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An Tir IL dated 2010-03-01 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Anthony Demi-Lion and the members of the An Tir College of Heralds do greetings come from Elizabeth Lions Blood;

COMMENTARY ON THIS LETTER IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF APRIL, 2010.

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood!

Thank you to Li Ban, who has served so faithfully as Boar Pursuivant. I had a first hand experience this month noting just how much effort goes into preparing the Internal Letter and it is amazing the amount of work that was done by her during her tenure. Enjoy your break!

In this vein, please consider applying for Boar Pursuivant and helping out the Lions Blood office! I could really use a deputy here :)

We will be having a herald's gathering at Summits March Coronet, scheduled to be held March 19-21 at Lynx Hollow Park, Creswell, OR, within the Barony of Adiantum. There will also be a field heraldry class offered there if you prefer that better than submissions.

Some notes from preparing the submissions this month have been scattered into the letter by me. These include submissions with incomplete URLs, missing copies of non-Appendix H sources, or inadequately researched reasons for return resulting in missing documentation on resubmission. Consulting heralds, please instruct your clients to be thorough! Missing documentation can really slow down commentary on submissions and adds more work for commenting heralds.

Again, if you would like to host a meeting in your branch, please let me know! I am willing to travel when I'm not going to get anyone else sick. It is quite nice to be on the upswing with my health, and good wishes of health to all of you!

For Crown, Coronet and College,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in April of 2010.

Genvieve le malicius. Name & Devive, New. Or semy-de-lys purpure, a rose purpure barbed and seeded vert.

Milicent Isabella de la Bere. Device, New. Per pale vert and azure, a tower between in chevron an arrow bendwise sinister, a mullet and an arrow bendwise Or

Piers Dyaue. Request for Name Reconsideration, New. Piers the Deaf.

The following submissions received for the March Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

Ellias Silver. Device, New.

This device is being returned due to lack of line drawings submitted with the color drawings.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Alys Wolfden - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (English) most important.
• Culture (English) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Alys" was found in "The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names" 3rd edition, by E.G. Withycombe under the header "Alice" with the following entry - "Alys" 15th century.

"Wolfden" was found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/christian/fairnames/surnames.html#list under the Title of: Faire Names for English Folk: Late Sixteenth Century English Names by Chris Laning (SCA: Christian de Holacombe, claning@igc.org)(or at Renaissance Pleasure Faire: Mistress Christian Ashley) 3rd edition, 1 August 2000

Both of these source are on the Appendix H list of non photocopy sources of the Administrative Handbook. [Note: The article at St. Gabriel is not on the Appendix H list - only finalized reports are no-photocopy sources. - Elizabeth]

1: Alys Wolfden - New Device

Purpure, a wolf's head couped argent and in chief three roses argent barbed vert and seeded gules

2: Alys Wolfden - New Badge

(Fieldless) On a rose gules barbed Or a fox's mask argent

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

3: Arion the Wanderer - Resub Badge

Gules, a trident head within an orle Or

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter's name was registered in July 2006.

The submitter's previous submission of Gules, a trident within an annulet Or was returned by Laurel in July 2009 for conflict with a badge for the Barony of Calafia's Order of the Golden Trident, (Fieldless) A trident within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

4: Azoulas Radmantas - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Sound most important.
• Language (Lithuanian) most important.
• Culture (Lithuanian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Pre 14th century Lithuanians had a byname only in documents. These usually refer to abstract things (bravery, protection, etc.) rather than concrete things (forest, wind, places).

Radmantas means 'quick-witted prosperity'.

[Note: No documentation was included for the given name and no further documentation was supplied for the byname. - Elizabeth]

4: Azoulas Radmantas - New Device

Per fess wavy argent and sable, a tree blasted and eradicated counterchanged

5: Christiana Elizabeth Constable - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for Northern England 1550s.
• Sound (spelling) most important.
• Language (Northern England 1550s) most important.
• Culture (Northern England 1550s) most important.

The submitter's branch is Danscombe.

The submitter's previous submission of Christiana Elizabeth Deconisia Constable was returned by Kingdom in April 2009 for administrative reasons.

