Forgot your password?
An Tir IL dated 2009-12-04 (Jump to Submissions)
Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Elizabeth Lions Blood, and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Lí Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar, sends greetings and felicitations.
COMMENTARY ON THIS LETTER IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF JANUARY, 2010.
Herald's Gathering - Summits Winter Investiture [11th Night], December 12, 2009 -Medford Masonic Lodge, 975 N Phoenix Rd, Medford, OR 97504. BE WARY OF ONLINE MAPS TO THIS LOCATION. The off-ramps from I-5 have recently changed and not all online maps have updated them. Please see the Kingdom Calendar for directions to the site: http:
We will not be having a formal meeting for November 09's letter in December. If heralds are interested in getting together for the holidays on December 27th, I am not going anywhere for the holidays and would be willing to host a little party then.
The December meeting will be held at the Federal Way 320th Library, located at 848 S. 320th St., Federal Way, WA 98003. This site is in Wyewood, and the date is January 23, 2010. We'll begin at 1:00 PM.
FROM LIONS BLOOD
Greetings from Elizabeth Lions Blood!
Here's hoping everyone has a safe and happy holiday season! We had two excellent meetings so far this year, but because of the busy December schedule, we won't be having another meeting until 2010. January's meeting will be in Wyewood, so I encourage you all to come if you can.
I want to thank all of you who comment on the letter, both in and out of Kingdom, and encourage you to keep it up over the holiday season. Look for a longer letter next month, regarding blazoning!
For Crown, Coronet and College,
Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle
Lions Blood Herald
The following is an excerpt from the cover letter of the August 2009 LoAR:
From Wreath: Artistic Variation in Submitted Emblazons
For many years, Laurel has returned armory when the black-and-white outline drawing on the Letter of Intent did not match the submission forms. Extremely minor variations of line and style have been considered reason for return. The situation has become complicated with the advent of OSCAR, which allows both a black-and-white and a color emblazon, resulting in twice as many chances for difference between emblazons on the LoI and the submissions forms. We do not feel that it is good customer service to force clients to wait an extra year before their armory is registered merely because their kingdom submission heralds make a mistake.
Starting immediately, as long as the emblazon on the submission form and the emblazons provided on OSCAR are very minor variants of each other and no other issues arise due to the variations, we will not return submissions because the forms do not exactly match the emblazons on OSCAR, nor will we penalize artistic variations between the color and black-and-white emblazons provided on OSCAR. Differences that would cause changes in the blazon, that use obviously different though unblazoned artistic variants of a charge, or which rise to a level where commentary is different based on which emblazon is chosen, will cause the submission to be returned.
From Pelican: Lingual and Temporal Disparities and Steps From Period Practice
Over the years a large body of precedent has built up concerning steps from period practice in names. The two most common types of onomastic steps from period practice are ones generated by lingual disparities and temporal disparities. While our rulings concerning these have been for the most part consistent and uniform, a clear articulation of the philosophy behind why these disparities are counted as steps from period practice has not always been made explicit. We offer the following comments to help people, both heralds and submitters, to understand the philosophy behind the counting of steps from period practice for both lingual and temporal disparities.
There are a number of reasons why the combination of a pair of languages is declared a step from period practice. These reasons include differences in orthography and grammar, and differences in time and place where the language was spoken. Temporal disparities of greater than 300 years, on the other hand, have been ruled a step from period practice to reflect both the change in the name pool and the change in the types of name patterns that were used in various cultures. This is explained in precedent:
Not only did languages change over time, the pool of names that were in use changed over time as well. Therefore, when one element in a name is only dated early and another is only dated late, it is unlikely that these two elements would have been appeared in the same name. The greater the temporal disparity, the less likely these name elements would have appeared together. RfS III.1 states in part that "Each name as a whole should be compatible with the culture of a single time and place." Currently, there is no weirdness for elements that are dated within 300 years of one another, but there is a weirdness for elements dated between 300 and 1000 years apart. Elements that are dated more than 1000 years apart are not registerable, due to the significant temporal disparity. [Sáerlaith an Einigh, November 2002 LoAR, A-Æthelmearc]
An Old English given name which cannot be dated after 750 combined with a Middle English byname which cannot be dated before 1100 counts as two steps from period practice. The first comes from the combination of the two languages, Old English and Middle English. This lingual combination is a step from period practice because of the differences in the grammar and orthography of the two languages, as well as the fact that there is only a very brief period of time where it makes sense to speak of both languages being used at the same time. The second step from period practice is because of the temporal disparity of the elements; this step from period practice would be present regardless of the language of the two elements, because temporal disparities account for changes in the name pool and in the available name patterns, not for changes in the language.
Compare this with the case of an Old English given name which is dated to 950 combined with a Middle English byname which cannot be dated before 1100. This combination is just one step from period practice, for the lingual disparity. Compare it also with the case of a Middle English given name which cannot be dated after 1125 and a Middle English byname which cannot be dated before 1450. This combination is also just one step from period practice, for the temporal disparity.
From Pelican: Saint's Names and Temporal Disparity
A number of recent submissions involving Irish saint's names have argued that the combination of a saint's name in Middle Irish with a byname in Early Modern Irish counts as two steps from period practice, one for the lingual combination and another for temporal disparity. This is not how we count lingual and temporal disparities, and how these are connected to the saint's name allowance.
