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An Tir IL dated 2008-07-01 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Christopher Black Lion, Gwenlian Demi-Lion and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Li Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar Herald, sends greetings and felicitations.

The following items are presented for your consideration.

Commentary on this letter is due on August 10th, 2008.

1: Æfflæd Ælfgaresdohtor - New Name

(Fieldless) a hare sejant contourny or

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 2005.

2: Anabel Hastings - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Language (English) most important.
• Culture (16th century English) most important.

The submitter's branch is Borealis.

The submitter will not accept major changes to her name, desires a female name and cares most about the language and/or culture of her name that she specifies as English 16th century. She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Anabel> is from A Dictionary of English Surnames DES, by P.H. Reaney, with corrections and additions by R,M. Wilson dated in this spelling to 1204. It is also found in a report from the Academy of St. Gabriel [Report number is not included - Lí Ban] which dates this spelling to 1204, 1251-52, and 1312. References used in the report are as follows:

[1] Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (SCA: KWHS Proceedings, 1994; WW: J. Mittleman 1997) URL: http://www.panix.com/~mittle/names/reaney/.

[2] Nicolaa de Bracton of Leicester, "A Statistical Survey of Given Names in Essex Co., England, 1182-1272," (WWW: J. Mittleman) URL: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5145/names.html

[3] Beautrice Hammeltoune, "Names taken from the Rutland Lay Subsidy, 1296" (WWW: J. Mittleman) URL: http://www2.rpa.net/~julia/rutland.htm

[4] Black, George, F., The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning and History, (New York: The New York Public Library, 1986).

[5] Bardsley Charles, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980)

[Above URLs do not function. -- Li Ban]

No documentation was provided for <Hastings>.

Photocopies of the St. Gabriel article were not included with this submission.

2: Anabel Hastings - New Device

Or, a manche azure, on a chief urdy three lions passant or.

3: Aonghuis MacAonghuis - Resub Device

Gyronny Or and gules, a stag leaping and a bordure sable

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in June of 2008. His previous device submission of Gyronny Or and gules, a stag springing within a bordure sable was returned by Kingdom at the same time for recoloring as the Or was orange rather than Or.

4: Bartolomea di Antonio Rossini - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 1468 Florence.
• Language (Italian) most important.
• Culture (Italian) most important.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a female name, cares most about the language and/or culture of her name and wishes her name changed to be authentic for 1468 Florence language/culture and time period. She will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

`Bartolomea' can be found in the article "Italian Renaissance Women's Names" by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor Vale, found at http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian.html

`Antonio' can be found in the article "15th Century Italian Men's Names" by Brian Scott (Talan Gwynek), found at http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian15m.html.

`Rossini' can be found in the Academy of St. Gabriel Report 1992, which details epithets …"meaning `fair' or `beautiful' or having to do with roses or readheads…". It says "You might want to consider <Rossi>, <Roselli> or <Rossini>, all of which might imply a red-headed ancestor, …". The relevant source used in that report is "Family Names Appearing in the Catasto of 1427" http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto/newsearch/family_names.html.

The name construction is supported by the example of `Margherita di Pippo Mnetti', a woman from 15th C. Florence mentioned in the Academy of St. Gabriel Report 3052 which states "In fifteenth-century letters from Florence, we found women identified by their husbands' given names, by their husbands' full names, and by just a surname: [7,8]…". The relevant sources in this report are [7] Lucrezia Tonabuoni Lettere, a cura di Patrizia Salvadori, Firenze, Leo S. Olschki, Editore, MCMXCIII. And [8] Gregory, heather, trans. Selected Letters of Alessandra Strozzi', Bilingual edition, Univ. of CA Press, Berkeley, 1997.

4: Bartolomea di Antonio Rossini - New Device

Lozengy Or and azure, a chief azure.

5: Cristina Izarra - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.
• Meaning (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Seagirt.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a female name and cares most about the meaning and sound of her name (unspecified for both). She expresses no interest in having her name be changed to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

The following is quoted from the Name Documentation section of the forms:

"http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/appendix3.htm#F [URL does not function as presented; actual functional URL is http://www.larsdatter.com/basque/appendix3.htm; <izar> is found in section F. -- Lí Ban]

"Year 1081 ,DMCL] Vol. II p 111

"which refers to

"Diez Melcon, R.P. Gonzalo.

"Apellidos castellano-leoneses (siglos IX-XIII, ambos inclusiv

"Granada: Universidad de Grandada, 1957. (DMCL)"

[No other documentation was provided for this name. No photocopies of the specified article were included with this submission. - Lí Ban]

6: Glymm Mere, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Iron Wolf

• No major changes.
• Meaning (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 1993.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name, and cares most about the meaning of the name. No interest in expressed in having the name be changed to be authentic.

