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An Tir IL dated 2010-10-04 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Anthony Black Lion, Elizabeth Lions Blood, and the esteemed heralds from An Tir and elsewhere to whom this missive comes, Rhieinwylyd Boar sends happyfunexcited but also slightly poorer greetings! (Lions Blood and I just got back from fabric shopping. It was awesome, but dangerous. :)

Commentary on this letter is due FRIDAY, November 19, 2010.

LIONS BLOOD MEETINGS

September IL: Sunday, October 10th at the An Tir Heralds & Scribes Symposium in Aquaterra (http://www.antir.sca.org/Upcoming/?Event_ID=2693). Lots of you will be at the event, so we should have great attendance... right?

October IL: Saturday, November 20 at Santa Clara Church of Christ, 175 Santa Clara Ave, in Eugene (see below for further details).

November IL: Saturday, December 18 at the home of Elizabeth Lions Blood (see below and future letters for more details).

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood!

We had a BLAST at the Emprise of the Black Lion and wish to thank the autocrat staff and Elisabeth Pomegranate for being such gracious hosts. We wish to extend our congratulations to Esclarmonde de Poircaiges for her invitation to the Order of the Laurel, as well as awards granted to other heralds: Johann Fairhand - Jambe de Lion, Sophia Bruno - Goutte de Sang, Evrard de Valogne - Jambe de Lion. Three cheers for the accomplishments of members of the College!

A reminder that this coming month's Lions Blood meeting will be held at Kingdom Heraldic Symposium which will be held this coming weekend in Everett, WA. If you have not made plans to attend, please do! The Symposium is being held in conjunction with a Grand Ithra, so there are a wealth of excellent classes to attend. Please help support the Barony of Aquaterra, who has graciously volunteered to host the Symposium and in doing so supports the College of Heralds.

The November Lions Blood meeting will be held at a Social hosted by the Barony of Adiantum on November 20. This will take place at Santa Clara Church of Christ, 175 Santa Clara Ave, Eugene, OR 97404-2078. The meeting will begin at 1:00 pm in one of the side rooms and will conclude whenever we are finished. There are plans for a marshmallow fight and other general merriment, as well as a potluck dinner, so please feel free to come and play as well as work!

The December Lions Blood meeting will be held at my house on December 18. Details for this holiday party will be forthcoming as I figure out exactly what I want to do with it. The meeting will begin later than 1pm and go through dinner and dessert.

Many, many thanks to everyone who attends meetings and comments on the letter. I truly appreciate all the work that you do! Thanks as well to the people who consult with clients and give good advice; this also reflects well on the talents of the College. I am blessed to be able to hold this office with the massive amount of talented heralds around me and the support of my superiors. I have sincerely enjoyed the first year and hope the second is as profitable! On that note, if you have any interest at all in holding the office of Lions Blood - now is the time to talk to me about it. I am more than happy to teach anyone who wants to know how this office is facilitated - even if you don't have any intention of applying.

The family of this College is what makes it great. Thank you for letting me serve. :)

In joyous service to the College of Heralds,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is excerpted from the May 2010 Laurel Letter

From Laurel: KWHSS 2011

At KWHSS in An Tir, we extended the bid process for next year's KWHSS until July 31, since there were no bids at that time. Atlantia has submitted the only bid before the deadline. Therefore, we are pleased to announce that next year's Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium will be held in Atlantia, in High Point, North Carolina on the weekend of June 24-26, 2011. More information is available on OSCAR or by contacting Herrin Gisela vom Kreuzbach, the event steward.

From Wreath: Magen David Adom

A submission this month used a red Star of David on a white background. This is the symbol used in Israel by the Magen David Adom, the Jewish Red Cross affiliate. Magen David Adom is a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and their use of this symbol is allowed and protected under international treaty.

The protection afforded the symbol of the Magen David Adom by international treaty and by national laws is at a much higher level than simple copyright or trademark. By treaty, the symbol of the Magen David Adom has the same protection as the symbols of the Red Cross, of the Red Crescent, and of the Red Crystal. We believe that the symbol of the Magen David Adom should be protected to the same extent as the symbols of the Red Cross, the Red Crescent, and the Red Crystal are protected. Thus, at this time, we are adding to the list of restricted charges the Magen David Adom, "A single gules Star of David on any argent background or in any way that could be displayed on an argent background (such as a fieldless badge)". The use of multiple gules Stars of David may be returned on a case-by-case basis if their placement or usage appears too evocative of the symbol of the Magen David Adom.

