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An Tir IL dated 2010-05-01 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Anthony Demi-Lion, and the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Elizabeth Lions Blood sends greetings and felicitations.



April IL: May 8th, at the home of Master Finngall McKetterick, 1524 City View St., Eugene, OR 97402-3333. The meeting begins at 1:00 and will go until we are finished. It will be followed by dinner, games and karaoke.

May IL: June 26th, at the home of His Excellency Tadhg O'Murchadha the Wanderer, 1985 W. 18th Ave., Eugene, OR 97402. The meeting begins at 1:00 and will go until we are finished. It will be followed by dinner and karaoke.

June IL: July 24th, at the home of Anthony Hawke, 4390 Tyndall Avenue, Victoria, BC. We encourage everyone to come to Canada with us as we take the Lions Blood meeting north of the border for a weekend! The meeting will start at 1:00 and go until we are finished. Then we are at Anthony's mercy... :)

July IL: August 28th, at Rhieinwylydd verch Einion Llanaelhaearn's house in Corvallis, OR. The meeting begins at 1:00 and we'll go until we're finished. Summer picnic to follow! Bring something to share; Lions Blood will provide the meat.


Greetings unto the College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood!

We continue to work without a Boar Pursuivant. This is going to quickly burn me out if the office remains unfilled. Please consider stepping up into this office. It is not difficult, and requires minimal knowledge of html and An-Tir OSCAR, which I have written guides for. Help the Lions Blood team serve you better!

Again, I offer sincere and immense thanks to those who comment on the internal letter. I would especially like to thank Jeanne Marie Noir Licorne (who resides in Caid) and the team from Calontir who continue to comment on our internal letter despite the fact that they are not even from our Kingdom. We are deeply appreciative of the support from our sister Kingdoms, and encourage commenting heralds to reach out and return the favor. Being a submissions herald is impossible without the assistance of commenting heralds, and if I could send everyone who comments chocolate, I totally would.

Huzzahs are due for the service of Aryanhwy merch Catmael, who has resigned as Pelican Queen of Arms, and congratulations to Juliana de Luna, who will be assuming that office at Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium!

The following date is open to hosting a Lions Blood meeting:

- December 18

If you would like to host a heraldic Christmas party/Lions Blood meeting on this date, please drop me an e-mail at lions-blood@antir.sca.org.

For Crown, Coronet and College,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald


The following is an excerpt from the cover letter of the January 2010 LoAR:

From The Sovereigns of Arms: Thanks!

The three sovereigns would like to thank the Crown and People of the Kingdom of Lochac for their gracious welcome. Special thanks to the Barony of Saint-Florian-de-la-rivière for hosting the sovereigns, providing us places to sleep, and feeding us. Thanks, all!

From Laurel: KWHSS 2011 Bids Requested

For those considering bidding on the 2011 Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium, the deadline to have your bid entered into OSCAR is May 15, 2010. This will give the College of Arms time for consideration so that we can announce the bid's award at this year's KWHSS in An Tir, as is our preferred practice.

Please remember that bids posted to OSCAR are publicly readable. Because of this, all personal information, such as legal names, addresses, phone numbers, and email, should not be included in these bids without signed, written permission. Such information as is necessary should be posted as a comment after the bid is finalized, so that only the College of Arms can read it. Please send a courtesy copy of the full bid to Laurel at laurel@heraldry.sca.org.

As a reminder, there is a KWHSS domain and web hosting space available on the SCA's servers; you need not register your own.

Please see http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/kwhs/ or contact Laurel if you have any questions.

From Laurel: New Codex Herald

Master Robin Gallowglass has served the College and Society for several years as Codex Herald, but has decided he no longer wishes to hold that office. We would like to thank him for putting his talents in our service for that time.

The new Codex is Maol Mhichil mac Giolla Pheadair of Northshield (usually called "Mikey"). He has already assumed the duties of the office. We look forward to the new perspective he will bring to the task. The email alias codex@heraldry.sca.org has been updated so mail now goes to Mikey, not Robin. Any information on errors to the website, broken links, or suggestions for original content should be sent to that address.

From Laurel: Missing Registrations

It has come to our attention that some device registrations are lacking associated name registrations. Our thanks to White Stag and Rampart for notifying us of this issue. Most of these are errata, which are being dealt with separately, but a small number of them are due to heraldic mis-steps: the name submission never appeared on a LoI, but the associated device was registered anyway, in the era when name registration was no longer implicit in device registration.

