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An Tir IL dated 2009-10-03 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Elizabeth Lions Blood, and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Lí Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar, sends greetings and felicitations.

COMMENTARY ON THIS LETTER IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF NOVEMBER, 2009.

The following meetings will be held to discuss the Internal Letter:

September meeting - October 24th at Angharad Golden Bear's house in Eugene, OR (84900 S. Willamette Street, Eugene, OR 97405. Mapquest gives really solid directions to this location, but please e-mail Lions Blood if you would like more precise directions.) Meeting will begin at 1pm and go until 5pm, at which point all will be headed out collectively for dinner and karaoke afterwards in Eugene.

October meeting - November 21st at Rhieinwylydd Bleu Grael's house in Corvallis, OR (1218 Conroy Place, Corvallis, OR 97330. Again, Mapquest is awesome, but please let Lions Blood know if you need more precise directions). The meeting will begin at 1pm and go until 5pm, and then we will be headed to American Dream Pizza and Francesco's for gelato afterwards. We'll also be giving another shot at karaoke (likely at The Peacock).

November meeting - TBA. However, there will be a herald's get together at Summits 11th Night - Medford, OR (December 12, 2009; Medford Masonic Lodge, 975 N Pheonix Rd, Medford, OR)

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the An Tir College of Heralds from Elizabeth Lions Blood!

Thank you all for making my transition into this office a nice and smooth one. We have had great activity with submissions and consulting, and I am glad to see a lot of new heralds taking up the mantle of commentary also! Welcome also to the new Bleu Grael Herald, Rhieinwylydd.

We have a really great College of Heralds in An Tir, and some fantastic discussion on our mailing list. Zenobia Black Stag Extraordinary recently gave us the following explanation of animate vs. inanimate objects for the purposes of conflict, based on the Rules of Submission, X.4.g and X.4.h:

Vert, an owl argent and in chief a sword fesswise argent vs:

(Posture changes discussion - X.4.h):

Vert, an owl and in chief an arrow palewise argent: CLEAR: one CD for secondary charge type and a second CD under X.4.h for changing the posture/orientation of the secondary charge group - in a significant way (fesswise to bendwise) - that is 'meaningful'. Both a sword and an arrow are long pointy charges, so you can meaningfully compare their postures.

Vert, an owl and in chief a mullet of six points argent: CONFLICT: one CD for secondary charge type only. A mullet is not really comparable to a sword for the matter of posture/orientation; rotating a mullet of six points a bit doesn't really change the situation visually and isn't worth difference. So, you can't meaningfully compare the postures.

Vert, an owl and in chief a lion rampant argent: CONFLICT: one CD for secondary charge type only. A sword and a lion rampant aren't really comparable for purposes of orientation, so you can't say "oh, a lion rampant is 'kinda palewise' so it gets an orientation CD from a sword fesswise."

(arrangement changes discussion - X.4.g)

Vert, an owl and in base a mullet of six points argent: CLEAR: one CD for secondary charge type and a second CD under X.4.g for moving the secondary charge from in chief to in base. This is 'changing the relative positions of charges in any group... provided that the change is not caused by other changes to the design. The secondary charge has moved to base, and nothing "made it do so", so it gets a 2nd CD.

Vert, an owl and a mount argent: CONFLICT: one CD for secondary charge type only. the charge of a mount is, by definition, issuant from base. So, that's the only place it can be. Therefore, the move to base has been "caused by other changes to the design"(the change in type of secondary) and you cannot get additional difference.

Sign up for the mailing list and find other excellent tools that will help you not only conflict check but also serve your clients better and maybe get your confidence up to try internal commentary. Commenting heralds make my job much easier, so my heartfelt thanks goes to each and every one of you who participates this way.

For Crown, Coronet and College,

Elizabeth Turner de Carlisle

Lions Blood Herald

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is an excerpt from the cover letter of the June 2009 LoAR:

From Laurel: New Education Deputies

Also this month, Gisela vom Kreuzbach has stepped down as our education deputy, and our thanks for her service, as well! The position will be filled by two capable people: Richenda du Jardin, currently residing in An Tir, and Elena Modarova vnuchka, who currently resides in Atlantia. These two ladies have some very good ideas. I ask everyone to please give them your suggestions and give their ideas your consideration.

From Laurel: Filing Names on OSCAR

An entry on the Ealdormere LoI considered this month listed the submitter's primary name in a spelling which was neither registered nor in process. Submissions heralds, we'd like to remind you how important it is that only the registered or in process form of the name is used in OSCAR submissions. Anything other than the name exactly as it is registered or submitted causes extra work for the pre-meeting clerk, who has to correct the error in the XML files. If this error is not caught before the Laurel meetings or in proof-reading, then it creates extra work for the Errata Clerk, who must issue a correction via an errata letter. Please take the extra time needed to be sure that the forms of names listed either as the "filing name" or the "old item" on OSCAR match the registered spelling in the Ordinary and Armorial or the spelling of the item as it appears on a Letter of Intent. Note that OSCAR checks names on proto-LoIs, so a message that it does not find the name is a clue. The only time OSCAR does not find a registered name is when the name is changed at Laurel and has not yet been added to the O&A database, which can take several months.

From Wreath: Forced Moves

In February, we asked the College of Arms whether or not we should change our current policy on difference for forced moves. Current interpretation holds that if the placement of the charges in either the new submission or the protected armory is dictated by other elements of the design, such as field tincture, any change of charge position is considered forced and no difference is granted for that change. Several commenters have argued that changes in charge placement should only be considered forced if the charge placement in the new submission is forced, since the position in the protected piece of armory is fixed and will never move.