The definitive ruling on the use of saint's names is on the September 2001 Cover Letter. The ruling says in part:
The theory behind the registerability of saints' names has been that parents could use the given name of a saint when choosing a given name for their child. However, this practice was not the case in all cultures. For example, in medieval Ireland, the names of many saints were considered too holy to use by regular people. Instead of naming a child Míchél ("Michael"), parents would name their sons Máel Míchél ("devotee [of Saint] Michael") or Gilla Míchél ("servant [of Saint] Michael") if they wanted their child's name to refer to the saint.
A caveat to this summary is that the saint must be documented as being known and venerated in the culture and time-period of the rest of the name.
In keeping with the theoretical grounding of the original ruling, for purposes of calculating temporal disparities, we treat saint's names as if they were a part of the available naming pool in the time period(s) for which the saint was known and venerated. Thus, for example, the name of an early Irish saint who was still venerated in the 16th century can be registered in conjunction with a byname dated to 16th century without generating any temporal disparity, so long as the linguistic disparity of the two elements is not more than a single step from period practice.
As discussed above in the previous section, arguing that the combination of a Middle Irish form of a name of a saint known in the Early Modern era with an Early Modern Irish byname dated to the late-period is two steps from period practice, one for lingual disparity and another for temporal disparity, since Middle Irish fell out of use around c.1200, is essentially double jeopardy: It penalizes the name twice for the same thing. The fact that Middle Irish fell out of use around c.1200, and Early Modern Irish arose around c.1200, is part of why combining these two languages is a step from period practice. It is unfair to levy a second step from period practice for temporal disparity when the differing times that the languages were in use is already accounted for in the fact that the lingual disparity is a step from period practice. If, however, there was no evidence that the saint was known to and venerated by speakers of Early Modern Irish, then the name would not be considered part of the available Early Modern Irish naming pool, and combining a Middle Irish form of the name with an Early Modern Irish byname dated to the end of our period would count as two steps from period practice, one for the lingual disparity and one for the temporal disparity.
On Saturday, November 7, 2009, William of Castille, a former Crux Australias Principal Herald of Lochac was elevated to the order of the Pelican.
Also on Saturday, November 7, 2009, Gabriel andvaka Kjotvason, current Society president and a former Keythong Herald of Northshield, was issued a writ to present himself for induction to the Pelican on Saturday, December 5, 2009.
Our congratulations to these two gentlemen on their well deserved achievements!
The following is excerpted from the September 2009 LoAR cover letter:
From Pelican: Corrections to the Alternate Titles List
On the November 2008 Cover Letter we introduced some changes to the Russian titles on the Alternate Titles List. Unfortunately, a few of these changes included some typos. We are making the following corrections:
- Velikaia Kniaginia (Queen) - This replaces the misspelled Velikaia Kniagina on the November 2008 Cover Letter. The misspelling was present on the LoI and propagated onto the Cover Letter.
From Wreath: More Changes to the Alternate Titles List
(Note: this is from Wreath, not Pelican, since this decision was an appeal of an earlier return by Pelican.)
Over the years, there have been multiple proposals to add Boiarin (masculine) and Boiarynia (feminine) as Russian equivalents of some of our titles, most recently on the May 1997 and November 2008 Cover Letters. Consensus has never been attained about what rank these titles correspond to, so they have been left off the list of approved alternate titles.
This month we considered a proposal to add Boiarin and Boiarynia to the Alternate Titles list as approved Russian alternates for baron/baroness, knight, and master/mistress. The proposal is an appeal of the decision on the November 2008 Cover Letter, and supplied some additional information on the relative ranks of various Russian social classes. The Boiarin appear to have been higher orders of nobility who are lesser than the princes, but greater than the gentry.
In our opinion, this rank best maps to all bestowed ranks in the Society: we are all assumed to be noble, but only some of us have had nobility bestowed. Therefore, we will adopt these titles for anyone with an Award of Arms, Grant of Arms, or Patent of Arms. Properly, these titles should not be applied to those with Royal peerages, since the Boiarin had lesser status than that.
The appeal also asked that we add Masteritsa as an alternate for mistress. No evidence was provided that this word was ever used as a title. The use of the term as a term of high rank does not appear to be period. In our period, it seems to mean something akin to master seamstress. However, the SCA allows women to hold the same high rank as men, and this gender-equality needs to carry over to our titles. Thus we will adopt Masteritsa as the accepted Russian alternate title for Mistress.
From Pelican: Hungarian Names With the Given Name First
Two submissions on one of the Gleann Abhann LoIs considered this month raised the question of whether a Hungarian given name and a Hungarian byname could be registered with the given name first, as opposed to the standard practice of having the byname precede the given name. Concerning one of the names, Blue Tyger comments:
In period recods [sic], he'd be either Johannes Hideg (in Latin) or Hideg Janos (in Hungarian). The submitted order is basically a language combination, of Hungarian (for the elements) and Latin (for the order of elements). These languages had substantial and extended contact in period, so I believe the combination should be registerable, but because of the lack of evidence for combining them in this way, I believe there should be a step from period practice. My Proceedings article has 1449 Irisko Sarga  and 1584 Catalin papfalwy as examples of [Hungarian given] + [surname last] -- and I've since found out that the second is actually somewhat unclear: Catalin papfalwy Jllies Ianosnak a' fogolnak edes leania vallia..., which I would parse as "Catalin, daughter of the prisoner John Illies of Papfalva, testifies...", but which Kázmér apparently interprets as "Catalin of Papfalva, daughter of the prisoner John Illies, testifies..." . There's also 1574 Borbolya Zent Egedy Myhalne "Barbara Mrs. Michael of Szentegyed" and many more like it in late-period Transylvanian court records, which can be interpreted as Hungarian elements used in a not-particularly-Hungarian arrangement.