In the interest of fairness, since the submitters were never given any indication that their names were not registered, we have decided to register these names as hardship cases without paperwork. The following are the names of the individuals in question: Veronica Brannick, Katherina von Lehmann, Robert Glendon of Auk, Berand of Bangor, and Elen Greenhand. Acceptances are in this LoAR for each of these names.

From Laurel: Society Requirements for Scrolls

Scrolls document very special occurrences in people's lives, commemorating recognition of their accomplishments. As such, we do not want to deny people scrolls because they do not have a name and/or device registered. Some people choose to refrain from registering a device because they are recreating a time and place that would not have had armory, and we do not want to punish good recreation by denying them that commemoration.

In the September 1996 Letter of Acceptances and Returns, Laurel ruled:

It has been Laurel policy since the time of Wilhelm von Schussel that scrolls that convey arms at either award, grant or patent level, be only given to people who have registered names and devices. Note: this does not preclude someone without a registered name or device from receiving an award, just from receiving an official scroll. Promissory notes are not considered scrolls.

In the 2001 revision to the Administrative Handbook, language which had previously read "[The primary registered name] is the name that will appear on scrolls and other formal documents" was changed to read "Kingdoms or principalities may require this name to be used on awards, honors, scrolls, and other formal documents." From that time, the only requirement that the Laurel office has made for scrolls is that unregistered arms should not be placed on a scroll as armory, nor its blazon used in a way that implies that the arms are registered.

While kingdoms may require that a registered name be used on a scroll if one exists, Laurel does not require that all names that appear on scrolls must be registered. The Laurel office encourages kingdoms to not withhold scrolls from those individuals who do not have a registered name or device. Registration of a name and device should be its own reward, rather than a prerequisite for receiving recognition from one's kingdom.

From Laurel: A Reminder About the Forms

We wish to remind submissions heralds that all submissions need to be on forms that have been approved by Laurel. If the submissions form does not say "Approved by Laurel" or is not dated in 2006, then it is not approved by Laurel. Submissions which use unapproved forms may be returned for administrative reasons.

From Wreath: Conflict Checking

In the years of paper mailings, we were all about saving paper and postage costs. We can find the phrase "silence equals assent" in an online article on commenting, implying that the only positive comments that should be made were for extra supporting documentation. (As an aside: perhaps this is where all the perceptions of heralds as negative comes from?) However, it is impossible to tell if a submission has no comments because it's fine and clear, or if it's being ignored because "somebody else will do it." Since we now have OSCAR, the cost of addressing this is minimal.

In the future, we would ask all those doing conflict checking to state, either in each submission or as a comment on the entire letter, that you have checked each submission and found no conflicts. A simple "No conflicts found" is entirely sufficient. For completeness, we request that those who are discussing style or other non-conflict issues with a device also conflict check the submission and mention the result of that check, even when the other issues may cause a return.

From Wreath: X.1.

This month, there was a discussion of possible wording changes to make section X.1 of the Rules for Submissions more clear. Due to the ongoing rules change discussion, it makes little sense to tweak a rule that may be substantially changed in the near future. The proposed change will be rolled into the update taking place later this year.

From Wreath: OSCAR and submissions

There have been a few notable instances lately where Wreath was about to return a device or badge for lack of documentation when it was pointed out that the necessary documentation was attached to the name submission item in OSCAR.

Submissions heralds: remember that the name and device submissions in OSCAR are separate, and that Wreath has his preferences set to display only devices. If the documentation for the armory is attached to the name, there is a good chance that it will be missed.

From Wreath: Pierrot Masks

Historically, we have registered Pierrot masks. Research on a submission this month showed that the creation of the character Pierrot in commedia dell'arte occurred after 1650. Therefore, unless documented to period, Pierrot masks will be no longer be registerable after the June 2010 decision meeting.

The following items have been registered by Laurel in January 2010:

An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Accademia dei Studiosi (see RETURNS for order names). Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a compass rose and an open book counterchanged.

Please instruct the submitters to draw deeper, more prominent engrailings.

Cheri du Chasteau. Name (see RETURNS for device).