 

The following is exceprted from the June 2010 Laurel Letter

From Pelican: Some Name Resources

There is an enormous (and growing) number of resources online that can be useful to heralds and to submitters. Each month, I'm going to post information about some that I think might be useful. If I miss some interesting ones, let me know, because I don't know everything.

Since I've asked for commentary about Old Norse transliterations, I thought I'd start there. I'm going to assume that everyone knows about the many great articles at http://www.s-gabriel.org/scandinavian.

In considering this issue, you might look at standardized Old Norse forms, documentary forms in the Latin alphabet, and runic forms. Standardized Old Norse forms may be found in places like Geirr Bassi Haraldsson's The Old Norse Name and Lindorm Eriksson's "The Bynames of the Viking Age Runic Inscriptions" http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/lindorm/runicbynames/. Latin alphabet documentary forms may be found in published sources like E. H. Lind, Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn från Medeltiden; a few forms from c. 1100 can be found in the Sveriges medeltida personnamn http://www.sofi.se/5187. Runic forms may be found in places like Gunnvor silfraharr's "Names of Scandinavians in the Byzantine Varangian Guard and in Russia" http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/gunnvor/varangian/ and in Lena Peterson's Nordiskt runnamnslexikon, at http://www.sofi.se/images/runor/pdf/lexikon.pdf.

Also useful in dealing with Old Norse are the two important dictionaries of Old Norse, both found online. The more complete and useful is An Icelandic-English Dictionary, by Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson (also known as Cleasby Vigfusson); it includes many specific citations which illustrate usage. I like the copy at http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/oi_cleasbyvigfusson_about.html. The other dictionary is A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, by Geir T. Zoëga. I use the copy at http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/oi_zoega_about.html. Dictionaries, of course, must be used with caution, because the majority of words cannot be used as given names or bynames.

I hope that sections like this will be useful; in future months, I plan to discuss resources for other languages and issues.

 

From Pelican: Transliteration and Old Norse

This month, two different submissions raised the issue of the sorts of spellings we should allow in Old Norse. This is a thorny issue, with a few complications, and so we'd like to ask the College to provide feedback.

"Old Norse" is a problematic term. Linguistically and culturally it is used to refer to three things. First, it is used generically to refer to the cultures and languages used throughout the Scandinavian world before about 1000 AD. Second, it is used to refer to Old West Scandinavian (spoken in Iceland and Norway), as opposed to Old East Scandinavian (spoken in Sweden and Denmark). Documents and names from this range of languages are found both in runic forms and later in the Latin alphabet (that is the alphabet broadly used across Europe).

Finally, "Old Norse" refers to (as Talan Gwynek put it in his "A Very Brief History of the Scandinavian Languages," which can be found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/scandinavianlang.html) "a scholarly abstraction, a standardized and regularized version of 13th century written Old Icelandic." In other words, nineteenth century scholars created a system that standardized spelling conventions and invented at least one distinction that was not used in period: the distinction between the vowel i and the consonantal j. So, again to borrow from Talan: " the [standardized] Old Norse name Herjólfr actually appears in Old Icelandic and Old Norwegian as Heriolfr, Heriulfr, Heriólfr, Heriolbr, and Heriulfuer."

At the moment, we only register documentary forms found in the Latin alphabet and standardized Old Norse forms. We do not register spellings transliterated from runic forms, for example, except in their standardized Old Norse spelling (which means in standardized Old Icelandic). Likewise, we do not register relatively casual transcriptions of Old Norse names like Bjorn, requiring instead that it be registered as the standardized Old Norse Bj{o,}rn or the documentary Biorn. Similarly , a name that appears in a runic inscription as Þurstain (reflecting Old East Scandinavian pronunciation) will be registered as the standardized Old Norse Þorsteinn.

The ways in which we deal with other languages not usually written in the Latin alphabet, like Arabic, is far more flexible: we allow several systems of transliteration with varying levels of formality in whether they indicate long marks, emphatic consonants, and even letters like `ayn and hamza, which are written as ` and ' respectively. The situation with Old Norse is a little different; some of the names are runic and are truly transliterated from another alphabet to the Latin alphabet, but others are in Latin alphabet documentary forms. Our rules and precedents are less clear about how to deal with these normalized forms when they are altered from documentary forms in the Latin alphabet.

