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An Tir IL dated 2008-05-03 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Christopher Black Lion and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Li Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar Herald, sends greetings and felicitations.

The following items are presented for your consideration.

Commentary on this letter is due on June 10th, 2008.

1: Adam Fairamay - Resub Badge

Fieldless, two garden roses in saltire gules slipped and leaved within an orle of ivy wavy vert

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2005.

His previous submission of Argent, a branch bendwise couped and leaved vert flowered of three garden roses gules within an orle of ivy vert was returned by Kingdom in November of 2007 for the same reason as his January 2007 submission of Argent, a branch of three roses gules, slipped and leaved within an orle of ivy wavy vert: excessive natural depiction in violation of RfS VIII.4.c. The problem with the depiction has not been addressed with this new design (January return was by Laurel).

2: Adiantum, Barony of - New Order Name

Ordo Aurei Ursi

• No major changes.
• Language (Latin) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in April of 1976.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name and cares most about the language and/or culture of the name. The submitter expresses no interest in having the name be changed to be authentic.

This particular Order is <Order of the Golden Bear>.

This order name follows the meta-patterns for Orders as listed on the August 2005 Laurel Cover Letter; the specific pattern followed here is "Orders named for heraldic charges". The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., 2nd Edition" by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio, bears have been in use since 1280 as heraldic charges.

Orders in Latin are formed by starting with the designator <Ordo> or <Societas); in this case, we have chosen to use <Ordo> (examples of Latin orders using these designators can be found in Ursula's article "Medieval Names of Some Knightly Orders" http://www.doomchicken.net/~ursula/sca/onomastics/ordernames.html). <Ordo> is defined by Charlton T. Lewis in "An Elementary Latin Dictionary" as `an order, rank, class or degree' (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0060%3Aentry%3D%2311108).

The name of the order itself uses the genitive form, since Latin lacks an equivalent to the English `of'. The Latin word for <golden> is <aureus> (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%234548); its genitive is <aurei>. The Latin word for <bear> is <ursus> (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2349926) and its genitive is <ursi>.

So <Ordo Aurei Ursi> should be a reasonable translation of <Order of the Golden Bear> into Latin.

Information on the formation of Latin Orders was kindly provided by Ursula Georges, Loyall Pursuivant.

No signatures accompanied this submission.

3: Adiantum, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Golden Comb

• No major changes.

The submitter's name was registered in April of 1976.

The submitter will not accept major changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

This order name follows the meta-patters for Orders and listed on the August 2005 Laurel Cover Letter; the specific pattern followed here is "Orders named for heraldic charges". According to "The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., 2nd Edition" by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio, combs have been in use since 1295 as heraldic charges.

The spelling <golden> can be found as early as 1375, according to the MED (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=68144837&egdisplay=open&egs=68149552) which cites the following usage, "He golden apples rafte of the dragoun."

The spelling <comb> can be found as early as 1341 according to the MED (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=29919885&egdisplay=open&egs=29932562) which cites a usage of <combwull>, and again in a 1382 version of Proverbs 16:24 "The comb of hony [is] wel set woordis" (http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=29919885&egdisplay=open&egs=29930378).

No signatures accompanied this submission.

4: Alexandria Sophie Kessler - Resub Device

Sable, a lion rampant argent transfixed by a spear in chief two swords fesswise points to center Or.

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in April 2008.

Her previous device submission of Sable, a lion rampant argent transfixed by a spear in chief two swords fesswise points to center Or was returned by Kingdom at the same time for conflict with Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England: Sable, a lion rampant argent. It was recommended to make the spear thicker and the spear head larger in order to make the spear co-primary with the lion.

5: Aleyn M'Blane - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the spelling of his name (unspecified). He expresses in interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Aleyn> is found in E.G. Withycombe Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, s.v. <Alan> dated to 1440.

<M'Blane> is found in George Black Surnames of Scotland, s.v. <Mac Blain> dated to 1484, as well as 1473.