No documentation was provided on the LoI for the use of the preposition du before the byname Chasteau. Siren notes that Monicat, Comptes du Domaine de la Ville de Paris: Tome Deuxième, 1457-89 p. 27 lists Jehan du Chastel; chastel is an earlier form of chasteau. The spelling Chasteau is found in the same source on p. 20, so together these support the byname du Chasteau.

Cheri is the submitter's legal given name.

David de la Rosiere. Name.

Submitted as David de la Rosier, the phrase la Rosier is not grammatically correct for French. In French, the gender of the definite article must agree with the (grammatical) gender of the word it modifies. Rosier is a masculine noun, and so takes that masculine definite article le. With the feminine definite article la, the feminine form of the noun, Rosiere, must be used. Both forms are found in medieval French bynames; Morlet, Etude d'anthroponymie picarde, les noms de personne en Haute Picardie aux XIIIe, XIVe, XVe siècles, p. 360 dates the byname du Rosier to 1404 (du being a contraction of de le), and de la Rosiere appears in Uckelman, Names in the 1292 census of Paris, p. 93. We have changed the name to David de la Rosiere in order to register it, as this is a smaller change.

Gwenlliana Clutterbooke. Badge. (Fieldless) A closed book palewise erminois.

Closed books are one of the charges that are allowed to be slightly in trian aspect for identifiability purposes. Were they not drawn in trian aspect, they would appear to be delfs or billets with internal detailing.

Jorgen von Stein. Device. Quarterly gules and sable, a lion rampant, between its forepaws in fess three closed scrolls palewise Or.

Commenters complained that the scrolls were not identifiable. They are substantially identical to the scrolls in the previous return, which return instructed the submitter to draw the scrolls either bendwise or palewise. The submitter has addressed both stated reasons for return: the tincture of the field is now obviously gules and the scrolls are palewise. Therefore, we are registering this device.

Kaldor Ness, Canton of. Branch name and device. Gules, a pantheon rampant to sinister argent mullety of six points purpure, maintaining between its forelegs a laurel wreath argent, on a point pointed Or a Heneage knot gules.

This name was documented as following the pattern of English place names which are created by appending a surname to an existing place name. However, the element Kaldor was documented as a Scottish place-name, and no evidence was provided that this pattern of place-name formation is also found in Scotland.

Luckily, alternative documentation can be given. The Dictionary of the Scots Language s.vv. nes, ness 'promontory, headland' notes that this word appears in various compound Scots place names such as Fife Ness, Buchan Ness, Tarbat Ness, Souther ness, Skip ness, Stromness, Blac(k)nes, Catenes, Gulanenes, and Scatnes. From these examples there are two patterns which Kaldor Ness could follow. Johnston, Place-Names of Scotland, s.n. Calder derives the name from either the Norse for 'calf glen' or the Gaelic for 'hazel stream'. The element Buchan in Buchan Ness derives from the Gaelic word for 'calf'. The protothemes of Tarbat Ness and Stromness are both words relating to water topography, 'isthmus' and 'stream', respectively. On the basis of these examples, Kaldor Ness, either 'calf's glen headland' or 'headland on the hazel stream', is a plausible Scots place name.

The question was raised in commentary whether a maintained laurel wreath was large enough to meet the Administrative Handbook requirement that the laurel wreath be "an important element in the design". Precedent holds that maintained charges do not meet this criterion:

[A beast rampant maintaining in its dexter forepaw a laurel wreath] "A number of commenters expressed concern that the laurel wreath did not constitute 'a significant element of the design', as required by the Administrative Handbook, I.D.2. Given that we do not normally grant any difference for maintained charges, this opinion has weight." [The device was returned for this reason] (LoAR 4/92 p.19).

However, many group devices with maintained laurel wreaths have been registered since that precedent was set. In the submitted device, the laurel wreath is large enough to be recognizable. Were it not maintained, it would be considered of sufficient size to be a secondary charge. We, therefore, overturn the 1992 precedent. Laurel wreaths may be maintained charges in a group device if they are large enough to be considered an important element in the design, which will be determined on a case-by-case basis.

Laurence of Damascus. Badge. (Fieldless) An escallop per pale argent and gules.

Nice badge!

Lothar filius Adalberti. Name.

Michael of Lancaster. Device. Per fess argent and azure, a saltire engrailed counterchanged.

Nice device!

Mona da Vinci. Name and device. Gules, a legless wyvern displayed breathing flames argent within a bordure compony gules and argent.

