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An Tir IL dated 2007-09-01 (Jump to Submissions)

Unto Christopher Black Lion and the esteemed members of the An Tir College of Heralds to whom this missive comes, Li Ban ingen Echtigeirn, Boar Herald, sends greetings and felicitations.

The following items are presented for your consideration.

Unless otherwise noted, all submitters will accept the creation of a holding name, if appropriate; has no desire for authenticity and allows any changes.

Commentary on this letter is due on October 10th, 2007.

1: Adam Fairamay - Resub Badge

Argent a branch bendwise couped and leaved vert flowered of three garden roses gules within an oral of ivy vert

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2005.

His previous submission of Argent, a branch of three roses gules, slipped and leaved within an orle of ivy wavy vert was returned in January of 2007 for excessive natural depiction in violation of RfS VIII.4.c. In addition, the primary charge was not really a branch but three roses with their slips conjoined in a way that we could not adequately blazon.

2: Agnes Cresewyke - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• Client requests authenticity for English 14th century.

The submitter will accept any changes, desires a feminine name authentic for 14th century English and cares most about the spelling of the name. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Agnes> is mentioned once in an article entitled "Medieval Merchants Etc in (Mainly) London" at http://web.archive.org/web/20030312160718/homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/LND/indexes/MEDMCHTS.txt which contains a list of names indexed from The Merchant Class of Medieval London by Sylvia L. Thrupp, 1948 [URL does not lead to the article, it instead leads to a page that says "Not in archive." - Lí Ban]. <Agnes> is found in the description of <Cresewyk, Henry>, which is detailed below.

Variants of <Cresewyke> are found in two sources:

First: an article entitled "Medieval Merchants Etc in (Mainly) London" at http://web.archive.org/web/20030312160718/homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/LND/indexes/MEDMCHTS.txt which contains a list of names indexed from The Merchant Class of Medieval London by Sylvia L. Thrupp, 1948 [URL does not lead to the article, it instead leads to a page that says "Not in archive." - Lí Ban]. The spelling <Cresewyk> is found four times in the second section of names, which the article says is "based on Appendix A, 56 pages of detail on aldermanic families." <Cresewyk, Alice>: w of William (by 1386), survived him, 335; <Cresewyk, Henry>: father of Wm, m Agnes (Norton, DBY), 335; <Cresewyk, Robert>: br of Wm, attorney, d1372, 335; <Cresewyk, William>: ald 1392, left wife but wi, 335.

Second: A Dictionary of English and Welse Surnames with Special American Instances by Charles Wareing Bardsley, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1967 contains <Robert Cressewyle>, co. Derby, 1273; <Emmet Creswyll>, 1379: ibid, p. 45; <Creswick> -- Local, `of Creswick,' a hamlet in the parish of Ecclesfield, near Sheffield; <Johannes de Cressewik'>, 1370: P.T. Yorks, p. 40; and <Johannes de Creswik'>, 1379: ibid. p 41.

2: Agnes Cresewyke - New Device

Gules three shears or.

3: Althaia filia Lazari - Resub Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (no explanation given) most important.

The submitter's previous name was returned in August 2006 because it could not be registered as submitted and the submitter allowed no changes. The device, of the same blazon, was returned at the same time for lack of a name to which attach the submission.

The submitter will not accept major changes to her name, desires a feminine name, cares most about the sound of the first name and expresses no interest in having her name be change to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

Documentation provided by the consulting herald: Ursula (of Wyewood).

The submitted name, <Althaia filia Lazari>, combines an Anglicization of a classical Greek given name with a Latin patronymic.