6: Alysaundre Weldon - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter will not allow major changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the spelling of his name. He expresses no interest in having his name be changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Alysaundre> is found in the "Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names" by E.G. Withycombe s.v. Alexander. Period usage of the spelling can be found in "Secrees of Old Philisoffres" by John Lydgate and Benedict Burgh (Sloane MS 2464 in the British Library) dated around 1467. John Lydgate dies in 1467, leaving the poem incomplete, where it was finished by Benedict Burgh (d. 1483). Alysaundre in the Poem is used for Alexander the Great and the name appears on line 124. "To Alysaundre / And to his Regalye,"

<Weldon> is found in "A Dictionary of English Surnames" by P.H. Reaney & R.M. Wilson s.v. Weldon dated to 1468.

7: Angharad Bach - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No holding name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Welsh) most important.
• Culture (Welsh) most important.
• Meaning (small (Bach)) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the meaning: "small" (Bach) and language/culture of her name (Welsh). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will not allow the creation of a holding name.

The following is quoted from the Documentation section of the form:

"The Compleat Anachronist #66, "A Welsh Miscellany" by Heather Rose Jones

""Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales", subheading "Given Names' by Heather Rose Jones (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/welshWomen16/given.html)"

No photocopies were included with this submission.

8: Armatus Kamateros - Resub Device

Azure, a cross of calvary potent argent, three mullets of eight points in chief or

The submitter's branch is Myrgan Wood.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2005.

His previous device submission of Azure, a cross potent atop three steps argent, in chief three mullets of eight points Or was returned by Laurel in April of 2007 for redrawing.

The submitter also included the following: "The main charge is based on the cross shown on a great deal of Byzantine coinage. This is in particular from a coin made between the summer 608 through October 610. The cross is located on numerous different Byzantine coins. This particular example was taken from a rather extensive collection and its web address is: http://www.byzantinecoins.com/10696.html. If a written source is required, please let me know." [Image of referenced coin is posted in the comments section. - Lí Ban]

9: Caitrina inghean Aindriasa - New Badge

Fieldless, eight thistles in annulo stems to centre proper

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's name was registered in August of 2004.

10: Chiara Calandra - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (key-ah-rah kah-lahn-drah) most important.

The submitter's branch is Adiantum.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name, and cares most about the sound (key-ah-rah kah-lahn-drah). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Chiara> is found in De Felice, Emidio, dizonario del nomi italiano. According to De Felice, Claire of Assissi was known in Italy as <Chiara del Assissi> and the name became popularized by the saint's cult. Another saint, <Sancta Chiara di Montefalco>, who bore this given name died in 1308.

<Calandra> is a byname found in the 16th and early 17th centuries as evidenced by the following:

http://www.vaticansplendors.com/en/dms/>63 - "Mosaic Fragment with Image of Saint Paul the Apostle, ca. 799 (restored by G.B. Calandra in 1625)".

Cifani, Aravella and Franco Monetti, Giovannit Battista Calandra (1586-1644): Un artista piemontese nella Roma di Urbano VII, di Maderno e di Bernini (Torino: Allemandi), 2007. (An image of this book for sale is enclosed.)

Cartwright Ady, Julia. Isabelle d'Este, Marchioness of Mantua, 1474-1539: A Study of the Renaissance Vol. 2; John Murray, 1903. (http://www.questia.com/read/55634608?title=Isabella%20d&#039;Este,%20Marchioness%20of%20Mantua,%201474-1539;%20A%20Study%20of%20the%20Renaissance%20-%20Vol.%202) - Chapter XXII 1501-1510 … `Ask Maddalena for the key of the Grotta' she wrote from Milan, in the surname of 1514, to Gian Giacomo Calandra, …."

11: Ciaragán na Traga - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• Language (Old Gaelic) most important.