A number of commenters argued that this name was presumptuous, because the Mona Lisa is one of the most famous works by Leonardo da Vinci. While the allusion is strong, simple evocation of a well-known period work is not by itself presumptuous. Furthermore, the allusion is no stronger than the allusion of the name Dante Machiavelli, registered October 2009, to Dante Alighieri and Niccolo Macchiavelli, or the allusion of the name Tycho Kepler, registered December 1999, to Tycho Brahe and Johannes Kepler.

Mona is the submitter's legal given name.

Mona da Vinci. Badge. (Fieldless) In pale a wyvern displayed argent breathing flames gules sustaining an arrow fesswise reversed sable.

Saraswati Amman. Device. Per pale azure and Or, a beaver rampant between three lotus blossoms in profile counterchanged.

The following items have been returned for further work in January 2010:

Alane Mac Aonghais. Device. Vert, in pale a holly tree eradicated and a compass star argent between in fess two pairs of arrows inverted in saltire Or, each tied with a ribbon purpure.

This device is returned for lack of identifiability. The arrows are not identifiable from any distance, which is a violation of section VIII.3 of the Rules for Submissions, which requires that "Elements must be used in a design so as to preserve their individual identifiability", and continues "Identifiable elements may be rendered unidentifiable by significant reduction in size." That is the case, here.

Drawing the arrows larger is probably not a solution for this device. Doing so would quite likely make them large enough to be considered co-primary charges, which would cause a return for violating section VIII.1.a of the RfS, which says that "As another guideline, three or more types of charges should not be used in the same group."

An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Order of Morgans Rose.

This order name was withdrawn by the submitters.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Award of the Sable Chime.

This order name was withdrawn by the submitters.

Cheri du Chasteau. Device. Argent, on a bend sinister between a dragon couchant to sinister and a turtle purpure, three triquetrae palewise argent.

This device conflicts with the device of Brenna Montgomery Cameron, Argent, on a bend sinister between two fleurs-de-lys purpure, three roses argent. There is not a CD for the change of type only of the tertiary charge: section X.4.j.ii of the Rules for Submissions requires that there be only two types of charge on the field for change of only type to grant a CD, this device has three. There is only one CD for the change of type of secondary charges.

Upon resubmission, please have the tertiary charges drawn in a blazonable orientation: either following the line of the ordinary (the default), or else unquestionably palewise.

Jennet MacLaughlan. Name.

This conflicts with Jhone MacLachlan. The spelling Jhone was used by both men and women. Jennet is a diminutive of the feminine name Jhone, and so the two given names are not significantly different, per RfS V.1.a.i, which says, "Irrespective of differences in sound and appearance, a given name is not significantly different from any of its diminutives when they are used as given names."


These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in August of 2010.

Alys Wolfden. New Name and New Device. Purpure, a wolf's head couped argent and in chief three roses argent barbed vert and seeded gules. (See RETURNS for badge.)

Arion the Wanderer. New Badge. Gules, a trident head within an orle Or.

Ąžuolas Radmantaitis. New Name and New Device. Per fess wavy argent and sable, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged.

This name was submitted as Azoulas Radmantas. However, there was no solid documentation provided for either element. The submitter allowed all changes and indicated a preference for Lithuanian language and culture. During the commentary process, documentation was found for the given name Ąžuolas and the constructed given name Radmantas. The same article indicated a patronymic construction that Lithuanian names ending in <-as> change to <-aitis>. We have made the changes as instructed by the article to make this name suitable for registration.

Christiana Elizabeth Constable. New Name.

Daenes Wulfes sunu. New Name and New Device. Azure, on a plate a wolf courant sable and in chief a mace fesswise Or.

Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill. New Name.

Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill. New Blanket Permission to Conflict.

Ellias Silver. New Name.

Hawise le Wollemongere. New Name. (See RETURNS for device.)

Idonia Shirwod. New Name.

Isabel of Oxeneford. New Name. (See RETURNS for badge.)

Juliana de Luna. New Badge. Sable, on a chevron Or between three gryphon's heads erased argent a crescent between two scallops azure and on a chief argent three torteaux each charged with a fleur-de-lys Or.

Katherine atte Morhouse. Resub Name Change from Holding Name.

Laurence of Damascus. New Badge. Gules ermined Or, an enfield rampant Or and a bordure Or ermined gules.