The following is quoted from the documentation part of the form and attached sheet of documentation summary:

Late Sixteenth Century Names by Talan Gwynek

States: "Apparent examples of double given names are exceedingly rare in PCCA, and at most two of these are at all likely to show double baptismal names." However, this does show that double given names did exist.

http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html

In the names listing:

http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html

Christiana frequency: 6

Elizabeth frequency: 90

16th Century Gloucestershire Names by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/late16.html

Christiana - frequency: 3

Elizabeth - frequency: 67

Names found in Frocester, Gloucestershire Marriage Registers 1559-1600 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/frocester.html

Christiana 1574, 1577, 1597

Elizabeth 1571

Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames

Part Two: The Names A-G by Talan Gwynek

http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html

Christiana - 1154, 1199, 1220, 1275, 1285, 1303, 1308, 1317, 1370, 1424

Elizabeth - 1205, 1347, 1379, 1340, 1450, 1437, 1518, 1524, 1530, 1539, 1556, 1561, 1568, 1571, 1579, 1585, 1587, 1600

Surnames in 15th Century York by Karen Larsdatter

http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/york15/surnames-alphabetical.htm

Constable (one instance)

Reaney & Wilson's A Dictionary of English Surnames s.n. Constable cites examples "Richard Conestabl' 1130 P (C); Alice Cunestable' 1200 P (L), la Konestable', Constabl 1201-3 AssL.

The online MED s.n. constable lists several quotations with this spelling including "c1300 SLeg(LdMisc 108) 182/41: Þe Constable let somony al þe cite and brou3te þis mayde heom bi-fore; hire for-to schiende, he dude hire strepe..naked.

c1300 SLeg.(LdMisc 108) 364/8: Þe princes sone of þe lond and tweie constables of þe lawe.

c1325(c1300) Glo.Chron.A (Clg A.11) 11148: Ac þe constable of glocetre, as mid þe kinges poer, Held oft in þe kinges name courtes ver & ner."

Please note: As heralds in registering the name, if you decide there is not enough evidence for the second name, I give you permission to change the name to Christiana Constable as per letter from Alicia le Wilfulle.

6: Daene wulfes sunu - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Sound (Dane) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Daene - found in pase http://www.pase.ac.uk

Daene 1 - m viii (Abbot, fl. 763x764)

Wulfes sunu - Searle, M.A.; Onomasticon anglo-saxiconicum

Wulf (c. 1054)

Wulfes sunu is the patronymic

would prefer spelling as Wulf

6: Daene wulfes sunu - New Device

Azure, on a plate a wolf courant sable and in chief a mace fesswise Or

7: Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Scottish) most important.
• Culture (Scottish) most important.

The submitter's branch is Cold Keep.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Academy of St. Gabriel Reports #2223 (Domhnall Mór) and #3123 (mac Dubhghaill)

[Note: Copies of the St. Gabriel reports were included in their entirety but not summarized on the form. - Elizabeth]

8: Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill - New Blanket Permission to Conflict

The enclosed letter reads:

I, [mundane name redacted], known in the Society for Creative Anachronism as Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill, waive the full protection of my registered name "Domhnall Mór mac Dubhghaill". I grant permission to any future submitter to register a name that is not identical to my registered name. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

It is signed and dated 2009-9-27.

9: Ellias Silver - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No changes.

The submitter's branch is Montengarde.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Ellias" Attached modern driver's license. Ellias is my modern middle name.

"Silver" - A previously documented name on the registered names list.

[Note: No further documentation was enclosed for the byname. A copy of his driver's license was included. - Elizabeth]

10: Hawise le Wollemongere - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for 14th-Century English.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Surname: See footnote 42 on www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31927. Also Reaney and Wilson.

First Name: A Dictionary of English Surnames; from ReaneyHZ.html at heraldry.sca.org: Hawise 1206 Stanway; 1273 (W); 1327 Wenham; 1387-88 Whitehurst

[Note: The full URL for the given name is http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html. The data cited appears under the header <Hawis>. No copies of the British History page were included. - Elizabeth]

10: Hawise le Wollemongere - New Device

Per fess vert and barry wavy of three argent and azure, a mermaid proper affronty playing a harp proper, in chief two lambs couchant argent

11: Idonia Shirwod - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (English 14th-century pronunciation) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Shirwod: A Dictionary of English Surnames, 3rd Edition by Reaney & Wilson - p. 405, Sherwood, Shirwod dates to 1405.