These examples are sufficient to give the benefit of the doubt to allow the names considered this month to be registered, but we rule that, barring clearer evidence for this practice in period, the use of a Hungarian given name and a Hungarian byname in the order <given name> + <byname> is a step from period practice.
From Wreath: Vair Bells
This month, we registered a vair bell, a single tile of the repeating pattern which forms the tincture vair. While the charge has been registered 10 times in the SCA, it does not appear to be a period charge. Since it does not appear to be a very popular charge, unless documented to period as a charge, vair bells will no longer be registerable after the April 2010 Laurel Meetings.
On November 14, Lord Robert of Canterbury was made a member of the Order of the Pelican by the King and Queen of Drachenwald. His heraldic service, particularly his court heraldry, was explicitly noted.
The heraldic service of Lady Eleyne de Comnocke, Rocket Herald and acting Crux Australis Herald of Lochac, was recognized with an Award of the Golden Tear on November 21.
From the October 2009 LoAR cover letter:
From Pelican: Changes to the Alternate Titles List
This month we considered a proposal by Loyall to remove the title Baron from the list of alternate titles for Turkish. She argues:
As a Turkish word, <Baron> appears to be a borrowing of the modern English term. I have found no evidence that it was used in Turkish in our period.
A number of other Turkish titles which were found to be modern were removed from the list of alternate titles on the November 2007 LoAR; Baron was accidentally omitted from Loyall's original proposal, and we now remedy this mistake by removing it.
The following items have been registered by Laurel
From the August 2009 LoAR:
An Tir, Kingdom of. Household name Accademia dei Studiosi.
The submitters requested authenticity for 16th C Italian. The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica article on academies says:
Italy in the 16th century was remarkable for the number of its literary academies. ... Many of these, with a sort of Socratic irony, gave themselves ludicrous names, or names expressive of ignorance. Such were the Lunatici of Naples, the Estravaganti, the Fulminales, the Trapessati, the Drowsy, the Sleepers, the Anxious, the Confused, the Unstable, the Fantastic, the Transformed, the Ethereal.
Siren also notes that there was a 16th century Florentine Accademia del Disegno 'Academy of design', which, in addition to the other academy names cited on the LoI, shows that there were academies that did not have ironic names. While "academy of the studious" doesn't fit the pattern of ludicrous or ironic names, it follows the same grammatical construction and uses a substantive element which is of a similar level of abstraction, and so is at least plausible.
An Tir, Kingdom of. Order name Ordre de la Main de Saint Nicholas and badge. Checky Or and argent, a hand sable charged with three bezants, one and two.
This order name was documented as following the meta-pattern of orders named for "objects of religious veneration", listed on the August 2005 Cover Letter. The May 2009 LoAR quotes commentary from Siren which says:
We need to be a little conservative about the patterns we encourage. The only real pre-1600 examples I can think of immediately of "objects of veneration" are the French True Cross and the German shield orders (Saint George's Shield, Saint William's Shield, and Saint George's and Saint William's Shields). The Dannebrog is almost assuredly postperiod (according to Boulton). The Holy Vial isn't an order; it's an honorific for the group of four barons who escort the vial of oil with which the French king is annointed [sic] at his coronation.
At the Pennsic road show, Siren provided some new information which would allow an alternate interpretation of the submitted order name. She notes a number of orders which were known by more than one name, such as the Order of the Garter, which is also known as the Order of Saint George, and that these names were sometimes combined together into a single reference:
Comitivam sancti Georgii de la gartiere 'of Saint George of the Garter' 1360
All of the citations except the last can be found in Juliana de Luna, "Medieval Secular Order Names"; the citation for Ordo Equitum S. Michaelis siva de Ala is from Carlos Evaristo, "History of the Royal Order of Saint Michael of the Wing".
Submitted as Ordre de la main de Saint Nicholas, we have corrected the name to follow standard capitalization practices.
The use of a field checky Or and argent is grandfathered to the kingdom.
Brian spaði. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Criostal Sealgaire. Name.
The given name Criostal was documented from the website "Scottish First Names: Scottish Translations of Foreign Names". This is not an acceptable source for documentation: it discusses modern usage only. We were unable to find any period Scottish Gaelic form of the name, but this spelling was used in Irish Gaelic in the late 16th/early 17th century, according to Woulfe, Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall, s.n. Mac Criostail, so it is registerable.
The submitter requested authenticity for 12th-14th C Scottish, and cares most about the meaning of the byname, 'hunter'. Criostal is a Gaelic form of Chrystal, a pet form of Christopher. We don't have any examples of Criostal in Scotland, but given that Scots forms of Chrystal show up in the Lowlands in the 14th century (cf. Symon Freser, "13th & 14th Century Scottish Names"), it is possible that Criostal was used. However, we do not have any evidence that a byname such as Sealgaire would be appropriate for Scottish Gaelic, so we cannot confirm that the name is authentic.
Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle. Badge. (Fieldless) Two chevronels couped braced argent.
Commenters should note that this design is not considered equivalent to a letter "M", any more than a shakefork is considered the same as a letter "Y". This badge does not run afoul of our ban against registered abstract symbols as the sole charge in a piece of armory.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the chevronels as properly braced. One of the charges should appear to overlap the other; they should not appear to be a single piece.