Lindis de Aquisgrano. New Name and New Device. Per bend sable and azure, on a bend argent three birds migrant bendwise sinister sable, a bordure potenty argent.

The byname was submitted as de Aquisgranno. The submitter's documentation included spelling with a single `n' but not two `n's. We altered the byname to match the available documentation.

Niall Duncan MacFarlane. New Name Change and New Device. Sable, a patriarchal cross gules fimbriated argent.

The issue of the double unmarked byname in Scots was raised during the commentary process, but not enough information was gathered during the commentary period to discern if this was an acceptable practice in Scots. There is a step from period practice for combining Gaelic <Niall> with the two Scots bynames, but we are unsure if there is a second step from period practice for a double byname in Scots. We leave this for Pelican to decide, and note that this name was registered to the submitter yet released in October 1997 when his current name, Niall Dolphin, was registered.

There was concern whether or not a patriarchal cross was simple enough to fimbriate. False Isle tried the standard "reduction test" and got a negative result, but Lions Blood tried the same test and got a positive result. We leave this to Wreath to decide.

Sebastian van Atendorff. New Name. (See RETURNS for device.)

The byname was submitted as von Aterdorff, but the location of Aterdorff falls in a region where we feel Low German was spoken. We therefore have changed the byname to suit the Low German construction.

Summits, Principality of the. New Order Name. Order of Joy of the Summits.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Resub Order Name. Order of the Silver Spear.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. New Order Name. Order of the Golden Spear.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. New Order Name. Order of the Golden Lute.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Resub Order Name. Order of the Blue Glove.

Wealdsmere, Barony of. Resub Order Name. Order of the Black Sleeve.

William Brannan. New Appeal of Laurel Return of Name.

William Conyan. New Name and New Device. Per bend sable and gules, a rabbit's head erased and a chief argent.

Commenting heralds noted that the chief was a little small, however, evidence was provided in the commentary process showing chiefs of similar size. We note the uniformity of the erasing on the rabbit's head and hope it only warrants an artist's note to draw the erasing in a more period style as we found no conflict.

Wynn Constantine. New Name Change and New Badge. (Fieldless) In bend sinister a comet headed by a mullet of eight points vert.

The submitter asked that her previous submission, Wyn the Waywarde, be altered to Wynn the Waywarde. Unfortunately, this requires a separate action by the College. The submitter is advised of the relevant section of AH IV. F. Request for Reconsideration - A submitter may request reconsideration of changes made as a result of a request for authenticity or for registerability in a name submission. All requests must either: (a) be supported by new documentation supporting the original name as complying with the requested authenticity or registerability standards…. This reconsideration will require no payment when it is submitted provided it is done one year from November 30, 2009, as the July 2009 LoAR Wyn the Waywarde was registered on was released October 31, 2009.

The badge was originally blazoned as a compass star but this mullet is of eight equal points, not four greater and four lesser points.

These items are being returned for further work:

Alys Wolfden. New Badge. (Fieldless) On a rose gules barbed Or a fox's mask argent.

This badge is returned for conflict with House of Tudor (important non-SCA armory) A tudor rose. Relevent precedent: [(Fieldless) On a rose gules barbed vert a chalice argent] This badge conflicts with the badge of the House of Tudor (important non-SCA armory) A tudor rose. One depiction of a Tudor Rose can be blazoned as a On a rose gules a rose argent. There is a CD for fieldlessness; however, there is none for changing the type only of a tertiary charge. [Atlantia, Kingdom of, 09/99, R-Atlantia]

Hawise le Wollemongere. New Device. Per fess vert and barry wavy of three argent and azure, a mermaid proper affronty playing a harp proper, in chief two lambs couchant argent.

The device is returned for contrast problems. The mermaid's skin is considered argent by Laurel precedent:

[Per bend sinister azure and argent, a mermaid in her vanity proper] Long precedent and period heraldic practice make Caucasian skin equivalent to argent. If drawn properly, the effectively argent skin of the mermaid would be largely against the argent part of the field. Even as carefully drawn, there is too much of the mermaid's skin against the argent part of the field. Therefore, this must be returned for violating RfS VIII.2, Armorial Contrast. [Ophelia Mulryan, 11/00, R-Drachnewald]

A portion of the mermaid's skin in the proposed device lies on the argent part of the barry wavy section of the field, rendering zero contrast. Therefore it must be returned.

