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An Tir IL dated 2009-07-31 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Caitrina, outgoing Lions Blood, Elizabeth Turner de Carlise, incoming Lions Blood, and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Lí Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar, sends greetings and felicitations.

COMMENTARY ON THIS LETTER IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF SEPTEMBER, 2009.

The following Lions Blood meetings will be held on at 1:00pm at Caitrina Lions Blood's new home (address TBA).

July meeting - Sunday, August 16, 2009 (meeting will be located at the Barony of Lions Gate Sergeantry Trials - Warner Loat Park, Burnaby, BC)

August meeting - Summits Fall Coronet - Gold Beach, OR (September 18-20, 2009; Lazy J Moore Ranch, 96029 Euchre Creek Rd, Gold Beach, OR)

September meeting - TBA

October meeting - TBA

November meeting - Summits 11th Night - Medford, OR (December 12, 2009; Medford Masonic Lodge, 975 N Pheonix Rd, Medford, OR)

Directions: For the July meeting, follow the directions given for the Lions Gate Sergeantry Trials event. For all others, see appropriate event copy and/or keep watch here for further instructions.

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the An Tir College of Heralds!

This is to be my last missive as Lions Blood and it is bitter sweet. I have made many friends over the past two years and can't believe it's come to an end so quickly but at the same time it's been a long haul. I am so happy to see Elizabeth step into the role as I know she will be a wonderful Lions Blood and the Kingdom's submissions will be in very good hands. She has the experience and enthusiasm to do great things and I wish her all the best.

Li Ban, my right hand and safety net, thank you so much my friend for all of your help and encouragement over these past few years. I am hoping our paths can cross physically someday as I owe you big time. To all of the Commentary Heralds, Teceangl and her group, Basil, Constance, Gawain and Juliana just to name a few (the number of you are amazing) my undying thanks for allowing me to use your knowledge and expertise every month to make the best decisions possible for our submitters. They were very well represented thanks to you all.

Baroness Shauna Ragged Staff, thank you so very much for all of your assistance with regards to how best to present our paperwork to Laurel and your patience and guidance when we went astray on a few items.

Gwenlian Black Lion, Li Ban Boar, Elizabeth and now Gwenliana Sinister Gauntlet and Ceara Black Talbot… you ladies are an amazing powerhouse of organization and grace. It has been a true honor to work with you and I will cherish the time I've had in your company.

Ciaran and David, rest well dear friends, I shall never forget you and all you have taught me in our short time together.

To Uilliam my dearest husband, thank you for your support and understanding on those countless nights I had too much coffee and not enough sleep to ensure t's were crossed and in their proper dialect.

In Service to the College of An Tir,

Caitrina inghean Aindriasa

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is an excerpt from the cover letter of the April 2009 LoAR:

From Pelican: On Gruffudd, Welsh Names for Children

The revised version of Appendix H of the Administrative Handbook omits a few sources that were previously on the list of books which do not require photocopies to Laurel. One such book is Gruffudd, Welsh Names for Children. This book is about modern names and provides only modern forms, even of names which are dated to our period. At one time, this book was one of the best references we had for Welsh given names, but this is no longer the case. Because the forms given in Gruffudd are explicitly modern, it is no longer acceptable as sole documentation for Welsh names.

Society Pages

We would like to congratulate Lady Constance Wyatt, Town Crier Pursuivant of An Tir, who received her Award of Arms on July 3, and the elevation of Druinne de Salesbury, former Star Principal Herald, to the Order of the Pelican on July 11.

Two other heralds have reached noteworthy milestones since the publication of the last LoAR. Congratulation to Dame Ursula Georges, Loyall Herald, on the successful defense of her Ph.D. in June, and to Baroness Wencenedl of Rokesburg, Bucina Herald of Ealdormere, on the birth of her son Alexander James on July 12.

The following items have been registered by Laurel

Dietrich Eckhart von Katzenburg. Device. Per pale vert and sable, in pall a wildcat passant guardant Or between three edelweiss argent seeded Or.

