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An Tir IL dated 2009-04-01 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Caitrina Lions Blood and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Lí Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar Herald, sends greetings and felicitations.

COMMENTARY ON THIS LETTER IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF MAY, 2009.

The following Lions Blood meetings will be held on at 1:00pm at Caitrina Lions Blood's home (3174 Sechelt Dr., Coquitlam, BC).

March meeting - Sunday, April 19, 2009

April meeting - Sunday, May 10, 2009

May meeting - Sunday, June 14, 2009

Directions: Make your best way to Vancouver, BC. Get onto the Trans Canada Hwy (Hwy 1) if you're not already on it. Take the Lougheed Hwy exit (Exit 44). You should be going NE. Follow Lougheed Hwy until it turns into Pinetree Way. Follow Pinetree Way to Guildford Way. Turn right. Follow Guildford Way to Ozada Ave (Guildford Way turns into Ozada Ave.). Follow Ozada Ave. to Inlet St (first right). Turn right. Follow Inlet St. to Sechelt Dr. (first left). Turn left. Look for #3174.

Alternatively, follow the directions provided courtesy of Google Maps:

http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=3174+Sechelt+Dr,+Coquitlam,+BC,+Canada

FROM LIONS BLOOD

Greetings unto the An Tir College of Heralds from Caitrina Lions Blood!

Where has the time gone? You will hear me say that a lot in the coming months, with a lot of thanks to those who made it all possible. A call for applications has gone out for the next Lions Blood Herald of An Tir, as I'm due to leave this position in September 2009. For any considering putting in an application, I urge you to do so. This has been a very busy time in my life and a very rewarding one. I have learned more and met more wonderful people during my time here than I could ever hope to anywhere else. Some started out as acquaintances that have grown into dearest friends in a very short time. Though some months are harder to get through than others, I don't regret one moment of taking this position and am sad to see it come to an end so soon.

I do want to send out a big thank you to the Commentary Heralds who make my job so much easier by applying their skills and knowledge to each submission. February's Internal Letter had 70 submissions to comment on with only a month to do the research and conflict checks needed. That's more than double the norm since I stepped up. And to Li Ban Boar for getting that letter put together in record time. She is a force to be reckoned with and a valuable asset to the College. So again to anyone thinking of applying for any position within the College I urge you to do so… you will be a part of a dynamic group of people who will be there with you every step of the way.

In Service to Kingdom and College,

Caitrina Lions Blood

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in August of 2009.

Aelianora de Wintringham. Name & Device, New. Per chevron gules and sable, a chevron rompu between two open pairs of scissors inverted argent and a needle inverted argent threaded gules.

Ælwynn Ælfredesdohter. Name, New.

Aine Ruadh. Name & Device, New. Or, a hare sejant to sinister and a chief potenty gules.

Alan ap Neal. Name & Device, New. Argent semy of musical notes sable, a dragon's head couped gules.

Algar MacBlane. Name, Resubmission to Laurel.

Andrew Crowe. Device, New. Argent, a bend gules, overall, a bird displayed sable.

Anna van der Meere. Name & Device, New. Argent, a seahorse sable and a chief gules.

Arion the Wanderer. Badge, Resubmission to Laurel. Gules, a trident within an annulet Or.

Brendan ap Llewelyn. Name & Device, New. Azure, in bend two towers Or.

Brynn Loinsdóttir of Axewater. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

Catherine of the Rowan Tree. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

Cyriac the Hunter. Name, New.

Dominik Magnussen. Name & Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Azure, on a chevron Or between two eagles rising respectant and a griffin rampant argent three anchors gules.

Drífa inn raua. Name & Device, New. Per pale azure + purpure, an annulet Or fracted to sinister base, overall a spear inverted argent bendwise.

Name forwarded as Drífa inn raua, as old Norse epithets are not capitalized. This is the correct feminine form following the guidelines as listed in the documentation provided.

Drfinna the Wanderer. Name & Device, New. Azure, a cat couchant Or between three dragonflies argent.

Name forwarded as Drfinna the Wanderer to match the documentation provided.

Eleanor Fairchild. Badge, New. Purpure, an ermine head erased argent and on a bordure argent a semy of golpes purpure.

Esteban Ferreiro. Name & Device, New. Sable, six swords in annulo points to center and in base a crescent argent.

Name forwarded to Laurel as Esteban Ferreiro, to match the documentation provided.

Fin Ricke Vikingsson. Name & Device, New. Sable, a dragon's head erased between three Thor's hammers, all within a bordure, Or.

Gareth Haydon. Name & Device, New. Sable, an arrow, within a bordure argent.

There are concerns about the size of the head and fletching on the arrow, though many shown the depiction on the forms (off line) recognized it instantly as an arrow. It's our hopes that Laurel will agree this can be corrected with a note to the artist.

Georgette de Montmorency. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

Gwenlliana Clutterbooke. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A turtle gules.

Hua Meilan. Name, New.

Jacopo Battista de Luca. Name, New.

Jacopo Battista de Luca. Badge, New. Argent, in pall a crescent between a crescent bendwise sinister, a crescent bendwise, and a goutte inverted sable.

Kirk Einarsson. Name & Device, New. Quarterly gules and azure, a cross argent charged with five ermine spots sable.

Kseniia Smol'nianina. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

Laurence of Damascus. Device, New. Per pale gules and argent, an escallop counterchanged.