Given this, should we allow the registration of simplified forms of standardized Old Norse, like Bjorn, that retain the i/j separation but writes both o and{o,} with a single letter? Additionally, should we register spellings that reflect runic spellings more directly than those standardized forms, like Þurstain?

 

Laurel registered the following items in May 2010

Alric Eberlin. Name.

As submitted, this name combined an Old English given name with a German byname dated to 1441 and 1495 - a combination which is not registerable. Bardsley (p. 50 s.n. Allwright) dates Alricus de Aulaby to 1273. Alricus is a Latinized form. The corresponding expected vernacular form is Alric. This example supports Alric as an English given name used in the late 13th C. Therefore, the submitted name may be viewed as a combination of English and German, which is a step from period practice. Because the given name and byname are dated to less than 300 years apart, there is no additional step from period practice for temporal disparity, and we may register this name.

Berengar von Rüdesheim. Name and device. Paly gules and Or, on a talbot rampant maintaining an anchor sable a belt in annulo argent, in sinister canton a coronet vallary sable.

  • Listed on the LoI as Berengar von Rüdeshiem, a timely correction was issued indicating that the vowels were transposed in the byname and the submitted form was actually Rüdesheim. We have made this correction.
  • There was some question whether the form Rüdesheim was a period form. Siren found that "Rüdesshaim is dated to 1550 in Die Matrikel der Universität Heidelberg von 1386 bis 1662 (http://books.google.com/books?id=PVA4AAAAYAAJ). Another volume dates Rudesheim to 1470 (http://books.google.com/books?id=1jEIAAAAQAAJ)".
  • Based on these examples, the submitted form is a plausible late period form.
  • As submitted, this name combined Berengar, which is an English or Provençal form, with a German byname. Either of these language combinations is registerable with a step from period practice.
  • Siren found that "Berengarus is dated to 1144-5 in Geschichte des Bischofs Otto I. von Bamberg, des Pommern-Apostels." The -us ending indicates a Latin form. The expected German vernacular forms would be Berengar. As a result, the submitted name is a fully German name, though there is a step from period practice for a temporal disparity of greater than 300 years between the given name and the byname.
  • The submitter is a knight and a viscount and, therefore, entitled to display a white belt and coronet on his armory.

Brendan ap Llewelyn. Alternate name Batu-yin köbegün Arghun.

  • There was some question regarding the use of -yin. Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy's "Mongolian Naming Practices" explains:

    • To show possession, the -un genitive ending is used for all words ending in a consonant except -n (bars = tiger; barsun nidun = tiger's eye); those words' use the possessive ending -u (naran = sun; naranu gerel = sun's light). For those words ending in a vowel, the possessive suffix -yin is used (eke = mother; ekeyin noghon = mother's boy).

  • Therefore, this name means 'Arghun, Batu's son'.

Genevieve la malicieuse. Name and device. Or semy-de-lys, a rose purpure barbed and seeded vert.

  • Submitted as Genevieve le malicius, le malicieus was documented as a literal masculine byname from 1292. Lacking evidence that masculine descriptive byname forms were used in feminine names in French in the late 13th C, this byname is not registerable with a feminine given name. The corresponding feminine form is la malicieuse. We have added the missing letter and changed the byname to a feminine form in order to register this name.

Gynuara Wyndswift. Name and device. Sable, a tree blasted and eradicated and in chief three triskelions of spirals argent.

  • This device is not in conflict with the device of Ariadne of Alyson-tara, Sable, a tree blasted sable fimbriated argent, reblazoned elsewhere on this letter. Ariadne's tree is sable for purposes of conflict. Therefore, there is a CD for the tincture of the primary charge and a CD for the addition of the secondary charge group.
  • There is a step from period practice for the use of triskelions of spirals, by precedent:

    • The SCA has previously registered one triskelion of spirals.... The SCA does not have a defined charge of a spiral, and spiral ends are not standard for other charges (such as crosses). However, the SCA has an established and wide-ranging pattern for registering triskelions of objects, or triskelions ending in objects. As a result, we are reluctant to refuse further registrations of this charge (as suggested by some of the commentary). The triskelion of spirals may continue to be registered, but as one step from period style (a "weirdness"). [Dec 2003, Acc-West, Ellisif þunnkárr]

  • Since there is only a single step from period practice, this device may be registered.