No documentation was provided for this name.

Somebody signed the form, though the signature is mostly illegible, and dated June 12th, 2008.

7: Grainne Gelleo - New Name Change

Grace Dudley of Bolton

Old Item: Grainne Gelleo, to be retained.

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter wishes her currently registered name of Grace Dudley of Bolton retained as an alternate name.

The submitter will not accept major changes and desires a female name. She expresses no preference should her name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having her name be changed to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name. if necessary.

GRACE: Withycomb Oxford Dictionary of Christian Names; s.n. GORDON-GRAINNE "gracia", "Grecia", "Gricia" occur as a woman's name in Latin recored of the 13th and 14th C. and possibly represent this name though they may be a Latinization of some name derived from Old Geman "Grisja" (grey). Grace … came into use as a christian name after the Reformation, but it is also found fairly frequently in lists of Roman recusants in the early 1th C. In Ireland, it has been used to render the native "Grainne". Grace Chester 1562.

DUDLEY: Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames; s.n. DUCKSWORTH-DUNBABIN Gladewin de Duddeleia, 1176 P (St); Herbert de Dudleg, 1225 Cur (St, Wo); William Dudely, 1379 Pty. From Dudley (Worsc).

BOLTON: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names; s.n. BOLSOVER-BOOTLE Bolton on the Mores, 1331 (FF); Bolton, 1200 (P☺; Bolton, 1328 (FF)

8: Ketilelf Grathe - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 12th century Danish.
• Language (unspecified) most important.
• Culture (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is the College of Saint Bunstable.

The submitter will not accept major changes to her name, desires a female name and cares most about the language and/or culture of her name (unspecified). She wishes her name changed to be authentic for 12th Century Danish. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Ketilelf> is found on page 746 of Danmarks Gamle Personnavne (Old Danish Personal Names) and is listed as a female name dated to the 12th century. The entry says the name does not appear in neighboring languages, but appears as a female name in the old sagas.

<Grathe> is found on page 355 of Danmarks Gamle Personnavene (Old Danish Personal Names) and is listed as dated to the 12th century, when it was the name of a king named Sweno Grade. The Archbishop's chronicle for Lund is the editors' original source.

Photocopies of the relevant pages are included with this submission.

9: Shannan O'Duncan - Resub Device

Purpure, two rapiers in saltire or, a mushroom in chief argent.

The submitter's branch is Vulcanfeldt.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2006.

The submitter's previous device submission of Purpure, two rapiers in saltire Or and overall a mushroom argent was returned by Laurel in January of 2008 for visual conflict with Deborah the Wanderer: Purpure, a mushroom argent.

The submitter's submission prior to the above of Purpure, a sword bendwise Or between a mushroom and a floppy chef's hat argent was returned by Kingdom in April of 2006 for identifiability problems and use of a non-period charge.

10: Shannan O'Duncan - New Badge

Fieldless, a mushroom purpure.

The submitter's branch is Vulcanfeldt.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2006.

11: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of Aurora

• No major changes.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 1999.

The submitter will not accept major changes. The submitter cares most about the spelling of the name. No interest is expressed in having the name changed to be authentic.

Meta-Pattern: Orders named for deities. From the August 2005 Cover Letter: "Orders named for deities and saints. These include "aspect" names, such as "Our Lady of Victory" or "Our Lady of the Lillies". Because we have no examples of orders named for non-Christian deities and saints, such names are considered one step from period practice."

Aurora is the Roman Goddess of the Dawn (http://www.thaliatook.com/OGOD/aurora.html); as such, an Order named for Her is one step from period practice.

This spelling of Aurora in reference to the Goddess can be found dated as early as 1498 in The Interpretation of the Names of Gods and Goddesses by an anonymous author: Aurora, goddesse of the morowe or the spryngyng of the daye. This is repeated in 1538 by Thomas Elyot in Celestial Elegies of the Goddesses and the Muses by Thomas Rogers: Aurora, the morning, the daughter of Hyperion and Thia in the judgement of Hesoidus, or as others say of Titan and Tera whom for her faire vermilion colour Homer faineth to haue fingers of damaske roses, and to be drawne by bright bay horse in a golden chariot, she is said by Orpheus not only to be the most comfortable Ladie to men, but also to beasts and plants and is a great friend to the Muses.

A summary of these sources can be found at the Lexicons of Early Modern English (LEME), http://leme.library.utoronto.ca: click on Search, then Quick Lexicon Search, and enter "Aurora" between the dates 1450 and 1600 (the returned URL is dynamic: http://leme.library.utoronto.ca/search/results.cfm).