Leonidas Balsamon. Name & Device, New. Per pale azure and Or, two lions combatant and a base counterchanged.

Marius Parthus. Name & Device, New. Sable, a lightning bolt and overall eight triangles in annulo argent.

Matillis atte Hethe. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Bendy argent and azure,, a tower purpure atop a mount vert.

Oswulf Silverloc. Name, New.

Rachel Ros. Name, New.

Forwarded to Laurel as Rachel Ros to match documentation provided with a note to the College of Arms that the submitter would prefer Roz if at all possible.

Richenda du Jardin. Name Change, New.

Richenda du Jardin. Household Name, New. Chastel Salon.

Richenda du Jardin. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A furison inverted argent.

Roric Mareschal. Name & Device, New. Or, a chevron embattled between two fleurs-de-lis and a dragon rampant sable.

Rose Atherton. Name, New.

Saraswati Amman. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

Soelig Sweteglee. Name & Device, New. Vert a celtic harp between two musical notes bendwise argent.

Although we're unsure of the documentation for the desired name, it was decided to forward this on to Laurel as the submitter will allow the creation of a holding name if her name cannot be registered and her device looks to be clear of conflict. It would not be fair to the submitter to hold up her device because of an uncertainty on if her name will be accepted as submitted.

Trahaearn ap Gruffudd. Device, New. Or, a sea-dragon gules, a base embattled azure.

Tristram le fiz Owein. Name, New.

Trotula da Ravenna. Name, New.

William of Kyntore. Name & Device, New. Or, on a cross rayonny Azure a hawks head erased Or.

Name forwarded to Laurel as William of Kyntore as per supporting documentation, with a request to the College of Arms for a Gealic form if possible.

Wyn the Waywarde. Name & Device, New. Sable, a triple pile in bend sinister Vert fimbriated Argent.

Name forwarded as Wyn the Waywarde as per supporting documentation.

Device forwarded to Laurel. Although there was much discussion in commentary on the valididy of a triple pile, John Guillimís Display of Heraldrie, Section II, chapter 6, pg 62 has an example that is believed to be sufficient documentation. "He beareth Argent a Triple Pile, Flory on the tops, issuing out of the Sinister base, in Bend towards the Dexter corner, Sable. This sort of bearing of the Pile, hath a resemblance of so many Piles driven into some water-worke, and by long tract of time, incorporated at their heads, by reason of an extraordinary waight imposed upon them, which gave impediment to their growth in height." Although this does not clearly answer if a triple pile can be fimbriated, it does warrant forwarding to the College of Arms.

Ymanya Blackeye. Name, New. (See RETURNS for device.)

These items are being returned for further work

Brynn Loinsdóttir of Axewater. Device, New. Quarterly gules and azure, an axe bendwise sinister reversed argent.

This device is being returned for conflict with Rodney Jean Dozier: The following device associated with this name was registered in December of 1985 (via Atenveldt): Per pale dovetailed Or and gules, a wood axe bendwise sinister argent, hafted sable. There is one Clear Difference for field, but no Clear Difference for haft tincture as per the following precedent: [A woodaxe reversed argent] Conflict with... a battle axe Or, headed argent, the edge to sinister... In each case there is... nothing for the change in tincture of the handle only." (LoAR June 1992 p.18). [Sefferey of Wessex, 02/02, A-Meridies] and nothing for the changing of the axe type as per precedent: [axe vs. double-bitted axe] ... nothing for changing the type of axes. [Eleri of Caerleon, 11/01, R-Meridies].

Catherine of the Rowan Tree. Device, New. Purpure, a bend dancetty between two Catherine's wheels Or.

This device is being returned for conflict with Briony of Nyentrees (September of 1985): Purpure, a bend between two wheels Or.

There is one clear difference for changing the line of division of the bend but no difference between a wheel and a Catherine's wheel as per the following precedent: [a Catherine's wheel vs a wheel] This conflicts with ... nothing for the difference between a wheel and a Catherine's wheel. (Katherine Aylwyn de Chaliers, 3/99 p. 13.

Georgette de Montmorency. Device, New. Per chevron gules and vert on a chevron Or between two oak leaves chevronwise Or and an aileron argent, three acorns proper.

This device is being returned for being in violation of Rule for Submission VIII.1.a Armorial Simplicity, whereas the total of the number of tinctures plus the number of types of charges in a design should not exceed eight. The submitters desired design has 5 tinctures: red, yellow, brown, green & white and 4 charge types: leaf, chevron, acorn & aileron, for a compexity count of 9. A suggestion was brought forward to change the aileron to Or.

Gwenlliana Clutterbooke. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A closed book palewise spine to dexter gules clasped and garnished Or.

This badge is being returned for conflict with with An Tir, Kingdom of - March of 1989 (via An Tir): Quarterly Or and argent, a closed book gules from its pages issuant to base a lion's tail forked and nowed sable. for College of Pages. The image many of us know as the badge for the College of Pages is incorrect as per the blazon registered and compared to the original submission for the College of Pages which clearly shows the closed book to be palewise, spine to dexter. Giving the submitter one clear difference for the field but nothing for the addition of the tail. Teceangle Ounce will be contacting the necessary persons to have the blazon for the College of Pages corrected.