George Slade. Device. Argent, a centaur salient helmeted and maintaining an axe bendwise sinister gules, a mount sable, a chief triangular azure.
Historically, a chief gets blazoned last for the same reason bordures in period were blazoned last: they were frequently additions to the base coat and the order of blazon reflects that.
Gerald de Huntington. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and azure, a sun Or and a decrescent argent.
The documentation for the given name was not adequately summarized on the LoI: only the title and the author of the source were given, with no mention of where in the book the name appeared, or what the book had to say about the name. Had the commenters not provided alternative documentation for Gerald, we would have been forced to pend or return this name for failure to meet the requirements laid out on the December 2008 Cover Letter.
Grece of Huntingdonshire. Device. Per pale sable and argent, a wolf's head erased affronty and on a chief enarched three card piques counterchanged.
Maude Bonde. Name and device. Gyronny sable and argent, a heart gules issuant from a vol Or, a bordure counterchanged.
Millicent Isabella de la Bere. Name.
Rhiannon wreic Gryffyd. Device. Argent, a sheaf of five arrows sable and a chief enarched sable platy.
Rose Campbell. Device change. Or, three winged boars statant gules ermined Or within a bordure azure ermined Or.
Her old device, Argent, three winged pigs statant gules and on a chief vert a swan naiant Or, is retained as a badge.
Siobhan a Burc. Name.
Somerled of Ballindore. Name.
Suvia filia Heriberti. Name.
Vadas Ersebet. Name and device. Sable, a horse passant and in chief two arrows inverted in saltire Or.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the head and fletchings of the arrows more prominently. Depictions of arrows in period heraldry have oversized identifying features.
William Godfrey of Hamilton. Name and device. Azure, an arrow inverted between in chief two lightning bolts in chevron, a chief embattled Or.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the lightning bolts thicker and more prominently, so they are more recognizable.
The use of lightning bolts is a step from period practice.
From the September 2009 LoAR:
From the October 2009 LoAR:
Adiantum, Barony of. Badge. (Fieldless) Two bear's heads erased addorsed conjoined at the neck Or.
Ælfthryth il. Name change from Gwenlian Catharne.
Her previous name, Gwenlian Catharne, is retained as an alternate name.
Alessandra Lorenza Simonetti. Name and device. Or goutty de sang, a scorpion inverted sable.
Noir Licorne presented evidence from a previous LoAR which documented the use of a scorpion tergiant inverted as a crest in period: "There is a tergiant inverted scorpion as the crest of Sir William Sharington/Sherrington c. 1547 in Bedingfield and Gwynn-Jones' Heraldry, p. 104." Since the use of a scorpion tergiant inverted has been demonstrated in period, we rule that its use is not a step from period practice.
Alessandra Lorenza Simonetti. Badge. (Fieldless) A scorpion sable.
Alys Lakewood. Device. Barry vert and argent, two bendlets enhanced and in base a thistle Or.
Avacal, Principality of. Badge for University of Avacal. (Fieldless) On an open book quarterly argent and Or, in fess an Arabic lamp reversed sable lit and a griffin's head erased gules.
University of Avacal is a generic designator.
Caitilín Fhionn. Name and device. Per bend argent and gules, on a bend sable between a rose proper and a swan naiant, an arrow inverted argent.
The submitter requested authenticity for 14th-15th C Gaelic. While we have not found any examples of women using the byname Fhionn 'white', the masculine counterpart Fionn was very common during this period, and we have examples of women using other descriptive bynames referring to hair color or complexion, e.g., Bhallach 'freckled' and Dhubh 'black', both of which were used in the 15th C according to Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index of Names in Irish Annals". So while we cannot confirm that the name is authentic, it does seem quite likely that it is. We note, though, that using just a descriptive byname is unusual, and we recommend that the submitter consider adding a patronymic or clan affiliation byname.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the bend wider.
Cara de Lorraine. Name and device. Per chevron gules and sable, a unicorn salient contourny and a chief embattled Or.
This name combines Italian and French, which is a step from period practice.
Constance Wyatt. Household name Blywboote Inn and badge. (Fieldless) On a pavilion Or a boot azure.
Constance Wyatt. Badge. (Fieldless) A coney rampant argent charged on the shoulder with a heart gules.
Dante Machiavelli. Name and device. Gules, a bend sinister argent and in chief a hawk striking to sinister Or.
This name does not conflict with either Dante Alighieri or Niccolo Macchiavelli, and because the references are to period persons, the name is also not obtrusively modern.
Doireann Dechti. Name change from Muirgheal inghean Labhrain and badge change. (Fieldless) A bear rampant within and conjoined to an annulet sable.
The submitter requested authenticity for 14th C Scottish Gaelic. As we have not found any evidence that either element was used in Gaelic-speaking Scotland at any period, we cannot confirm that this name is authentic for her desired culture.
Her previous name, Muirgheal inghean Labhrain, is released.
Her old badge, Argent, a bear's jambe erased, in chief three blackberries sable hulled vert, is released.
Edouard d'Angers. Name and device. Per pale indented argent and azure, a wolf rampant contourny and a Latin cross crosslet counterchanged.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the cross and its crossbars much fatter.
Fernando Lobo. Name and device. Per pale azure and sable, a wolf's head ululant erased argent and a chief raguly Or.
While there is a blazonable difference between a wolf's head ululant and one bendwise, there is no difference granted. This head has the erasing horizontal, so it is ululant.
The use of a wolf's head ululant is a step from period practice.
