,

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn

Boar Pursuivant

An Tir OSCAR counts: 5 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 5 New Order Names, 3 New Devices, 9 New Badges, 1 New Exchange of Device and Badge. This gives 24 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 1 Resub Heraldic Title, 3 Resub Devices, 2 Resub Badges. This is a total of 7 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 31 actions.

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