<Althaia> is a standard transliteration of the ancient Greek name <Ἀλθαία>. The most well-known character by this name is the mythical mother of Meleager. However, <Ἀλθαία> is also the name of a landlady in a Greek novel by the second-century writer Xenophon of Ephesus, which suggests that the name was considered appropriate for ordinary people. (Lexicon of Greek Personal Names vol. I s.n. <Ἀλθαία>; Watanabe, "Hippothoos the Lover, Bandit, and Friend: A Study on Elite Masculinity in the Novel", http://myweb.facstaff.wwu.edu/~Watanaa2/Dissertation/Chapter+1.pdf.) The masculine form of the name, <Ἀλθαίοϛ> appears three times in the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, dated once to c. 215-205 BC, and the fourth to third century BC (two instances), so <Ἀλθαία> is also plausible for use by ordinary women as the feminization of an attested male name. (LGPN vol. I s.n. <Ἀλθαίοϛ>.) <Althea>, a Latinized form of <Ἀλθαία>, appears as a cognomen in the third- to fourth-century AD name <Aurelia Althea>; Latinized versions of Greek given names were often used as cognomina in Latin contexts. (cf. LGPN vol. I p. xiii.)

<filia Lazari> is a Latin byname meaning `daughter of Lazar' or `daughter of Lazarus'. A name which may be read a Greek <Λάζαϱ> appears in a third- to fourth-century inscription from Monteverde, Italy; <Lazar> would be a standard Romanization of this name. (Now, Jewish Inscriptions in Western Europe vol. II no. 171.) Greek <Λάζαϱος> appears twice in the LGPN, once in the seventh century AD (vol. I s.n. <Λάζαϱος>) and once in the fifth- to sixth-century AD (vol. IV s.n. <Λάζαϱος>). The standard Latinization of <Λάζαϱος> is Lazarus; this is the form which appears in Stain Jerome's early fifth-century translation of the Bible into Latin, the Vulgate. (John 11:1, http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/vul/joh011.htm). <Lazarus> appears three times in Bardas Xiphias' "Common Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the 6th and 7th Centuries" (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/PLRE_masc_names.html#1), though this article records only the Latin header forms of its original source, not the Greek forms also included in the text. As noted above, Latinized versions of Greek given names were used as cognomina in Latin contexts, so Latin <Lazar> or <Lazarus> could have appeared in a Roman name as a cognomen.

The Private Life of the Romans states that a Roman woman could use her father's cognomen in the genitive case followed by the abbreviation <f.> for <filia> `daughter' as a byname. (Johnston and Johnston, The Private Life of the Romans.) <Lazari> is the standard Latin genitive of both <Lazar> and <Lazarus>. In Latin, <filia Lazari> and <Lazari filia> are grammatically equivalent; one example of a Roman patronymic using the masculine <filius> before the genitive of the father's name is <Nectovelius F[ilius] Vidicis … Brigans>, the name of a Roman British man from the fourth century AD or earlier. (Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "The First Thousand Years of British Names", http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/british1000/appendix1_2.html#app1).

Evidence for the range of the Common Kingfisher is provided from The Handbook of Bird Identification for Europe and the WesternPalearctic by Mark Beaman and Steve Madge. The image showing the range of the bird covers all of Europe, as well as parts of Russia, around the Mediterranean and along coastal North Africa. Visual reference for the bird itself is found in the same book.

The submitter includes the following notes:

- Please see 2 attached pages for a photo and proof this bird lives all over Europe.

- If purple in the torse is not acceptable, green or black will be fine. If red is the only acceptable option, please notify me and I will choose a different device.

3: Althaia filia Lazari - Resub Device

Azure; a Common Kingfisher, volant with wings addorsed, argent; within a torse argent and purpure.

4: Amia Turner - Resub Device

Azure, seahorse, in chief two seeblats or

The submitter's name was forwarded to Laurel in January 2006. Her previous submission of Azure, four annulets interlaced in lozenge Or was returned in December of 2006 for conflict with Aldric Greystone, November 1984, Azure, a cross of annulets braced throughout Or and David Mullens, January 1997, Azure, five annulets three and two Or.

This submission is a complete redesign.

