?> An Tir Heralds: Online System for Commentary and Response

 An Tir College of Heralds 
Online System for Commentary and Response

Site News
Issues/Bugs List

OSCAR Tutorial

Read ILs

RFS

Prec

AH

Sub Status

Name:

Password:

Create Account
(You do not need to do this unless you are a commenting herald -- you can read the ILs without an account)

Forgot your password?
Contact Blue Anchor Herald for help. Her address is here.

[ Site News | Issues/Bugs List | OSCAR Tutorial | Read ILs | RFS | Prec | AH | Sub Status ]

An Tir IL dated 2008-09-03 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Gwenlian Black Lion, Caitrina Lions Blood and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Lí Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar Herald, sends greetings and felicitations.

COMMENTARY ON SEPTEMBER'S SUBMISSIONS IS DUE ON THE 10TH OF OCTOBER, 2008.

The following Lions Blood meetings will be held on at 1:00pm at Caitrina Lions Blood's home (3174 Sechelt Dr., Coquitlam, BC).

August meeting - September 14th

September meeting - October 12th

October meeting - November 16th

November meeting - December 14th

Directions: Make your best way to Vancouver, BC. Get onto the Trans Canada Hwy (Hwy 1) if you're not already on it. Take the Lougheed Hwy exit (Exit 44). You should be going NE. Follow Lougheed Hwy until it turns into Pinetree Way. Follow Pinetree Way to Guildford Way. Turn right. Follow Guildford Way to Ozada Ave (Guildford Way turns into Ozada Ave.). Follow Ozada Ave. to Inlet St (first right). Turn right. Follow Inlet St. to Sechelt Dr. (first left). Turn left. Look for #3174.

Alternatively, follow the directions provided courtesy of Google Maps:

http://maps.google.ca/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&q=3174+Sechelt+Dr,+Coquitlam,+BC,+Canada&sll=49.891235,-97.15369&sspn=33.029007,88.769531&ie=UTF8&z=16&iwloc=addr&om=1

From Lions Blood

Greetings unto the An Tir College of Heralds from Caitrina Lions Blood!

I don't mean to sound harsh but I need to be very blunt to get this across. Effective immediately! Any submission not adhering to the policies and procedures for submissions will be returned for Administrative reasons. I urge submitters and heralds alike to read the Admin Handbook Section IV. General Procedures for Submissions. Laurel is enforcing these policies and it is our job to do the same. This will not only make our jobs easier but ensure submitters who do follow the correct procedures are not inadvertently penalized by allowing an incomplete submission to go through and thus risking an entire Letter of Intent to be returned at the Laurel level.

If anyone has any questions or concerns about anything to do with a submission or the process, please feel free to contact me at any time. I'm usually at my computer daily and will endeavor to answer any message within 24 hours.

Also, there has been a request that Lions Blood meetings / deadlines be published on the Kingdom Calendar. Though some may think this to be a great idea, after looking at the logistics involved, I do not believe it to be in the best interest of the Lions Blood Office. Unlike other deadlines, ours fluctuate to accommodate working full time and having families. The dates are always 'approximate' and the upcoming meeting times/dates/locations are already posted on An Tir OSCAR. I don't see an advantage to having this info published in multiple locations or would want to ask the Lions Blood Staff to take on additional duties to their already too long of a list at times. This may be looked at again in the future but at this time is not an option.

In Service to Kingdom and College,

Caitrina Lions Blood

LAUREL ACTIONS

The following is an excerpt from the cover letter of the March 2008 LoAR:

From the Outgoing Laurel: Some Unfinished Business

The College of Arms has a rank of Herald Extraordinary that has a long and honored history. The rank was formally created and definedin the July 1981 cover letter by Wilhelm Laurel. The intent of the rank is to recognize and reward "... those heralds who have greatlyserved the College of Heralds and/or the College of Arms and have achieved the highest level of competence in heraldry."

In recognition of their outstanding service to the College of Arms, and with the concurrence of the current Laurel Sovereign, I hereby announce the bestowal upon Margaret MacDubhshithe and Jeanne Marie Lacroix the rank of Herald Extraordinary and the right to a personal heraldic title.

Ladies, you are Heralds Extraordinary indeed. I owe you more than I can ever say, but a heartfelt 'thanks' is a good start.