We find ourselves unable to agree with the arguments in favor of changing this requirement. Returning to first principles, our goal is to ensure that two pieces of armory appear to have a minimum of two cadency steps of difference unless permission is granted. The proposed change would make even conflict between some extremely simple devices depend on the order of registration. We are unwilling to do this.

We are, therefore, retaining the transitive property of forced moves: if either the new or the old position of the charges is forced, the change of position is considered forced and not counted for difference.

The following items have been registered by Laurel

Adeliza a Donyng. Name.

There was some question whether a + <place name> is a period pattern for locative bynames in either Scots or English. It is appropriate for both languages. Two English examples can be found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names found in the Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls", which has a Barnysdale and a Barnesdale dated to 1543, and two Scots examples can be found in Records of the Parliaments of Scotland, which has Thomas a Rowane and Herbert a Dronane dated to 1490.

This name is one step from period practice, for the temporal disparity between the 11th or 12th C date for Adeliza and the 16th C date for Donyng.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge for Ordo Hastae Leonis. Checky Or and argent, a spearhead gules.

The use of a field checky Or and argent is grandfathered to the kingdom.

Axxel Eisenkopf. Name and device. Azure, a ferret rampant regardant contourny argent and on a chief Or three covered tankards reversed sable.

This name combines Danish and German, which is a step from period practice.

Fáelán t{o,}lusmiðr. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Submitted as Fáelán T{o,}lusmiðr, per precedent, Old Norse descriptive bynames based on common nouns should not be capitalized. We have changed the name to Fáelán t{o,}lusmiðr in order to register it. This name combines Middle Irish and Old Norse, which is a step from period practice.

According to the forms, the submitter was requesting authenticity for 9th C Gaelic first name and Norse byname. However, correspondence with the submitter revealed that he preferred the name to be registered as submitted, if possible, and that he did not want the name changed to be made authentic. We note that if he'd like a wholly Norse name, we can recommend Feilan t{o,}lusmiðr. Lind, Norsk-Isländska Personbinamn från Medeltiden, s.n. Feilan cites Óleifr or Óláfr feilan Þorsteins son rauða, born in the Hebrides. His byname is from Early Irish fáelán, so we believe that Feilan is also a plausible spelling of Fáelán used as a given name.

Ragnarr ulfheðinn. Name change from Gregor von Drachenstein.

His previous name, Gregor von Drachenstein, is retained as an alternate name.

Savina Marguerite de Laurent. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The following items have been returned for further work

Fáelán t{o,}lusmiðr. Device. Argent, a pall surmounted by a pall moline inverted, a bordure sable.

This device is returned for lack of identifiability. Section VII.7.a of the Rules for Submission, Identification Requirement, requires that "Elements must be recognizable solely from their appearance." Too many commenters were unable to derive a blazon from the colored emblazon.

It is possible that providing the proper detailing to separate the surmounting pall inverted from the surmounted pall may fix this problem, but we decline to rule on this possibility without such an emblazon to judge. Changing the tincture of one of the charges would be much more likely to solve this issue.

Savina Marguerite de Laurent. Device. Quarterly argent and azure, a branch bendwise vert.

This device is returned for conflict with the badge of Irene le Noir, (Fieldless) An olive branch bendwise fructed vert, with a single CD for the difference between a fielded and a fieldless design. Savina's branch, intended as a laurel branch, is not notably different from Irene's fructed olive branch.

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in January of 2010.

Alane Mac Aonghais. Device, New. Vert, in pale a holly tree eradicated and a compass star argent, between in fess two pairs of arrows in saltire Or each tied with a ribbon purpure.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2003.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Order Name, New. Order of Morgans Rose.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

Submitted as Order of Morgan's Rose, we have dropped the apostrophe by permission of the submitter - they allow no other changes. The apostrophe was dropped due to the following precedent:

[Stags Attire Herald] Submitted as Stag's Attire Herald, we have dropped the apostrophe, as no evidence was found of its use in period. (Outlands, Kingdom of the - A, September 2003).

"Meta-Pattern: Orders named after heraldic charges (CL, August 2005)

"The use of the word `rose' in order names is grandfathered to the Kingdom of An Tir. This is documented by the registration of "Honour of the Belated Rose" (August 1979) and "Order of the Silver Rose" (April 1981 via Laurel). This gives us the pattern <adjective + rose> to work with.

"Sir Morgan the Truehearted is a Knight of An Tir. The registration of "Award of Arielle" to the Kingdom of Atlantia sets precedent that Kingdoms may honor members of their populace by naming awards after them. Therefore, we submit that using "Morgan's" as an adjective to modify "rose" is an acceptable way to honor this member of our populace who physically gives away roses to the ladies of An Tir from his garden, and both the pattern and the presumption are grandfathered to An Tir."

There was some concern about the acceptability of the pattern as well as the grandfathering of the presumption issue. The Kingdom of An Tir currently has <Order of the Silver Rose> registered for fighters who finish second in the Crown lists and <Honour of the Belated Rose> given by the Ladies of the Rose for courteous and chivalric behaviour. <Order of Morgan's Rose> is meant to be given to the consort of the fighter who finishes second in the Coronet lists of the Principality of the Summits.