Iohannes von Prag. Name and device. Sable, on a fess gules fimbriated two torcs Or, overall a warhammer reversed argent.

  • The submitter noted that the culture of 14th C Bohemia was most important to him. This is a great Latinized name for this time and location.
  • Commenters asked if the use of torcs and whether the use of a fimbriated ordinary with an overall charge was a step from period practice, since we do not allow armory to be registered if it has two steps from period practice. Torcs, which were popular jewelry until the 3rd century CE, are period artifacts that, though they do not appear in period armory, follow the pattern of jewelry used in period armory. Therefore, their use is not a step from period practice. Since it is not necessary to decide, at this time, whether the use of a fimbriated ordinary and an overall charge is a step from period practice, we decline to rule on that subject at this time.

Jacomus Wyndswift. Device. Sable, a trident's head inverted and on a chief invected argent a crescent sable.

Millicent Isabella de la Bere. Device. Per pale vert and azure, a tower between in chevron two arrows inverted, in chief a mullet Or.

Nicolas Hardel le Noreys. Device. Azure, a lion dormant argent within an orle Or.

Nicolas Hardel le Noreys. Badge for Hardel House. (Fieldless) On a cauldron sable a mushroom Or.

  • Please instruct the submitter to draw the mushroom larger, to better fill the available space.

Piers the Deaf. Name reconsideration from Piers Dyaue.

Ralf Ettrik the Silent. Name and device. Gules, on an annulet argent in chief the words "LENTE IMPELLE" sable.

  • The Letter of Intent did not supply a translation of the Latin phrase written on the annulet, which violates long-standing policy that translations of non-English phrases must be provided. Commenters supplied a translation. The word 'impelle' apparently means 'strike against, push, drive, smite, strike, reach, set in motion, drive forward, move, urge on, impel, propel, wield'. The word 'lente' apparently means 'slowly, without haste, leisurely'. The phrase, therefore, means something like 'push slowly'. Commenters asked if this is offensive, referencing an erotic fresco from Pompeii which includes this phrase. We feel that it is no more offensive than the armory of Brandr hani, Vert, a rooster argent within an annulet Or, registered without comment in November 2007.

Richenda du Jardin and Juliana de Luna. Joint household name Chastel Salon.

  • This submission is an appeal of a return of the same name, returned in the July 2009 LoAR.
  • At that time, this submission was returned for conflict against the Paris salon (also called Le Salon), a recurring art exhibition which occurred from 1667 to roughly the end of the 19th century.
  • The appeal focused on two points: (1) whether the Paris salon meets our criteria for protection, and (2) that the potential conflict against the Paris salon was not examined following our specified procedures.
  • Regarding the first point, the commentary was overwhelming in agreement that the Paris salon does not meet our standards for protection. As noted in the submission:

    • The standard for how we might consider whether a person is important enough to protect is laid out in the November 2004 Cover Letter. Standards include whether a "significant number of Society folks (in this case represented by the internal and external commenters) recognize the name without having to look it up in an encyclopedia," "whether the person flourished within the places and times on which our Society concentrates," whether the "impact of their work/life [is] still influential in modern society or uniquely and sharply shape[s] the course of world history, science, or the arts," and whether the name is ordinary or exceptional.

  • As no evidence was provided that the Paris salon meets any of these criteria, it does not meet our standard of protection. Therefore, we are registering this household name.
  • Regarding the second point brought up in the appeal, the submitters are completely correct. This conflict call was not examined according to our specified procedures. The current standard for protecting historical and modern names was set forth in the section "From Laurel: Beyond the Encyclopedia", which appeared in the Cover Letter to the January 2003 LoAR, and was expanded in a section of the same name which appeared in the Cover Letter to the August 2003 LoAR. This standard, states in part:

    • Until such time as a list or other criteria can be defined, we will weigh each potential conflict with an encyclopedia entry on a case-by-case basis. We ask that commenters state whether or not they feel a person is important enough to protect when citing a potential conflict with an entry in an encyclopedia. Ideally, this statement would be provided early enough to allow other CoA commenters time to provide input to Laurel as comments on comments.