Shauna, Istvan, Mari, Juliana, Ghita, Gwenllian, Herveus, Gisela, Robin, Bruce, Zenobia, Christopher, Gwenlian, Teceangl, David, and everyone else who helped, suggested, and sometimes just listened I will never forget all you've done these past three years to make a hard job easier and sometimes even fun. I am ever grateful.

Congratulations to Olwynn, the new Laurel Sovereign of Arms, Istvan Wreath and Aryanhwy Pelican. Fine armory, good names and smooth sailing to you.

From the Incoming Laurel: Yet More Unfinished Business

In recognition of her outstanding service to the College of Arms, and with the concurrence of the other Sovereigns of Arms, I hereby announce the bestowal upon Elisabeth de Rossignol the rank of Herald Extraordinary and the right to a personal heraldic title.

It is going to be difficult to step into her shoes. I am grateful that she has agreed to be on the other end of the phone when I need her.

From the Incoming Laurel: Team Transition Schedule

As I'm sure all of you know, the Sovereigns are changing. We felt that it might be nice if everyone knew the schedule. The Board of Directors signed my warrant at their meeting on the 12th of July and Elisabeth has joyfully run off screaming into the night.

This tenure it was felt that a staged transition of the decision makers would be less painful for all concerned. Aryanhwy and Margaret split the May and June Pelican duties, and July was entirely Aryanhwy's. Istvan and Jeanne Marie opted to split the July duties, and August will be entirely Istvan's responsibility.

The addresses laurel@heraldry.sca.org, wreath@heraldry.sca.org, and pelican@heraldry.sca.org all forward to the new team; all new correspondence, including Letters of Intent, should be addressed to them. Please note the change in addresses - the old ones will forward, but these are now the canonical addresses, so that Codex can change them without having to get the sca.org system administrator involved.

From the Incoming Laurel: Paperwork Issues

It has come to our attention that there are increasingly issues with submissions packets. Recently, they have been frequently arriving with the following problems:

- required copies of documentation missing

- petitions missing

- kingdom changes to names not updated on forms

- kingdom changes to blazons not updated on forms

- paperwork not in alphabetical order

There have also been issues with excessively late payments.

While it pains us to penalize submitters, the administrative requirements for paperwork are, and have been, in place for some time. Please re-read section V of the administrative handbook. With the exception of V.C.1, which requires hard copies, and other changes required for OSCAR, it is still in force and violations are cause for return of an entire letter without consideration of the items at a meeting, regardless of any commentary on their merits.

At a minimum, consideration of the letter will be delayed if deadlines are not met. We will be enforcing hard deadlines. Paperwork and payment is due six weeks from the issuance of the Letter of Intent. If this deadline is not met, consideration of the items will be delayed one month and a new deadline for receipt of paperwork and payment will be set four weeks from the original deadline. Failure to meet this second deadline will result in a final month of delay. Additionally, appropriate authorities will be contacted regarding these problems to ensure their resolution. These authorities include, but are not limited to, the kingdom royals, kingdom seneschal, kingdom exchequer, society seneschal, and society exchequer. Missing the third deadline will cause the entire letter to be administratively returned.

We remind submissions heralds that the Administrative Handbook IV.C says that "no submission...shall be considered for registration until a complete set of paperwork is provided to the appropriate heraldic officer," and IV.C.2. says "Except for documentation from items in Appendix H (the No-Photocopy List), such documentation must include copies of cited source material." Documentation added during the kingdom commentary process is included in this requirement. It too must be printed out or photocopied and included in the packet.

Beginning in August, Letters of Intent will not be scheduled for decision until the full packet, including all copies of required documentation, are received.

Please contact Olwynn Laurel or Shauna Ragged Staff if there are any sections that you do not understand, need clarification or a variance on, or to know if the requirement is still in force. We would be happy to provide any assistance we can in helping kingdoms resolve the above issues. We prefer to deal with questions before letters are issued, rather than clean up after things are done incorrectly.

From the Incoming Laurel: Call for Bids

We remind all that bids for KWHSS 2009 are due by 15 August, 2008. All bids should be posted to OSCAR as "other" letters so that the College can comment on them. When posting, please remember to redact all legal names, addresses, phone numbers, and other personal information. A complete copy of the bid should also be emailed to Laurel at herald@sca.org. If you can not post letters to OSCAR, please email your bid to Laurel and we will handle posting the bid.