Kaeso Petronius Gallus. Apeal, New. Per pale sable and gules, a goutte d'eau.

This device was returned by Laurel for being in conflict with a gentle even though the submitter had gotten permission to conflict. The original permission letter had a photocopier mishap leaving the letter to look as though important info was omitted. Both the original letter and submission are being forwarded to Laurel as an appeal.

Kseniia Smol'nianina. Device, New. Gules, two bendlets between six mullets of four points elongated to base Or.

This device is being returned for conflict with Catalina Doro registered in February of 2008 (via the East): Gules, a bend between six mullets Or.

There is one clear difference for changing the number of bend(lets). There is no difference between mullets of four points and mullets of five points as per the following precedent: [On a mullet of four points a sea-lion vs. on a mullet a cross crosslet] Change of type only of tertiary charge is worth no difference, per Rule X.4.j; and we grant no difference between a mullet of four points and a mullet of five points.

Saraswati Amman. Device, New. Per pale azure and Or a beaver rampant between three lotus blossoms in profile all counterchanged.

This device is being returned for redraw as there are identifiability problems with the main charge (beaver) including having the tail against its back giving it more of the appearance of a squirrel. The lotus flowers need to be twice as large, also for identifiability.

Ymanya Blackeye. Device, New. Azure, vetu ploye argent, a peacock in its splendor argent, in chief two bezants fimbriated azure.

This device is being returned for style violations:

1. Charging a chape or vetu as per the following precedent: "The device was blazoned on the LoI using a lozenge ployé throughout rather than the originally submitted vêtu ployé. We have been asked whether one can reblazon using a lozenge ployé throughout to avoid stylistic problems with placing charges (in this submission, the estencely) on the "vested" portions of a field (in this submission, the portions of the field outside the "lozenge"). There is explicit precedent stating that placing charges around a lozenge ployé throughout (also known as a lozenge concave throughout) is not allowable style:

Vêtu fields should not have charges in the "vested" portions of the field --- and although this was blazoned on the LOI as a lozenge concave throughout, the latter two adjectives almost mandate this be considered a vêtu field. (LoAR December 1992, pg. 15)

Some commenters noted that we allow fields per chevron throughout to be charged with three charges two and one. Such fields could conceivably be blazoned as chapé with charges on the "vested" portions of the field. Yet we do not return these arms for using charged chapé. This is because a "per chevron" design with three charges on it is relatively common in period, and "per chevron throughout" is a period artistic variant of "per chevron". Chapé with any charges on it is extremely rare. The most likely interpretation of such a design is per chevron, and thus that design is acceptable. The design in this submission is one for which the most likely interpretation is of a vêtu field, rather than some design using a variant lozenge, and absent documentation to the contrary, will be considered to be a vêtu ployé field.

We have had a few previous registrations of charged lozenges ployé throughout between charges, but they were registered without explanatory stylistic comment. One cannot draw any firm conclusions about heraldic policy from registrations without comment. [Brigitte MacFarlane Red, 02/02, R-∆thelmearc]".

2. The Rule for Submission III states: Voiding and fimbriation may only be used with simple geometric charges placed in the center of the design.

The following submissions received for the April Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

• Christiana Elizabeth Deconisia Constable. Name.

This name is returned for lack of documentation of the name elements.

Connor Drachin Wolf. Name & Device.

This name and device are being returned for lack of funds, as the money order included was not processable. All checks and money orders must be made out to College of Heralds -- An Tir.

Kaitlin of Medelstede. Device.

This device is returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

Nicolas Hardel le Noreys. Device for "House Hardel".

This device is returned for being on the old forms, additionally, it is worth noting that households can have affiliated badges, but not affiliated devices. Any resubmission will need to be on the Badge form.

Piers the Deaf. Device.

This device is returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

Reme the Burgundian. Device.

The funds included with this submitter's name and device were not sufficient to cover both items, therefore the name will appear for consideration, but the device is returned for lack of funds.

Ulrich Hellefeuer. Name & Device.

This name is returned for lack of documentation. The device is returned both for lack of a name to go forward with, and for manipulation of the submissions forms. While the submitter did use the 2006 approved forms, they apparently photoshopped the device into the form, which very visibly altered it.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Alessandra Lorenza Simonetti - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the spelling of her name (Lorenza - element with "Lori" sound). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Alessandra> is found as a feminine given name in Arval Benicouer's "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto) with a frequency of 1.

<Lorenza> is found as a feminine given name in the same article with a frequency of 40.

<Simonetti> is found as a family name in Juliana de Luna's "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado" http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado) with a frequency of 1.

1: Alessandra Lorenza Simonetti - New Device

Or gouty de Sang, a scorprion inverted Sable.

2: Alessandra Lorenza Simonetti - New Badge

(Fieldless) A scorpion tergiant sable.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

3: Alys Lakewood - New Device

Barry of eight vert and argent, two bendlets enhanced or, in base a thistle slipped and leaved or.

The submitter's branch is Tir Bannog.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 2008.

4: Constance Wyatt - New Household Name

Blywboote Inn

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• No major changes.
• Meaning (blue boot) most important.

The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2008.

The submitter will not accept major changes, doesn't care about the gender of the name and cares most about the meaning of the name (blue boot). She expresses no desire to have the name changed to be authentic.

The submitter includes the following note: "Please note: We have no preference if there is a space between Blyw Boote for the name to be registered."