Gosfrei Kempe. Device. Or, a quadrant gules.

Gosfrei Kempe. Badge. Per pale gules and Or, two chevronels counterchanged.

This is clear of the device of Melania of the Three Needles, Per pale gules and Or, a mullet of eight points between two chevronels counterchanged. The mullet in Melania's armory is the primary charge, so these designs are clear by X.1.

Romana della Fonte. Name.

Veronica Apollonia Simonetta d'Este. Name and device. Per chevron gules and purpure, four fleurs-de-lys in cross Or.

While this design is registerable, period chevrons and per chevron lines of division generally rose much higher on the field, so there was nearly no space for a charge above the top of the chevron or per chevron line of division. Please instruct the submitter to draw the line of division so that the point is unmistakably above the center of the field.

Wyewood, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A shakefork per pale azure and Or.

Wyewood, Shire of. Badge. (Fieldless) A shakefork azure.

The following items have been returned for further work

William Richard Drake. Badge. (Fieldless) A rapier inverted surmounted by an eagle's head couped argent.

This badge is returned under section X.5 of the Rules for Submission for visual conflict against the device of Ironhawk Hawkcrest, Per pale vert and Or, a hawk's head erased argent. Precedent says:

This device [Purpure, two rapiers in saltire Or and overall a mushroom argent] is returned under section X.5 of the Rules for Submission: it is a visual conflict with the device for Deborah the Wanderer, Purpure, a mushroom argent. While technically clear under the provisions of X.1 as the rapiers are the primary charges, conflict under X.5 is solely based on the visual appearance. X.5 states "If the tinctures, shapes, or arrangement of the charges in a submission create an overwhelming visual resemblance to a piece of protected armory, the submission may be held to conflict even if sufficient theoretical difference can be counted between them." As the majority of the commenters noted, the overall charge largely obscures the rapiers and thus these two devices are not visually distinct. As there is an overwhelming visual resemblance between them, the submitted device is returned for this visual conflict. [Shannan O'Duncan, 01/2008, R-An Tir]

If X.5. can be invoked for two rapiers and an overall charge, it can certainly be invoked with a single rapier and an overall charge. We do not consider the field when comparing fielded armory and a fieldless badge for X.5 conflict, as the badge could be displayed on an identical field.

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in December of 2009.

Criostal Sealgaire. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Per bend sinister sable and argent, a hunting horn and a drawn bow and arrow bendwise counterchanged.

Derian le Breton. Badge, New. (Fieldless) Four ermine spots conjoined in saltire sable.

Ælfthryth il. Name Change, New.

Leiðólfr Kvígsson. Household Name, Resubmission to Kingdom. House of Deepwater Keep.

This submission is to be associated with Their Highnesses' University of Avacal.

Myfanwy verch Rhys ar Ysginydd. Name & Device, New. Per pale azure and argent a sun eclipsed counterchanged and on a chief sable three gouttes argent.

The submitter has stated she desires her name changed to be authentic for 13th century Welsh. The documentation submitted lists <Myfanwy> as the header spelling, the medieval form being <Mevanou>; <Rhys> as the header spelling for the medieval <Reys>, <Reis>, and <Res>; <Ysginydd> is found as the header in the list of Bynames based on an occupation with the meaning of <tailor>. The 13th c. forms are <Skynith>, <Skinnith> and <Skinith>. There is no justification of <ar> but we're assuming it's intended to mean "the". For authenticity, we need the documentary forms: <Mevanou verch Reys Skinith>. However she's also stated she will allow NO changes. This has tied our hands and Lions Blood called the listed consulting Herald as there was no email or phone number listed to contact the submitter directly. The submitter has granted permission to change her form to allow changes so the name can go forward.