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a masculine name and cares most about the language and/or culture of his name (old Gaelic). He expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

Correspondence with Ursula Georges: "Ciaragán: Woulfe s.n. Ó Ciaragáin gives O Kerigane as a sixteenth- or seventeenth-century spelling of the Gaelic ancestral byname Ó Ciaragáin, which he derives from the given name Ciaragán. Woulfe says Ciaragán is constructed by adding the diminutive -agán to Ciar `black'. One might also view Ciaragán as a diminutive of the sain't name Ciarán (cf. Ó Corráin and Maguire, Irish Names, s.n. Ciarán.

"na Traga: The byname na Traga means `from the strand' or `from the beach'. Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's Index of Names in Irish Annals s.n. na Traga (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/naTraga.shtml) says that one man with this name appears in the Annals in 1315.

"If Ciaragán na Traga cannot be registered, Ciarán Ó Ciaragáin is an acceptable alternative."

12: Eowyn Rindill - New Alternate Name

Szösz(i)ke Anna

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for Magyar/Hungarian.
• Meaning (flaxen-haired) most important.

The submitter's branch is Coeur du Val.

Please see May IL dated May 5th for the primary name submission of Eowyn Rindill... and the rest of the alphabet that I missed...] -- Li Ban]

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name, cares most about the meaning of her name (`flaxen-haired'), and wishes her name changed to be authentic for Magyar/Hungarian language and/or culture. She will allow the creation of a holding name if necessary.

<Szösz(i)ke> is the Hungarian word for `flaxen-haired'. A definition can be found at http://dict.sztaki.hu/english-hungarian, searching for `flaxen-haired'. If this is not an acceptable word to use, then < Szőkehajú>, meaning `fair-haired', would be a suitable alternative; this word can be found in the same dictionary by searching for `fair-haired' with the `full matches' criteria set.

<Anna> is found in "Hungarian Feminine Names" by Walraven van Nijmegen, located online at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/magfem2.html. In this artice, <Anna> is found with a frequency of 4 in the 15th century and 131 in the 16th century. <Anna> is also dated to 1229 in St. Gabriel Report #2954; the source for this citation is Fehe/rto/I Katalin; A/rpa/d-kori his szeme/lyne/vta/r (Budapest: 1983), snn. Guden, Geuden.

According to "Hungarian Names 101", also by Walraven van Nijmegen, Hungarian names may be formed from a given name and a descriptive byname: "While most Hungarian bynames belong to one of the previous three classes, there are many other kinds of byname. Most of these describe the physical or personality traits of an individual, such as hair, weight, height, age, intelligence, bravery, etc." This article can be found online at http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/magyarnames1012.html. In this same article, the author says, "In Hungary, it is common practice to write your family name first, followed by your given name (which for obvious reasons is not called a "first" name, as it is in America!). This practice is a result of Hungarian grammar and the way in which family names originated. Since family names were originally descriptive phrases used to identify people, these phrases functioned like adjectives. In Hungarian adjectives precede the noun, just as they do in English, so these descriptive phrases are placed before a person's name in speech and writing." Therefore the descriptive byname <Szösz(i)ke> comes before the given name <Anna>.

13: Odile Davignon - New Device Change

Argent, a swan naiant wings elevated and addorsed and a bordure sable.

Old Item: Azure, in pale a lotus blossom in profile and three chevronels braced argent., to be retained.

The submitter's branch is Madrone.

The submitter's name was registered in July of 2004.

The submitter wishes her currently registered device of Azure, in pale a lotus blossom in profile and three chevronels braced argent to be retained as a badge.

14: Rhiannon Vreith wreic Gryffyd - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Meaning (byname: speckled; wife of Griffith) most important.

The submitter's branch is Wealdsmere.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the meaning of her name ("I need speckled in the name and I need Griffith in the name as husband."). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

The following is from the Documentation section of the name form:

"Rhiannon: From Maginogi

"Vreith: From personal email communication with Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn as attached with this document

"wreic Gryffyd: From "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names by Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn" http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html [corrected URL is http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh13.html -- Lí Ban], and personal communication in aforementioned email"

The text of the correspondence between the submitter and Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn reads as follows:

"Se (sic) comments interpolated below:

"On Mar 7, 2008, at 8:32 AM, [mundane name redacted] wrote:

""Thanks so much for your very complete response. Your help is greatly appreciated. Yes I am trying to put both names together as you surmised.