Galiana Machiavelli. Name and device. Per chevron azure and gules, two quills of yarn and a pair of scissors inverted Or.
Submitted as Galena Machiavelli, Galena was documented as a feminine form of Galeno, the Italian form of Galen. No evidence was provided that either Galeno or Galena were used in Italian in our period. The most similar Italian feminine name that the commenters found is Galiana, in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Italian names from Imola, 1312". We have changed the name to Galiana Machiavelli in order to register it.
Halla orðlokarr. Name and device. Azure, a Norse sun cross and on a chief indented argent three mullets azure.
Submitted as Halla Orðlokarr, we have changed the byname to orðlokarr to conform to current precedent concerning the capitalization of descriptive bynames in Old Norse.
Please instruct the submitter to draw the chief so that the points follow two parallel horizontal lines instead of lines tilting to one side.
Madrun Gwehyddes. Name (see RETURNS for device).
Submitted as Madrun y Gwehyddes, none of the documented examples of the byname including the definite article y. We have dropped it to register the name as Madrun_Gwehyddes so that it conforms with period practice.
There was some question whether Madrun was registerable, since it was documented only as a modern form of the name. Bartrum, Early Welsh Genealogical Tracts, p. 61 lists Madrun in a late 13th C copy of a manuscript originally compiled in the 12th C, showing that this spelling was used in our period.
Myfanwy Loyt. Name reconsideration from Myvanwy Loyt.
Nicolas Hardel le Noreys. Name.
Nicolas Hardel le Noreys. Household name Hardel House.
Submitted as House Hardel, no documentation was provided for the construction House + <inherited surname> in English. When no preposition is used, the designator House comes after the descriptive element, e.g., Michael House and Peter Houwse, in Mari Elspeth nic Bryan and Juliana de Luna, "Names of English Colleges". We have changed the name to Hardel House in order to register it, as this is a smaller change than House of Hardel.
Odile Davignon. Device change. Argent, a swan naiant wings addorsed and on a chief sable three lozenges ployé argent.
Her old device, Azure, in pale a lotus blossom in profile and three chevronels braced argent, is retained as a badge.
Ofelia della Crusca. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A tower sable masoned Or maintaining a unicorn's head issuant from its turrets argent.
When registered in July 1996 as (Fieldless) Issuant from a tower sable masoned Or a unicorn's head argent, the College did not have its current standard in place regarding maintained charges and sustained co-primaries. This reblazon makes clear the relative importance of the badge's charges.
Piers Dyaue. Name and device. Per bend gules and argent, a bend sable between a garb Or and a hop cone vert.
Submitted as Piers the Deaf, the submitter requested authenticity for English, 1325-1345. No examples were provided of the byname which used the definite article the. Additionally, we did not find any examples of the spelling deaf in his desired time period (they were either much earlier, pre early 13th C, or much later, post 1600). During the submitter's period, we find the following spellings (all from the Middle English Dictionary s.v. def): deue a1325, dyaf 1340, dyaue 1340 (twice). The spelling def occurs in Robert Mannyng of Brunne's Handlyng Synne, translated from French into Middle English sometime between 1303 and 1338. The spellings of the word with u are more common than those with f, and the spelling dyaue the most common of the examples we found in his period. To meet his request for authenticity, we have changed the name to Piers_Dyaue.
Ravenwulf fitz Gerald. Name and badge. (Fieldless) A sun in splendor per pale wavy Or and vert.
Reme the Burgundian. Name.
Reme is the submitter's legal given name. The byname the Burgundian is a lingua anglica form of le Bourgueignon, which appears 34 times in Uckelman, Names in the 1292 census of Paris. The same book also gives the French forms of the given name Remi and Remy. If the submitter is interested in an authentic 13th C French name, we recommend Remy le Bourgueignon or Remi le Bourgueignon.
Rose Campbell. Badge. (Fieldless) On a boot gules a capital letter "R" Or.
Selewine sacerdos Guytherin. Name and device. Per bend sinister purpure and Or, a patriarchal cross counterchanged.
Submitted as Selewine Offeiriad Gwytherin, no documentation was provided that bynames of the type Offeiriad + <place name> 'priest of <place name>' were used in Welsh. The cited Academy of Saint Gabriel Report, #3175, only gives evidence for this pattern in Latin:
You are right that a locative byname is not the best choice; during your period, we have found no examples of locative bynames which stand apart from a title or an occupation. However, among churchmen we find a wide variety of occupations and titular bynames, including the following Latin terms: 
We have changed the name to Selewine sacerdos Guytherin to register it.
Some questioned whether a byname meaning 'priest of <place name> or 'priest of <saint's name>' is presumptuous. The use of Offeiriad is presumptuous, because it implies ordination. Harpy explains:
Keep in mind that offeiriad (in whatever form) means specifically an ordained priest, not simply any person in religious orders. (The word comes originally from a root meaning "the person who makes the offering at mass".) If your intention is for your persona to be a monk, but not specifically a priest, then this isn't the word you want. The word for "monk" that shows up in personal names is "mynach".
RfS VI forbids the registration of names which appear to make claims to powers or ranks that the submitter does not have. Since Offeiriad implies ordination, and we do not ordain people in the SCA, it is not registerable. The word sacerdos, on the other hand, does not have the connotation of ordination, so it does not violate RfS VI.1 or VI.2.
Serena Duran de Paz. Name and device. Per chevron throughout sable and vert, two ermine spots and a seahorse contourny Or.