This submission is accompanied by the following letter dated May 10, 2008:

"We, [mundane names redacted], known in the SCA as Barak and Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the following Order names to the Principality: Order of the Aurora, Order of the Berberie and Order of the Shield of the Summits. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Lindis de Aquisgranno, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

It is signed by all four of the abovementioned individuals.

12: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of the Berberie

• No major changes.
• Language (Middle English word for barberry) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 1999.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name and cares most about the language and/or culture (Middle English word for modern barberry). The submitter expresses no interest in having the name be changed to be authentic.

Meta-Pattern: Orders named for heraldic charges. From the August 2005 Cover Letter: "Orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges. … The submitters must demonstrate that the charge has a standard, recognizable period form, and that the word(s) used to blazon the object is found in period with the appropriate meaning." The barberry as a heraldic charge appears in the arms of our Consort, registered to "Summits, Principality of the" in March 1999 via An Tir: Azure, a griffin passant, on a mountain issuant from base argent a goblet azure environed by a wreath of barberry vert fructed azure.

<Berberie> is the Middle English word for the fruit of the common barberry plant. The plural spelling <berberies> is dated to 1400, "Berberies sunt fructus cuisdam arboris, angl. Bulberies uel berberies.", and to 1425, "Colde herbs..berberies [L. berberis] myrtilles, quinces,…galles." These spellings are from the MED: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/med/med-idx?type=byte&byte=13103812&egdisplay=open&egs=13105347. [URL as written does not function. -- Li Ban]

The Order of the Berberie is intended to be given as a favour of the Princess to those who have done great service to Her during Her reign.

This submission is accompanied by the following letter dated May 10, 2008:

"We, [mundane names redacted], known in the SCA as Barak and Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the following Order names to the Principality: Order of the Aurora, Order of the Berberie and Order of the Shield of the Summits. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Lindis de Aquisgranno, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

It is signed by all four of the abovementioned individuals.

13: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of the Shield of the Summits

• No major changes.
• Meaning (shield given for chivalric display in combat) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 1999.

The submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about the meaning of the name (shield given for chivalric display in combat). The submitter expresses no desire to have the name changed to be authentic.

Meta-Pattern: Orders named for heraldic charges. From the August 2005 Cover Letter: "Orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges. … The submitters must demonstrate that the charge has a standard, recognizable period form, and that the word(s) used to blazon the object is found in period with the appropriate meaning."

The following definition of the escutcheon can be found in Parker, James A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry: (1) The shield itself whereon arms are emblazoned, (2) more especially of a small shield of which more than one (generally three) are borne on the shield. A single one so borne is called an ineschutcheon. The term is found in early rolls spelt in various ways. Where there is a single inescutcheon the arms might be blazoned as with a bordure of such a tincture as the arms of DARCY shew. While the pierced or false escutcheons of the old roles would now be blazoned as orles. As a rule the escutcheon is drawn much smaller than the space enclosed by a bordure.

This Order name is in conflict with Shield Herald, registered to the Kingdom of the Middle in August of 1993 via the Midle. Permission to conflict was granted by the Midrealm on October 21, 2007, at their Curia Regis meeting. An e-mail from Thorvald Redhair, Dragon Principal Herald at the time permission was granted, explaining this permission is included with this submission. A request for hard-copy signatures (as is mandated by our rules) was sent to Dafyyd Blaidd, current Dragon Principal Herald, on May 19, 2008. This letter should be forthcoming shortly.

The text of the abovementioned letter is as follows:

"Greetings Lady Áine,

"The Middle Kingdom held its Curia meeting on October 21 in hich the topic of permission to conflict was brought. King Palymar, Queen Aislinn and the Curia Regis have decided to give permission to the Principality of the Summits to submit Award of the Shield of the Summits in conflict with our Shield Herald." The email is signed Thorvald Redhair, Dragon Principal Herald.

Also included with this submission is the following letter dated May 10, 2008:

"We, [mundane names redacted], known in the SCA as Barak and Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the following Order names to the Principality: Order of the Aurora, Order of the Berberie and Order of the Shield of the Summits. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Lindis de Aquisgranno, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

It is signed by all four of the abovementioned individuals.

14: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of the Sylver Gryphon

• No major changes.
• Sound (silver griffin) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in March of 1999.

The submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about the sound of the name (Silver Griffin). No desire was expressed to have the name changed to be authentic.

Meta-Pattern: Orders named for heraldic charges. From the August 2005 Cover Letter: Orders named for heraldic charges or for items that, while not found in period as heraldic charges, may be used as heraldic charges. … These names may contain the ordinary color names of any heraldic tincture. … The submitters must demonstrate that the charge has a standard, recognizable period form, and that the word(s) used to blazon the object is found in period with the appropriate meaning." According to The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc, 2nd edition, by Bruce Draconarious of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio, the griffin as a heraldic charge dates to 1280.