""So here is my history in a nutshell:

""After I decided to go Welsh and reading your documents on Welsh naming practices I found Braith. I figured that was a great starting point "nickname" since I have an endocrine disorder that gives me large patches of skin without pigment hence "the spotted or speckled."

"Which fits very well with the sorts of nicknames we see in Welsh records of the 13-14th century (given - as previously noted - that we don't really have much information from the 12th century itself). Of course, the most common type of Welsh byname during that period was one that told who your father was. But of the nicknames describing appearance, the majority are a physical description, especially "oddities" of appearance (that wouldn't necessarily be considered polite to comment on today!)

""So now I am building a device and searching for a complete name. After looking through the Mabinogi, your research postings, and speaking with Olwen up in Oliver, BC, I can't decide on a name for myself. So I gave up and decided to run with a combination of my mundane name and Braith. My first attempt was Gruffydd y Braith but I knew that was modern spelling and so I worked to try to get 12C spellings. This was without much success. Because I want to get me (sic) device and name finished and sent in for registration I decided to contact you for help.

""Thank you so much again for taking time from your schedule.

""[Mundane name redacted]"

"Forgive me if I'm pointing out things you already know (I learned long ago never to assume anything when I'm doing name research for people - all I can do is apologize in advance for saying obvious things) but in period, the name Gruffudd (in all its spelling variants) was only used by men, and I'm assuming from your signature that you're a woman. While it's a great idea to adapt parts of your modern name that you particularly like (and that fit in with medieval practice0, unless you specifically intend to use a masculine name and to have a masculine persona, it might be a good idea to consider a slightly different approach here. Enough people in the SCA will be aware that Gruffudd is a man's name that you would regularly run into people who - knowing only your name - assume that you're a man, of if they've met you, they'll assume your persona is a man. Of course, if you actually do intend to create and register a masculine name you're perfectly free to do so - any number of people have done this, usually women who have become strongly attached to a name that turns out to have been masculine in period.

"But if that isn't what you want to do, the simplest way to get around this and still have an SCA name that ties in with your modern surname is to use Gruffudd in a patronym - i.e., invent a father for your persona named Gruffudd and refer to him in your name. For example - just to pick a woman's name at random - you could create a name along the lines of "Angarat Vreith verch Grifud" (Feckled Angharad, daughter of Gruffudd).

"Tangwystl"

14: Rhiannon Vreith wreic Gryffyd - New Device

Argent, five arrows sheathed, chief enarched sable platy.

15: Sina di Andreas Valori - Resub Device

Vert, a sun or within a double treasure argent

The submitter's branch is Lions Gate.

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in March of 2008. Her previous device submission of Vert a sun Or within an orle argent was returned by Kingdom at the same time for conflict with Carlo dale Casa: Vert, on a sun Or within an orle argent a fleur-de-lys sable and Constanza de Mendoza: Vert, a sun within an orle Or.

16: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Ordo Aerie

• No major changes.
• Language (Latin) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The submitter will not accept major changes to the name and cares most about the language and/or culture of this name. No desire is expressed to have the name changed to be authentic.

Meta-pattern: Orders named for places.

<Ordo> is a Latin word which was used to mean "an order, a rank, class or degree of citizens", according to "A Latin Dictionary" by Charlton L. Lewis and Charles Short (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3D%2332948). [I was unable to test this URL as the server kept dropping the connection. - Lí Ban]

<Aeria> is the Latin form of the French and English town name <Aire>. The town name probably derives from the medieval French and Anglo-Norman <aire> (http://www.anglo-norman.net/dict/AND-201-81B98305-44307E6E-D3747CCE-7CC17961?session=S3294881199285370). Examples of towns named <Aire> which existed in our period include <Aire-la-Ville> in Switzerland. This town was recorded as <Aeria Villa> in 1429 (http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F2883.php).