  • As noted in the submission, "After this ruling, when potential conflicts were raised late in the commentary period, the item was generally pended for further commentary on whether the potential conflict is indeed important enough to protect. But in general terms, silence was understood to mean that commenters did not think such an item a conflict." This analysis is an accurate description of the process we have been following for years now.
  • This submission's potential conflict with the Paris salon was called after commentary on this submission was closed in OSCAR. That timing, in and of itself, is not unheard of - it happens a handful of times each year. These cases fall into two general categories: potential conflicts for which precedent can be found that directly applies to the current submission and potential conflicts where no applicable precedent can be found.
  • A critical portion of the process we have for determining protection for historical and modern names is the input from the College of Arms as a whole as described above. In the majority of late conflict calls, past precedent makes it crystal clear whether the historical or modern name meets our standards for protection. In these cases, the input that the CoA provided in determining the conflict found in the precedent represents their voice in the potential new conflict and pending the submission for commentary from the CoA does no service to the submitter. Because precedent is clear that the historical or modern name does or does not fall into our category of protection, pending the submission only serves to delay the return or acceptance of the name - it does not change the outcome. Because precedent was clear and was able to represent the voice of the CoA, accepting or returning (without first pending) the submission is the correct procedure in these cases.
  • However, in a fraction of these late conflict calls, either no precedent can be found that is directly applicable to the late conflict call or what precedent can be found is contradictory or unclear. In these cases, the voice of the CoA is not clearly represented and the submission must be pended so that the commenters may address whether the historical or modern name should be protected under our standards. That procedure should have been followed with regards to this submission and we apologize to the submitters for the fact that it was not.

Tymberhavene, Shire of. Device. Azure, a fir tree ermine and on a base embattled argent a laurel wreath vert.

 

Laurel returned the following items for further work in May 2010

None.

 

Laurel registered the following items in June 2010

Alric Eberlin. Device. Argent, on a bend azure doubly cotised sable three crescents Or.

Andrew Crowe. Device. Per bend gules and sable, a pale counterchanged fimbriated argent.

Constance Wyatt. Device change. Gules, on a fess erminois between three boar's heads erased Or a rose proper.

  • Her previous device, Azure, in pale a lion statant Or and a rose argent, barbed vert, seeded gules between flaunches Or, is retained as a badge.

Mecia Raposa. Name change from Rohesia Morleigh.

  • Her previous name, Rohesia Morleigh, is retained as an alternate name.

Peter von Setzingen. Name and device. Azure, in pale an owl contourny sustaining a sword fesswise reversed Or.

  • Please instruct the submitter to draw some internal detailing, so that it is possible to tell where the sword ends and the owl begins.

 

Laurel returned the following items for further work in June 2010

Basilius Fuchs. Device. Per chevron throughout argent and sable, in base on a phoenix Or rising from flames proper a rapier sable.

  • This device is returned for violating section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions, which says that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." The tertiary rapier was initially interpreted by far too many commenters as internal detailing, since it is so thin.

 

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

The following items have been forwarded to Laurel and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in December 2010

Aleyn Wykington - Resub Device.

Azure, a set of bagpipes and a chief argent

Basilius Fuchs - New Appeal of Laurel Return of Name

Gaius Octavius Lunaris - Resub Name

Gaius Octavius Lunaris - New Badge.

Per bend sinister wavy purpure and argent, a bend sinister wavy counterchanged and a bordure per bend sinister argent and purpure

Geralt Mac Aodha - New Name

Gryffyth ap Madyn -New Name and New Device

Azure, a dolphin urinant maintaining in its mouth an arrow and in chief three harps Or

Gustav Man Lorne - Resub Name and Resub Device

Argent, a bend sinister vert and overall a catamount's head sable

Hafr- Tóki - New Name and New Device

Sable, a chevron rompu inverted Or

Johannes Kai von Buxtehude - New Name

Somerled of Ballindore - New Device

Checky azure and argent, a dragon volant en arrieré vert

Taran MacAngus - New Device

Argent, a harp inverted sable and on a chief vert three Greek crosses argent

 

Lions Blood has returned the following items for further work

Gaius Octavius Lunaris - Resub Device. Per bend sinister wavy purpure and argent, a bend sinister wavy counterchanged between a natural tyger salient to sinister argent marked sable and a rose gules barbed slipped and leaved vert, a bordure per bend sinister argent and purpure

  • The device is returned for having a step from period practice in the use of a natural tiger combined with having a complexity count of ten (four charges: tiger, bend sinister, rose, bordure; six tinctures: purpure, argent, sable, gules, vert and Or). This is grounds for return per the April 2010 LoAR:

    • [Gules, on a chevron argent between two natural tigers sejant respectant argent striped sable and a bow nocked with an arrow argent three shamrocks vert] This device is returned for violating our complexity rules. With four tinctures (gules, argent, sable, vert) and five charge types (chevron, tiger, bow, arrow, shamrock), it has a complexity count of nine.
    • While we allow devices with good period style to exceed this limit, natural tigers are fauna which are not native to Europe. Section VII.4 of the Rules for Submissions says that non-native fauna not known to be used in armory is a step from period practice. Since there is a step from period practice, this device does not have good period style, and must be returned. (Eibhilín Núinnseann, 04/10 - R, Gleann Abhann )

  • Some ways to clear up this issue are removing the bordure, changing the tincture of the rose to purpure, and using a heraldic tyger instead of a natural tiger. These are by no means the only ways to solve the complexity issue, but we hope they will help the submitter fix his device.

1: Amalric Blackhart - New Badge

(Fieldless) Four gouttes de sang conjoined in cross points outward, conjoined to four crescents in saltire horns outward argent

The submitter's name was registered in July 1989 via the East.

The submitter has currently registered one piece of armory and so has room for this and the other badges on this letter.

The submitter's branch is Mountain Edge.

2: Amalric Blackhart - New Badge

(Fieldless) A goutte de sang within and conjoined to the horns of an increscent argent.

The submitter's name was registered in July 1989 via the East.

The submitter has currently registered one piece of armory and so has room for this and the other badges on this letter.

The submitter's branch is Mountain Edge.

3: Amalric Blackhart - New Badge

(Fieldless) Four gouttes de sang conjoined in cross at the points, conjoined to four crescents in saltire horns inward argent.

The submitter's name was registered in July 1989 via the East.

The submitter has currently registered one piece of armory and so has room for this and the other badges on this letter.

The submitter's branch is Mountain Edge.

4: Amalric Blackhart - New Badge

(Fieldless) A goutte de sang within and conjoined to the horns of a descrescent argent.

The submitter's name was registered in July 1989 via the East.

The submitter has currently registered one piece of armory and so has room for this and the other badges on this letter.

The submitter's branch is Mountain Edge.

5: Azizah bint Rustam - Resub Device

Per bend sinister sable and paly wavy argent and gules, a calygreyhound rampant argent charged on the shoulder with a crescent gules

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel via An Tir as of the September 2010 ILoI.

Her previous submission, Per bend sinister sable and paly wavy gules and argent, a calygreyhound rampant reguardant argent, was returned via Lions Blood as of the September 2010 ILoI for conflict with Tristram O'Shee (Per saltire gules and sable, a calygreyhound rampant argent).

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

6: Chiara Stella - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Meaning most important.

'Chiara' is documented from Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/, with fewer than 5 occurrences.

'Stella' is documented from ASGR report 1177 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/1177.txt): "The surname <Stella> was used throughout Italy with medium frequency. It would make a fine surname for your period [1300-1600]."

The submitter will not accept MAJOR changes, cares most about meaning (none specified), and desires a female name. The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

No blazon was proposed for this emblazon. The form is colored with highlighters.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

6: Chiara Stella - New Device

(none)

No blazon was proposed for this emblazon. The form is colored with highlighters.

7: Constantine Trewpeny - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

'Constantine' is documented from Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names by E.G. Withycombe as found on "Men's Given Names from Early 13th Century England" by Talan Gwynek (Brian Scott): http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng13/eng13m.html

'Trewpeny' is documented from "A Dictionary of English Surnames" by P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson, 3rd ed., Oxford, 1995, as found on "'Misplaced' Names in Reaney & Wilson" - by Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Martha L. Rane): http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/misplacednamesbyname.htm

The submitter allows all changes and desires a male name. The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

7: Constantine Trewpeny - New Device

Per chevron sable and gules, three herons in their vigilance argent.

The form appears to be colored with colored pencil.

8: Eadric Æthelwulf - Resub Name

The submitter's previous name submission, Eadric Aethelwulf, was returned via Lions Blood as of the August 2010 ILoI.

The name is returned because the submitter allows no changes. This spelling of Aethelwulf is not attested, and commenting heralds could find no justification for it. The Old English Æthelwulf would be a suitable companion to Eadric, but we could not make this change in order to pass it forward. 