Juliana Æstel provided the following commentary at Kingdom:

The only orders that do this are the following: - Order of Saint Georges and Saint Williams Shield (Gesellschaft mit sant Georgen und sant Wilhelms schild, 1436) - the two ancestral orders to this one: Order of Saint Georges Shield (Ritterschaft sant Gergen Shiltz, c. 1406) and Order of Saint Williams Shield (Ritterschaft sant Gergen Shiltz, 1433)

Related are orders like: - Order of Saint George with/of the Pelican (Gesellschaft St. Georges mit dem Pelikan) - Order of Saint George of the Garter (yes, this is a form the Order of the Garter took in at least one document) (Comitiva sancti Georgii de la gartiere, 1360)

We believe that the possibility of registration or return is best discussed by the College of Arms and decided by Laurel.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Order Name, New. Award of the Sable Chime.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

Meta-Pattern: Orders named for Heraldic Charges (CL, August 2005)

Chimes have been recognized as a musical instrument since 1400 according to the MED s.n.<chimbe> (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED7588). Other musical instruments such as harps, trumpets and lutes, as well as musical notes, have been used as charges in our period, and it is reasonable to assume that a chime may also have been used in a similar manner.

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Sable: The MED s.n. <sable [adj.]> dates use of this word in a non-heraldic context to 1439 - "Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable..I..blowe." As this is specifically referencing a sable musical instrument, we feel that it is logical to extend this to other musical instruments. (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194)

Chime: The OED s.n. <chime [n1]> dates this spelling with the intended meaning of `a set of bells' to 1564 - 1562 J. HEYWOOD Prov. & Epigr. (1867) 112 Should that clocke haue a chime?

Gwenlliana Dragon's Mist pointed out that the May 2009 Cover Letter includes a set list of ordinary color words and indicates that sable is no longer acceptable as an ordinary color word for black. However, the Kingdom of An Tir has several heraldic titles registered using the word sable (Sable Sable Herald, Sable Mountain Herald, Sable Minotaur Pursuivant, and Sable Loat Pursuivant). We are unsure if this is justification of using it in an Order name, and leave this call to Laurel.

An Tir, Kingdom of. Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom. Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a compass rose and an open book counterchanged..

This submission is to be associated with Accademia dei Studiosi.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

The submitter's previous submission of Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a compass star and an open book counterchanged was returned by Kingdom in May of 2009 for redrawing.

This badge is to be associated with Accademia dei Studiosi.

No conflicts found.

Cheri du Chasteau. Name & Device, New. Argent, on a bend sinister between a dragon couchant to sinister and a turtle purpure, three triquetrae argent.

Submitted as Cheri' du Chasteau, we have dropped the apostrophe at the end to match the submitter's driver's license.

Cheri is the submitter's legal name.

Chasteau is found as a byname in 15th c. Paris according to Aryanhwy merch Catmael's - "French Surnames from Paris 1421, 1423 & 1438" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423.html). We believe du is appropriate with it as well.

A photocopy of the submitter's driver's license is included with this submission.

Commentary was fairly unanimous in stating that the triquetrae could stand to be far more 'bold and butch'. We hope this only warrants an artist's note.

No conflicts found.

David de la Rosier. Name, New.

Submitted as David de Rosier-Blanc, we have changed the surname to de la Rosier to make the least intrusive modification to a documentable byname as provided by the submitter.

Documentation supporting name: David de Rosier-Blanc for late 15th century France.

Given Name: David

Documented in: Sixteenth Century Norman Names by Cateline De La Mor (Triste Elliot), section: Masculine Given Names (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html) and in An Index to Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Colm Dubh(http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html#D)

Surname: de Rosier-Blanc meaning "maker of white roses"

The construction "de Rosier" is documented in Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Sara L. Uckleman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf) Section: Bynames; S.N. Rose (page 47) and in Etude D'Anthroponymie by Picarde; S.N. Rose (page 119).

The occupational suffix reference for "-ier" is documented in Etude D'Anthroponymie by Picarde; Reference: Roman suffix S.N. "-ier" (page 125). The locational form "de la Rosier" is documented in Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Sara L. Uckleman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf); Section: Locational; S.N. de la Rosiere (page 67), and the occupational form "Rosiers" is documented in Dictionnaire etymologique des mons de famille et prénoms de France by Albert Dauzat; S.N. Rosiers (page 1287); S.N. Rozer (page 575).

Additional similar references of base words modified by the suffix "-ier" to create occupational based surnames in French. These are found in Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Sara L. Uckleman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf); S.N. le Courtillier "Gardener" (page 101); S.N. le Gardinier "Gardiner" (page 106); S.N. le Roullier "mover" (page 115), Construction of "roulle" to roll and "-ier"; S.N. le Moustardier "maker of mustard" (page 110), construction of "moustard" and "-ier".

The surname component Blanc is documented in Dictionnaire etymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France by Albert Dauzat, S.N. Blanc (page 87) and Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Sara L. Uckleman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf), S.N. Blanc "white, fair" (page 120).

The hyphenation of surnames can also be found in Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Sara L. Uckleman (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf) , S.N. Blanche-Cote "white coat", S.N. de Champ-Rose (page 58), S.N. d'Eaue-Bonne meaning: good water (page 63), S.N. des Filles-Dieu meaning: of girls of god (page 65), S.N. de Petit-Pont meaning: small bridge (page 81). This is justification for hyphenating "Rosier-Blanc".

Justification for the word ordering in the surname can be found in Names found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux 1470-1520 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann), (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html), S.N. Arnauld de Guilhelm Blanc, meaning: of the white helmet.

Commenters were of the opinion that the documentation showed the meaning "of White Rosebush" rather than "maker of white rosebushes" as the submitter intended, and also were in consensus that the submitted byname was not viable as presented. Therefore the changes were made, as indicated above.