Isabel of Oxeneford. New Badge. (Fieldless) A horse's head contourny erased per bend sinister wavy azure and argent.

The badge is returned for two issues. First, the erasing is not acceptable. The jags on the horse's head are not long enough and are too straight. The submitter should be encouraged to draw longer jags that resemble a rayonny field division. Second, the "per bend sinister wavy" makes half the horse's head appear as though it is mane; many commenting heralds thought that it was crined azure before reading the blazon. One of these issues alone would be cause to send this forward to Laurel for Wreath to review, but two of them is grounds for return.

Sebastian van Aterdorff. New Device. Gules, a compass rose argent and a bordure compony argent and sable.

The device is returned for an issue with the forms. The shield shape has clearly been altered to be smaller than the required shield shape both horizontally and vertically. The submitter should redraw the armory on the standard form when resubmitting to ensure the integrity of the form. The submitter is encouraged to resubmit in a timely fashion, as the device is clear of conflict and lovely style.

The following submissions received for the May Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

• None.


1: Blatha an Oir, Barony of - New Order Name

Ordre de la Flamme de Or

• Meaning most important.

The Barony's name was registered in October 1981.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form, minus the e-mail header that was pasted into it:

So, "Order of the Flamme d'Or" or "Ordre de la Flamme de Or" (or some combination, whichever you all prefer) looks to me to be clear. I assume you're referring to the Barony of the Flame as the conflict, but the addition of the descriptive "d'Or" or "de Or" 'of gold' clears that conflict. They also have an order, the "Flambeau d'Or," but again, I'd expect that to be clear of conflict.

So, here's the documentation you need:

The Anglo-Norman Dictionary (http://www.anglo-norman.net) gives <flamme> as an Anglo-Norman period spelling for the word meaning flame (s.v. flambe).

The Anglo-Norman Dictionary (http://www.anglo-norman.net) cites both <d'or> and <de or> in constructions like <fil(le) de or> 'gold thread' and <Batours d'or> 'gold smiths' (s.v. Or 1)

A structure like "flamme d'Or" follows the pattern of charge plus color (and that color specifically) found in Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/), found as <Ourdre de la Pomme d'Or> 'order of the golden apple' 1394, <Ordre de la Thoison d'Or> 'order of the Golden Fleece' 1430, and <Ordre de l'Escu d'Or> 'order of the golden shield' 1367.

The e-mail is dated March 23, 2010, and is from Julia Smith to Anita Taylor.

2: Caterina Fortuna - New Name Change From Holding Name

Old Item: Arianna of Atenveldt, to be released.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for early 16th century Florence, Italy.
• Sound most important.
• Language (early 16th century Florence, Italy) most important.
• Culture (early 16th century Florence, Italy) most important.

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's previous submission of Arianna Katzenfreunde die Wissberige was returned by Laurel in April 2000. Her current holding name, Arianna of Atenveldt, was registered with her armory at this time.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

I would prefer to register Caterina Fortuna as it is. I'd probably be okay with adding a spacer such as da, della, etc. if needed to be authentic. In 1520 Florence, they appear to be using names with and without said spacers. At some point in the 16th century or afterwards, they switch to not using them. If I need to add extra names to be authentic I am willing, but I can not prove it was commonly practiced. Such as Francesca and Giuliana. If Caterina needs to switch to Catalana in order to pass in the SCA registery, I may be okay with that. All given names listed here are in the Online Catasto of Florence from the Academy of St Gabriel website.

Dizionario Dei Nomi Italiani, Emidio De Felice, p.174: Fortuna

Academy of St Gabriel, Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427, by Arcal Benicoeur, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/, p1, Caterina is used 148 times.

3: Désirée Aurelia Chirastella - Resub Device

Per chevron inverted argent and vert, in pale a seahorse and in chevron two scimitars inverted and addorsed counterchanged

The submitter's branch is Eisenmarche.

The submitter's name was registered in October 1994.

The submitter's previous submission, Vert, two scimitars in chevron inverted addorsed on a chief triangular argent a seahorse vert, was returned by Laurel in April 1997 for a redraw as the triangular chief was depicted in a way that blurred the line between a chief triangular and multiple other triangular charges and field divisions.

This submission is a redrawing of the same emblazon.