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Eadric of Laxfield(d in or after 1066), magnate OBIN 101052350 Primary Authority:Oxford DNB(Dictionary of National Biograpy)

Eadric [Edric] Streona (d1017), magnage OBIN 101008511 Primary authority: Oxford DNB

Eadric [Edric] the Wild [Eadric Cild] (fl. 1067-1072), magnate OBIN 101008512 Primary authority:Oxford DNB

Æthewulf

The Origin of English Surnames; By P.H. REANEY

Chapter 5 SURNAMES of RELATIONSHIPS

Second paragraph: page 75 "from the Norman Conquest onwards, we find a different type in which the name of the father or of some ancestor is added as an attribute to the Christian name: William Leuric (1086) from Leofric, now Leverich or Lovefidge: ..."

The submitter allows all changes. The submitter's branch is Valley Wold.

8: Eadric Æthelwulf - Resub Device

SABLE, A UNICORN STATANT ON CHIEF A PAIR OF ACORNS SLIPPED AND LEAVED OR

The submitter's previous device submission, Sable, a unicorn statant and in chief a pair of acorns slipped and leaved Or, was returned via Lions Blood as of the August 2010 ILoI.

The device is returned for lack of a name to forward with it, and also for style issues. The first is the massive amount of pixellation that showed up on the forms; coloring in with the yellow marker only smeared this pixellation and made it nearly impossible to discern most of the internal detailing on the unicorn and the acorns. The second style issue is the depiction of the acorns. The acorn itself is drawn fesswise but the slips are bendwise. The acorns should either be completely one orientation or the other. 

9: Galeran Chanterel - New Badge

(Fieldless) A fleur-de-lys per pale azure and argent.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 1998 via Æthelmearc. The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

10: Godfrey von Ravensburg - New Device

The submitter's name was registered in October 1994 via An Tir. The submitter's branch is Eisenmarche.

11: Isabel of Oxeneford - Resub Device

Sable a horse passant rearguardant argent and a chief gules ermined and fimbriated argent

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel as of the May 1, 2010 ILoI.

Her previous device submission, Counter-ermine, a horse passant regardant argent, was returned by Lions Blood as of the May 29, 2010 ILoI.

This device is returned for redrawing. The standard form has been significantly altered and the shield no longer complies with the required measurements. In addition, there should be less ermine spots on the field and they should be much bigger. In addition, this device conflicts with the following registered armory: Gwyneth Lynette Dennys (May 1998 via the Middle): Per chevron inverted vert and pean, a horse passant argent, Phoebe MacGregor (July 2000 via Atenveldt): Quarterly vert and Or, a horse passant argent caparisoned azure, Westphalia (December 1994 via Laurel): Gules, a horse courant argent, and Rohan (December 2007 via Laurel): Vert, a horse courant argent. In each case, the only difference between the submitted armory and the registered armory is the one given by X.4.a for the differences to the field.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

13: KRISTOPHER the CAMBIUM - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

The name was entered in caps as above. The submitter allows all changes and desires a male name. The documentation section of the form is blank and no additional documentation was included. The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

13: KRISTOPHER the CAMBIUM - New Device

Argent, a bend sinister Or, fimbriated, overall a winged unicorn salient sable armed, unguled, collared and trailing a broken Chain Or.

The form appears to be printed on a color printer.

14: Leiðólfr Kvígsson - New Device

Vert, a bull rampant Or

The submitter's name was registered in February 2009 via An Tir. The submitter's branch is Blatha an Oir.

15: Lucius von Bamberg - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.
• Language (german) most important.

The submitter will not allow MAJOR changes, cares most about sound and language/culture (German), and desires a male name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Lucius - s.n. Lucius, Bahlow p. 345; "see Lutz;" s.n. Lutz p. 348: "UGer. sh. f. of Ludwig."

Bamberg - Catholic Encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02242c.htm) dates Bamberg to 1008 (earliest).

15: Lucius von Bamberg - New Device

Argent, a chevron and in chief a griffon statant to sinister azure.

The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

16: Mark of the White Hand - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

The submitter will allow all changes, cares most about spelling (specifically wants 'Mark,' not 'Markus' or 'Marko'), and desires a male name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Mark appears 4 times in "Late 16thC English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/la urel/names/eng16/eng16alph a.html).