Gwenlliana Clutterbooke. Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom. (Fieldless) A closed book palewise spine to dexter erminois.

The submitter's name was registered in July of 2007.

Her previous badge submission of (Fieldless) A closed book palewise spine to dexter gules clasped and garnished Or was returned by Kingdom in April of 2009 for conflict with An Tir, Kingdom of Quarterly Or and argent, a closed book gules from its pages issuant to base a lion's tail forked and nowed sable.

The style of ermine spots on the spine and edges are not only a different size but also a different style. We hope this only warrants an artist's note.

No conflicts found.

Jennet MacLaughlan. Name, New.

The given name "Jennet" is found in Academy of Saint Gabriel Report 1187 (Jennet Mac Dara). The report has the following to say about this given name: "<Jennet>, which we find recorded in 1567, is a Scot form of <Janet> [3], which in turn is a feminine form of the name <John>. We have no evidence that it was used in the 13th or 14th century… <Jennet> is a 16th century Scots name…."

Cite [3] is Talan Gwynek, "A List of Feminine Personal Names found in Scottish Records" (WWW: J. Mittleman, 1996). http://www.panix.com/~mittle/names/talan/scottishfem/scottishfemearly.html

The spelling in the surname "MacLaughlan" is found dated to 1649 as a given name in the Records of the Parliament of Scotland (http://www.rps.ac.uk/mss/1649/1/191). Black (s.n. Maclachlan) dates <Maclachlan> to 1555-6, so simply substituting the spelling <Laughlan> for <Lachlan> should be unremarkable.

Jorgen von Stein. Device, Resubmission to Laurel. Quarterly gules and sable, a lion rampant, between its paws in fess three closed scrolls palewise Or.

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2008.

His previous device submission of Quarterly gules and sable, a lion and in dexter three closed scrolls "palewise" in fess Or was returned by Laurel in November of 2008 for fugitive color problems and also for the unblazonable position of the scrolls.

We leave the style issue of whether or not the scrolls count as a "maintained" charge or a "secondary" charge to Wreath.

No conflicts found.

Kaldor Ness, Canton of. Branch Name & Device, Resubmission to Laurel. Gules, a pantheon rampant to sinister argent mullety of six points purpure, between its forelegs a laurel wreath argent, and on a point pointed Or a Heneage knot gules.

The submitter's previous name submission of Kaldor, Canton of was returned by Laurel on the July 2007 LoAR for aural conflict with Cawdor Castle; the appeal of this decision was returned on the July 2008 LoAR. The device was returned on the July 2007 LoAR because the name was returned, and holding names cannot be created for branches.

Kaldor: "wood by the water or stream" (Johnstone, Place-Names of Scotland, sub. Calder. p. 58, dated 1250) .

Ness: Reaney and Wilson date <de Nesse> to 1177, <de Nes> to 1275, and <atte Nass> to 1279). This makes <Ness> a possible spelling based on period forms.

Appending a surname to an existing placename can be registered by the following precedent:

No evidence was provided to support adding /Moss/ to the end of an existing placename, particularly one that already incorporates the toponymic element /-wood/. However, there is a pattern of English placenames created by appending surnames to existing placenames. Examples of this include /Childton Foliot/ 1221 (Mills, p. 78 Chilton), /Northone Brun/ c. 1266 (Mills, p. 244 s.n. Norton), and /Saunford Peverel/ 1275 (Mills, p/ 284 s.n. Sampford). As /Moss/ is a surname, dated to 1230 in the form /Mosse/ and to 1327 in the form /ate Mos/ (Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Moss), a location /Lockwood/ located on or near an estate owned by the /Moss/ family could come to be known as /Lockwood Moss/. [Marsili Johnston of Lockwood Moss, 04/2003 LoAR, - A-Atlantia]

The device form and branch name form have different spellings of the branch name. We have modified the device form so that both forms match the documented <Kaldor Ness>, and added the designator <Canton of> to the branch name form.

No conflicts found for the device.

Laurence of Damascus. Badge, New. (Fieldless) An escallop per pale argent and gules.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2002.

No conflicts found.

Lothar filius Adalberti. Name, Resubmission to Kingdom. (See RETURNS for device.)

The submitter's previous name submission of Lothar Adalsind was returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for administrative reasons, his resubmission of the same name was returned by Kingdom in June of 2009 for disparity between the genders of the given name and byname.

<Lothar> is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article "Carolingian Masculine & Feminine Names from c.700-c.900 AD" at http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/carolingian.html with a frequency of three.

<Adalberti> is a constructed name from the elements <Adal-> and <Bert->, both found in the Academy of Saint Gabriel article "Frankish Name Construction" by Guntram von Wolkenstein at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/guntram/franks.htm, thus creating the name <Adalbert>, which is Latinized to <Adalberti> as a patronymic.

Correpsondence with Ursula Georges recommends the following: "Adalbert is indeed masculine. I'd expect a slightly more complicated construction, though. The Franks used Latin as a language of record, so I'd expect either something like "Lothar qui et Adalbert" or "Lothar alias Adalbert" (for an alternative given name), or "Lothar filius Adalberti" (if your dad's name was Adalbert)."

Michael of Lancaster. Device, Resubmission to Laurel. Per fess argent and azure, a saltire engrailed counterchanged.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2004.