From Wreath: Strawberries Proper

We have registered strawberries proper 17 times, the earliest in 1973 and the latest in 2007. Over that period the tinctures of a strawberry proper have never been defined. In examining the emblazons of the registered armory, it is clear that the implicit definition of proper has been gules capped vert. There has not been a clear consensus on the tincture - or even presence/absence - of the seeds. This is true even in the case of multiple pieces of armory registered to the same person. At this time we are making the definition explicit: a strawberry proper is gules capped vert; the seeds, if present, are generally sable or Or but they count for naught. The seeds are an artistic detail; their presence (or absence) need not be blazoned.

From Wreath: Saltorels

The submission from Meridies of Clas Hebenstreit's device raised the question of using the term saltorel in blazons. Batonvert provided a nice summary:

The term saltorel refers to a "diminutive" of the saltire, in the same way bar refers to a diminutive of the fess. Since we don't consider "skinniness" when judging diminutives, an ordinary's diminutive term is only used when there's more than one of them: a fess but three bars, a saltire but three saltorels. And for the vast majority of period examples [of saltorels], that means couped.

Now, this was not the case in earlier blazons. In the Bigot Roll, c.1254, the arms of Arguelms d'Olehaun are blazoned l'escu de geules a cinc sautors d'argent (Gules, five saltires argent). It was understood that the saltires were couped, simply by the fact that there were more than one of them. (Brault, Eight Thirteenth-Century Rolls of Arms, p.17) And I believe crosses were treated the same way: three crosses were understood to be three crosses couped.

But blazonry style changed, and just as six lions on a shield could be blazoned as lionceaus or lioncels, so too did a special term come into use for multiple saltires (couped). Thus in the Randall Holme Roll, c.1460, the arms of Alam are blazoned with iij sawtreys of sabyll engrelyd. The diminutive of the saltire was applied to multiple saltires... which were perforce couped, not throughout.

An examination of the registered saltorels show that, in most cases, the term is in fact used to mean saltire couped not a skinny saltire. The few cases that did refer to a skinny saltire have been reblazoned as either saltires (when primary charges) or as saltorels throughout (when tertiary charges). As for the saltorels couped, they're on a par with lion rampant: redundant, but harmless.

From Pelican: Citing Dates from "Index of Names in Irish Annals"

We request submissions heralds who cite names from Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, "Index to Names in Irish Annals" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/), to please cite the dates given in the article for when the name is found. This helps the commenters in evaluating temporal edge cases (and determining when they are viewing an edge case).

Society Pages: A Death in the Family

We are saddened to learn of the recent, sudden passing of Ciaran Cluana Ferta of An Tir. We are told that he was a hard-working and well-loved herald who inspired and helped many people. We would like to extended our condolences to those who knew and loved him.

The following items have been registered by Laurel

Aethelred of Andredesleage. Badge. (Fieldless) A stag's massacre within and conjoined to an annulet of chain Or.

The submitter is a knight and thus entitled to display an annulet of chain.

Avine de Hert. Name and device. Vert, a stag trippant contourny argent between three oak leaves Or.

Avine de Hert. Badge. (Fieldless) Three oak leaves conjoined in annulo Or.

Constance Wyatt. Name and device. Azure, in pale a lion statant Or and a rose argent, barbed vert, seeded gules between flaunches Or.

This name is not a conflict with Constance Waite registered December 1995. While the given names are identical, the bynames have a different number of syllables and different vowel sounds in the stressed syllable. While they are close in appearance, we believe that they are different enough to avoid confusion.

Please advise the submitter to draw the flaunches issuant from the corners of the shield, not slightly towards the center of the chief as in the submitted emblazon.

Deorswið ætWudeleage. Name and device. Per pall vert, azure, and argent, three oak leaves conjoined in pall inverted Or, argent, and gules.

Submitted as D{e-}orswith aet Wudeleage, the documentation for the given name, Searle, Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum, shows the normalized spelling Deorswith, while the second citation, "The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England" (http://www.pase.ac.uk/pase/apps/index.jsp), also shows Deorswith as the normalized form, and Deorswið as the "recorded form". The documentation for the byname, Reaney & Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames, shows æt Wuduleage. In Old English names, ae is not a valid transliteration for æ. The submitter indicated that if the name needed to be changed, Anglo-Saxon [Old English] language/culture was most important to her. Therefore, we have changed the name to Deorswið æt Wudeleage, a fully Old English form, to match the documentation.

Eiríkr Hrafnkelsson. Device. Sable, three furisons one and two argent.