Idonia: Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names by Withycombe - p. 152-153, Idonea, Idonia is from the Yorks Poll Tax of 1379.

12: Isabel of Oxeneford - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (English) most important.
• Culture (English) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Isabel" is found at: http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Isabel with the following entry:

Isabel 1141-49 c.1160 Isabel; 1268 Fort; 1276 Babbel; 1304 Herringcarter; 1327 Heathfield; 1354 Setter; 1379 Somersham; 1440 Huggett; 1473 Hulver; 1485 Sorbie; 1535 Normanville.

"Oxeneford" is found in Ekwall's Dictionary of English Place-Names under the header of "Oxford" and dated to the Doomsday Book.

"of" is a prepositional phrase to denote location.

[Note: No copies of the St. Gabriel article were included. This same information appears at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html which is a no-photocopy source. - Elizabeth]

12: Isabel of Oxeneford - New Badge

(Fieldless) A horse's head erased contourny per bend sinister wavy azure and argent

13: Juliana de Luna - New Badge

Sable, on a chevron Or between three gryphon's heads erased argent a crescent between two scallops azure and on a chief argent three torteaux each charged with a fleur-de-lys Or

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter's primary name was registered in September 2000.

The following is quoted from enclosed documentation:

This badge is intended to be alternate arms for a Tudor persona. As it violates the ban on quaternary charges and the complexity rule of thumb, I am requesting it be considered as a documented exception. Given the relatively small number of published examples of Wriothesley grants (I'd adore a book of them), the numbers I can present are probably not representative of the corpus.

The particular motif of "on an ordinary charged roundels" is part of a very common Wriothesley pattern of charged roundels. Examples of this particular motif include:

Ermine, a chevron wavy azure between three Moor's heads and on a chief checky argent and gules a crescent Or between two pellets each charged with a dog courant Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 98, partial)

Sable, on a chevron between three wings argent three torteaux each charged with a broadarrow Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 96)

Argent, on a fess engrailed gules between three falcons rising azure three bezants charged with lion's heads sable. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, cover of DBA 1)

Gules, on a fess argent between three wings Or a torteaux charged with a lion passant Or between two bezants. (cover of DBA 1)

Paly Or and azure, on a chief argent three pellets each charged with a dove argent, all within a bordure gules charged with alternating escallops and birds Or. (cover of DBA 1, very partial, so it's possible that the charges are on the field but they don't look that way to me)

There are also numerous examples of "a roundel charged with a widget" on the field, which I think unnecessary to summarize here. Instead, I'll give a few more examples of quaternary charges:

Argent, a fret azure nailed Or, on a chief sable a stag statant Or between two mullets Or pierced gules. (cover of DBA 1)

Argent, on a chevron sable three wolves heads argent, on a chief azure a cross Or hurty between two martlets Or. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones p. 62)

This design has a complexity count of 12; it includes every plain tincture except vert and purpure (a common pattern in very complex Wriothesley arms) and seven types of charges. This puts it at the far end of attested Wriothesley complexity (which has innumerable examples with complexity counts of 9 or 10), but there are many examples with complexity counts of 11 or 12, mostly sharing the majority of the motif "Field, on an ordinary between three widgets three wadgets (or a wadget between two thingamajigs), on a chief three deeliboppers (or a deelibopper between two whatchamacallits)." The various exemplars with a complexity count of 11 demonstrate all the features of this armory, each missing a different element (one color, the charges on the field, the quaternary charges).

Examples with complexity count 11 or 12:

Ermine, a chevron wavy azure between three Moor's heads and on a chief checky argent and gules a crescent Or between two pellets each charged with a dog courant Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 98, partial), complexity count of 12.

Argent, on a bend cotised sable a fleur-de-lis between two cinquefoils argent, on a chief azure a cross of two sprigs (of something or other) Or. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, p. 62), complexity count of 11 with 7 types of charges.

Sable, on a bend between two widgets argent three broad arrow heads gules, on a chief Or a demi-lion between two lozenges vert. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, p. 62, partial), complexity count of 11.