5: Aria Vivanti - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (no explanation given) most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a feminine name, cares most about the sound of her name and expresses no interest in authenticity. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Aria> is found in De Felice, Nomi, p. 74. Header Ario: F Aria (200) Disttibcito del Nord al Centro fino all'Abruzzo… 2 saints named Ario

<Vivanti> is also from De Felice, Cognomi p 265. Header Vivanti: Cognome prev. Israelitico, sporadico e raro (ma piu commune nelle Venezie) Vivante - De Felice, Nomi p 355. M.E. un nome (e cognome) israelitico, traduzione dell'abraico Haim (biblico Hayym) `che viva, vitale' (u. vita e vitale), formato da vino o vivere con il suffisso ante

A note is included which states: The submitter will accept Villanucci if Vivanti cannot be documented. ‡

http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/pater.txt

6: Ayleth Fairamay - Resub Device

Azure, a cinqefoil and in chief three mullets of six points argent

The submitter's name was registered in October of 2005.

Her previous submission of Azure, a violet and in chief three mullets of six points argent was returned in January 2007 as the primary charge could be blazoned such that an accurate emblazon could be generated from the blazon. The primary charge was not a violet, nor was it a cinquefoil.

This depiction of a cinqufoil is supported in John Guillim's A Display of Heraldrie, London, 1611, Walter J. Johnson, Inc., Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, Ltd., Amsterdam 1979 Norwood, N.J, p 116. Photocopies included.

7: Cilléne Mac Leòid - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Language (Irish) most important.
• Culture (Irish) most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name, cares most about the language/culture of the name which he specifies as being Irish and expresses no interest in having his name be changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Cilléne> is found in O'Corrain and Maguire, p 52, s.n. Cilléne as an Irish male given name. Many saints of this name.

<Mac Leòid> is found in Black, s.n. MacLeod as a Gaelic byname `son of Leòd, Torquil M'Leoid 1338.

7: Cilléne Mac Leòid - New Device

Sable, a cross of Santiago within a mascle Or

8: Geoffrey Albryght - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name, cares most about the sound of his name and does not express an interest in having his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Geoffrey>: Refer to http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/chaucer_geoffrey.shtml [URL corrected to match article; webpage is named "Historic Figures." - Lí Ban], Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343-1400). Also "Late Sixteenth Century Given Names (Men's)", http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16mfreq.html [URL corrected to reflect actual article - Lí Ban], Geoffrey 2nd column first page. [Article is by Talan Gwynek and is entitled "Late Sixteenth Century Given Names"; the name is found in the subcategory of "Men's Names Listed by Frequency." - Lí Ban] Photocopies of both articles are provided.

<Albryght>: Refer to A Dictionary of English Surnames by Reaney and Wilson. Albryght s.n. 1378. The spelling with a (y) is preferred.

8: Geoffrey Albryght - New Device

Per bend sinister argent and sable, a bend sinister gules between a dragon rampant contourny and a tree eradicated counter-changed.

9: Grece of Huntingdonshire - New Name

• Submitter desires a female name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes to his name and desires a feminine name. She cares most about the sound of her name and expresses no interest in having her name changed to be authentic. She will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Grece> is supported in report #2678 from the Academy of Saint Gabriel (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2678). It lists <Grece> as a form of <Grace> dated to 1275 as a surname. The report goes on to say the following: "Even if the names listed above are Latin forms of the name that is modernly spelled <Grace>, it is not likely that <Grace> was the vernacular (spoken) form at that time. Rather, we believe that <Grece>, which would have been pronounced like <Grace> would be correct. <Grece> is a fine name for an Englishwoman living in your period; we cannot recommend the spelling <Grace>."