The ordinary color word for <argent> is <silver>. The spelling <sylver> is dated to 1425 according to the Middle English Dictionary: Take a barre of holde foyle and another of sylver foyle and laye hom on Seint Andrews crosse wyse above the potage. It is dated to 1450 in the same reference: Argentifilum:sylver wyre. These references can be found online at http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type-byte&byte=180679371&egdisplay=open&egs=180689644. [URL does not function; it returns "Your submission is not a recognized search type.". -- Li Ban]

The following argument for the spelling <gryphon> was kindly proved by Ursula Georges, Loyall Pursuivant: The OED s.v. <griffin>, one (http://www.oed.com, subscription required) says that <gryphon> is found from the 1500s onward in the Spellings section. Dated spellings of the word from before 1650 in this entry are: `griffon', c. 1386; `grifphon, girffon, grefoun', c. 1400; `griffoune', c. 1435; `gryffons', 1481; `griphin', 1567; `griffon', 1601; `gryphin', 1620; `gryffoune', ?a1400; `'greffons' 1439; `gryffoun', 1460; `griffens', 1552; `griffin', 11640. This data shows that <y> and <"i"> could be used interchangeably for the first vowel, that <fph>, <ff>, <f>, and <ph> were all possible spellings of the /f/ sound, and that the final vowel could be spelled <o>, <ou>, <"i">, or <e>. Thus, <gryphon> is also plausible as a constructed spelling. If we cannot use <gryphon>, we would prefer to use the spelling <griffin>.

This submission is accompanied by the following letter dated May 24, 2008:

"We, [mundane names redacted], known in the SCA as Berek and Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the name "Order of the Sylver Gryphon" to the Principality. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Lindis de Quisgranno, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

The letter is signed by all four abovementioned individuals.

15: Tymothy of Dover - Resub Device

Azure, a ram rampant sustaining a flaming Staff of Asclepius argent

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in February of 2008.

His previous device submission of the same blazon was returned by Kingdom in May of 2008 for the Staff not being large enough to count as a sustained charge thus putting the badge into conflict with Gleann Abhann, Kingdom of: (Fieldless) A ram clymant argent.

The submitter's device submission prior to that above, of the same blazon, was returned by Kingdom in February of 2008 for redrawing so that the flame touches the top of the rod and the ram is centered on the field.

In the section for eligibility for restricted charges is the note "see medical license attached", but no medical license was received in the scans I got. - Lí Ban

Also included with this submission is a letter from the submitter detailed as follows:

"Lady Caitrina inghean Aindriasa,

"I am now on my third submission for my device and my second submission for my badge (which is a nearly identical drawing). I am a little frustrated in that I thought that I complied with your instructions from the first returned submission, but apparently created a new problem in correcting the original problem. Hopefully, the new submission will pass the scrutiny of the Kingdom heralds. If it does not, is there a possibility that someone in the College of Heralds could modify the drawing so that it will be acceptable? I think my intent is clear, but the execution seem to be the difficulty."

It is signed by Tymothy of Dover and dated June 1, 2008.

16: Tymothy of Dover - Resub Badge

Fieldless, a ram rampant sustaining a Staff of Asclepius argent

The submitter's branch is Dragon's Laire.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in February of 2008.

His previous badge submission of the same blazon was returned by Kingdom in May of 2008 for the Staff not being large enough to count as a sustained charge thus putting the badge into conflict with Gleann Abhann, Kingdom of: (Fieldless) A ram clymant argent.

In the section for eligibility for restricted charges is the note "see medical license attached", but no medical license was received in the scans I got. - Lí Ban

17: Zachariah Le Bigod - Resub Device

Purpure, a phoenix head to sinister Or rising From Flames Proper, in chief two harps addorsed argent

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2004 as Zachary le Bigod.

The submitter's previous device submission of Or, a phoenix purpure rising from flames gules was returned by Kingdom in February of 2004 for conflict with Rüdeger Günther Marenholtz: (Fieldless) A phoenix purpure nimbed Or, rising from flames proper.

18: Zachariah Le Bigod - Resub Badge

Purpure, Four harps in cross argent

The submitter's branch is Three Mountains.

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2004 as Zachary le Bigod.

The submitter's previous badge submission of (Fieldless) A phoenix purpure rising from flames gules was returned by Kingdom in February of 2004 for conflict with Rüdeger Günther Marenholtz: (Fieldless) A phoenix purpure nimbed Or, rising from flames proper.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 5 New Names, 1 New Name Change, 5 New Order Names, 2 New Devices, 1 New Badge. This gives 14 new items. Resub counts: 4 Resub Devices, 2 Resub Badges. This is a total of 6 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 20 actions.

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