The submitter's previous submission of Per fess argent and azure, a saltire engrailed counterchanged overall a sword inverted and in chief a rose gules was returned by Laurel in April of 2004 for violation of RfS XI.2, Charge and Name Combinations, in accordance with the following precedent which we reaffirm at this time: "As one may not combine the White Rose of York and the name of York, it is forbidden to combine the Red Rose of Lancaster with the use of the name Lancaster." (29 Mar 1987, R-Outlands, Rebecca of Lancaster p. 21) and for unidentifiability of the sword.

While the azure is a tad light, it is still identifiable as blue and not green.

Mona da Vinci. Name & Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Gules, a pithon flammant argent within a bordure compony argent and gules.

The submitter's previous name submission of Mona Zopfi, as well as her previously submitted device, were returned by Kingdom in August 2008 for administrative reasons.

<Mona> is the submitter's legal given name.

<da Vinci> is found in De Felice (sn Vinci) who gives two origins for this surname: patronymic "common in the middle ages" and the Tuscan toponym. It is also the name of a famous painter, (Leonardo da Vinci, born 4/15/1452 in or near the hilltown of Vinci, 20 miles west of Florence, the illegitimant [sic] son of Ser Piero da Vinci and a country girl named Caterina). In addition, Leonardo da Vinci by V.P. Zubov, translated from the Russian by David H. Kraus (Harvard University Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1968) states the following: "Leonardo da Vinci was probably born in Anchiano, a village near the town of Vinci between Florence and Pisa… This document, the diary of Leonardo's grandfather, Antonio da Vinci, contains the following entry for 1452: "A grandson of mine was born, son of Ser Piero, my son, on April 15…""

Concerns were raised about the bordure of compony sharing a tincture with the field. We note the following precedent:

Teresa de Çaragoça. Device. Or, a tree eradicated proper within a bordure denticulada azure.

The submitter provided copious documentation to support the use of this bordure in Iberian armory. Commenters also supplied evidence that similar bordures can be found in Italy and in England. We believe that its use is compatible with general SCA style and blazon, just as we permit the use of Germanic motifs such as the schneke.

The documentation provided actually showed two different types of this bordure. One variant is a bordure compony that shares a tincture with the field. Another variant, as in this submission, has no line marking the edge of the bordure, giving the impression of square "teeth" that issue from the edges of the field at regular intervals. In some of the latter cases, the bordure is clearly not a bordure compony because the "teeth" actually go around the corners at the top of the field. We have elected, therefore, to maintain the Spanish denticulada as the blazon for this second variant.

Finally, the documentation provided, together with the supplementary materials noted in commentary, demonstrates that our precedents banning the use of a bordure compony that shares a tincture with the field, which date to 1987, do not accurately reflect period usage. We therefore explicitly overturn those precedents and permit the registration of bordures compony that share a tincture with the field. We have not, however, as yet seen evidence to suggest that this ruling should be applied to ordinaries other than the bordure. [LoAR 05/2005].

No conflicts found.

Mona da Vinci. Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom. (Fieldless) A wyvern displayed argent flammant gules sustaining an arrow fesswise reversed sable.

The submitter's previous device submission was returned by Kingdom in August of 2008 for administrative reasons.

We believe this arrow is large enough to be considered a co-primary charge. If it is not, it conflicts with the following:

Reynald il Bianco - Per chevron inverted sable and gules, overall a winged serpent erect displayed argent

Artus Falconieri - Quarterly pean and purpure, a wyvern displayed argent

No conflicts found other than the potentials above.

Saraswati Amman. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Per pale azure and Or a beaver rampant between three lotus blossoms in profile all counterchanged.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in April of 2009.

The submitter's previous device submission of the same blazon was returned by Kingdom in April of 2009 for unidentifiability of the beaver.

No conflicts found.

These items are being returned for further work

• Lothar filius Adalberti. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Quarterly arrondi argent and purpure, two trefoils in bend sinister Or.

His previous device submission was administratively returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for lack of a name.

This device is returned for recoloring. The tinctures on the form are clearly blue and orange, and we do not register orange. Please advise the submitter to color the forms with Crayola, Rose Art or other color-fast markers.

The following submissions received for the October Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

Araviere de St. Etienne. Device, Resubmission.

This device is being returned for lack of a name with which to go forward. No name form was included with the submission, and no eveidence could be found for a prior registration of this name.

August Hermann Konker. Device, New.

This device is being administratively returned due to no black and white line emblazon forms being included with the packet, and for the use of watercolor paints to color the color emblazon forms. On resubmission, please ensure that three copies of the black and white line drawings of the device form are included. For coloring, we recommend using Crayola Classics markers to color the three requisite color forms.

Symmone le Merciet. Device, New.

This name device is being administratively returned due to lack of a name form with which to accompany the device.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Alys Cordrey the Widow - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Meaning (Alice Cordrey the Widow) most important.

The submitter's branch is Druim Doineann.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the meaning ("Alice Cordrey the Widow") of her name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

Alys - Withycombe, 3rd edn, s.n. Alice, pp 15-16. This spelling is dated to 15th c.

"Cordrey - appears in Bardsley, s.n. Corderoy, p. 204. John Cordrey, dated to 1531.

"the Widow - Widow appears in this spelling in OED dated to 1607, "the widow of the King".

On the Pennsic Device Worksheet is a note which reads: "Included is a Letter of Permission to Conflict from Thora Sharptooth (Gules, three square weaver's tablets in a bend Or)", however no actual letter was included with this submission.

1: Alys Cordrey the Widow - New Device

Per pale gules and Or billety counterchg'd

2: Alysaundre Weldon - New Device

Azure, a cat rampant contourny, on a chief dovetailed argent, three swallows Volant to chief sable

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2008.