Sources used in the report are as follows:

Reaney, P.H., & R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames (London: Routledge, 1991; Oxford University Press, 1995). S.nn. FitzHerbert, FitzJames, FitzJohn, Grace, Hugh

Withycombe, E>G>, The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names, 3rd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988). S.n. Grace

Morlet, Marie-Therese, Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VI3 au XIIe Siecle, three volumes (Paris: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1972). (II:57b)

Jones, Heather Rose (aka Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn), "Names and Naming Practices in the Red Book of Ormond" (SCA, Inc: Known World Heraldic Symposium Proceedings, Tir Ysgithir, 1998; www: Academy of Saint Gabriel, 1999) http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/lateirish

<Huntingdonshire> is found in the Internet Medieval Sourcebook in an article entitled "Medieval Sourcebook: Alwalton Manor, 1279" at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/alwalton.html. The introductory sentence of the article reads as follows: "This is an account of the manor of Alwalton, Huntingdonshire from the Hundred Rolls of 1279."

Photocopies of the articles are included.

9: Grece of Huntingdonshire - New Device

Per pale sable and argent a wolf's head affronty counter changed

10: Gwyneth Gower - Resub Device

Plumitty vert and Or on a triangular chief sable an acorn slipped and leaved Or

The submitter's name was registered in April of 2006.

The submitter's previous submission of Plumetty vert and Or, on a chief triangular sable, an acorn slipped and leaved Or was returned in December of 2005 for violation of RfS VIII.3 Armorial Identifiability. The chief triangular was drawn too far down the field to be a chief, but not far enough down the field to be per chevron inverted. As a result, it blurred the distinction between the two.

This submission corrects the above problem.

The "appeal" box is marked, but no justification was included with the submission.

11: James Wolfden - Resub Name

James Wolfden of Lions Gate

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter's previous submission of James Wolfden was returned in November of 2006 for conflict with James von den Wolfen, registered February 1986. The submitter was advised in the return that his name would be registerable if he obtained a letter of permission to conflict.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a male name, cares most about the sound of his name and expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name.

<James> is found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/Rutland/given-masc-alpha.htm. [Article is "An Index to the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland, England" by Karen Larsdatter (Karen Harris). Name is listed in the second column with a frequency of 4. - Lí Ban]

<Wolfden> is from the Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum; Wolf- on page 504 and -den on page 163.

12: Joshua Warden - New Name

• No major changes.
• Sound (unspecified) most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name, cares most about the sound of his name and expresses no interest in having his name changed to be authentic. He will allow the creation of a holding name.

<Joshua> is a biblical name which came into use as a Christian name after the Reformation according to Withycombe - (s.n. Joshua).

Bardsley s.n. Warden dates <Robert Warden> -- or his wife, to 1595.

13: Maccus of Elgin - Resub Name

The submitter's previous name submission of Maccus the Wanderer was returned in May 2007 for aural conflict with Magnus the Wanderer, January 1991. The distinction of sound between a -g in the middle of a word and a -c in the middle of a word is very small. His previous submission of Maccus Hundwinesunu was returned in September of 2006 for presumption.

The submitter will accept any changes and expresses no interest in authenticity or gender. He does not express a preference if his name must be changed. He will allow the creation of a holding name.

The submitter includes the following in the documentation section:

"The persona I have chosen is 10th-12th century Viking/anglo saxon mix due to a village in Scotland named Elgin being sacked by the norse and wherein I was created and had to go through life fatherless and with no home per se. My mother died during childbirth and was raised for a few years by the remaining living townspeople until I set off on my own to wander.

"The name and some history behind "Maccus" was found at the electronicscotland.com website and history provided by Rob Maxtone Graham, 18th of Cultoquhey, West Wing, Auchidinney House, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH268PE Scotland - Tel/fax +44 (0)1968 676251.

"The information as stated on page 1 and 2 of the site are attached for your overview and approval."

Attached is a single page of compiled information entitled "Migration of a name, 1100-1700. Part 1:-Roxburgh Roots, c. 1100-1300." Neither author nor URL of the source pages were included on this page. Following are the highlighted sections of this page:

"The earliest mention of the name "Maccus" is in 973 when he, as "King of very many Islands", along with seven other regional kings including Kenneth II of Scotland, swore fealty to the English King Edgar at Chester."