Although there were questions as to whether a sun eclipsed of the field is registerable as it's listed as a prohibited charge at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/charges.html - quote: "Sun eclipsed of the field - Additionally, we have not registered a sun eclipsed of the field since 1985 [LoAR 11/91 p.16]" The only documentation Lions Blood could find concerning an eclipsed sun was to do with the tincture being default as sable "devout of it's natural light." It is the Kingdom submissions Herald's job to ensure the main question of "why" is answered on behalf of the submitter for any return. Lions Blood did not feel the link showing the charge as prohibited answered this question and as such this is being forwarded to Laurel for a definitive ruling as no conflicts were found.

Myfanwy verch Rhys ar Ysginydd. Badge, New. Per pale Azure and Argent a sun in splendor counterchanged.

Although there were questions as to whether a sun eclipsed of the field is registerable as it's listed as a prohibited charge at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/charges.html - quote: "Sun eclipsed of the field - Additionally, we have not registered a sun eclipsed of the field since 1985 [LoAR 11/91 p.16]" The only documentation Lions Blood could find concerning an eclipsed sun was to do with the tincture being default as sable "devout of it's natural light." It is the Kingdom submissions Herald's job to ensure the main question of "why" is answered on behalf of the submitter. Lions Blood did not feel the link showing the charge as prohibited answered this question and as such this is being forwarded to Laurel for a definitive ruling as no conflicts were found.

Seraphina Raleigh. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Per fess azure and vert, a tree blasted and eradicated Or and a bordure Or lozengy sable.

Siobhan a Burc. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Per bend gules and Or, a calligraphy knife and a brazier counterchanged.

Torsten von Hessen. Name & Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Purpure, two brocks combatant and on a chief triangular argent a cross potent sable.

The given name is dated to 1413 Norway, and the surname to 1605 Germany. There is one step from period practice for the combination of German and Norweigan per the following precedent:

There was some question about whether the given name could be registered as Bjorn. Haraldsson, The Old Norse Name, shows the name as Bj{o,}rn; in this case the o-ogonek is not an accent but a distinct character separate from a plain o. However, Lind, Norsk-Islándska Dopnamn ock Fingerade Namn fran Medeltiden, s.n. Bi{o,}rn, shows several examples of Biorn, one of which dates to 1334. This makes the form temporally consistent with the byname. The name mixes Norwegian and German; this is one step from period practice. [Bjorn Zenthffeer, A - Caid, 01/2007]

There is not a second step from period practice for temporal disparity as the name elements are dated less than 200 years apart.

Tristram le fiz Owein. Device, New. Per bend sinister argent and azure, three mullets one and two azure.

Some concern over the size of the mullets and the way they fill the space. The depiction of the mullet itself is consistent with period practice as demonstrated by Teceangl Ounce. No conflicts found.

These items are being returned for further work

None.

The following submissions received for the August Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

• Anastasia Komnene. Name, New.

This name is being returned for lack of photocopies of documentation. While the information was summarized, it was not provided in full, and was not from Appedix H sources.

Andronikos Belisariou. Name, Device & Badge, New.

This name is being returned for lack of photocopies of documentation. While the information was summarized, it was not provided in full, and was not from Appedix H sources. The device and badge are returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

Azoulas Yurashunas. Device, New.

This device is being returned for lack of a registered name to go forward with, as well as lack of the required three copies of the black and white line drawing. The line drawing should show the outline of the charges and the internal detailing, but should not be colored in at all, even if the device is purely black and white.

Jennet MacLaughlin. Device, New.

This device is being administratively returned, as the color device emblazons were not provided on submission forms, but on blank paper. All submissions must be on the correct form in order to be accepted at the Kingdom and Laurel levels.

Michael Alan of Davenant. Name & Device, New.

This name name and device are administratively returned for lack of payment. Additionally, the submitter needs to include copies of name documentation from all sources not listed in the Administarvice Handbook, Appendix H. The submitter is also encouraged not to use printer ink for the color emblazon (it had already begun to shift interestingly in the heat) and to provide three clear, non-labelled line drawings and three colored copies of the device emblazon, on the correct submission forms, when resubmitting.

Tryggr Tyrson. Device, New.