Eiríkr Hrafnkelsson. Badge. Sable, a furison Or.

Nice badge.

Elisabeth Litton. Name.

This is not a conflict with Elizabeth Little, registered September 2005. The endings of Little and Litton are sufficiently different to avoid confusion. While the commenters were divided about pronunciation, they demonstrated that, in most dialects, the pronunciations were different enough to avoid confusion.

Gemma Delaroche. Name change from Gemma Meen.

Her old name, Gemma Meen, is retained as an alternative name.

Lucia Magna. Name and device. Per bend Or and purpure, a triquetra and a rose bendwise counterchanged slipped and leaved vert.

The rose is blazoned as bendwise because of the orientation of the slip and leaves. These are equivalent to maintained charges and thus neither require good contrast with the field nor contribute to difference. No difference is granted for the orientation of a rose, though an orientation may be blazoned when the rose is slipped.

Randal Fitz Alan the Redowtable. Name change from Randal the Redowtable.

His old name, Randal the Redowtable, is retained as an alternative name.

Robert de Perceval. Name.

Listed on the LoI as Robert de Perceval, the forms show Robért de Perceval. However, no documentation was provided for the form Robért, so we decline to change the name back to the originally submitted form.

The following items have been returned for further work

None.

LIONS BLOOD ACTIONS

These items will be forwarded to Laurel, and are tentatively scheduled to be decided on in January of 2009.

Æfflæd Ælfgaresdohtor. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A hare sejant contourny Or.

Anabel Hastings. Name & Device, New. Or, a manche azure, on a chief urdy three lions passant Or.

Aonghuis MacAonghuis. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Gyronny Or and gules, a stag springing and a bordure sable.

Bartolomea di Antonio Rossini. Name & Device, New. Lozengy Or and azure, a chief azure.

Cristina Izarra. Name, New.

Glymm Mere, Barony of. Order Name, New. Order of the Iron Wolf

Although commenting Heralds were not convinced that Laurel would accept the submitter's argument for using Iron as a descriptor in the desired order name, it was the general consensus at the Lions Blood meeting that this should be forwarded for Laurel ruling.

Grainne Gelleo. Name Change, New. Grace Dudley of Bolton.

Ketilelf Grathe. Name, New.

Shannan O'Duncan. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Purpure, two rapiers in saltire Or, in chief a mushroom argent.

Shannan O'Duncan. Badge, New. (Fieldless) A mushroom purpure.

Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Berberie.

Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Shield of the Summits.

Tymothy of Dover. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Azure, a ram rampant sustaining a flaming Staff of Asclepius argent.

Tymothy of Dover. Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom. (Fieldless) A ram rampant sustaining a Staff of Asclepius argent.

Zachariah le Bigod. Device, Resubmission to Kingdom. Purpure, a phoenix head to sinister Or rising from flames proper and in chief two harps bendwise and bendwise contourny argent.

Zachariah le Bigod. Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom. Purpure, four harps bendwise in cross argent.

These items are being returned for further work

• Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of Aurora.

This device is being returned for conflict with Aurora Pursuivant, registered Dec/87 to the Kingdom of the East.

Summits, Principality of the. Order Name, New. Order of the Sylver Gryphon.

Returned for conflict with Order of the Silver Griffin, registered to the Barony of Forgotten Sea May/89, via Calontir.

The following submissions received for the September Internal Letter are being returned for administrative reasons.

• Adeliza a Donyng. Name & Device.

This name is administratively returned for lack of sufficient copies to process the submission. Only one copy of the name form and supporting documentation were included. The device is returned for lack of a name to go forward with, as well as for lack of funds. The device resubmission will require payment, as none was included in the original submission.

Faelan Tolusmidr. Name & Device.

This name is administratively returned for lack of documentation of the name element 'Tolusmidr'. The device is returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

Isabeau Fichet. Name.

This name is administratively returned for lack of documentation of the name element 'Isabeau'.

Nidda Ridarelli. Name, Device & Badge.

This name is administratively returned for lack of documentation of the name elements 'Nidda' and 'Ridarelli'. The device and badge are returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

Rashid al-Qasim. Device.

This device is administratively returned for lack of sufficient copies to process the submission. Only one color copy of the device form was included, and there were no line drawings.

Zaynab al-Munajjimah. Name and Device.

This name is administratively returned for lack of documentation of the name element 'al-Munajjimah'. The device and badge are returned for lack of a name to go forward with.