"The name reappears two generations later. When "Maccus, son of Undewyn"…"

"In Melrose # 88 Maccus is the `Prepositus' i.e. Provost,…"

"Early witness lists to these charters contain many other Norse or Saxon sounding first names, usually described as `A' son of `B'… It would appear therefore that Maccus was associated with other Norse or Saxon Lords, all of whom had some importance under Alexander I and he continued to enjoy royal favour after 1124. The de Moreveille family, in particular, would appear to have been early overlords of the S. Boswells/Mertoun/Dryburgh area, in addition to Lauderdale."

"Maccus died c. 1150 after which charters were then witnessed by "Liolf, son of Maccus"… it would seem that the placenames were established during maccus' lifetime, and he was considered important enough for them to be retained after his death. His heirs, however, used the terminology "son of Maccus" rather than "of Maxton or Maxwell"."

No documentation was supplied for <of Elgin>.

13: Maccus of Elgin - Resub Device

Per bend sinister azure and sable a mullet of four points argent and on a chief indented argent three mullets of four points azure

The submitter's previous device submission of Per bend sinister azure and sable, a mullet of four points argent was returned in May 2006 for multiple conflicts, including Somalia, Eleazar Valentine von Mindelheim, Andrew Greekcloak Hethilsson, Aelfwine Denedom, Sasha Vladimir Obolénskij and Rafael Diego de Burgos.

This device submission addresses the above conflicts.

14: Rashid al-Qasim - New Name

• Submitter desires a male name.
• No holding name.
• No major changes.
• Client requests authenticity for 12th century Arabic.
• Language (Arabic) most important.
• Culture (Arabic) most important.
• Meaning (Rashid - "rightly guided one"; al-Qasim - "divider, mediator, distributor") most important.

The submitter will not accept major changes, desires a masculine name, cares most about the meaning: Rashid - "rightly guided one", al-Qasim - "divider, mediator, distributor" and language/culture for his name. He wishes his name changed to be authentic for 12th century Arabic. He will not allow the creation of a holding name.

<Rashid> and <al-Qasim> are both found in "Arabic Personal Names from the Futuwwah" by Mustapha al-Muhaddith ibn al-Saqaat, edited by Arval Benicoeur and Avelina Keyes at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mustapha/futuwwah.html.

<Rashid> is found in the third column of personal names on page 2.

<al-Qasim> is found in the second column of surnames, also on page 2.

14: Rashid al-Qasim - New Device

Per fess nebuly sable and vert, in chief a crescent pendant argent, in base a cobra (serpent) nowed or.

15: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the White Scroll

• Meaning (white scroll) most important.

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, cares most about the meaning of the name with the following note: "It is very important that this remain a "white scroll", and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Color + Thing

Golden Spur 1559

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

white

Middle English Dictionary

a1450(?c1421) Lydg. ST (Arun 119) 376: He made … wel expert Astronomyens … To fynden out … The Chyldes fate … the heuenly mansiouns Clerly Cerched be smale fracciouns … On Augrym stones and on white caartes, ypreued out be diligent labour in tables correcte.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED52610

scroll

Middle English Dictionary

?c1475 *Cath.Angl.(Add 15562) 109a: A Scroll: Rotula, breue, scedula, &c..A Scrawle: Scedula.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED39075

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

16: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Ordre du Piller d'Argent (Order of the Silver Pillar)

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Color + Thing

Le Cordon Bleu 1198

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

Piller

Etymology section of the online OED s.v. pillar has:

Anglo-Norman: piler, pilere, pilerre, peler, pelir, pieler (also pillier) Old French and Middle French: piler, piller

d'argent

Middle English Dictionary

(1344) in Rymer's Foedera (1816-69) 3.17: Et celui, qui vorra achatre le noble d'or pur esterlings, paie une maille d'argent outre le pris, & pur le maille d'or un ferling d'argent.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=55912073&egdisplay=open&egs=55915001