3: Angharad Bach - New Device

Azure estencelly Or a ewe rampant contourny argent

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2008.

4: Angharad Bach - New Badge

Azure, three clews of yarn quarterly Or and argent.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2008.

5: Aügust Hermänn Könker - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No holding name.
• No major changes.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language/culture of his name ("This is a documented name found in St. Martin church, Cologne Germany"). No interest in expressed in having his name changed to be authentic. He will not allow the creation of a holding name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"August Hermann Konker came to America in 1894. He was my great great granddad.

"When I was traveling in Germany doing research no [sic] my family I had help from a friend at Great St. Martin church in Cologne, as the town of Angushausen where August was born dose [sic] not exist anymore.

"We found many August(s) and Plenty of Konker(s) could not find documentation on the use of a middle name.

"My studies were done back in 1997 when I was traveling in Europe."

Nothing further was provided as documentation.

6: Corwyn de Wemyss - New Device Change

Per pale vert and azure, a demi-sun issuant from chief Or.

Old Item: Per pale vert and azure, a dragon passant contourny and a bordure embattled Or., to be released.

The submitter's branch is Glymm Mere.

The submitter's name was registered in February of 1992.

The submitter wishes his previously registered device of Per pale vert and azure, a dragon passant contourny and a bordure embattled Or, registered in March of 1997, released upon registration of this submission.

7: Dietrich Eckhart von Katzenburg - New Badge

(Fieldless) A Furison Gules.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2007.

8: Dietrich Eckhart von Katzenburg - New Badge

(Fieldless) a wheel-lock pistol or.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2007.

9: Duncan MacKinnon of Dunblane - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Ambergard.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the sound (unspecified) of his name. No interest in expressed in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Duncan is a Scots male given name, derived from the Gaelic Donnchad (Black sub Duncan.) Dunecan, parson of Duuglas, appears as a charter witness between 1240 and 1249. John Duncanson or Dunkanson was mayor of Berwick on 1367. Thomas Dunkesoun was minister of Bowden in 1582. Note the interchangeability of `c' and `k'k in these spellings.

"Mackinnon is a Scots form of the Gaelic patronymic byname MacFhionguin (Black sub Mackinnon). William Makkynnane was presented to the parsonage and vicarage of Dingwall, 1587. The spellings Makenone and Makkynnon are dated to 1536. The client prefers the submitted spelling and believes it is supported by these dated variants.

"Dunblane is an old town in Perthshire. Laurence of Dunblane rendered homage in 1296 (Black sub Dunblane.)"

9: Duncan MacKinnon of Dunblane - New Device

Argent, gouty de larmes a phoenix rising within a bordure rayonny gules.

10: Eva van den Berg - New Badge

(Fieldless) a padlock or conjoined to a annulet argent.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter's name was registered in February of 2009.

11: Francesca Wallace Drakkar - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter will allow any changes and desires a feminine name. She expresses no preference should her name have to be changed, nor does she express any interest in having her name changed to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Francesca is found at - http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian.html

"Wallace is found at - http://www.s-gabriel.org/1691 "<Wallace> is the standard modern spelling of a name that appears in many forms in Scots records of your period" - 14th to 16th c - "We didn't find an example of <Wallace>, but it is certainly a reasonable extrapolation from this data.

"Drakkar is hopefully an acceptable alternate spelling of Darker found at - R&W (s.n. Draker) dates <Godman the Drakere> to 1260 - forms without a final e of a related name are <Dragoner> to 1338 & Dragonir to 1343 (R&W s.n., Dragon)"

[The SCA heraldry link leads to Italian Rennaissance Women's Names by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale. - Lí Ban]

11: Francesca Wallace Drakkar - New Device

[no blazon proposed]

12: Fritz the Peasant - New Device Change

Gules fretty argent 2 tricorporate lion Or.

Old Item: Vert, a lozenge and in chief two annulets Or, to be released.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2001.

The submitter wishes his previously registered device of Vert, a lozenge and in chief two annulets Or, registered in March of 2001, released upon registration of this change.

13: Jennet MacLaughlin - Resub Device

Per pale argent and azure a lion rampant and three fleur-de-lis all counterchanged.

The submitter's branch is Myrtleholt.

The submitter's name is forwarded to Laurel on this letter.

The submitter's previous device submission was returned administratively by Kingdom in August of 2009.

14: Johanna Trewpeny - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the sound and spelling of her name (unspecified). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name, if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"A Dictionary of English Surnames - R&W; Trewpeny s.n. Trueblood - John Trewpeny 1472 SIA

"The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names - E.G. Withycombe; Johanna s.n. Joan - Johanna Cur 1189-1220, Yorks Poll Tax 1379"

15: Johanna Trewpeny - New Badge

(fieldless) On a cinquefoil azure, slipped and leaved vert, a mullet argent

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

16: Justin De Leon - New Badge

Fieldless a Lions Jambe Issuant from a wing Or.

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1995 as Justin de Leon.

17: Lazarus Haubergier - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

The submitter's branch is Myrgan Wood.

The submitter will accept any changes and desires a masculine name. He expresses no preference should his name have to be changed, nor does he express any desire to have his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name, if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Lazarus is a biblical name - it also dates to 1400 as a german masculine given name to 1400 in Talan's "Medieval German given Names from Silesia" - http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/bahlow/bahlowMasc.html or http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm

"haubergier - Colm Dubh's "Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html gives Lorrenz de Tours, haubergier."