This device is being administratively returned, as the black and white emblazons do not match the color emblazons. The submitter used hatching to indicate colors on the black and white form, and the College requires a clear line drawing of the device.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Alane Mac Aonghais - New Device

Vert, in pale a holly tree eradicated and a compass star, argent, between in fess two pairs of arrows crossed in saltire, or, tied with a ribbon purpure.

The submitter's branch is Silverhart.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2003.

2: An Tir, Kingdom of - New Order Name

Order of Morgan's Rose

• No changes.
• Meaning (a recognition of Morgan giving physical roses away from his garden to consorts) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

The submitter will not accept major or minor changes to the name and cares most about the meaning of the name (a recognition of Morgan giving physical roses away from his garden to consorts). No desire is expressed to have the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Meta-Pattern: Orders named after heraldic charges (CL, August 2005)

"The use of the word `rose' in order names is grandfathered to the Kingdom of An Tir. This is documented by the registration of "Honour of the Belated Rose" (Autust 1979) and "Order of the Silver Rose" (April 1981 via Laurel). This gives us the pattern <adjective + rose> to work with.

"Sir Morgan the Truehearted is a Knight of An Tir. The registration of "Award of Arielle" to the Kingdom of Atlantia sets precedent that Kingdoms may honor members of their populace by naming awards after them. Therefore, we submit that using "Morgan's" as an adjective to modify "rose" is an acceptable way to honor this member of our populace who physically gives away roses to the ladies of An Tir from his garden, and both the pattern and the presumption are grandfathered to An Tir."

3: An Tir, Kingdom of - New Order Name

Award of the Sable Chime

• No major changes.

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name and cares most about the spelling of the name (modern `chime' rather than Middle English `chyme' or `chimbe'). No desire is expressed to have the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Meta-Pattern: Orders named for Heraldic Charges (CL, August 2005)

"Chimes have been recognized as a musical instrument since 1400 according to the MED s.n. <chimbe> (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED7588). Other musical instruments such as harps, trumpets and lutes, as well as musical notes, have been used as charges in our period, and it is reasonable to assume that a chime may also have been used in a similar manner.

"Sable: The MED s.n. <sable [adj.]> dates use of this word in a non-heraldic context to 1439 - "Anothir trumpet, of sownis ful vengable, Which bloweth up at feestis funerall Nothyng briht, but of colour sable..I..blowe." As this is specifically referencing a sable musical instrument, we feel that it is logical to extend this to other musical instruments. (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED38194)

"Chime: The OED s.n. <chime [n1]> dates this spelling with the intended meaning of `a set of bells' to 1564 - 1562 J. HEYWOOD Prov. & Epigr. (1867) 112 Should that clocke haue a chime?"

4: An Tir, Kingdom of - Resub Badge

Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a compass rose and an open bok counterchanged.

This submission is to be associated with Accademia dei Studiosi

The submitter's name was registered in December of 1981.

The submitter's previous submission of Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a compass star and an open book counterchanged was returned by Kingdom in May of 2009 for redrawing.

This badge is to be associated with Accademia dei Studiosi.

5: Cheri du Chasteau - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.

The submitter's branch is Silverhart.

The submitter will accept any changes and desires a feminine name. She expresses no preference should her name have to be changed, nor does she express any desire to have her name changed to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Cheri is the submitter's legal name.

"Chateau is found as a byname in 15th c. Paris according to Aryanhwy merch Catmaels - "French Surnames from Paris 1421, 1423 & 1438". We believe du is appropriate with it as well."

A photocopy of the submitter's driver's license is included with this submission.

[The given name on the device submission forms is given as <Cheri'>. - Lí Ban]

5: Cheri du Chasteau - New Device

Argent, on a bend between a dragon couchant to sinister and a turtle, purpure, three triquetras, argent.

6: David de Rosier-Blanc - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (late 15th century French) most important.
• Meaning (maker of the white rose) most important.

The submitter's branch is Myrtleholt.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the meaning (maker of the white rose) and language/culture of his name (late 15th century French). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"My intention is to provide documentation of viability of the above name in 1490's France.