Argent, a fess between three escutcheons gules, each charged with a bend vair between two cinquefoils Or, a bordure azure bezanty. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, p. 65), complexity count of 11.

Sable, on a cross engrailed a lion passant guardant gules between four lions faces azure, on a chief Or a rose gules between two cocks sable. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, p. 80), complexity count of 11.

Argent, on a chevron gules between three owls sable three lozenges ermine, on a chief azure three trees Or. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, p. 96), complexity count of 11, with 6 tinctures.

14: Katherine atte Morhouse - Resub Name Change From Holding Name

Old Item: Katharine of Lions Gate, to be released.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's previous submission of the same name was returned by Kingdom in February 2010 for administrative reasons.

The submitter's holding name was registered in September 2008. Her original submission of Katharine atte Moure was returned by Laurel on the same letter for conflict with Catriona de Mura.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Katherine is grandfathered to the submitter. [Note: The spelling in the holding name is Katharine and not Katherine, so this is not accurate. - Elizabeth]

The MED (sv Mor) dates <Galfridus atte Morhouse> to 1327.

15: Laurence of Damascus - New Badge

Gules ermined Or, an enfeld rampant Or and a bordure Or ermined gules

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in August 2002.

16: Lindis de Aquisgranno - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 9th century Germany.
• Sound most important.
• Language (9th century Germany) most important.
• Culture (9th century Germany) most important.

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Lindis - from Morlet, Marie-Therese, Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VI au XII Si. (Gaulish Personal Names) - App-H no-photocopy list - Volume 1 under LIND-: "Lindis" is given as a short form of "Lingardis".

Aquisgrannum - from Einhard's Life of Charlemagne, available at www.thelatinlibrary.com/ein.html (see note following re: byname formation)

Included with the copies of the Life of Charlemagne is a note including an e-mail from Ursula Georges which reads:

it appears that Aachen was called "Aquisgrannum" in Latin in our period. I think something along the lines of "Aquisgrani" or "de Aquisgrano" would be a reasonable byname for your period, so "of Aachen" should be reasonable as a translation.

16: Lindis de Aquisgranno - New Device

Per bend sable and azure, on a bend argent three birds migrant bendwise sinister sable, a bordure potenty argent

17: Niall Duncan MacFarlane - New Name Change

Old Item: Niall Dolphin, to be retained.

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No changes.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's current primary name, Niall Dolphin, was registered in October 1997.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

Niall is already registered to you. That's a Gaelic spelling, and the rest of your name uses Scots forms. If you want to change to a Scots spelling, it looks like Nele is best; that's dated to 1289, 1455, and 1507 in Black, Surnames of Scotland, s.n. Neil. Otherwise, just note that Niall Dolphin was registered to you in October 1997.

Black s.n. Duncan has Dunkan as a byname in 1367, and a Latin Duncanus in 1402; s.n. Duncanson, he lists several examples of the Latin bynames Duncani and filius Duncani, as well as Johannes Duncaneson in 1413. Duncan is a reasonable extrapolation from those spellings.

Black s.n. MacFarlan lists a Makfarlane in 1395 and M'Farlane in 1577; MacFarlane is a reasonable expansion of the abbreviated M'Farlane.

17: Niall Duncan MacFarlane - New Device

Sable, a cross Lorraine gules fimbriated argent

The submitter includes a letter of permission to conflict from Karolus Janos which reads:

I, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Karolus Janos give [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Niall Dolphin permission for his armory "Sable, a cross Lorraine Gules, fimbriated Argent" to look similar but not identical to, my armory, "Sable, a patriarchal cross argent". I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once Niall Dolphin's armory is registered.

It is signed and dated June 14th, 2009.

18: Sebastian von Aterdorff - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Sebastian" is found at: http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/germmasc.html dated 1401-1450. Also: Sebastian Braw - 1547 in Hans Bahlow Deutsches Namenlexikon.

"von" is found in The Junior Classic German Dictionary by J. E. Wesseley, Follet Publishing Company, Chicago Ill. 1957, pg. 277 and translates to "from".