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

17: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Hasel-notes

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Thing

Oak 722

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

Hasel-notes (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

a1375 WPal.(KC 13) 1811: We schul..gete vs..hawes, hepus & hakernes & þe hasel-notes.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED20047

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

18: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Order of the Apple-Blossom

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Thing

Oak 722

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

appel-blome

Middle English Dictionary

(1339) Doc.in Riley Mem.Lond. 206: [One surcoat of] appel-blome.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED1901

apple (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

c1400(?a1387) PPI.C (Hnt HM 137) 9.318: Benes and baken apples thei brouhte in here lappes.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED1901

blossom (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

a1500(?c1400) Triam.(Cmb.Ff.2.38) 628: Sche was white os blossom on flowre.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5312

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

19: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Honor of the Iris of Saint Elizabeth

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for object of religious veneration

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Name + Thing

Shield of Saint George 1406

August 2005 LoAR

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

iris

Middle English Dictionary

?a1425 *MS Htrn.95 (Htrn 95) 195b/b: Iris, ffloure delys.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED23363

Elizabeth

Dated to 1205 in Withycombe, 1st ed. s.n. Elizabeth

Saint William canonized 1235

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05389a.htm

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages and the Catholic Encyclopedia pages are included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

20: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Honor of the Heart of Saint William

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for object of religious veneration

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Name + Body Part

Wing of St. Michael 1147/1176

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

heart (n.)

OED online

a1553 UDALL Royster D. I. iii. (Arb.) 25 Howe dothe sweete Custance, my heart of gold, tell me how?

William

Middle English Dictionary

(1446) Doc.in Morsback Origurk. 25: Payng yerely to dame Elizabeth Mauleuerer..the ferme..which the seid sir William afore to hir payed.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=byte&byte=2248027&egdisplay=open&egs=2253987

Saint William canonized 1227

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA

http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15628c.htm

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages and the Catholic Encyclopedia pagers are included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

21: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Award of the Silver Otter

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Colour + Creature

White Eagle 1325

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

silver (adj.)

Middle English Dictionary

-?-(1466) Will in Som.RS 16 210: To Sebill..3 silver spones.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED40352

otter (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

1591(?a1425) Chester OI.(Hnt HM 2) 49/170: Take here..otters [vr. Atter] and foxes, fullimartes alsoe.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED31004

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

22: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Award of the Silver Apple

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Colour + Thing

Golden Rose 1096

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

silver (adj.)

Middle English Dictionary

-?-(1466) Will in Som.RS 16 210: To Sebill..3 silver spones.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED40352

apple (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

c1400(?a1387) PPI.C (Hnt HM 137) 9.318: Benes and baken apples thei brouhte in here lappes.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED1901

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

23: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Award of the Gemme Stone

The submitter's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Things

Garter 1191

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

Gemme

Middle English Dictionary

?a1475(?a1425) Higd.(2) (Hrl 2261) 7.85: Egelredus, kynge of Ynglonde, mariede in this yere Emma the gemme of Normandy, do3hter of the firste Richarde.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED18358

Stone (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

?a1425 *MS Htrn.95 (Htrn 95) 108b/b: 3if þe ere, put oile of rosen hette in þe ere..and þen drawe out þe stone.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED43058

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

24: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Award of the Blue Pearl

The branch's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, expresses no preference should the name have to be changed, and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes area of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Colour + Thing

Golden Spur 1559

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

blue (adj.)

Middle English Dictionary

(1366) Will York in Sur.Soc.4 81: Unam robam blue.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED5200

pearl (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

a1400 Alphita (SeldArch B.35) 111/13: Margarita est lapis in quibusdam piscibus inuentus, i. pearl.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED33010

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

25: Terra Pomaria, Barony of - New Order Name

Award of the Apple Tree

The branch's name was registered in January of 1993.