NEW SUBMISSIONS

1: Aodh Deoradhán - New Badge Change

Per bend sinister dovetailed sable and vert.

Old Item: (Fieldless) A comet palewise sable bearded vert, the estoile charged with a lower case uncial "a" Or., to be released.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter wishes his old badge, (Fieldless) A comet palewise sable bearded vert, the estoile charged with a lower case uncial "a" Or, released. [Blazon of old badge was not specified on the form, but this was the only registered badge I could find for the submitter. - Li Ban]

The submitter's name was registered in July of 1997.

2: Argento Brunelli - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (as close as possible to Argent Brunkell) most important.

The submitter's branch is Montengarde.

The submitter will not accept major changes to his name, desires a masculine name and cares most about the sound of his name (as close as possible to Argent Brunkell (non-registerable name, but well known in the area)). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Argento: St. Gabriel report #1875, which cites it as being from De Felice, Emidio, Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani (Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Milan, 1992), s.n. Argentina.

"Brunelli: http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Jewish/milan_names.html (A Sample of Jewish Names in Milan)"

Copies of the St. Gabriel report were included with this submission.

2: Argento Brunelli - New Device

Azure, an anchor fouled of its chain, on an embattled chief argent an arrow fesswise to sinister azure

3: Bitter End, Shire of - New Badge

Sable, a mullet of eight points elongated to chief and to base Or.

The submitter's name was registered in September of 1984.

4: Bjorn Styrkarsson - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No changes.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter will not accept any changes to his name and desires a masculine name. He expresses no preference should his name have to be changed, nor does he express any interest in having his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"name is from the "THE OLD NORSE NAME BOOK" by GEIRR BASSI HARALDSSON

"Bjorn is on page 8

"Strykarr is on page 15

"conversion is done by dropping last r changing to s and adding son = Styrkarsson"

4: Bjorn Styrkarsson - New Device

per fess, sable and argeant, a bear rampant with three sheaves of arrows argeant, counterchanged.

5: Brighid of Geurnsey - New Badge

(Fieldless) On a crescent azure a pallet Or

The submitter's branch is Terra Pomaria.

The submitter's name was registered in July of 1994 as Brighid of Garnsey.

6: Cormacc ua Néill - Resub Device

Purpure, a ram's head cabossed and in chief two shamrock's argent

The submitter's branch is Tymberhavene.

The submitter's name was registered in May of 2007.

His previous device submission of Sable, two shamrocks and a ram's head cabossed argent was returned by Laurel in August of 2007 for conflict with the badge for Morgan Argante Elandris of Cantref Gwaelon, Sable, a ram's skull cabossed argent.

The form was colored lightly using pencil crayon.

7: Dietrich Eckhard von Katzenburg - New Badge

Fieldless, an edelweiss argent seeded or on an oak leaf vert.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2007.

8: Dietrich Eckhard von Katzenburg - New Badge

Or, three trees blasted and eradicated sable palewise in bend sinister between two scarpes azure.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2007.

9: Eva van den Berg - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Germanic/Dutch) most important.
• Culture (Germanic/Dutch) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wyewood.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of her name (Germanic/Dutch). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/vlaamse.htm "Eva

http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15surnames.html "van den Berge""

10: Geoffrey Albryght - Resub Device

Per bend sinister argent and sable, a bend sinister gules cotised between a dragon sergeant contourny and a tree eradicated counterchanged.

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in February of 2008.

His previous device submission of Per bend sinister argent and sable, a bend sinister cotised gules between a dragon rampant contourny and a tree eradicated counterchanged was returned by Kingdom in May of 2008 for redrawing "as the space between the bend and the lower cotise should be sable. As cotises are treated as a secondary charge group, this then violates Rule for Submission VIII.2, Armorial Contrast. A suggestion was put forth that having cotises counterchanged would correct this problem."

His prior submission of Per bend sinister argent and sable, a bend sinister between a dragon rampant contourny and a tree eradicated counterchanged was returned by Kingdom in October of 2007 for conflict with Mariana Christina: Per bend sinister argent and sable, a bend sinister gules between a tower and a bear rampant counterchanged.

11: Leiðólfr Kvigarson - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Norwegian) most important.
• Culture (Norse) most important.