Sumayya of Yibna. Name change from Annelise von Aachen and device change. Azure, an elephant passant maintaining on its back a tower argent, on a chief Or three Maltese crosses gules.
Submitted as Sumayya al Ibelin, the byname al Ibelin was intended to mean "from Ibelin". However, it does not; it means "the Ibelin", where Ibelin is the Crusaders' name for the Arabic town Yibna or Yubna. While a byname based on the Arabic name of the town is plausible, we have not been able to determine what form such a byname would take. The submitter requested authenticity for Arabic language/culture; the best that we can offer her is a lingua anglica translation of whatever the appropriate Arabic feminine byname meaning "of Yibna" is. We have changed the name to Sumayya of Yibna to meet her request for authenticity as best we can. We note that Sumayya de Ibelin, combining Arabic and Latin, would also be registerable, but a step from period practice.
Her previous name, Annelise von Aachen, is retained as an alternate name.
Her old armory, Per chevron gules and purpure, a chevron dovetailed between two lit Arabian lamps spouts to center and a dove migrant argent, is retained as a badge.
Torric inn Björn. Reblazon of badge. (Fieldless) A tower sable masoned Or maintaining a brown bear's head issuant from its turrets proper.
When registered in July 1996 as (Fieldless) Issuant from the top of a tower sable masoned Or a brown bear's head proper, the College did not have its current standard in place regarding maintained charges and sustained co-primaries. This reblazon makes clear the relative importance of the badge's charges.
William Mor. Badge. Argent, a chevron throughout and a chevron inverted throughout braced all within a bordure sable.
Please instruct the submitter to draw better internal detailing on the bracing. The chevrons should not appear to be a single charge.
William of Glyn Dwfn. Holding name and device (see RETURNS for name). Per saltire sable and gules, a horse rampant within an orle of chain argent.
The submitter is a knight, entitled to display a closed loop of chain in his armory.
Submitted under the name William Brannan.
The following items have been returned for further work
From the August 2009 LoAR:
Brian spaði. Device. Gules, on a pale ermine a sea-dragon vert.
This device is returned for a redraw. Commenters were unable to recognize the sea-dragon due to the unconventional depiction. The wings are nearly invisible and the tail does not terminate in a fish tail.
Tryggr Tyrson. Name.
This is returned for lack of evidence that the Norse god name Tyr was ever used as the name of ordinary people in our period. The June 2008 LoAR says:
There is no evidence that the theme Tyr- is found in diathematic Norse names. Of the similar god name Týr, the Academy of Saint Gabriel report 3332 notes:All names with <Týr-> or <-týr> in Lind, E.H., Norsk-Isländska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn från Medeltiden, (Uppsala & Leipzig: 1905-1915, sup. Oslo, Uppsala and Kobenhavn: 1931) are mythological or fictional.
Lacking evidence that either Tyr or Týr was used by real people in our period, it is not registerable, either as a given name or as part of a patronymic byname.
From the September 2009 LoAR:
From the October 2009 LoAR:
Adeliza a Donyng. Device. Or, an oak tree couped vert within a double tressure purpure.
This device is returned for conflict with the device of Orlando dei Medici, Or, a crequier vert. There is a single CD for the addition of the double tressure. We do not grant a CD between a crequier and the default oak tree, because oak trees appear in canting armory, emblazoned in a stylized form like the crequier, in multiple period sources.
Dominicus de Lyon. Name.
This conflicts with Dominic de Lyon. The given names are insignificantly different in sound and appearance.
Madrun Gwehyddes. Device. Argent, a millrind between four mascles in cross gules within a bordure counter-compony argent and sable.
This device is returned because the primary charge, blazoned as a millrind on the LoI, is not recognizable. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submissions requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Almost none of the commenters were able to identify this as a millrind. Nor does it match any dated period example they could find: the millrinds of medieval armory seem to have curved limbs, not the straight, angular limbs of this depiction.
Additionally, this device is returned because the depiction of counter-compony not drawn correctly. While properly drawn counter-compony is allowed to share a tincture with the field, there still needs to be a solid line dividing the bordure from the field.
Madyn Vach. Name.
The Welsh byname Vach was documented as the mutated form of Bach 'small'. While many Welsh bynames were used by men in both mutated and unmutated forms, Bach is not one of these. Morgan & Morgan, Welsh Surnames, s.n. Bach say:
The adj. bach is also different from most others in its usage after personal names. Despite the tendency, almost amounting to a rule in Modern Welsh, to use the lenited form of the adjective after a personal name (masculine and feminine alike), bach following a personal name is the same as bach following a common noun, i.e. in South Wales, retaining the radical after a masculine name and mutating after a feminine; in North Wales, retaining the radical after masculine and feminine. [A few examples are to be found with a mutation after a masc. personal name as if bach followed the usage of other adjectives, but this is so unexpected that instinct forces us to look for an explanation. In some cases the apparent irregularity is a misreading or a miscopying, e.g. B15. 287 (Aberystwyth--Cardigan 14c) Rhys vach Walter is almost certainly an error for vab. In some examples it would not be unreasonable to suggest that vach is an abbreviation of vachan, very often the spelling (and the sound) of Fychan...]
Lacking evidence that men would use the mutated form Vach, this name, which combines a masculine given name with the mutated byname, is not registerable. We would change the name to Madyn Bach, but the submitter allows no changes.
Piers Lakewood. Device. Quarterly azure and vert, four feathers argent.