"of the White Hand" is a constructed byname based on an English sign name pattern of "Color + Object" as ...found in "Comparison of Inn/Shop/House names found London 1473-1600 with those found in the ten shires surrounding London in 1636" by Margaret Makafee (http://www.contrib.andrew. cmu.edu/~grm/signs-1485-16 36.html). The OED, s.n. 'white a.' dates the spelling 'whit' to 1471: "1471 CAXTON Recuyell (Sommer) 701 Myn eyen [are] dimmed with ouermoche lokyng on the whit paper." The spelling 'white' dates to the end of the grey period, 1650: a1650 E. NORGATE Miniatura (1919) 52 Insteed of abortive parchment, by some called Gilding Vellum, make use of your pure white velim. The OED, s.n. 'hand n.' dates this spelling to 1548: 1548 HALL Chron., Edw. IV, 234 Then eche Prince layed his right hand on ye Missal, and his left hand on the holy Crosse, and toke there a solempne othe.

In addition, the spelling white can be documented much earlier in the MED, s.n. whit (adj): (1313) Sub.R.Bristol(1) in BGAS 19 224: Walterus le White, Irmongere.(1313). Sub.R.Bristol(1) in BGAS 19 263: Johannes le White, Taillor (1346) Nickname in LuSE 55 186: Agnes White Brede. -?-(1333) Reg.Freemen York in Sur.Soc96 28:Willelmus Whitebrow, plasterer.

The submitter is okay with dropping "of the" if necessary for registration.

16: Mark of the White Hand - New Device

Gules, a saltire between four hands within a bordure argent

The submitter's branch is Ramsgaard.

17: Matilda Stoyle - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No changes.

The submitter accepts NO changes and desires a female name. The submitter's branch is Saint Bunstable.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Matilda is found in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in _A Dictionary of English Surnames_", s.n. Matilda, at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Matilda. This spelling is dated to 1201 (Shelley), 1203-1204 (Tanfield), 1200-10 (Dunch), 1211 (Cage), and more.

Stoyle is found in R&W 2nd edition, s.n. Stoyle. This spelling is dated to 1210.

 

18: Nerienda Silvester - New Device

Per bend sinister vert and sable, on a bend sinister cotised argent three firetrees couped palewise vert

The submitter's name appears on the September 2010 ILoI. The submitter's branch is Myrtleholt.

19: Sadhbh Dhubh - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for 14th c. Irish.
• Language (Irish Gaelic) most important.

The submitter will allow all changes and desires a female name. She would like her name to be changed to be authentic for both time period and language/culture: "14th century Irish. I would prefer a descriptive rather than a paterilineal surname."

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form.

Sadhbh - OCM (p. 160 s.n. Sadb). Feminine Given Names: Sadb/Sadhbh

Dhubh - second page of Index of Names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames found in Feminine Names (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/DescriptiveBynames.shtml):

*Dhubh ("Black", probably refers to hair color)<br />

* Co 1421.18 ingen Ragnailt Dub ingen h. Briain ben h. Flaithbertaich

The submitter's branch is Akornebir.

19: Sadhbh Dhubh - New Device

Per chevron argent and purpure, in fess three oak leaves vert, and in base a stag's head caboshed argent

The submitter's branch is Akornebir.

20: Sebastian von Aterdorff - Resub Device

gules a compass rose argent a border compony argent and sable

The submitter's previous submission, which was identical to this, was returned by Lions Blood on the May 1, 2010 ILoI.

The device is returned for an issue with the forms. The shield shape has clearly been altered to be smaller than the required shield shape both horizontally and vertically. The submitter should redraw the armory on the standard form when resubmitting to ensure the integrity of the form. The submitter is encouraged to resubmit in a timely fashion, as the device is clear of conflict and lovely style.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel as of the May 1, 2010 ILoI.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

21: Sebastien de Caen - New Badge

Purpure, in cross three fleur-de-lis and a fleur-de-lis inverted argent.

The submitter's name (as Sébastien de Caen) was registered in April 1993 via An Tir. The submitter's branch is Blatha An Oir.

Thus ends the October 2010 Internal Letter of Intent.

I remain,

yours in service,

Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn

Boar Pursuivant

An Tir OSCAR counts: 7 New Names, 9 New Devices, 6 New Badges. This gives 22 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 4 Resub Devices. This is a total of 5 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 27 actions.

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