"Documentation attached:

"Derivation of name, in parts: Given Name, Surname broken down in components, ordering and hyphenation

"No-Copy References:

"Names in the 1292 Census of Paris: Bynames section, Locational dection

"Etude D'Athroponymie, Picard

"Dictionaire etymologique de Noms de Famille et Prenoms de France, Albert Dauzat

"Copy References attached:

"Sixteenth Century Norman Names, by Cateline de la Mer

"www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html, pp 1-3

"Names Found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520, by Aryanhwy merch Catmael

"www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html, pp 1-5 of 56 provided

"Also available but not included at consulting heralds advice: Personae Overview"

The submitter includes the following on separate pages, reformatted slightly in the interest of space:

"Documentation supporting name: David de Rosier-Blanc

"Late 15th Century France

"Given Name: David; documented in: Sixteenth Century Norman Names by Cateline De La Mor (Triste Elliot), section: Masculine Given Names [URL is http://; swww.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html -- Lí Ban].

"Documented in: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris; Section 2.2 Masculine Given Names (page 21); S.N. Davi; (ii) David (3) [This is the draft edition, dated May 28, 2009, of Aryanhwy merch Catmael's extraction of the names from `Paris sous Philippe-le-Bel' by Hercule Géraud found at http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf. I have found no evidence that this is a no-photocopy source as asserted by the submitter. No photocopies of this article were submitted. - Lí Ban]

"Surname: de Rosier-Blanc "maker of white roses"

"Construction: de Rosier; Documented in: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris [see above - Lí Ban]; Section: Bynames; S.N. Rose (page 47). Documented in: Etude D'Anthroponymie by Picarde; S.N. Rose (page 119)

"Occupational suffix reference for "-ier"; Documented in: Etude D'Anthroponymie by Picarde; Reference: Roman suffix S.N. "-ier" (page 125)

"Locational form: de la Rosier; Documented in: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris [see above - Lí Ban]; Section: Locational; S.N. de la Rosiere (page 167)

"Occupational form: Rosiers; Documented in: Dictionnaire etymologique des mons de famille et prénoms de France by Albert Dauzat; S.N. Rosiers (page 1287); S.N. Rozer (page 575)

"Additional similar references of base words modified by the suffix "-ier" to create occupational based surnames in French. Documented in: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris; S.N. le Courtillier "Gardener" (page 101); S.N. le Gardinier "Gardiner" (page 106), Construction of "gadin" "-ier", Modern French "jardin"; S.N. le Roullier "mover" (page 115), Construction of "roulle" to roll and "-ier"; S.N. le Moustardier "maker of mustard" (page 110), construction of "moustard" and "-ier"

"There are perhaps hundreds of these referenes, which provide credence to the fact that when somebody makes something, the object gains the suffix "-ier" as a common Form for denoting an occupation. Therefore, I believe it is no stretch to believe that the occupation of hybridizing rose bushes, making rose bushes, in French would likely be "rosier" or "le Rosier" or "de Rosier"

"Surname Component: Blanc; Documented in: Dictionnaire etymologique des noms de famille et prénoms de France by Albert Dauzat, S.N. Blanc (page 87); Documented in: Nmaes in the 1292 Census of Paris [see above - Lí Ban], S.N. Blanc "white, fair" (page 120)

"Surname Hyphenation verification: de Rosier-Blanc; Similarity reference: Names in the 1292 Census of Paris, S.N. Blanche-Cote "white coat", S.N. de Champ-Rose (page 58), S.N. d'Eaue-Bonne meaning: good water (page 63), S.N. des Filles-Dieu meaning: of girls of god (page 65), S.N. de Petit-Pont meaning: small bridge (page 81)

"Surname word ordering verification: One might make the case that French often places the modifier for object in front, as in English "fine arts" is in French "beaux arts." However, French puts color modifiers of objects in a following placing, "white wine" "vin blanc". Therefore I include the following period appropriate verification:

"ordering reference: Names found in Commercial Documents from Bordeaux 1470-1520 by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Friedemann), www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/bordeaux.html, S.N. Arnauld de Guilhelm Blanc, meaning: of the white helmet"

Photocopies of the two Saint Gabriel's articles "Sixteenth Century Norman Names" and "Names Found in Commerical Documents from Bordeaux, 1470-1520" were included with this submission.