From the Middle English Dictionary (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/med/) at the Middle English Compendium (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/m/mec/), completed in 2001:

bleu (adj.) Also blu(e, bliu, blou(e. (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=17607751&egdisplay=open&egs=17615352&egs=17620394&egs=17619544)

(a) Blue; esp., sky-blue, azure; (b) blue-violet, hyacinthine; deep blue-purple, indigo-blue; dark; as ~ as inde; (c) ~ purpre, ~ violet, bright ~, dep ~, inde ~, violet ~; (d) as a symbol of constancy; (e) fig. sad, sorrowful.

(a1382) WBible(1) (Dc 369(1)) Jer.10.9: Iacynct, or as men seyn violet blyw silc, and purpre the clothing of them.

b{o-}te (n.(2)) Also bot, but(e, buyt.

1. A boot, a covering for the foot and leg; also, a legging. (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5610&egs=all&egdisplay=open)

(a1387) Trev. Higd.(StJ-C H.1) 1.353: Also sadeles, bootes [L ocreis], spores, þey vseþ none.

(c1387-95) Chaucer CT.Prol.(Manly-Rickert) A.273: Vp on his heed a Flaundryssh beuere hat, His bootes clasped faire and fetisly.

(a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 66a/b: Skynnes of beestes ben grauntid to men..bootes & schoon.

a1425(?a1400) RRose (Htrn 409) 2265: Of shon and bootes [OF Solers a las ou estiviaus], newe and faire, Loke at the leest thou have a paire.

(1440) PParv.(Hrl 221) 41: Boclyd as shone or botys: Plusculatus.

a1500 Hrl.1002 Gloss.(Hrl 1002) 628: Quitibiale: lest of a boote.

Included with this submission is correspondence with Juliana de Luna as follows:

"…Between the <color + animal> documented pattern and the <number + inanimate object> pattern, as well as <black boye>, one might expect <color + object> to be a relatively small leap.

"If you're not convinced by that, there's another pattern: that of surnames, of which Mari gives several examples. Reaney and Wilson (p. xliv, introduction) say "but some [surnames] are nicknames from a partiality for a particular type of dress: Greenhead `green hood', Hussey `booted', Gildersleeve `golden sleeves, Shorthouse or Shorthose `short boot.'"

"R&W s.n. Boot date Adam Boot to 1345. I think there are some examples with hose s.n. Whitehouse, but I can't see that page in the Google Books version, and I'm away from my copy….

"That should be enough to justify <Blueboot> as a plausible, if not impressively good, surname, which could then have been used as an inn name."

Also included with this submission is copies of Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's "English Sign Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/inn/) in which the sections Color + Animal, Number + (Other Item), Personal Names and (Possibly the owner's byname) + Inn (Tavern) are highlighted.

Color + Animal has the following names: header <Grayhorse> - Grayhorse (2 Hen. VII); header <Grayhound> - Grayhound (1522); header <Whitehorse> - Whithors (1358), Whithors (2 Edw. I), Whytehors (1285), Whytehorse (1312); header <Whitelamb> - Whitlambe (1379), Whitelomb (1428).

Number + (Other Item) has the following names under the header <Sevenstar>: Sevensterre (1355), Seuesterrys (1379), Sevesterre (1384).

Personal Names has the following names: header <George> - George (1522), George (may be standardized spelling) (1516); header <Saint Lawrance> - Saint Lawrance (1522); header <Wolsig?> - Wolsak (? 1463).

(Possibly the owner's byname) + Inn (Tavern) has the following names: header <Bosom's Inn> - Bosoms yn (1522); header <Davis's Inn> - Davys Inn (may be standardized spelling) (15th c.); header <Gray's Inn> - Gresyn (? 02 Nov 1476), Greyysyn (1466); header <Lincoln Inn> - Lyncoll yn (c1480); header <Mitford Tavern> - Mitford taverne (28 March 1489).

An article entitled "Comparison of Inn/Shop/House names found London 1473-1600 with those found in the ten shires surrounding London in 1636" at http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~grm/signs-1485-1636.html has the following names under the section Color + Object: dated to between 1485-1600, header <Blue Garland> - <Blew garlande, Blewe garlande; header <Gilded Cup>; header <Golden Anchor> - Golden ancore, Golden anker; header <Golden Bible> - Golden bibel, Golden bibell; header <Golden Cross> - Golden crosse; header <Golden Cup> - Gilded cuppe, Golden cup; header - <Golden Tun> - Gilden Tunn, Gylden Tunn, Gylden Tunna, Gylden Tunne; header <Green Hill> - Grene hyl, Grene hyll; header <Red Harrow> - Red harrow. Dated to 1636: header <Golden Fleece> - Golden Fleece.

5: Constance Wyatt - New Badge

(Fieldless) no further blazon provided.

This submission is to be associated with Blywboote Inn

The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2008.

The submitter wishes this badge to be associated with Blywboote Inn.

6: Constance Wyatt - New Badge

(Fieldless) On a coney rampant argent, a heart gules.

The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 2008.

7: Dante Machiavelli - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter will not accept major changes, expresses no preference as to the gender of his name and cares most about the sound of his name (unspecified). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Dante> is a masculine name found in De Felice Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani citing the Mediera.

<Machiavelli> is a surname found in De Felice Dizionario de Cognomi Italiani dated to the 12th century onward.