17: Lazarus Haubergier - New Device

Gyronny argent and azure, an annulet counterchanged and a mace sable.

18: Maria de Palermo - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Culture (Norman Sicilian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the language/culture of her name (Norman Sicilian). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name, if necessary.

The following is quoted from the consultation notes section of the Pennsic Name Worksheet:

"Maria - 1203-1210, Withycombe, pg. 212, s.n. Mary

"da Palermo - Academy report 1844 http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?1844"

The relevant portion of the Academy of Saint Gabriel report #1844 reads as follows: ".In northern and central Italy, surnames based on place names used <da> rather than <di>, so we recommend <da Palermo>. We don't have any sources for medieval Sicilian names, so we aren't sure that this is the right choice for that region; but it's our best guess based on the information we have."

18: Maria de Palermo - New Device

Or, a daisy and a bordure engrailed azure.

19: Michael Richard the Talle - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Meaning (the tall - he's 6' 8") most important.

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the meaning of his name ("the tall" - he's 6' 8"). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Michael - Withycombe p. 218-9 s.n. Michael dated 1197, 1215 through 1346

"Richard - R&W p. 377 s.n. Richard et al. - Thomas Richard 1276.

"the Talle - OED. meaning: of a person, High of stature, of more than average height, dated in this spelling 1530; 1538; 1552."

19: Michael Richard the Talle - New Device

Per chevron ployé throughout gules and argent, two crosses botonny Or and a single-headed chess knight facing sinister sable

20: Payn Despenser of Warboys - New Name Change

Old Item: Fritz the Peasant, to be released.

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's current primary name of Fritz the Peasant was registered in March of 2001. Should this change be registered, he wishes his old name to be released.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the sound of his name. He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the Pennsic Name Worksheet:

"Payn, Withycombe pg 237 s.n. Pagan; HR 1273

"Despenser, Reaney & Wilson pg. 132 s.n. Despencer/Despenser; Gilbert Dispenser, 1198=1212

"Warboys, Mills pg. 345 s.n. Warboys; Cambs. Weardebasc 974AD"

21: Richard of Starhaven - New Badge

(Fieldless) Two dragons conjoined in annulo gules maintaining between them an hourglass argent.

The submitter's branch is Stromgaard.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 1997.

22: Sienna al-Andalusiyya - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the sound of her name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

As documentation for her given name, <Sienna>, the submitter includes a photocopy of her drivers license.

As support for <al-Andalysiyya>, the submitter has used "Andalusian Names: Arabs in Spain" page 4 of 5, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/andalusia. The name is found in this exact spelling in the list of feminine locative bynames.

No photocopies of the article were included with this submission.

22: Sienna al-Andalusiyya - New Device

Gules, issuant from base a pheonix Or in chief three candles argent enflamed Or

23: Summits, Principality of the - Resub Order Name

Order of the Astrolabe of Saint Brendan

• No major changes.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The previous submission of Order of Aurora was returned byKingdom in September of 2008 for conflict with Aurora Pursuivant. This submission is a complete redesign.

The submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about the spelling of the name. No interest is expressed in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"…Meta-Pattern - Venerated Objects of Saints (August 2005 CL).

"Astrolabe - The OED, s.n. <astrolabe>, dates this spelling as early as 1393: GOWER Conf. III. 64 With him his astrolabe he name. Which was of fine gold precious With points and cercles merveilous.

"Saint Brendan - The Catholic Encyclopedia's listing for St. Brendan (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02758c.htm), indicates that his feast day is 16 May, and that he was known as "Brendan the Voyager". It also lists several period sources that map the end destination of Brendan's voyage, even though there was no actual proof that it occurred.

"The Catholic Encyclopedia appears on the new version of Admin Handbook, Appendix H, and requires no photocopies."

Included with this submission is the following letter:

"We, [mundane names redaced], known in the SCA as Brogan O'Bryant the Bull and Johanna Kjoppmanndtr, being Prince and Princess of the Summits, do hereby declare Our intent to register the Order names "Order of the Gryphon and Spear", "Order of the Astrolabe of Saint Brendan" and "Order of the Silver Barberry" to Our Principality.

"In witness whereof We set Our hands this 29th day of August, AS 44, being known as 2009 in the Common Era."

It is signed by the Prince and Princess of the Summits.

24: Summits, Principality of the - Resub Order Name

Order of the Gryphon and the Spear

• No major changes.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The submitter's previous submission of Order of the Sylver Gryphon was returned by Kingdom in September of 2008 for conflict with Order of the Silver Griffin.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name and care most about the spelling of the name. No interest is expressed in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"…Meta-Pattern - Orders named for Heraldic Charges (August 2005 CL).

"The gryphon is a heraldic charge dating to 1244.

"Gryphon - This is a constructed spelling, based on the following argument (courtesy of Dame Ursula Georges): The OED s.v. <griffin>, says that <gryphon> is found from the 1500s onward in the Spellings section. Dated spellings of the word from before 1650 in this entry are: `griffon', c. 1386; `grifphon, girffon, grefoun', c, 1400; `griffoune'c c. 1425; `gryffons', 1481; `griphin', 1567; `griffon', 1601; `gryphin', 1620; `gryffoune', ?a 1400; `greffons' 1439; `gryffoun', 1460; `griffens', 1552; `griffin', 1640. This data shows that <y> and < i > could be used interchangeably for the first vowel, that <fph>, <ff>, <f>, and <ph> were all possible spellings of the /f/ sound, and that the final vowel could be spelled <o>, <ou>, < I >, or <e>. Thus, <gryphon> is also plausible as a constructed spelling.