The submitter's branch is Blatha An Oir.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of his name (Norse, Norwegian). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Leiðólfr - http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html says the name ocured [sic] 2 times in the Landnamabok

"Kvígr - The Old Norse Names, Author: Geirr Bassi Haraldsson, pg 13

"Patronimic [sic] form for Kvígr changes -r to -ar and adds -son

"found in The Old Norse Names pg 17

"forms: Kvígarson

"If the -s genitive is correct, make that change."

Copies of Aryanhwy merch Catmael's article "Viking Names found in the Landnámabók" were included with this submission.

12: Leiðólfr Kvigarson - New Household Name

Black Water Keep, House of

The submitter's branch is Blatha An Oir.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter.

The submitter will accept any changes. No preference is expressed should the name have to be changed and no interest is expressed in having the name changed to be authentic. The submitter will allow the creation of a holding name.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Blackwater is a header form in Ekwall - that spelling is dated to 1576

"Keep is SCA compatible - alternately it can be seen as a surname added to a placename - as in Langley Bunnel held by Petrus Burlin 1242 - Langele Marais 136 from Maraisfenly"

13: Leiðólfr Kvigarson - New Badge

Argent, a castle Tower azure over a base wavy sable

The submitter's branch is Blatha An Oir.

The submitter's name may be found above on this letter..

The submitter wishes this badge to be associated with House of Black Water Keep.

14: Lianor de Najera - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language most important.
• Culture most important.

The submitter's branch is Montengarde.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of her name (note: most acceptable changes listed in documentation section). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is presented in a text file as documentation for this name:

"Lianor de Najera (early 13th century Castile)

"Lianor (given name)

"(Note: The below report includes discussion of three different spellings of the name. Lianor is by far my preferred spelling, followed [by] Lionor, with Leonor a distant third.)…"

Then follows a copy of Academy of Saint Gabriel report 1042 which shows "<Leonor> is recorded as <Lionor> and <Lianor> in late 14th and early 15th century Portuguese records [3, 4], and in Leonese records as early as the 12th century [8]…"

Sources 3, 4, and 8 are as follows:

[3] Lopes, Ferna~o, The English in Portugal: 1367-87: Extracts from the Chronicles of Dom Fernando and Dom Joa~o with an introduction, translation, and notes, trans. Derek W. Lomax & R. J. Oakley (Warminster, England: Aris and Phillips Ltd, 1988).

[4] Lopes, Ferna~o, Chronique du Roi D. Pedro I/Cro'nica do Rei D. Pedro I, ed. Giuliano Macchi, trans. To French and notes Jaqueline Steunou (Paris: E'ditiones du Centre national de la Recherche Scientifique, 1985).

[8] Menedez-Pidal, Ramon, Crestomati'a del Espan~ol Medieval (Madrid: 1971).

The file continues with the following:

"de Najera (locative byname)

"While locative bynames are not the most common form of naming for 13th century Castilian women, examples can b found:"

From Academy of Saint Gabriel Report 902:

"The common modern form of Spanish names, <given name> <father's paternal surname> y <mother's paternal surname>, is a purely modern usage. The roots of this style of naming can be found among the higher nobility as early as the late 15th century, with forms like <given name> de <place name> y <place name>, and among a slightly broader segment of society in the last quarter of the 16th century…"

The report goes on to say "In 13th century Castille, … many people were described with locative bynames (ones that name the place where they lived or were born)… Women's names tended to be even simpler than men's names. A woman was most often recorded by her given name alone, or by given name plus a patronymic. We have found a few examples of locatives and one 12th century example of a woman using a patronymic and a locative [1]"

Source [1] is: Menedez-Pidal, Ramon, Crestomati'a del Espan~ol Medieval (Madrid: 1971).

The last page of the file has the following:

"Najera is a city in the La Rioja region, which became part of Castile in the Battle of Atapuerca in 1054. (Note: This is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N%C3%Aljera [URL does not lead to a page on Aljera - Lí Ban] …also see http://www.geocities.com/urunuela4/najera/historia.htm and many many others).

"The Corpus del Espanol (http://www.corpusdelespanol.org/) has two references to "de Najera" used as a byname in the 13th century, both from "Crónica de veinte reyes" (Anonymous).