7: Dante Machiavelli - New Device

Gules, a bend sinister argent and in dexter chief a hawk stooping to sinister Or.

8: Dominicus de Lyon - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Meaning (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Rhyddglyn.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the meaning of his name (unspecified). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Dominicus> as a given name is supported by Report 3139 from the Academy of Saint Gabriel (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3139.txt). "…We found a man named <Dominik Dominiks> in Breslau in 1350 [4], and one man recorded as <Dominicus> in a Latin document from1525. [5]…" Bibliographical source [5] is as follows: Schwarz, Ernst. Sudetendeutsche Familiennamen des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts (Muenchen: Robert Lerche, 1973). s.n. Flenner.

<Dominicus> is further supported by an entry in The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names by E.G. Withycombe under the header "Dominic(k): (French Domenico, Spanish Domingo): Latin dominicus, `of the Lord'. The name may have been given originally to children born on a Sunday (dies dominica). In England it is found as a monk's name in Anglo-Saxon times, but did not come into use as an ordinary christian name until the 13th C, in honour of St. Dominic (1170-1221), founder of the Order of Preachers. It was used at first as both a m. and a f. name, sometimes appearing as Dominick, sometimes as Dominy; Domenyk occurs in the 15th C. The name was never common in England, and after the Reformation was used almost exclusively by Roman Catholics until quite recently. It is not (1976) in more general use."

<de Lyon> is supported by the following entry in A Dictionary of English Surnames by P.H. Reaney and R.M. Wilson under the header Lyon, Lyons: (i) Lyon son of Lyon 1293 AssSt; Ricardus Leo 1176 P (O); Thomas Lioun 1287 AssCh; William le Leoun 1290 Fees (Wt); William Lyon 1327 SRSf; Johanna le Lyon 1332 SRSx. Either from Lyon, the popular pronunciation of Leo or Leon, or a nickname from the lion. (ii) Azor de Lions 1159 P (Nf); Geoffrey de Liuns 1170 P (Nf); Henry de Lyons 1296 SRSx. As early forms of the surname, which is not uncommon, invariably end in -s, this must be from Lyons-la-Forêt (Eure) and not from the better-known Lyons, earlier Lugudunum, Fr Lyon."

8: Dominicus de Lyon - New Device

Gyronny of eight argent and gules, a compass rose counterchanged.

9: Edouard d'Angers - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.
• Language (unspecified) most important.
• Culture (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Lyonsmarche.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the sound (unspecified) and language/culture (unspecified) of his name. He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the forms:

"http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/179385/Edouard-I-de-Beaujeu

"http://books.google.com/books?id=uVZ893wOWgoC&pg=PA37 &lpg=PA37&dq=marshals+of+france+under+phillip+VI&source=web&ots=856lqo4PeB&sig=f88rm4- A6cfnspMgAQgAWvl4aO4&hl=en&ei=sCGTSdrXHYmMsAOqk_isCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct= result#PPA333,M1 (page 333) [I am unable to view page 333 and so am unable to confirm if the screenshot detailed below is the same page. -- Lí Ban]

"http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/earlygasconlatin.html

"While latinized, this list contains several "de place" names that would be properly shortened to "d'place"

"If changes are required:

"The spelling Eduard is dated to 1086 in Withycombe s.n. Edward.

"The byname de Angers is dated to 1207-8 in Reaney and Wilson s.n. Angers"

The submitter provides copies of the Britannica Online entry which reads as follows:

"Édouard I de Beaujeu

"Beaujolais ( in Beaujolais (ancient province, France) )

"From the 10th to the 13th century, the seigneurs (lords) of Beaujeu gradually enlarged their possessions into a considerable feudal lordship. Édouard I de Beaujeu, marshal of France, fought at the Battle of Crécy (1346) and perished in the Battle of Ardres in 1351. His son died without issue in 1374 and was succeeded by his cousin Édouard II, who gave his estates of…."

Also included is the photocopy of a screenshot from Google Books of "Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War" by John A. Wagner, Appendix 6. [Unfortunately, the photocopy blacked out the highlighted name, though presumably it is Édouard or Edward. - Lí Ban]

<br /><br />

(Note on 4-23 -- Blue Anchor edited the Google Books URL, adding spaces, because of issues we are having with the width of the page in some browsers. The shortened version goes to the same place as the longer version did, so there is no actual change in content.)

9: Edouard d'Angers - New Device

Per pale indented argent and azure, a wolf rampant azure and a cross crosslet argent

10: Fernando Lobo - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.
• Meaning (Lobo = Wolf; alt, the wolf - de Lobo, of the wolf - El de Lobo) most important.

The submitter's branch is False Isle.

The submitter's previous submission of the same name and device were returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for administrative reasons (no copies of documentation provided).