"Aterdorff" is found on map Opera di lacopo di Gaftaldi Comfo grafo InVenetia, 1522 Cu privileg of the Modern Geographic Table of Geography at: http://www.wdl.org/en/item/2579/pages#volume/1/page/17 (see attached)

[Note: No copies of the German dictionary referenced were included. - Elizabeth]

18: Sebastian von Aterdorff - New Device

Gules, a compass rose argent and a bordure compony argent and sable

19: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of Joy of the Summits

• No major changes.
• Language (English) most important.
• Meaning (Joy) most important.

The Principality's branch name was registered in November 1992.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

meta pattern "orders named for virtues" (see http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/registerorder.html)

"Joy" - virtue derivative of the knightly virtues: "tree of virtues" at http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/speculum/3v-4r-virtues-and-vices (date late 13th or early 14th century) includes "gaudium" (latin for "joy")

Summits - branch name, registered March 1999

[Note: Copies of the Tree of Virtues were included. The Principality's branch name was originally registered in November 1992 - the March 1999 entry is the updated designator from 'Crown Principality' to 'Principality'. - Elizabeth]

20: Wealdsmere, Barony of - Resub Order Name

Order of the Silver Spear

• Meaning most important.

The Barony's name was registered in April 1982.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The OED online dates <silver> in that spelling to 1591 (s.n. silver). http://www.oed.com

The OED online dates <speare> to 1560, <speares> to 1524, <speir> to 1562, <sper> to c.1470 all s.n. spear. Spear seems a reasonable interpolation.

Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" gives several examples of the pattern color + charge including Black Swan, Blue Cottage, Red Sleeve and Golden Fleece. http://www.medievalscotland.oeg/jes/OrderNames

A copy of the article is enclosed.

21: Wealdsmere, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Golden Spear

The Barony's name was registered in April 1982.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The OED online dates <golden> in that spelling to 1398 (s.n. golden).

The OED online dates <speare> to 1560, <speares> to 1524, <speir> to 1562, <sper> to c.1470 all s.n. spear. Spear seems a reasonable interpolation.

Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" gives several examples of the pattern color + charge including Black Swan, Blue Cottage, Red Sleeve and Golden Fleece. http://www.medievalscotland.oeg/jes/OrderNames

A copy of the article is enclosed.

22: Wealdsmere, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Golden Lute

• Meaning most important.

The Barony's name was registered in April 1982.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The OED online dates <golden> in that spelling to 1398 (s.n. golden).

The OED online dates <lute> in that spelling to 1398 (s.n. lute).

Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" gives several examples of the pattern color + charge including Black Swan, Blue Cottage, Red Sleeve and Golden Fleece. http://www.medievalscotland.oeg/jes/OrderNames

A copy of the article is enclosed.

23: Wealdsmere, Barony of - Resub Order Name

Order of the Blue Glove

• Meaning most important.

The Barony's name was registered in April 1982.

The Barony's previous submission of Order of the Azure Glove was returned by Laurel in May 2009 for use of a non-ordinary color word as an adjective.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The OED online dates <blue> in that spelling to 1366 (s.n. blue).

The OED online dates <glove> in that spelling to 1530 (s.n. glove).

Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" gives several examples of the pattern color + charge including Black Swan, Blue Cottage, Red Sleeve and Golden Fleece. http://www.medievalscotland.oeg/jes/OrderNames

A copy of the article is enclosed.

24: Wealdsmere, Barony of - Resub Order Name

Order of the Black Sleeve

• Meaning most important.

The Barony's name was registered in April 1982.

The Barony's previous submission of Order of the Sable Sleeve was returned by Laurel in May 2009 for use of a non-ordinary color word as an adjective.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The OED online dates <black> in that spelling to c. 1420 (s.n. black).

The OED online dates <sleeve> to 1592 + <sleeves> to 1614 - s.n. sleeve.

Juliana de Luna's "Medieval Secular Order Names" gives several examples of the pattern color + charge including Black Swan, Blue Cottage, Red Sleeve and Golden Fleece. http://www.medievalscotland.oeg/jes/OrderNames

A copy of the article is enclosed.

25: William Brannan - New Appeal of Laurel Return of Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.

The submitter's branch is Glyn Dwfn.

The submitter's holding name of William of Glyn Dwfn was registered in October 2009 along with his armory. His original submission of the same name was returned on the same letter for conflict with Supreme Court justice William J. Brennan.