In addition, Strabo mentioned a place called <Aeria> in his geography writings (http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/classical_strabo1.html), as does Pliny the Elder in "A Natural History" (http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?lookup=Plin.+Nat.+3.5). [I was unable to test this URL as the server kept dropping the connection. - Lí Ban] The place <Aeria> is also mentioned again in a writing called "The Great Eoiae" by Hesiod (http://omacl.org/Hesiod/frag2.html - Aeria is mentioned in fragment #10).

In classical Latin, <Aeriae> is the genitive form meaning "of Aeria". In medieval Latin, the feminine first-declension genitive was often spelled with just <-e> rather than <-ae>, so <Ordo Aerie> is a reasonable medieval Latin form. My sincere thanks to HL Ursula Georges for the wonderful summary of medieval Laton phrase construction.

This submission is accompanied by a letter dated March 15, 2008 as follows:

"We, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Berek von Langental, and [mundane name redacted], known in the CA as Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the order name "Ordo Aerie" to the Principality. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Angus McClure, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

The letter is signed by all of the aforementioned individuals.

17: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Die Gesellschaft von den Güldenen Sternen

• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for Upper German, 14th century.
• Language (Upper German) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The submitter will not accept major changes, cares most about the language and/or culture of the name, and wishes the name changed to be authentic for Upper German dialects, 14th century language and time period.

The construction and meaning of this Order name is all documented from Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm's "Deutsches Wörtenbuch", s.v. <gesellschaft> and translation was provided from this volume by Talan Gwynek, Fause Lozenge Herald. It is located online at http://germazope.uni-trier.de/Projects/woerterbuecher/dwb/wbgui?lemmode=lemmasearch&mode=hierarchy&textsize=600&onlist=&word=gesellschaft&lemid=GG1096&query+start=1&totalhits=0&textword=&locpattern=&textpattern=&lemmapattern-&verspattern=#GG10962L0. The Order name should be reasonably authentic for 14th century Upper German, with the meaning "Fellowship of the Golden Stars".

The designator for this Order is <die Gesellschaft>, roughly translating to "Fellowship" or "Society". It seems to be how many German Orders from this period were styled, as noted in the following examples:

die gesellschaft des einhorns (die gesellschaft des eigenhürns). De geselschaft von den sternen. Sant Gergen gesellschaft, Sant Wilhelmes geselleschaft, die geselleschaft der panthier der lowen geselleschaft, die gesellschaft des güldenen flüszes, die gesellschafft von dem wurm, die geselschaft des salamanders.

In Talan's translation of the German (see included documentation) [posted as comments by me - Lí Ban], these are all described as fellowships or societies given to individuals by nobility, or formed among groups of people in the 14th century.

In the above examples of German Orders, we see <di geselschaft von den sternen> `fellowship of the stars', and <die gesellschaft des güldenen flüszes> `fellowship of the golden river', <die gesselschaft von den güldenen sternen follows this pattern of construction.

The meta-pattern for this Order is `heraldic charge'. Stars are common heraldic charges (blazoned as a mullets) dating as early as 1244 according to "The Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry as Used by the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc., 2nd Edition" by Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio.

We believe that this Order name does not conflict with <Order of the Golden Stars>, registered in 1999 via Atenveldt to the Barony of Ered Sûl. The relevant comparison is <Golden Star> to Güldenen Sternen>. RfS V.2.a. says, in part, "Two descriptive elements are considered significnalty different if they differ significantly in sound and appearance." <Golden> has two syllables, while <Güldenen> has three; <Star> has one syllable and <Sternen> two. Neither German element looks like its English counterpart.

This submission is accompanied by a letter dated March 15, 2008 as follows:

"We, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Berek von Langental, and [mundane name redacted], known in the CA as Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the order name "Die Gesellschaft von den Güldenen Sternen" to the Principality. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Angus McClure, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

The letter is signed by all of the aforementioned individuals.

18: Summits, Principality of the - New Order Name

Order of the Truehearted

• No major changes.
• Meaning (Order comprised of those with a true heart) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 1992.