This device is returned for a redraw. The charges shown in the emblazon, blazoned as feathers, are not easily recognizable. Many commenters questioned whether they were wings, especially since they have plumes only on one side. Also, the curvature of the charges, and their position on the field, creates confusion about whether the charges are oriented palewise or bendwise sinister. Section VII.7.b of the Rules for Submissions requires that "Any element used in Society armory must be describable in standard heraldic terms so that a competent heraldic artist can reproduce the armory solely from the blazon." Since the device cannot be accurately blazoned, it must be returned.
William Brannan. Name.
This conflicts with William J. Brennan, a US Supreme Court Justice. It was the consensus of the commenters that William J. Brennan is important enough to protect from conflict. His influence on the American legal system is of a similar level as that of US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, who was previously ruled important enough to protect from conflict:
William de Duglas. Name. Conflict with William O. Douglas, U.S. Supreme Court Judge from 1939 through 1974. He was the longest serving justice, and holds the record for most opinions written. He is the Justice who first wrote about a constitutional right to privacy, which is a central part of Roe v Wade (and many other cases). As such, he is an major shaper of current thought in the American legal system. In this capacity, he is important enough to protect. [William de Duglas, 02/2007, R-Æthelmearc]
Brennan is described as one of the most significant and influential Justices of the US Supreme Court in the last 50 years, and his influence can be seen on issues such as the constitutionality of the death penalty, abortion rights and First Amendment speech rights. In the entire history of the U.S. Supreme Court, only Justice Douglas wrote more opinions than Justice Brennan.
His armory has been registered under the holding name William of Glyn Dwfn.
LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS
These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in March of 2010.
• Alys Cordrey the Widow. Name & Device, New. Per pale gules and Or all billety counterchanged.
• Alysaundre Weldon. Device, New. Azure, a cat rampant contourny, on a chief dovetailed argent, three swallows volant to chief sable.
Concern was shared among commentary heralds and raised again at the Lions Blood meeting that the doves should not extend beyond the bottom of the chief into the dovetails on the line of division. We did not believe it was reason for return, and hope that it only warrants an artist's note
• Angharad Bach. Device, New. Azure estencelly Or a ewe rampant contourny argent.
• Angharad Bach. Badge, New. Azure, three clews of yarn quarterly Or and argent.
Jeanne Marie Noir Licorne shared the following applicable precedent:
"A clew is a period term, though not a heraldic term, for a ball of yarn or thread. It can be used for the sake of a cant; however, it is sufficiently obscure that we feel the qualifier of yarn needs to be added.
A clew or ball of yarn will conflict with a roundel of the same tincture."
• August Hermann Konkel. Name, New.
Submitted as Aügust Hermänn Könker, the submitter included no real documentation for any of the elements in his name. First, the umlauts are not period on the elements of his name. We have dropped them to match documentation found by Alicia False Isle and Wenyeva Blue Anchor. Second, no documentation was found for any form of <Konker>, and so we have amended it to <Konkel> to match existing documentation. The submitter does not allow major changes, and we felt that changing the terminal /r/ in <Konker> to a terminal /l/ was only a minor change.
• Corwyn de Wemyss. Device, New. Per pale vert and azure, a demi-sun issuant from chief Or.
• Dietrich Eckhart von Katzenburg. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A furison gules.
• Dietrich Eckhart von Katzenburg. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A wheel-lock pistol Or.
• Duncan MacKinnon of Dumblane. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)
• Francesca Wallis Drakere. Name & Device, New. Argent, a wolf's head affronty erased sable orbed Or and in base a dexter hand couped fesswise appaumy gules.
Submitted as Francesca Wallace Drakkar, this name had two problems. First, it combined Italian, Scots and English, which is too many languages for one name. Second, no documentation was provided for <Drakkar> beyond that the submitter hoped it was an acceptable alternate spelling of <Draker>. We have changed the two bynames based on the documentation provided by Wenyeva Blue Anchor as well as by the submitter.
The combination of English and Italian is a step from period practice. There is not a second step from period practice for temporal disparity because all the elements of the name are within 300 years of each other.
We forward the device to Laurel and ask the College of Arms to consider conflict with the following armory registered to Paganus Grimlove (July 1988 via Caid), Argent, a wolf's head, cabossed and snarling, sable within a heart voided gules. We felt that there was one CD for the type change of the secondary, and a second for the unforced move of the secondary to base. However, there was enough concern that the move of the secondary was forced that we felt that it should be a question for Laurel rather than returning it in Kingdom.
• Fritz the Peasant. Name Change & Device Change, New. Payn Despenser of Warboys and Gules fretty argent, a tricorporate lion Or.
• Jennet MacLauglin. Device, New. Per pale argent and azure, a lion rampant between three fleurs-de-lys counterchanged .
• Johanna Trewpeny. Name & Badge, New. (Fieldless) On a cinquefoil azure, slipped and leaved vert, a mullet argent.
• Justin de Leon. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A lion's jambe issuant from a sinister wing Or.
We forward this badge to Laurel and ask the College of Arms to consider conflict with the armory registered to Grímr inn svarti (September 1999 via An Tir), reblazoned in August 2005 and associated with the name Gregor von Drachenstein, (Fieldless) In fess a dragon's jambe inverted and conjoined to a dragon's sinister wing Or. We did not have the original emblazon available to us to compare visually, but based on the information available in the August 2005 Cover Letter, we believe this is not a conflict.
• Lazarus Haubergier. Name & Device, New. Gyronny argent and azure, an annulet counterchanged and in chief a mace fesswise sable.