7: Gwenlliana Clutterbooke - Resub Badge

(FIeldless) A closed book palewise spine to dexter erminois.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Mist.

The submitter's name was registered in July of 2007.

Her previous badge submission of (Fieldless) A closed book palewise spine to dexter gules clasped and garnished Or was returned by Kingdom in April of 2009 for conflict with An Tir, Kingdom of Quarterly Or and argent, a closed book gules from its pages issuant to base a lion's tail forked and nowed sable.

8: Jennet MacLaughlan - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Language (Scottish) most important.
• Culture (late 15th, early 16th century) most important.

The submitter's branch is Myrtleholt.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the language/culture of her name (Scottish - late 15th, eartly 16th century). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Given name: Jennet

"S.N. "Hennet Mac Dara", from Academy of Saint Gabriel Report 1187 (copy attached)

"Surname: MacLaughlin

"S.N. "LOCHLAINN", from Woulfe (copy attached)

"S.N. "O Loclainn", from Donnchadh O Corrain's Irish Names (copy attached)

"Also, See attached consultations email from Lord Branden"

Saint Gabriel Report 1187 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?1187+0) contains the following relevant information: "<Jennet>, which we find recorded in 1567, is a Scot form of <Janet> [3], which in turn is a feminine form of the name <John>. We have no evidence that it was used in the 13th or 14th century… <Jennet> is a 16th century Scots name…."

Cite [3] is Talan Gwynek, "A List of Feminine Personal Names found in Scottish Records" (WWW: J. Mittleman, 1996). http://www.panix.com/~mittle/names/talan/scottishfem/scottishfemearly.html

The email correspondence has the following: "I have found the references in Woulfe, but I must warn you that Maclaughlin is the Anglicization of Mac Lochlainn, and such would indicate that Jennet is the sone of Lochlainn. Now in late period (which 1567 is) the combinations like Maclaughlin come to be surnames on their own…"

The O Corrain citation has: "LOCHLAINN (luch-lin') m. Meaning, probably, `Viking'. This name came into use in the early middle ages among the Uí Néill of the north and other families. In the later middle agex, it was favoured by the O Hanleys of Connacht, the Mac Cabes, and other families. Until the nineteenth century it was in use among many northern families - O Joey, O Haughey, O Connellan, Malone, Mac Creesh, Mac Cann, Mac Teague, Mac Namee and Mac Kenna - but it is not rare or obsolete. It was `translated' Laurence among the O Kellys in the second half of the seventeenth century. In Scotland it is much used by the families of McIntosh and McLean in the form Lachlan."

The Woulfe citation has: "O Loclainn - II - O Loghlan, O Laghlan, O Loughlan, O'Loughlen, Loghlin, Loughlan, Loughlen, Loughlin, Laughlin, &c.; `des. of Loclainn'; the name (1) of a leading family of Cinel Eoghain, more commonly called Mac Moclainn, q.v.; and (2) of an ancient and distinguished family in Co. Clare, who took their name from Loclainn, lord of Corcomroe, in the 10th century. The O'Loghlins and O'Connors originally formed one clan, and ruled over a district co-extensive with the dioceses of Kilfenora. This district, which was called Corcomroe from the clan-name of its inhabitatnts the Corca Modhruaidh, was afterwards divided into two nearly equal parts between the two families, O'Loghlen ruling over East Corcomroe, which was also called Burren, and O'Connor over West Concomroe. The O'Loghlens were a powerful family, and retained their rank as lords of Burren down to the reign of Elizabeth. They are still numerous and respectable in Thomond."