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the meaning (Lobo = Wolf) and language/culture (alt, the wolf - de Lobo, of the wolf, El de Lobo) of his name. He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is presented as documentation for this name:

"Fernando II, King of Aragon 1452-1479 (see page 2)

"http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Chronologies/Genealogies/Spanish_Monarchs/Spanish%20Monarchs.htm

"Spanish Names from the late 15th Century by Juliana De Luna (See Fernando page 3) http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/MensGivenFreq.html

"Late Period Spanish Men's Names from Seville by Sara L. Uckelman (See Fernando page 4) http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/silversmiths.html

"There is also a byname <Lobo> that means `wolf' in Spanish, for example <Guter Lubo> 1180, <Petrus Lobo> 1226, <Martinus Lobo>, <Petro Lobo>, <Johannes Lupo> and the diminutive form found in <Martinus Lobato> all from 1258 [9]. It is also found within your period in the examples <Diego Lobo> and his father <Vasco Lobo> in 1535, and Alonso Hera/ndez Lobo in 1536 [10]. (see pages 5,6 and 7)"

Details from the above provide the following:

From the online article "Christian Kings and Queens of Spain" at the Paradoxplace Italy, France, Britain Photo and History Pages (http://www.paradoxplace.com/Perspectives/Chronologies/Genealogies/Spanish_Monarchs/Spanish%20Monarchs.htm):

<Fernando I>, King of Castile 1035-1065, King of Leon 1037, 1065; <Fernando II>, King of Leon 1157-1188; <Fernando III>, King of Castile, 1217-1252, King of Leon 1230-1252. Of the House of Castile: <Fernando de la Cerda>; <Fernando IV>, 1396-1312; <Fernando>; <Fernando 1>, King of Aragon 1416-1458. Of the House of Aragon: <Fernando I>, 1412-1416; <Fernando II> (Ferdinand the Catholic), 1479-1516. Also included on this page is an image of a portrait of Fernando II, King of Aragon 1452-1479-1516 (64) and Isabella, Queen of Castille, 1451-1474-1504 (53) entitled "Los Reyes Cathólicos". The actual painting may be found in the Convent of Augustinian Nuns, Avila.

The article "Spanish Names from the late 15th Century" by Juliana de Luna (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/MensGivenFreq.html) has <Fernando> with a frequency of 104 under the header <Fernando>.

The article "Late-Period Spanish Men's Names from Seville" with a frequency of 7, dated 1376 and 1567 under the header <Fernando>.

<Lobo> as a surname is supported by Report 1945 from the Academy of Saint Gabriel (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1945) and is as detailed above by the submitter with the following additions: "…In summary, we suggest several names… <Violante Lobo>…" Bibliographical source [10] is Romera Truela, Luis, and Ma. del Carmen Galbis Díez, Catalogo de Pasajeros a Indias, Siglos XVI, XVII, y XVIII (Sevilla: Archivo General de Indias, 1980); s.n. Lobo.

Photocopies of the image and accompanying titles from the webpage (minus the URL, article title and all other information), the Saint Gabriel articles and the Saint Gabriel Report are included with this submission.

10: Fernando Lobo - Resub Device

Per pale azure and sable, a wolf's head ululant erased argent and a chief raguly Or.

11: Galena Machiavelli - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the spelling of her name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the forms:

"Galena is a feminization of the male name Galeno in De Felice - Dizionario dei Nomi Italianí sn. Galeno, who cites a period doctor

"Machiavelli is a surname found in De Felice Dizionario del Cognomi Italiani, dated to the 12th century onwards."

11: Galena Machiavelli - New Device

Per chevron azure and gules, two quills of yarn and a pair of scissors inverted Or.

12: Halla Orthlokarr - New Name

• Submitter has no desire as to gender.
• No major changes.
• Sound (wish it to remain as close as possible to original submission) most important.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

The submitter will not accept major changes, doesn't care about the gender of her name and cares most about the sound (wish it to remain close as possible to original submission) of her name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Halla - Found in the Landnámabók

"Orðlokarr - byname spelled with the eth "ð" pronounced "th".

"See attached documentation."

The submitter has provided photocopies of pages 1 and 6 of the article "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael. [Though not listed on the pages provided by the submitter, <Halla> is found in the list of feminine names with a frequency of 13. The URL for the article is http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html. - Lí Ban]

No documentation was provided for <Orthlokarr>. [<orðlokarr> may, however, be found in the article "Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/vikbynames.html) by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman) with the meaning "word-plane, one who shapes his words carefully" and a frequency of 1. - Lí Ban]

12: Halla Orthlokarr - New Device

Azure, a Norse sun cross and on a chief indented argent three mullets of five points azure.

13: Lothar Adalsind - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Client requests authenticity for 8th century Carolingia.
• Language (Carolingian) most important.
• Culture (Carolingian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

This submitter's previous submission of this name was returned by Kingdom in October of 2008 for administrative reasons (lack of sufficient copies of documentation).

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language/culture of his name (unspecified). He wishes his name changed to be authentic for 8th century Carolingian language/culture. He will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Lothar> may be found in the article "Carolingian Masculine & Feminine Names from c.700-c.900 AD" compiled by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/other/carolingian.html) with a frequency of 3 and the Latin form of <Lodharius>.

<Adalsind> is a constructed name based upon the evidence presented in "Frankish Name Construction", compiled by Guntram von Wolkenstein, which says: "Early recorded Frankish names are mainly dithematic…" <Adal-> (noble) is in the list of first elements; <-sind> is in the list of second elements. No evidence is presented in this article that a constructed name such as <Adalsind> would have been used as a byname.

14: Madrun y Gwehyddes - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Language (Welsh) most important.
• Culture (Welsh) most important.
• Meaning (the weaver) most important.