The following is quoted from the appeal justification:

The name William Brannan was returned in October of 2009 for conflict with William J. Brennan, a U.S. Supreme Court justice in the mid to late 20th century. The text of the return states:

"This conflicts with William J. Brennan, a US Supreme Court Justice. It was the consensus of the commenters that William J. Brennan is important enough to protect from conflict. His influence on the American legal system is of a similar level as that of US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, who was previously ruled important enough to protect from conflict:

William de Duglas. Name. Conflict with William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Judge from 1939 through 1974. He was the longest serving justice, and holds the record for most opinions written. He is the Justice who first wrote about a constitutional right to privacy, which is a central part of Roe v Wade (and many other cases). As such, he is an major shaper of current thought in the American legal system. In this capacity, he is important enough to protect. [William de Duglas, 02/2007, R-Æthelmearc]

Brennan is described as one of the most significant and influential Justices of the US Supreme Court in the last 50 years, and his influence can be seen on issues such as the constitutionality of the death penalty, abortion rights and First Amendment speech rights. In the entire history of the U.S. Supreme Court, only Justice Douglas wrote more opinions than Justice Brennan."

While we do not doubt this finding of fact, we doubt that any Supreme Court justice really rises to the level that we require to protect a person.

In commentary, the "Beyond the Encyclopedia" section of the November 2004 Cover Letter was mentioned, with its list of questions intended to help us to decide these issues. Here are my answers to them:

• Was the person a sovereign ruler?

o No.

• Do a significant number of Society folks (in this case represented by the internal and external commenters) recognize the name without having to look it up in an encyclopedia?

o It's hard to argue for this. The potential conflict was not raised in kingdom, and external commentary was split as to both whether people recognized the name and thought him important enough to protect.

• Did the person flourish within the places and times on which our Society concentrates?

o No.

• If the person flourished outside the places and times on which the Society concentrates, is the impact of their work/life still influential in modern society or uniquely and sharply shape the course of world history, science, or the arts?

o This is debatable; it comes down to how you weigh the work of an individual justice vs. the work of the court. While the decisions of the Supreme Court that justice served on did significantly impact modern society and shape the course of current US History, it's not clear to me that we'll feel the same way in 20 years or 50. It's even less clear to me that we'll consider that justice significant at that time. Given that, I'm not sure that any person whose impact is purely through court decisions that will over time be remembered only as court decisions rather than individually authored opinions, rises to the required level.

• How ordinary is the name?

o This name is very ordinary. Google gives over 26,000 hits for "William Brannan" (in quotes, so as to exclude the Brennan citations). Most are just normal everyday people.

• What did the commenters say about the name?

o Commenting heralds were exceptionally divided on this issue, with about half in favour of protecting the name and half against it. At least one college educated commenter did not recognize the name at all. That, combined with the fact that no one mentioned it in kingdom, suggests commenters who are at best tepid about the idea that he was important enough to protect.

An additional issue was raised at Laurel that we thought relevant to the decision. When someone is known mainly for written work not associated with their name, we treat them differently:

The second potential conflict was found by Kraken during the commentary period for the current submission:

The 1975 Funk & Wagnalls also lists another John Douglas (1844-1900), 8th Marquis of Queensberry; he codified the rules of modern boxing which are today known by his title.

[...]

Regarding John Douglas (1844-1900), eighth Marquis of Queensberry, The boxing rules noted by Kraken are sufficiently recognizable to the common SCA member that their name is worthy of protection. However, it is important to note that is these rules are known as the Marquis of Queensberry rules, not the John Douglas rules. If you asked people who were familiar with these rules which Marquis of Queensberry created these rules, very few would be able to identify that it was the eighth Marquis of Queensberry or that his name was John Douglas. This is an indication that it is these rules, and so the title Marquis of Queensberry, that are notable. As a result, we would protect the title Marquis of Queensberry. However, lacking evidence that John Douglas, eighth Marquis of Queensberry, is generally recognizable on his own to members of the SCA, he is not important enough to protect. [John de Duglas, 02/2004, A-Æthelmearc]

We would argue that the same is essentially true of Justice Brennan; while his decisions will live for the ages, his name will not. After all, who can name the decisions he wrote? He didn't write Roe v. Wade or any similarly famous landmark case. While his work is important, court decisions are in point of fact significant as court decisions, not as the work of an individual man or woman. As such we see him as not important enough to protect.