The submitter will not accept major changes and cares most about the meaning of the name (Order comprised of those with a true heart). No interest is expressed for having the name be changed to be authentic.

Meta-pattern: Orders named for virtues.

The OED s.v. true-hearted gives the definition "Having a true heart; faithful, loyal; honest, sincere." It gives the following period spellings under <true-hearted> and <true-heartedness>: <true hartyd> 1471, <true herted> 1535, <true harted> 1608, <true-heartednesse> 1608. It seems logical that the construction <true hearted> may have been seen in period based on these spellings. The first vowel sound in <hearted> is seen as <a>, <ed>, and <ea>, and the final /ed/ in the same word is seen as <yd> and <ed>. My sincere thanks to HL Ursula Georges for the OED reference and construction argument.

This word is a synonym for <loyalty>, which is defined as part of the concepts of knightly ethic, or virtue (http://history.boisestate.edu/westciv/medsoc/11.shtml). It meets the definition of <virtue> as defined by the Catholic religion (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15472a.htm) and could be considered part of the virtue of Obedience (http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11181c.htm).

Examples of medieval orders named for virtues can be found in Project Ordensnamen, by Meradudd Cethin (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/). These include <Order of Silence> (1195, Cyprus), <Order of Mercy> (1218, Spain) and <Order of Fidelity> (1416, Lorraine). In addition, there is one example of an order named for a group of people displaying a particular quality: <Order of Fools> (1380, France).

This award is intended for the consorts of those who are runner-up in our Coronet lists. The original concept of the award (Award of Morgan's Rose) was also intended to honor Sir Morgan the Truehearted, who began honoring these consorts with a long-stemmed red rose far before the Principality recognized them with a formal award.

This submission is accompanied by a letter dated March 15, 2008 as follows:

"We, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Berek von Langental, and [mundane name redacted], known in the CA as Liesel von Langental, being Prince and Princess of the Principality of the Summits, do hereby state our intent to register the order name "Order of the Truehearted" to the Principality. We are advised by our Seneschal, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Angus McClure, and our Herald, [mundane name redacted], known in the SCA as Vanyev Betzina."

The form is signed by all of the aforementioned individuals.

19: Taisiia Volchkova - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's branch is Vulcanveldt.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name and cares most about the sound of her name (unspecified). She expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

Taisiia is shown as the name of a fourth century female saint in Paul Wickenden of Thanet's "Paul Godlschmidt's Dictionary of Period Russian Names" at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/paul/t-u.html.

Volchkova is intended to be a feminine patronymic form, from the masculine name Volchuk (patronymic from Volchkov) found in the table of patronymics based on Christian names in "Russian Personal Names - Name Frequency in the Novgorod Birch-Bark Letters" by Masha Gedilaghine Holl at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/predslava/bbl/men.html#men&#039;s%201a. Although no feminine form of this patronymic is given, other feminine patronymics in this table, and others, are formed by simply adding an `a' at the end, and this is in accordance with our understanding of how such patronymic bynames are formed.

20: Ulfr Hrafnsson - New Name

• Meaning (given name meaning wolf- or sounding like wolf-) most important.

The submitter's branch is Aquaterra.

The submitter will accept any changes, doesn't express a preference as to gender and cares mot about the meaning of the name (given name meaning wolf- or sounding like wolf-). He expresses no interest in having his name be changed to be authentic and will allow the creation of a holding name.

Ulfr is a man's given name in Geirr Bassi p. 15.

Hrafn is a man's given name in Geirr Bassi p. 11. This is our guess as to the correct genitive (Zoega gives both -s and -ar for the word). Both appear in the Landnamabok.

20: Ulfr Hrafnsson - New Device

Argent, a winged wolf sable.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 8 New Names, 1 New Alternate Name, 5 New Order Names, 2 New Devices, 1 New Device Change, 1 New Badge. This gives 18 new items. Resub counts: 3 Resub Devices, 1 Resub Badge. This is a total of 4 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 22 actions.

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