"From an email from Juliana de Luna:

" "<Nájera> is he modern form of a place that indeed was known in Spanish by the time you're interested in, conquered in 923 by Sancho Garces. It's part of the area known as La Rioja. Just before 1200, a group of laws, the Fueros of Najera, were promulgated. What I think is a c. 1300 copy of the text can be found at http://www.geocities.com/urunuela27/fuero_de_nagera.htm. The placename appears there as <Naiera>, <Nagara>, and <Nagera>. In an 11th century coin, the place appears as <Naiara> (http://www.geocities.com/urunuela17/naira.htm).

"So < i > here is the Latin form of the vernacular <j>. So, <Najera> is a perfectly reasonable c. 1200 form, but <Nagera> is found as well. Note that accents are rare at best at this time."

14: Lianor de Najera - New Device

Argent, a coney courant to sinister and on a chief azure two crescents Or

15: Marguerite fitz William - Resub Device

Or, a natural panther statant contourny sable, on a chief invected vert, three plates

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in April of 2008; her previous device submission of Or, a panther statant contourny sable, on a chief vert, three plates argent was returned by Kingdom at the same time for conflict with Cynthia Anne of Silver Lakes - Or, a domestic cat passant to sinister and on a chief sable, three bezants.

16: Mary Ostler - New Device

Per fess, Ermine + Purpure, a turnip proper

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's name was registered in May of 2007.

The submitter also provided the following information:

"The charge of a Turnip was used in the Zurich Wappenrolle.

"The Art of Heraldry - Fox-Davies, Arthur Charles; New York, Arch Cape Press, 1989"

Also included is an image of the abovementioned device. [Included in the comments below - Lí Ban]

17: Otto Vogt - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (German) most important.
• Culture (German) most important.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter will allow any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of his name (German). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Otto: http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/germ13

"Vogt: http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnames1495t-z.html"

The first article is Talan Gwynek's "German Given Names 1200-1250"; <Otto> can be found in the list of names that occurred once in the data.

The other article is Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" which has <Vogt> in the list of surnames with a frequency of 2.

Both articles can be found on the Laurel Name Articles page.

17: Otto Vogt - New Device

Per bend sinister sable and gules, a barb argent on a bordure argent, a semy of wolf's heads erased sable.

18: Ronan mac Carthaich - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Irish) most important.
• Culture (Irish) most important.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of his name (Irish). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

Ronan - Old Irish Gaelic (c700-c900) "Index of Names in Irish Annals" sub Ronan www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/ [The spelling in the article is Rónán, and has 35 dated instances from 590 through to 1117. - Lí Ban]

Carthach - genitive Carthaich - from "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" by Tangwystyl, dated pre-12th century www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/irish100/

18: Ronan mac Carthaich - New Device

Vert, a double-arched bridge argent masoned sable between three mermaids and a stag's head couped argent.

19: Styrkarr Jarlskald - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (Norse) most important.
• Culture (Norse) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wastekeep.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of his name (Norse). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the documentation section of the form:

"Styrkarr - spelling variation on Styrkar, King Harald's war marshall. I will also accept `Styrkar' or `Styrkaar' but he given spelling is preferred. See attached documentation from King Harald's Saga by Snorra Sturlusonar.

"Jarlskald - the last name of the poet Arnorr Jarlskald meaning "Earl's poet". Acceptable variations also include `Jarlsskald' and `Jarlaskald'. Given spelling is preferred. See attached documentation from the Prose Edda also by Snorra Sturlusonar."

<Styrkarr> is from section 94: Styrkar's escape of King Harald's Saga: Harald Hardradi of Norway from Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla, Translated with an Introduction by Magnus Macnusson and Hermann Palsson (Penguin Books Ltd.; Hammersworth, Middlesex, England; Magnus Magnusson and Herman Palsson, 1966).

<Jarlskald> is from The Prose Edda by Snorri Surluson, Translated from the Icelandic with an Introduction by Arthur Gilchirst Brodeur, Ph.D., Instructor in English Philology in the University of California (New York, The American-Scandinavian Foundation, Oxford University Press, 1929).

19: Styrkarr Jarlskald - New Device

Counter-ermine A wyvern Rampant argent In chief three mullets of eight points, argent

An Tir OSCAR counts: 8 New Names, 1 New Household Name, 7 New Devices, 5 New Badges, 1 New Badge Change. This gives 22 new items. Resub counts: 3 Resub Devices. This is a total of 3 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 25 actions.

[ Site News | Issues/Bugs List | OSCAR Tutorial | Read ILs | RFS | Prec | AH | Sub Status ]

OSCAR Software Copyright © 2005, 2006, Lewis Tanzos