"Spear - The OED, s.n. (spear, n1), dates the spelling <speare> to 1560; J. DAUS tr. Sleidane's Comm. 130 The chief Prophet..thrusteth his speare into hym. We believe it is unremarkable to drop the terminal `e'. However, if the College prefers the documented spelling <speare>, we will accept that spelling also.

Included with this submission is the following letter:

"We, [mundane names redaced], known in the SCA as Brogan O'Bryant the Bull and Johanna Kjoppmanndtr, being Prince and Princess of the Summits, do hereby declare Our intent to register the Order names "Order of the Gryphon and Spear", "Order of the Astrolabe of Saint Brendan" and "Order of the Silver Barberry" to Our Principality.

"In witness whereof We set Our hands this 29th day of August, AS 44, being known as 2009 in the Common Era."

It is signed by the Prince and Princess of the Summits.

25: Summits, Principality of the - Resub Order Name

Order of the Silver Barberry

• Meaning (silver - a word meaning "fruit of the barberry plant") most important.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The submitter's previous submission of Order of the Berberie was returned by Laurel in February of 2008 for aural conflict with Barbary Coast.

The submitter will accept any changes and cares most about the meaning of the name (silver - a word meaning "fruit of the barberry plant"). No interest is expressed in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"…Silver - The OED, s.n. <silver, n. and a.>, dates the spelling <silver> to 1591: SYLVESTER Du Bartas 1. iii. 902 Deck't with Coperass, With Gold and Silver, Lead, and Mercury.

"Barberry - The OED, s.n. <barberry, berberry>, gives the spelling <barberies> dated to 1578: LYTE Dodoens 684 The leaues and fruite of Barberies are of complexion colde. The MED, s.n. <berie> (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED4171), dates the spelling <bery> to 1450:.? c 1450 Stockh.PRecipes (Stockh 10.90) 46/30: Take þe leeuys of mulberytre or þe beriys.

"The spelling is constructed, but if <barbery> is a more acceptable constructed spelling, we will accept that also."

Included with this submission is the following letter:

"We, [mundane names redaced], known in the SCA as Brogan O'Bryant the Bull and Johanna Kjoppmanndtr, being Prince and Princess of the Summits, do hereby declare Our intent to register the Order names "Order of the Gryphon and Spear", "Order of the Astrolabe of Saint Brendan" and "Order of the Silver Barberry" to Our Principality.

"In witness whereof We set Our hands this 29th day of August, AS 44, being known as 2009 in the Common Era."

It is signed by the Prince and Princess of the Summits.

26: Symmonne Deccarrete de Villetta - New Alternate Name

Katla járnkona

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Meaning (iron woman) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter's primary name was registered in September of 2005.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the meaning of her name (iron woman). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is from the Pennsic Name Worksheet:

<Katla> - Geirr Bassi, p. 12, s.n. Katla - female given name

<járnkona> - Geirr Bassi, p. 24, s.n. járnbúkr - byname, `iron-torso, -body'; <farkona> - p. 21, s.n. farkona - byname, `beggar-woman'. <járnkona> is a constructed byname with the intended meaning of `iron woman'.

27: Tigernach in Chalaidh - Resub Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• Sound most important.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's previous name submission of Tuirrean ní Chaoilte was returned by Kingdom in November of 1999 for lack of documentation of the given name as used as anything other than a mythological female name except for one instance where it is used as a man's name. Her previous device submission was returned at the same time for lack of a name.

The submitter will accept any changes, doesn't care about the gender and cares most about the sound of the name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is from the Pennsic Name Worksheet:

"Annals of Tigernach, entry T1142.2; Gilla Sinítan mac maic Amalgaidh, taisech Callraigi in Chalaidh; <Callraigi in Chalaidh>: this section is a placename, it supports <in Chalaidh> as a Middle Irish form circa 1142

"<an Chalaidh> - documented as a masculine given name at http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/anChalaidh.shtml; dated to 1519 & 1594.

"Tigernach - (Middle Irish form) masculine given name dated 545-1172 at http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Tigernach.shtml"

Photocopies of the above articles were included with this submission.

27: Tigernach in Chalaidh - Resub Device

Argent, a bend sinister wavy vert between two quatrefoils purpure.

28: Viktor Stepanov Zabolotskoi - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Russian) most important.
• Culture (13th-14th century) most important.

The submitter's branch is Port de l'Eau.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language/culture of his name (Russian, 13th-14th century). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"<Viktor> Wickendon Dict. Period Russ. Name. p 393 s.n. Viktor; "Viktor (m) - `conqueror' Viktor martyr 1356 [Lev14]

"<stepanov> patronymic of Stepan which is found 23 times in Novgorod Birch Bark Letters [http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/predslava/bbl/men.html]

"<Zabolotskoi> Wickendon "Locative Bynames in a Medieval Russia" on sca.org; s.n. <Za + bolota>: "by the swampt" IV… "Lonstantin Grigorievich Zabolotskoi 1497-8 [Woj232]""

Photocopies of the Academy of Saint Gabriel article was included with this submission.

28: Viktor Stepanov Zabolotskoi - New Device

Azure, two cattails in saltire within a serpent in annulo biting its own tail Or.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 10 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 1 New Alternate Name, 10 New Devices, 2 New Device Changes, 7 New Badges. This gives 31 new items. Resub counts: 1 Resub Name, 3 Resub Order Names, 2 Resub Devices. This is a total of 6 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 37 actions.

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