4: Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle - New Alternate Name

Caírech inigena Ambicatos

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for Ogham language - Caírech daughter of Imchad.
• Language (Ogham) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

My primary name, Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle, was registered in December 2007.

I am looking for this alternate name to be spelled accurately for the Ogham language, roughly how it would have been seen in the 6th century in Ireland.

<Caírech> is found in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan dated to 537 (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Cairech.shtml). Mari notes that this name is only found in the Annals as the name of a saint. Given the total lack of feminine Ogham names listed (the only one I could find anywhere is Auitoriga), I am willing to accept that there may not have been actual people with this given name in the 6th century. I do not want the Old Irish form that is listed in the article unless it proves impossible to decipher what an Ogham spelling may have looked like.

<inigena> and <Ambicatos> are found in "Some Masculine Ogham Names" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/ogham/); the former is shown in the section "Construction of Ogham Names" and the latter is in the "Index of Names" indicating that it eventually evolved into Old Irish 'Imchad'.

5: Hawise le Wollemongere - New Badge

Vert, a lamb couchant argent and a ford proper

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in April 2010.

6: Maeva Snorradóttir - New Name Change

Old Item: Marie Helena von Bremen, to be retained.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for 12th-13th century western/coastal Finland.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Mist.

The submitter's current primary name, Marie Helena von Bremen, was registered in May 2007. She wishes that name retained as an alternate if this name is registered.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Please see attached reports from the Academy of St. Gabriel online. Also please note that my other name currently in the database, Marie-Helene von Bremen, can now be associated with this new address. (If you care about such things, that is.) I am most concerned about a 12th-13th century woman living in western/coastal Finland. I am OK with changes to the surname but would prefer to keep the first name as close as possible.

[Note: Her currently registered name is as listed above, not as she placed it in the documentation section. - Elizabeth]

The following is the relevant parts of the enclosed documentation:

Academy Report #1392 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1392) says, "Fortunately, it turns out that they already had a very similar feminine name, <Mæva>, which they might very well simply have substituted for the Irish <Medb>.... [2]"

Source [2] is Lind, s.nn. Mæva.

Academy Report #1493 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1493) says, "A woman in Old Norse society was generally identified as her father's daughter by adding a patronymic byname to her given name. If her father was named <Snorri>, she'd have been known as <Snorrado/ttir>."

This part of the report does not give a source for the name <Snorri>.

7: Maeve Cunningham - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (11th-13th century Scottish or Irish) most important.
• Culture (11th-13th century Scottish or Irish) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Cunningham - R&W sn Cunningham - dated to to 12-10-33, Richard de Cunningham. The byname also appears with the spelling "Cunnyngham" dated to 1525 in Julian's Brasses Article (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/lastnameCD.html#C).

Maeve or Meave - Withycombe sn Meave says the name "Meave" is an Anglicization of Gaelic "Meadhbha". OCM sn Meadhbha says that this Anglicization came in forms of "Meave" and "Maeve". Mari's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" article dates the Gaelic name "Meadhbha" as early as 1444.

The combination of Anglicized Irish and English is a step from period practice. (Gareth McGilchrist, 11/04).

[NOTE: Mari's article appears at http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/Meadhbh.shtml - Elizabeth]

7: Maeve Cunningham - New Device

Argent, a turtle barry vert and Or transfixed upon a lance sable distilling three gouttes de sang

8: Maeve Cunningham - New Badge

Vert, a pumpkin Or

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

9: Yvette du Coeur - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Meaning (heart, prefer du Coeur) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Yvette - sn Yve, Dauzat - Dictionnaire Etymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France

Ivette - "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Gwynek sn Iva-Ivette 1262 [Note: This article appears online at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyAG.html. - Elizabeth]

du Coeur - sn Coeur, Dauzat - Dictionnaire Etymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France. Jacques Coeur, argentier du roi, né à Bourges, XVe s.

9: Yvette du Coeur - New Device

Per fess purpure and vert, on a heart argent a triquetra vert and a triquetra inverted purpure interlaced

Thus ends the May 2010 Internal Letter of Intent.

I remain,

In service to Crown and College,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

An Tir OSCAR counts: 2 New Names, 2 New Name Changes, 1 New Alternate Name, 1 New Order Name, 2 New Devices, 2 New Badges. This gives 10 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Device. This is a total of 1 resubmission on this letter, for a total of 11 actions.

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