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the meaning (`the weaver') and language/culture (Welsh) of her name. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the forms:

"Madrun is the standard modern form of a name found as Maderun in 13th c. Wales, in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's "Simple Guide to Construction 13th Century Welsh Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html).

"Gwehyddes is the modern name meaning `the (f) weaver'. It was found in the Welsh Miscellany and in Welsh Dictionaries.

"JdL will talk to Tangwystyl."

14: Madrun y Gwehyddes - New Device

Argent, a millrind between four mascles in cross gules within a bordure counter-compony argent and sable

15: Nicolas Hardel le Noreys - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (English) most important.
• Culture (12th-14th century England) most important.

The submitter's branch is Ravensley.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language/culture of his name (12th to 14h century England). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"the following sources are all from the SCA heraldry pages.

"http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng13/eng13m.html lists Nicholas

"http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/Rutland/given-masc-alpha.htm lists Nicholas

"http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/Rutland/bynamesalphabetically.htm lists Noreys

"http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/names/english/surlondon1292.html lists Hardell, Hardel, le Noryes and Lenoreys

"attached is four page photocopy from British History Online, the subsidy roll for Vintry ward http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31922&strquery=Hardel"

The first article listed above is "Men's Given Names from Early 13th Century England" by Talan Gwynek; the header form <Nicholas> has a frequency of 14 with <Nicholas> in this spelling with a frequency of 1 and the spelling <Nicholaus> with a spelling of 13.

The second article listed above is "Masculine Given Names Found in the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland (sorted alphabetically)" by Karen Larsdatter; <Nicholas> in this spelling is listed with a frequency of 34.

The third article is "Bynames Found in the 1296 Lay Subsidy Roll for Rutland, England (sorted alphabetically)" by Karen Larsdatter; <Noreys> is listed with a frequency of 1 in Uppingham.

The fourth article is "Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London: Surnames" by Sara L. Uckelman; <Hardell> is listed with a frequency of 1, <Hardel> with a frequency of 2, <le Norreys> with a frequency of 1 and <Lenoreys> with a frequency of 1 (both of the last under the header <Norris>).

The British History Online (Subsidy Roll 1292, Vintry ward) listing has the following names: <Rob' hardel> and <Ric' hardel>. The details for these two names are as follows:

"18. Robert Hardel 1290 LBA 175,LBB 235 (repr. Vi), 1300 Mayors 99 (a gauger), 1304 ib. 202 (owner of a quay in Vintry), 1311 LBD 189 (an earlier tenant in St. Martin, Vi). Evidently a vintner and perhaps Robert, youngest son of Robert Hardel (1279-80 CE 46). There were several earlier Hardels in London, some of them vintners, as William H. 1206 P, Robert H. 1230 P. - OF hardel `youth; good-for-nothing; rascal'."

"Richard Hardel 1298-9 LBC 35 (juror Vi), 1300 Mayors 101 (winemerchant), 1301 Will (of St. Martin). Cf. no. 18."

16: Nicolas Hardel le Noreys - New Household Name

House Hardel

• Language (English) most important.
• Culture (12th-14th century England) most important.

The submitter's branch is Ravensley.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

The submitter will accept any changes and cares most about the language/culture of the name (12th to 14th century England). The submitter expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/surlondon1292.html lists both Hardell and Hardel

"attached is photocopy from British History Online, the subsidy roll for Vintry ward http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=31922&strquery=Hardel"

The first article is "Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London: Surnames" by Sara L. Uckelman; <Hardell> is listed with a frequency of 1, <Hardel> with a frequency of 2.

The British History Online article has the following names: <Rob' hardel> and <Ric' hardel>. The details for these two names are as follows:

"18. Robert Hardel 1290 LBA 175,LBB 235 (repr. Vi), 1300 Mayors 99 (a gauger), 1304 ib. 202 (owner of a quay in Vintry), 1311 LBD 189 (an earlier tenant in St. Martin, Vi). Evidently a vintner and perhaps Robert, youngest son of Robert Hardel (1279-80 CE 46). There were several earlier Hardels in London, some of them vintners, as William H. 1206 P, Robert H. 1230 P. - OF hardel `youth; good-for-nothing; rascal'."

"Richard Hardel 1298-9 LBC 35 (juror Vi), 1300 Mayors 101 (winemerchant), 1301 Will (of St. Martin). Cf. no. 18."

17: Octavianus Lunanus - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Client requests authenticity for 4th century, post 300-ish AD.
• Meaning (Octavianus from the town Luna) most important.

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the meaning of his name (Octavianus from the town Luna). He wishes his name changed to be authentic for the 4th century, post 300-ish A.D. He will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Translated, the name would mean Octavianus (one who is associated/adopted by Octavian) of the town Luna.

"Luna was a city in Etruria. The Arabs burnt it down in 1016 AD, so it was around and useable throughout the Roman period in Italy.

"In the later Roman Empire most people had only two names, a personal name and another one, which could indicate an occupation, place of origin, or a family/clan. Octavianus can be attributed as early as the 1st century with the Roman Emperors. The second name was used to indicate a place, or lineage. Lunanus/Lunan would mean that I lived in the town of Luna."

No other support was presented for this name.