The branch will accept any changes, does not express a preference should the name have to be changed and expresses no interest in having the name changed to be authentic.

The following is from the Name Documentation and Consultation Notes section of the form:

Named for heraldic charge

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2005/08/05-08cl.html

Thing

Oak 722

Project Ordensnamen

http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/Pattern.htm

OED s.v. apple-tree:

a1100 in Wright Voc. 79/2 Malus, æpeltre.

a1300 Cursor M. 1367 Pepins.. quilk a þe appel tre he nam.

1447 Lyvys of Seyntys 54b/2 He that..hys appyltre Eche day watryth.

c1525 SKELTON Replyc. 157 Suche apple tre, suche frute.

apple (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

c1400(?a1387) PPI.C (Hnt HM 137) 9.318: Benes and baken apples thei brouhte in here lappes.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED1901

tree (n.)

Middle English Dictionary

1532 rev(c1385) Usk TL (Thynne:Skeat) 22/37: A tree ofte set in dyvers places wol nat by kynde endure to bringe forth frutes.

http://ets.umdl.umich.edu/cgi/m/mec/med-idx?type=id&id=MED46870

Photocopies of the Middle English Dictionary pages included. There is a signature on the form. [I can't read it and there's nothing saying whose signature it is, but it's the same on all the forms so it's definitely a signature... - Li Ban]

26: Uilliam mac Fearchair mhic Gillie Aindrias - New Badge

Fieldless, a demi wolf regardant maintaining a drum argent.

The submitter's name was registered in May of 2005.

27: Vulcanfeldt, Barony of - New Device Change

Per chevron gules and or, upon a sun laurel wreath all counterchanged within a bordure embattled sable

Old Item: Argent, an apple gules within a laurel wreath vert a chief wavy azure, to be retained.

The submitter's name was registered in June of 1982.

The branch's currently registered arms of Argent, an apple gules within a laurel wreath vert a chief wavy azure was registered in February of 1997 as a change from the previously registered Per chevron gules and Or upon a sun a laurel wreath all counterchanged within a bordure embattled sable registered in July of 1990.

This submission is a return to the older of the two above blazons. If registered, the branch requests that the currently registered arms of Argent, an apple gules within a laurel wreath vert a chief wavy azure be retained as a badge.

This submission is accompanied by a petition signed by the Baron and the Baroness, 11 officers and 10 members of the populace.

28: Wilrich von Hessen - Resub Other

Die Kriegbrüder von Acre

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2002. This submission is for the name of a Military Unit.

The previous submission of Der Kompanie die Pjerdbruder was returned in May of 2007 for implausible formation and no documentation. Concerns about the similarity of meaning between horseman/horse-brother and knight were also expressed.

The submitter will accept any changes, cares most about the language/culture of the name, doesn't care about the gender of the name and wishes the name changed to be authentic for 1191 - German-Crusaders living in Acre. He will not allow the creation of a holding name.

1191 - King Richard I takes Acre with English forces, and the remainder of Empress Bar Barossa's German forces. = Germans in Acre

English - The war brothers of Acre

German - Die Kreigbrüder von Acre.

Literal translation based on Schwertbruder (Sword brothers)

Consulted - Project Ordensnamen by Meradudd Cethin. Tried to follow guidelines on how to name an order - though this is a Military Company not an Order. [URL is http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/ -- Lí Ban]

The pattern from Project Ordensnamen that is followed is loosely that of names of groups of people.

An Tir OSCAR counts: 7 New Names, 11 New Order Names, 5 New Devices, 1 New Device Change, 1 New Badge. This gives 25 new items. Resub counts: 3 Resub Names, 5 Resub Devices, 1 Resub Badge, 1 Resub Other. This is a total of 10 resubmissions on this letter, for a total of 35 actions.

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