9: Jorgen von Stein - Resub Device

Quartered gules & sable A lion rampant in canton three scrolls palewise, All Or.

The submitter's branch is Montengarde.

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2008.

His previous device submission of Quarterly gules and sable, a lion and in dexter three closed scrolls "palewise" in fess Or was returned by Laurel in November of 2008 for fugitive color problems and also for the unblazonable position of the scrolls.

The bounding box is blurred to indistinguishability in places in the line drawing.

10: Kaldor Ness - Resub Branch Name

• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's previous name submission of Kaldor, Canton of was returned by Laurel on the July 2007 LoAR for aural conflict with Cawdor Castle; the appeal of this decision was returned on the July 2008 LoAR.

The submitter will accept any changes and cares most about the sound of the name (unspecified). No desire is expressed to have the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Kaldor "wood by the water or stream" (Johnstone, Place-Names of Scotland, sub. Calder. p. 58, dated 1250)

"Ness "cape" (Johnstone, Place-Names of Scotland, sub. Ness (Inverness et. al.), p. 189, dated to 700 and 1300

"Ness also:

"There are a few ways to justify appending <Ness> to an existing place <Kaldor>. The easiest is to treat it as the addition of a surname to an existing placename (Ness is a header form in Reaney and Wilson, who date <de Nesse> to 1177, <de Nes> to 1275, and <atte Nass> to 1279): No evidence was provided to support adding /Moss/ to the end of an existing placename, particularly one that already incorporates the toponymic element /-wood/. However, there is a pattern of English placenames created by appending surnames to existing palcenames. Examples of this include /Childton Foliot/ 1221 (Mills, p. 78 Chilton), /Northone Brun/ c. 1266 (Mills, p. 244 s.n. Norton), and /Saunford Peverel/ 1275 (Mills, p/ 284 s.n. Sampford). As /Moss/ is a surname, dated to 1230 in the form /Mosse/ and to 1327 in the form /ate Mos/ (Reaney & Wilson, s.n. Moss), a location /Lockwood/ located on or near an estate owned by the /Moss/ family could come to be known as /Lockwood Moss/. [Marsili Johnston of Lockwood Moss, 04/2003 LoAR, - A-Atlantia]"

This name and device submission is accompanied by a petition signed by the seneschal, the exchequer, the A&S minister, the A&S deputy/paperwork deputy and three members of the populace. A note at the bottom of the petition states that the "signatures above represent all of the officers and a portion of the populace of the branch" and is signed by the seneschal.

[The name on the device form is <Kaldorness, Canton of>, whereas the name on the branch name form is <Kaldor Ness> with no other designator. - Lí Ban]

10: Kaldor Ness - Resub Device

Gules, a pantheon rampant to sinister argent mullety of six points purpure, between its forelegs a laurel wreath argent, and on a point pointed Or a Heneage knot gules.

11: Laurence of Damascus - New Badge

(Fieldless) An Escallop Per Pale Argent & Gules

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2002.

12: Lothar filius Adalberti - Resub Name

• Language (Carolingian) most important.
• Culture (Carolingian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

The submitter's previous name submission of Lothar Adalsind was returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for administrative reasons, his resubmission of the same name was returned by Kingdom in June of 2009 for disparity between the genders of the given name and byname. His previous device submission was administratively returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for lack of a name.

The submitter will accept any changes, doesn't care about the gender of his name and cares most about the language/culture of his name (Carolingian). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Lothar> is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article "Carolingian Masculine & Feminine Names from c.700-c.900 AD" at http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/carolingian.html with a frequency of three.

<Adalberti> is a constructed name from the elements <Adal-> and <Bert->, both found in the Academy of Saint Gabriel article "Frankish Name Construction" by Guntram von Wolkenstein at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/guntram/franks.htm, thus creating the name <Adalbert>, which is Latinized to <Adalberti> as a patronymic.