17: Octavianus Lunanus - New Device

Per bend sinister wavy purpure and argent, a bend sinister wavy counterchanged between a natural tiger salient argent marked sable and a rose gules barbed slipped and leaved vert, a bordure countercha

18: Octavianus Lunanus - New Badge

Per bend sinister wavy purpure and argent, a bend sinister wavy and a bordure counterchanged

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

19: Piers Lakewood - New Device

Quarterly azure and vert, four quill pens, two and two argent

The submitter's branch is Tir Bannog.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 2008.

20: Ragnarr ulfeðinn - Resub Device Change

argent, on a hurt, six elder futhark elhaz runes conjoined in annulo, argent

Old Item: Sable, a chevron Or, overall a fleur de lys argent, to be released.

The submitter's branch is Hartwood.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in March of 2009 as a change from Gregor von Drachenstein (registered in July of 2008).

The submitter's previous submission was returned by Kingdom in February of 2009 for administrative reasons (insufficient funds).

[The submitter currently has a device submission in process on the March 2009 letter. - Lí Ban]

The submitter wishes his old device, registered under the name Diego Ramirez de Salamanca (which was changed to Gregor von Drachenstein in July of 2008) in June of 2001, Sable, a chevron Or, overall a fleur de lys argent, released if this one is registered.

21: Ragnarr ulfeðinn - Resub Badge

fieldless an elder futhark elhaz rune within and conjoined to an annulet, all argent.

The submitter's branch is Hartwood.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in March of 2009 as a change from Gregor von Drachenstein (registered in July of 2008).

The submitter's previous submission was returned by Kingdom in February of 2009 for administrative reasons (insufficient funds).

The submitter currently has two registered badges under the name Diego Ramirez de Salamanca (changed to Gregor von Drachenstein in July of 2008). He also has a badge in process on the March 2009 letter.

22: Ravenwulf fitz Gerald - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Norman 12th century) most important.
• Culture (Norman 12th century) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter's previous submission of Thaddeus Fitzgerald was returned by Kingdom in March of 2009 for administrative reasons (lack of documentation). His device submission was returned at the same time for lack of a name.

The submitter will not accept major changes to his name, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language/culture of his name (Norman 12th century). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

""Ravenwulf" is a constructed name from Searle's Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. "Raven-" is found under that name as a prototheme on pg. 395, "-wulf" is found as a durotheme on pg. 506.

"Fitz is found as fitz in St. Gabriel's report # 1480 see attached.

"Gerald is a constructed name from Searle's Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. "Ger-" is found as a prototheme on pg. 256, "-ald" is found as a durotheme on pg. 65."

The Saint Gabriel report (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1480) has the following name containing <fitz>: "…in English as <David fitz Samuel>…".

22: Ravenwulf fitz Gerald - Resub Device

Per pale purpure and argent, a demi sun per pale Or and vert issuant from chief and a fisted gauntlet per pale argent and purpure in fess tow [sic] trefoils Or and vert.

23: Ravenwulf fitz Gerald - Resub Badge

(Fieldless) a sun in splendor per pale Or and vert.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter's previous badge submission was returned by Kingdom in March of 2009 for administrative reasons (no name with which to forward).

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

24: Reme the Burgundian - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter will accept any changes and desires a masculine name. He expresses no preference should his name have to be changed and no desire to have his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Reme: submitter's given name (see attached)

"the: common English article

"Burgundy: a duchy in France"

The submitter included a photocopy of his driver's license with this submission.

25: Robert of Wolford - New Device

Sable, a wolf rampant & queue forchy to sinister, maintaining in the sinister arm a bow and maintaining in the dexter arm a sheaf of arrows inverted Argent.

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in September of 2007.

26: Sumayya al Ibelin - New Name Change

Old Item: Annelise von Aachen, to be retained.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Language (Arabic) most important.
• Culture (Arabic) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter wishes her currently registered name of Annelise von Aachen (registered in February of 2000 via Atenveldt) retained as an alternate upon registration of this change.

The submitter wishes her currently registered device of Per chevron gules and purpure, a chevron dovetailed between two lit Arabian lamps spouts to center and a dive migrant argent retained as a badge upon the registration of this change.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the language/culture of her name. She wishes her name changed to be authentic for the Arabic language and/or culture. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Sumayya> is a female given name/ism from Da'ud ibn Auda's "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm)

<al Ibelin> means "from Ibelin", a coastal town in Palestine near Jerusalem. The submitter includes a map showing Ibelin from the book The First Crusade 1096-99: Conquest of the Holy Land by David Nicolle. [No photocopy of the title page was included for publication info, just photocopies of the map and the cover. - Lí Ban]

26: Sumayya al Ibelin - New Device Change

Azure, maintaining a tower on its back argent and on a chief Or three Maltese crosses gules.

Old Item: Per chevron gules and purpure, a chevron dovetailed between two lit Arabian lamps spouts to center and a dive migrant argent, to be retained.

27: Volchok Voislavov - New Device

Azure, A demi wolf couped salient Or, Above a chevron inverted Or, In chief 2 crows close respectant Or.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2008.

28: William Mor - New Badge

Argent, a chevron throughout and a chevron inverted throughout braced all with in a bordure sable.

The submitter's branch is unspecified.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in October of 2008.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 10 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 2 New Household Names, 12 New Devices, 1 New Device Change, 5 New Badges. This gives 31 new items. Resub counts: 3 Resub Names, 2 Resub Devices, 1 Resub Device Change, 2 Resub Badges. This is a total of 8 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 39 actions.

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