26: William Conyan - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Blatha an Oir.

The submitter's previous submission of the same name and device was returned by Kingdom in January 2010 for administrative reasons.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

The name Edmond Conyan is found on page 50 of the book "Report on the manuscripts of the Earl of Edgmont, Volume 1". I found the book on Google Books.

The name William is found on the SCA's heraldry web page:

http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16mfreq.html [Note: Article is "Late Sixteenth Century Names" by Talan Gwynek - Elizabeth]

26: William Conyan - Resub Device

Per bend sable and gules, a rabbit's head erased and a chief argent

27: Wynn Constantine - New Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• No changes.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's current primary name, Wyn the Waywarde, was registered in July 2009.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form and supporting documentation sheet:

WVS[21][LoAR 21 Jul 80] p.7: "It is allowed, though discouraged, for a lady to use a man's given name and vice versa. The applicant must note on the information sheet the fact that they know the name is of the opposite gender and that they do desire it that way."

I do so desire.

If this documentation is acceptable, I would also like the alternate name 'Wyn the Waywarde' corrected to 'Wynn the Waywarde', as it was altered by Black Lion in my last application (understandably, as I had not properly documented the double 'n' spelling).

Thank you!

Name resubmission:

Wynn Constantine

Originally passed name, 'Wyn the Waywarde' moved to alternate name status

Wynn

Approved by Laurel in July, 2009; application for alternate spelling.

<Wynn> is an anglicized form of the Welsh name <Gwynn>, which was common in nedieval Wales. This name was commonly spelled with one or two n's. The Academy of St. Gabriel has found the specific spelling <Wynn> in records from Anglesey in 1406 and from Caernarvonshire in 1597. [1,2] (Information taken from the Academy's report, located online at http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2226.txt)

P. C. Bartrum's 'Early Welsh Geneological Tracts' also has a listing for a "Tangwre ferch Wynn ap Gruffydd...", indicating that Tangwere is the daughter of a man named 'Wynn ap Gruffydd'.

W. G. Searle's 'Onomasticon Anglo-Saxiconicum' has listings for 'Wynn SW 569' and 'Wynn - Sw. 569 e.g. Eala' as personal names, dated 1290. (pp. 523 and 524 respectively).

---------------

[1] Roberts, Glyn, "The Anglesey Submissions of 1406" in Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, vol. XV pp.39-60.

[2] Ellis, Henry, The Record of Caernarvon (Public Records Commission, 1838).

[3] Bartrum, P.C., Early Welsh Geneological Tracts, (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1966) p. 113. Located online at: http://books.google.com/books?lr=&id=YAEdAAAAYAAJ&dq=Early+Welsh+Geneological+Tracts&q=wynn#search_anchor

[4] Searle, William George, Onomasticon Anglo-Saxiconicum (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1897). p.524. Located online at: http://www.archive.org/stream/onomasticonangl00seargoog/onomasticonangl00seargoog_djvu.txt

Constantine

Charles Bardlsey lists a 'Dan Constantine' as a translation from Chaucer's tale, p84; but more documented, lists 'Constantine' as a surname on page 200 and 206, dating it to 1273 and 1379 respectively.

T.J. and Prys Morgan date 'Constantine' as a surname found in Wales, but slightly out of period (1725), although it is noted as an 'older' name.

--------------

[1] [Bardsley] Bardsley, Charles. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames. Oxford University Press, New York. 1901.

[2] [Morgan and Morgan] Morgan, T.J., and Prys Morgan. Welsh Surnames.

27: Wynn Constantine - New Badge

(Fieldless) In bend sinister a comet headed by a compass star vert

In service to the College,

Elizabeth Lions Blood

An Tir OSCAR counts: 13 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 3 New Order Names, 7 New Devices, 5 New Badges, 1 New Blanket Permission to Conflict. This gives 30 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 1 Resub Name Change, 3 Resub Order Names, 1 Resub Device, 1 Resub Badge. This is a total of 7 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 37 actions.

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