Correpsondence with Ursula Georges recommends the following: "Adalbert is indeed masculine. I'd expect a slightly more complicated construction, though. The Franks used Latin as a language of record, so I'd expect either something like "Lothar qui et Adalbert" or "Lothar alias Adalbert" (for an alternative given name), or "Lothar filius Adalberti" (if your dad's name was Adalbert)."

The use of <filius> and the change of <Adalbert> to <Adalberti> are supported by Academy of Saint Gabriel Report #2397 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/2397.txt) as follows: "A second option would be a patronymic byname, one that indicated who your father was. Such a byname would be formed using the Latin word <filia> [the report deals with a feminine name, not a masculine name - Lí Ban] `daughter' along with the father's name in the genitive (possessive) case… All of these names are recorded in Latin; names ending in <-us> changed to <-i> in the genitive case; so a feminine patronymic formed from <Adalbaldus> would be <filia Adalbaldi>."

Photocopies of all articles are included with this submission.

The colors in the emblazon appear to have shifted from purpure and Or to azure and orange.

12: Lothar filius Adalberti - Resub Device

Quarterly arrondi argent and purpure, two trefoils in bend sinister or

13: Michael of Lancaster - Resub Device

Per fess argent and azure, a saltire engrailed counter-changed.

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2004.

The submitter's previous submission of Per fess argent and azure, a saltire engrailed counterchanged overall a sword inverted and in chief a rose gules was returned by Laurel in April of 2004 for violation of RfS XI.2, Charge and Name Combinations, in accordance with the following precedent which we reaffirm at this time: "As one may not combine the White Rose of York and the name of York, it is forbidden to combine the Red Rose of Lancaster with the use of the name Lancaster." (29 Mar 1987, R-Outlands, Rebecca of Lancaster p. 21) and for unidentifiability of the sword.

14: Mona da Vinci - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No changes.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter's previous name submission of Mona Zopfi, as well as her previously submitted device, were returned by Kingdom in August 2008 for administrative reasons.

The submitter will not accept major or minor changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the spelling of her name. She expresses no desire to have her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"MONA is my modern given name.

"da Vinci - In addition to being the name of a famous painter, (Leonardo da Vinci, born 4/15/1452 in or near the hilltown of Vinci, 20 miles west of Florence, the illegitimant [sic] son of Ser Piero da Vinci and a country girl named Caterina) - De Felice (sn Vinci) gives two origins for this surname patronymic "common in the middle ages" and the Tuscan toponym.

"(* documentation attached)"

Leonardo da Vinci by V.P. Zubov, translated from the Russian by David H. Kraus (Harvard University Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, 1968) states the following: "Leonardo da Vinci was probably born in Anchiano, a village near the town of Vinci between Florence and Pisa… This document, the diary of Leonardo's grandfather, Antonio da Vinci, contains the following entry for 1452: "A grandson of mine was born, son of Ser Piero, my son, on April 15…""

The information presented by the submitter in parentheses above for da Vinci is from Leonardo da Vinci: Origins of a Genius by David Alan Brown (David Alan Brown, 1998).

Photocopies of both references are included with this submission, as is a copy of the submitter's driver's license.

14: Mona da Vinci - Resub Device

Gules, a winged serpent breathing flames argent all within a bordure gyronny of sixteen argent and gules.

15: Mona da Vinci - Resub Badge

Fieldless, Wyvern, displayed argent, breathing flames, gules, upon an arrow, sable

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter's previous device submission was returned by Kingdom in August of 2008 for administrative reasons.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

16: Saraswati Amman - Resub Device

Per pale azure and Or a beaver rampant between three lotus blossoms in profile all counterchanged

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Mist.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in April of 2009.

The submitter's previous device submission of the same blazon was returned by Kingdom in April of 2009 for unidentifiability of the beaver.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 3 New Names, 2 New Order Names, 2 New Devices, 1 New Badge. This gives 8 new items. Resub counts: 2 Resub Names, 1 Resub Branch Name, 6 Resub Devices, 3 Resub Badges. This is a total of 12 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 20 actions.

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