The combination of French and German is a step from period practice.
We believe this is not an example of excessive counterchanging.
• Maria da Palermo. Name & Device, New. Or, a daisy and a bordure engrailed azure.
We note that the daisy probably could use fewer petals, and hope this only warrant's an artist's note.
• Michael Richard the Talle. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)
• Ricard of Starhaven. Badge, New. (Fieldless) Two dragons conjoined in annulo gules maintaining between them an hourglass argent.
We would like to see the hourglass drawn more boldly so that it is visible from a distance, but hope this only warrants an artist's note.
• Sienna al-Andalusiyya. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)
• Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Gryphon and Spear.
This Order name does not conflict with <Order of the Gryphon's Spear>, registered in August 1997 via the Middle to the Barony of the Flaming Gryphon. RfS V.2.b.ii states that two non-personal names containing equivalent descriptive elements do not conflict if either the order of the elements or the grammatical structure of the name has changed in a way that significantly changes the meaning of the name as a whole. <Gryphon's Spear> means that the gryphon has possession of the spear. <Gryphon and Spear> means that there are two things, a gryphon and a spear. We consider this a significant change of meaning
• Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Silver Barberry.
• Symmone Deccarete de Villeta. Alternate Name, New. Katla járnkona.
• Tigernach an Chalaidh. Name & Device, New. Argent, a bend sinister wavy vert between two quatrefoils purpure.
Submitted as Tigernach in Chalaidh, we have changed the byname to an Chalaidh to match the bulk of the submitter's documentation. We are uncertain if the single citation of <in Chalaidh> provided by the submitter is actually an example of a byname or if it something else; we leave this question to Laurel.
We hope that the artistic detail in the center of the quatrefoils (which is not seeding) requires only an artist's note.
These items are being returned for further work
• Duncan MacKinnon of Dumblane. Device, New. Argent goutty de larmes, a phoenix rising within a bordure rayonny gules.
This device is returned for redrawing. Please advise the submitter to draw the goutty so that it does not overlap the traits of the rayonny bordure, as the way it is drawn it renders the rayonny unrecognizable. Also, the gouttes should not overlap the primary charge of the phoenix. The flames of the phoenix should include a trait in the center rather than simply a shape with several tongues of flame radiating from it. Finally, please do not print the charges themselves on a printer using clip-art. The pixilation blurs the detailing on the phoenix to a level that blurs identifiability. Any one of these issues would have warranted an artist's note, but collectively they are grounds for return.
• Eva van den Berg. Badge, New. (Fieldless) An annulet argent maintaining and transfixing in base a padlock Or.
This device is returned for conflict with that of David MacColin (July 1985 via the East), Sable, an open pennanular brooch, pin to base, argent, with a single CD for RfS X.4.a.iii. This conflict can be avoided by drawing the padlock big enough to be considered either a co-primary charge or a secondary charge rather than a maintained charge. Maintained charges count for no difference.
• Michael Richard the Talle. Device, New. Argent chapé ployé gules, a single-headed chess knight contourny sable and in chief two crosses bottony Or.
This device is returned for two problems. First, the original blazon called this field division Per chevron ployé throughout gules and argent, however, the argent part of the chevron does not reach the top of the device. Instead, a thin black line issues from the point of the chevron to the top of the device. Second, as it is drawn, it more resembles the field division provided, Argent chapé ployé gules. By Laurel precedent, the chapé portion of this field division cannot be charged, and in this emblazon the crosses fall on the gules chapé. The submitter is advised to draw the field division so it is clearly one way or the other. The chess knight is an acceptable depiction of this charge, and is not reason for return.
• Sienna al-Andalusiyya. Device, New. Gules, issuant from base a phoenix Or and in chief three candles argent enflamed Or.
This device is returned for redrawing. The submitter is advised to not use clipart and draw the charges onto the form. The pixillation of these charges renders the line drawing unidentifiable, and the inkjet printing on the color copies of the form will shift and fade over time. Please color the line drawing with Crayola or other color-fast markers.
These items are being pended awaiting correspondence with the submitter
• Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Astrolabe of Saint Brendan.
This submission is pended until word is received back from the Kingdom of Lochac regarding permission to conflict with Astrolabe Herald. This permission is necessary because there is a branch named <College of Saint Brendan> and the proposed Order name could be interpreted as <Order of Charge of Branch name>. The designator and branch name do not count when checking conflict, and so the Order Name conflicts.
• Viktor Stepanov Zabolotskoi. Name & Device, New. Azure, two cattails in saltire within a serpent in annulo biting its own tail Or.
This submission is pended to facilitate conversation with the submitter regarding the issue of presumption with Stepan Zabolotskoi (January 1995 via Atlantia). As submitted, the name can be interpreted as 'Viktor, son of Stepan Zabolotskoi' and falls afoul of RfS VI.3, Presumptuous Names.
The following submissions received for the December Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.
• Alric Eberlin. Device, New.
This device is being administratively returned due to lack of line drawing forms. Also, please photocopy the line drawing and color it with Crayola Classic or Rose Art markers for the color forms.
• Madyn Vach. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom.
This device is being administratively returned due to lack of a name with which to forward it. The submitter's name was returned by Laurel on the October 2009 LoAR.
An Tir OSCAR counts: 4 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 1 New Alternate Name, 1 New Household Name, 4 New Devices, 1 New Badge. This gives 12 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 4 Resub Devices, 2 Resub Badges. This is a total of 7 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 19 actions.